Slides on media in human rights reportings 55555555555


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Slides on media in human rights reportings 55555555555

  1. 1. A Study on Media in Human Rights Perspective – with reference to Puducherry State Presented by K. KULASEKARN, (Research Scolder - Ph.D., J.M.C., Madurai Kamaraj University) No. 3, Chevalier Street, Manavely, Ariyankuppam-Post, Pondicherry. Cell: 9790581070, E-mail: & Dr. P. RAJENDRAN, M.A.(JMC), M.A.(Eng.), M.A.(Tamil), M.A.(Ling.), B.Ed., Ph.D. D.J., P.G.D.T., H.P., D.K., Academic Co-ordinator, Department of Journalism and Law , D.D.E., Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai . Cell: 9486302381, E-mail:
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>The Puducherry means ‘New Village’. </li></ul><ul><li>The territory has a total area of 492 km². </li></ul><ul><li>The total population of the Union Territory of Puducherry is 9,73,829. </li></ul><ul><li>At now 143 Newspapers and Magazines are being published from the Puducherry State </li></ul><ul><li>As per Indian constitution, Puducherry is a Union Territory of India. It is a former French colony, consisting of four non-contiguous enclaves i.e. Puducherry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahe. </li></ul><ul><li>In September 2006, the territory has been changed its official name as ‘Puducherry’ from its original name ‘Pondicherry’. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Journalists in their day-to-day coverage give much </li></ul><ul><li>importance to the news related to employment, health, </li></ul><ul><li>crime, punishment, education, sports, etc. But they should </li></ul><ul><li>emphasise the rights of common people which would help </li></ul><ul><li>them to safeguard their society. </li></ul><ul><li>Every citizen should know their rights to survive of their life </li></ul><ul><li>without any hamper. For creating awareness about </li></ul><ul><li>their rights in the society the role of media is considered </li></ul><ul><li>very important. </li></ul><ul><li>This paper mainly concentrates on the recent developments </li></ul><ul><li>in the Puducherry State on about the media coverage on </li></ul><ul><li>human rights. Further this paper also focuses on </li></ul><ul><li>Media reporting on human rights issues in the media. </li></ul>Purpose of study
  4. 4. Hypothesis This paper mainly analyzes : <ul><li>How the Media focuses the issues of human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Whether the media reporting about human right is </li></ul><ul><li>accurate and consistent. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand how the Puducherry Government, </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs and media in the State </li></ul><ul><li>persuade the human rights reporting, and </li></ul><ul><li>To find out the process of reporting in human rights </li></ul><ul><li>issues and challenges in the State. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What are human rights? <ul><li>Every person has some dignities and social values. </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental rights of every citizen should be acknowledged and </li></ul><ul><li>respected. </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights are concerned with equality and fairness. </li></ul><ul><li>The life people should be free from fear, harassment or </li></ul><ul><li>discrimination. </li></ul><ul><li>There are a number of basic human rights that agreed around the </li></ul><ul><li>world such as : </li></ul><ul><li># the right to life, </li></ul><ul><li># freedom from torture and other cruel and inhuman treatment, </li></ul><ul><li># rights to a fair trial, </li></ul><ul><li># freedom of speech and freedom of religion, </li></ul><ul><li># rights to health, education and an adequate standard of living. </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights are the same for all the people in everywhere – whether </li></ul><ul><li>male or female, young or old, rich or poor, regardless of our </li></ul><ul><li>background, where we live, think or believe. </li></ul><ul><li>Rights to exist are not covered by law but they are often called as </li></ul><ul><li>moral rights and they are based on people's sense of what is fair </li></ul><ul><li>or just. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Universal Declaration of Human Rights History and Current Status <ul><li>The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was drafted by the UN Commission on Human Rights chaired by, then first lady, Eleanor Roosevelt. The UDHR was adopted by the 56 member nations of the UN General Assembly on December 10, 1948. </li></ul><ul><li>December 10th is celebrated around the world as International Human Rights Day. The 192 member states in the U.N., upon membership, agreed to educate their citizens about the principles of the UDHR. Most of these countries have incorporated the principles of the UDHR into their constitutions. </li></ul>
  7. 7. International Bill of Human Rights Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) December 10, 1948 International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESC) Adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1966 Entered into Force in 1976 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) Adopted by UN General Assembly in 1966 Two Optional Protocols to the ICCPR (Member nations permit individuals or groups to report personal human rights violations to the UN Human Rights Committee)
  8. 8. General Assembly Security Council Trusteeship Council Secretariat Economic & Social Council International Court of World Justice Commission on Human Rights International Labour Organization (ILO) United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) United Nations Development Fund for Women United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Health Organization (WHO)
  9. 9. Types of Human Rights <ul><li>Civil rights deal with </li></ul><ul><li>standards of judiciary and </li></ul><ul><li>penal systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Political rights deal with </li></ul><ul><li>specific components of </li></ul><ul><li>participation in political </li></ul><ul><li>power. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Rights deal </li></ul><ul><li>with the sphere of human </li></ul><ul><li>beings working, producing </li></ul><ul><li>and servicing. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Rights deal with standard of living and quality of life for all </li></ul><ul><li>persons, including those not participating in economic activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Rights deal with the cultural sphere of life including ethnic </li></ul><ul><li>culture, subcultures, arts and science. </li></ul>Economic Rights Cultural Rights Social Rights Civil Rights Political Rights
  10. 10. Showing the details of Media , Area, and Population of the Puducherry State
  11. 11. Print Media covering the Human Rights issues in the Puducherry State
  12. 12. Dinakaran, Dinamalar, Kaalai Jothi, Maalai Boomi, Maalai Malar, Namathu Murasu, Pondy Murasu, Tamizh Murasu, Dina Thanthi, Dinamani, and Thina Boomi Dailies
  13. 13. Karaikural, Makkal Thulakole, Namadhu Manasatchi, Pondy Express, Pondy Times, Pondy Times, Puducherry Vision, Puduvai Express, Puduvai Sangamam, Puduwai Oli, Puthiya Geetham, Sintaani Seithigal, Thagaval Surabi, Voice Of Puducherry La Gazette De Pondicherry, and Puducherry Makkal Urimaikural , Weeklies
  14. 14. Monthly Amaithi Puyal, Arasakattalai, Dhanigai Bala, Karai Murasu, Karai Sudar, Magalir Osai, Nanbargal Thottam, Natramizh, Puduvai Seithigal, Pudhuvai Vanambadi, Puducherry, Puduvai Osai, Puduvai Kavithai Vaanil, Puducherry Report, Puthiya Uravu, Sooryodayam, Velicham, Sri Aurobindos Action Vellum Thooya Thamizh , and Sri Aurobindo Karmadhara
  15. 15. Cheidhi Surangam, Chozha Nadu, Jipmer News, Karai Samaran, Muthamizh Thoodhu, Naattu Dharbar, Pudhuvai Bhoomi, Pudhuvai Muzhakkam. Seithi Sangamam, Sukran Reporter, and Vaniga Kalanjiam. Bi-monthly Puducherry Rajiyam, Puduvaipparani, Vallinam, and World Union Goodwill Fortnightly
  16. 16. Dinamalar – October 22, 2011
  17. 17. Dina thanthi – December 19, 2011
  18. 18. Puducherry Vision – November, 2011 Puducherry Vision – November, 2011
  19. 19. Sooryodayam – November - 27, 2011
  20. 20. Chozha Nadu – November 16-30, 2011
  21. 21. Table -1 Human Rights issues focused by the Print media 15 % 14 % 19 % 23 % 29 % Fortnightly 5. 13 % 19 % 20 % 26 % 22 % Bimonthly 4. 19 % 20 % 19 % 23 % 19 % Monthly 3. 13 % 14 % 12 % 32 % 29 % Weekly 2. 14 % 20 % 18 % 22 % 26 % Dailies 1. Economic Rights Cultural Rights Social Rights Political Rights Civil Rights Focused and covered the issues of Human Rights (in percentage) Dailies and Periodicals Sl. No.
  22. 22. Electronic Media covering the Human Rights issues in the Puducherry State
  23. 23. T.V. Radio Cable T.V. Public Private Podhigai Sun T.V. Raj T.V. Jaya T.V. Kalaigar T.V. Captain T.V. Makkal T.V. Tamizhan T.V. Zee Tamil T.V. Public Private AIR Surian F.N. Puduvai F.M (106.40) 92.07 F.M. AMN T.V, Deepam T.V., AJK T.V., Sky Sat, Supreme T.V., X4 T.V., Channel – 4, Reena T.V., Regan T.N., G T.V., News Channel
  24. 24. Table -2 Human Rights issues focused by the Electronic Media 7 % 18 % 15 % 29 % 31 % Private Cable T.V. 5. 9 % 31 % 30 % 18 % 22 % Private (F.M.) 4. 10 % 29 % 28 % 19 % 24 % Public Radio 3. 14 % 12 % 13 % 29 % 32 % Private 2. 13 % 17 % 20 % 27 % 23 % Public T.V. 1. Economic Rights Cultural Rights Social Rights Political Rights Civil Rights Focused and covered the issues of Human Rights (in percentage) Electronic Media like T.V. and Radio Sl. No
  25. 25. Some Visuals on Human Rights reporting in Puducherry
  26. 26. Houseless family with the dead body of their male child
  27. 27. A women has been the victim of an attempted rape  
  28. 28. A victim of houseless family living on a platform
  29. 29. An art depicting about the violation of woman’s rights
  30. 30. A Police official misusing his power against members of houseless family
  31. 31. Child Labour
  32. 32. Demonstration against the child Labour
  33. 33. Agitation against the violation of human rights
  34. 34. A murder
  35. 35. Other media covering in the Human Rights issues in Puducherry State
  36. 36. Other Media Internet Bit notice Pamphlet Banners Hoarding Wall Posters Posters
  37. 37. Table -3 Human Rights issues focused by other Media 12 % 21 % 27 % 21 % 19 % Internet 7. 15 % 19 % 14 % 29 % 23 % Bit notice 6. 15 % 14 % 19 % 23 % 29 % Pamphlet 5. 13 % 19 % 20 % 26 % 22 % Banners 4. 13 % 23 % 21 % 23 % 20 % Hoarding 3. 10 % 19 % 19 % 27 % 25 % Wall Posters 2. 14 % 20 % 18 % 10 % 36 % Posters 1. Economic Rights Cultural Rights Social Rights Political Rights Civil Rights Focused and covered the issues of Human Rights (in percentage) Other Media Sl. No.
  38. 38. <ul><li>The character of the reporter during the collection </li></ul><ul><li>of information, trueness, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The closeness of the reporter to sources which </li></ul><ul><li>have an interest in representing the situation, </li></ul><ul><li>Outright censorship, preventing the reporter from </li></ul><ul><li>saying what he saw on his personal side, and </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard, preventing the reporter to see through </li></ul><ul><li>other side and reporting from outright bias. </li></ul>Reporting a conflict freely in the State of Puducherry is very difficult. The usual attitude of the media during the initial stages of a conflict on human rights violations are being committed on the other side which the reasons include: HUMAN RIGHTS REPORTING IN THE STATE
  39. 39. People and their rights The State Private sector The media Civil Society PEOPLES AND THEIR RIGHTS
  40. 40. Table -4 Human Rights issues reported by Media in comparative method Sl. No Media Coverege and Reported issues of Human Rights (in percentage) Civil Rights Political Rights Social Rights Cultural Rights Economic Rights 1. Printing Media 29 % 26 % 21 % 20 % 14 % 2. Electronic Media 28 % 27 % 15 % 18 % 15 % 3. Other Media 25 % 25 % 17 % 19 % 14 %
  41. 41. Conclusion <ul><li>Media coverage varies in quality on Human Rights Issues </li></ul><ul><li>in the Puducherry State. </li></ul><ul><li>A reporter may or may not notice the Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Issues and report them in the media due to competition </li></ul><ul><li>of limited space. </li></ul><ul><li>Journalists are having lack of knowledge about what </li></ul><ul><li>human rights are. Many journalists as well as many </li></ul><ul><li>politicians and others who are working in civil society are </li></ul><ul><li>not familiar with the Universal Declaration of Human </li></ul><ul><li>Rights and the International Human Rights treaties and </li></ul><ul><li>mechanisms. Often they do not understand the </li></ul><ul><li>difference between human rights law and the laws of </li></ul><ul><li>crime. As a result, human rights are often erroneously </li></ul><ul><li>regarded only as a reporting of conflict. </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>The objective of reporting is not achieved merely on </li></ul><ul><li>presenting facts. Balance is certainly important. There </li></ul><ul><li>is no contradiction between committed reporting and </li></ul><ul><li>truthful reporting. Media professional should not </li></ul><ul><li>abandon professional standards but to emphasize them. </li></ul><ul><li>In general, human rights organisations feel the media </li></ul><ul><li>do not give sufficient coverage on human rights issues. </li></ul><ul><li>The coverage is also often lacking in depth. At the </li></ul><ul><li>same time, human rights groups carry out credible </li></ul><ul><li>research and develop their capacity to provide media </li></ul><ul><li>with reliable information. There is a need to bridge the </li></ul><ul><li>gap of misunderstanding that sometimes appears to </li></ul><ul><li>exist between rights activists and journalists. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Recommendation <ul><li>The journalists and media organisations are to be well-informed about the human rights issues and, therefore, they better be able to promote wide-ranging debates about human rights within their societies. </li></ul><ul><li>The following human rights progammes may be conducted for creating awareness among media persons, general public and human rights Organizations by the State Government of Puducherry: </li></ul><ul><li>Specific pre-entry courses on human rights issues for individuals learning in </li></ul><ul><li>journalism schools, </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-career and internal training on international human rights standards, including </li></ul><ul><li>national and State Government perspectives on human rights law and policy; </li></ul><ul><li>Internal editorial programmes on reviewing coverage of human rights issues </li></ul><ul><li>like refugee & asylum matters, rights of children, racism and racial </li></ul><ul><li>discrimination, health issues; and </li></ul><ul><li>Actions to promote exchanges of views between journalists and human rights </li></ul><ul><li>organisations at national, regional and international levels. Such meetings, </li></ul><ul><li>briefings and seminars should be organized by journalism schools, media </li></ul><ul><li>organisations and journalists’ professional groups. </li></ul><ul><li>In short, media organization, NGOs, SHG and others should raise their voice to promote the human rights and creating awareness about human rights among the general public. </li></ul>