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Transgender and cinema

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  • 1. D. Shanthini SarahResearch Scholar & ASM, Gyan Vani FM & Dr.P.GovindarajuHead - Department of Communication Dean- Faculty of ArtsManonmaniam Sundaranar University,
  • 2.  “Films are all fictional, since the y all represent something by means of signs , rather than presenting what exist in spectators real time and space” Christian Metz Create identity for any social creation Ideological construction Meaningful documents with the potential to yield rich insights into the cultures and times in which they are made Host of cultural idea and values at a hidden or subconscious level
  • 3.  1.5 million Transgender population ‘Hijiras’ , ‘Aravani’ or ‘Thirunangai’ Gender identity crisis Hindu mythologies – Ardhariswara (Shiva & Shakthi), Arjuna(Mahabharata), Mohini (Vishnupurana) Tamilnadu as pioneer in inclusion at various levels Creating conducive environment
  • 4.  How transgender are represented in Tamil Cinema? How does the transgender community receive the images?Hence the study objectives are To analyse the depiction of transgender characters To analyse the identity created for the community through the images To analyse how the transgender identify themselves in the films.
  • 5.  Sex maniacs No morality Ridiculed in comedies Misfit to the society
  • 6.  Semiotic analysisVariables:  Character  Time and space given for them in the film  Significance of the character  Their relationship with other characters  Shots  Costume  Music
  • 7.  Reception analysis In-depth Interview  Six Transsexuals  The group composed of film maker, social activist, writer, actress, etc.
  • 8. Functionality in the narrative: Screen presence in the film is at least 20 minutes Characters were named (Eg: Karpooram in Vaanam) Significance of the characters in development of the storyDepiction of their relationships: “Guru –chela”- kinship Atleast four films depicted their relationships
  • 9. Dialogues for social acceptance: Characters voice out their plight Represent the whole communityCarving out cultural identity: The shots of their festival (Thenavettu) Misrepresentation of their rituals (Kaanchana, a song in Thenavettu)
  • 10.  Fashion shows Double meaning dialogues Gaze
  • 11.  Happy and satisfied with their portrayal Gained confidence Kaanchana film has given a poignant dimension to the transgender community which has yielded them respect Social Inclusion became a reality
  • 12.  They felt, if the transgender characters which are played by the male actors are replaced by the transgender the nuances of their role could be met. For example: Some of them felt that Sarath Kumar playing the Kaanchana role was more masculine than being feminine They feel happy on seeing the transgender getting married in Narthaki film, as the transgender crave for marital relationship
  • 13.  Viruthagiri has threatened the community who felt more insecure because the film which has transgender falling as victims of the kidnappings for organs. Though Narthaki captures the life of a transgender, the culture and customs projected are not accurate
  • 14.  Create awareness Stereotypes should be avoided Empathize rather than sympathize Sensitive treatment rather than sensationalizing

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