A Study on Media in Human Rights Perspective – with reference to Puducherry State Presented by K. KULASEKARN, (Research Scolder - Ph.D., J.M.C., Madurai Kamaraj University) No. 3, Chevalier Street, Manavely, Ariyankuppam-Post, Pondicherry. Cell: 9790581070, E-mail: email@example.com & Dr. P. RAJENDRAN, M.A.(JMC), M.A.(Eng.), M.A.(Tamil), M.A.(Ling.), B.Ed., Ph.D. D.J., P.G.D.T., H.P., D.K., Academic Co-ordinator, Department of Journalism and Law , D.D.E., Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai . Cell: 9486302381, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Every person has some dignities and social values.
Fundamental rights of every citizen should be acknowledged and
Human rights are concerned with equality and fairness.
The life people should be free from fear, harassment or
There are a number of basic human rights that agreed around the
world such as :
# the right to life,
# freedom from torture and other cruel and inhuman treatment,
# rights to a fair trial,
# freedom of speech and freedom of religion,
# rights to health, education and an adequate standard of living.
Human rights are the same for all the people in everywhere – whether
male or female, young or old, rich or poor, regardless of our
background, where we live, think or believe.
Rights to exist are not covered by law but they are often called as
moral rights and they are based on people's sense of what is fair
Universal Declaration of Human Rights History and Current Status
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was drafted by the UN Commission on Human Rights chaired by, then first lady, Eleanor Roosevelt. The UDHR was adopted by the 56 member nations of the UN General Assembly on December 10, 1948.
December 10th is celebrated around the world as International Human Rights Day. The 192 member states in the U.N., upon membership, agreed to educate their citizens about the principles of the UDHR. Most of these countries have incorporated the principles of the UDHR into their constitutions.
International Bill of Human Rights Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) December 10, 1948 International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESC) Adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1966 Entered into Force in 1976 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) Adopted by UN General Assembly in 1966 Two Optional Protocols to the ICCPR (Member nations permit individuals or groups to report personal human rights violations to the UN Human Rights Committee)
General Assembly Security Council Trusteeship Council Secretariat Economic & Social Council International Court of World Justice Commission on Human Rights International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) United Nations Development Fund for Women United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Health Organization (WHO)
Table -1 Human Rights issues focused by the Print media 15 % 14 % 19 % 23 % 29 % Fortnightly 5. 13 % 19 % 20 % 26 % 22 % Bimonthly 4. 19 % 20 % 19 % 23 % 19 % Monthly 3. 13 % 14 % 12 % 32 % 29 % Weekly 2. 14 % 20 % 18 % 22 % 26 % Dailies 1. Economic Rights Cultural Rights Social Rights Political Rights Civil Rights Focused and covered the issues of Human Rights (in percentage) Dailies and Periodicals Sl. No.
Electronic Media covering the Human Rights issues in the Puducherry State
T.V. Radio Cable T.V. Public Private Podhigai Sun T.V. Raj T.V. Jaya T.V. Kalaigar T.V. Captain T.V. Makkal T.V. Tamizhan T.V. Zee Tamil T.V. Public Private AIR Surian F.N. Puduvai F.M (106.40) 92.07 F.M. AMN T.V, Deepam T.V., AJK T.V., Sky Sat, Supreme T.V., X4 T.V., Channel – 4, Reena T.V., Regan T.N., G T.V., News Channel
Table -2 Human Rights issues focused by the Electronic Media 7 % 18 % 15 % 29 % 31 % Private Cable T.V. 5. 9 % 31 % 30 % 18 % 22 % Private (F.M.) 4. 10 % 29 % 28 % 19 % 24 % Public Radio 3. 14 % 12 % 13 % 29 % 32 % Private 2. 13 % 17 % 20 % 27 % 23 % Public T.V. 1. Economic Rights Cultural Rights Social Rights Political Rights Civil Rights Focused and covered the issues of Human Rights (in percentage) Electronic Media like T.V. and Radio Sl. No
Some Visuals on Human Rights reporting in Puducherry
Houseless family with the dead body of their male child
A women has been the victim of an attempted rape
A victim of houseless family living on a platform
An art depicting about the violation of woman’s rights
A Police official misusing his power against members of houseless family
Other media covering in the Human Rights issues in Puducherry State
Other Media Internet Bit notice Pamphlet Banners Hoarding Wall Posters Posters
Table -3 Human Rights issues focused by other Media 12 % 21 % 27 % 21 % 19 % Internet 7. 15 % 19 % 14 % 29 % 23 % Bit notice 6. 15 % 14 % 19 % 23 % 29 % Pamphlet 5. 13 % 19 % 20 % 26 % 22 % Banners 4. 13 % 23 % 21 % 23 % 20 % Hoarding 3. 10 % 19 % 19 % 27 % 25 % Wall Posters 2. 14 % 20 % 18 % 10 % 36 % Posters 1. Economic Rights Cultural Rights Social Rights Political Rights Civil Rights Focused and covered the issues of Human Rights (in percentage) Other Media Sl. No.
The character of the reporter during the collection
of information, trueness, etc.
The closeness of the reporter to sources which
have an interest in representing the situation,
Outright censorship, preventing the reporter from
saying what he saw on his personal side, and
Hazard, preventing the reporter to see through
other side and reporting from outright bias.
Reporting a conflict freely in the State of Puducherry is very difficult. The usual attitude of the media during the initial stages of a conflict on human rights violations are being committed on the other side which the reasons include: HUMAN RIGHTS REPORTING IN THE STATE
People and their rights The State Private sector The media Civil Society PEOPLES AND THEIR RIGHTS
Table -4 Human Rights issues reported by Media in comparative method Sl. No Media Coverege and Reported issues of Human Rights (in percentage) Civil Rights Political Rights Social Rights Cultural Rights Economic Rights 1. Printing Media 29 % 26 % 21 % 20 % 14 % 2. Electronic Media 28 % 27 % 15 % 18 % 15 % 3. Other Media 25 % 25 % 17 % 19 % 14 %
The journalists and media organisations are to be well-informed about the human rights issues and, therefore, they better be able to promote wide-ranging debates about human rights within their societies.
The following human rights progammes may be conducted for creating awareness among media persons, general public and human rights Organizations by the State Government of Puducherry:
Specific pre-entry courses on human rights issues for individuals learning in
Mid-career and internal training on international human rights standards, including
national and State Government perspectives on human rights law and policy;
Internal editorial programmes on reviewing coverage of human rights issues
like refugee & asylum matters, rights of children, racism and racial
discrimination, health issues; and
Actions to promote exchanges of views between journalists and human rights
organisations at national, regional and international levels. Such meetings,
briefings and seminars should be organized by journalism schools, media
organisations and journalists’ professional groups.
In short, media organization, NGOs, SHG and others should raise their voice to promote the human rights and creating awareness about human rights among the general public.