ISCC 2013 keynote "Pervasive Sensing and IoT Cooking Recipe: Just add People and Applications"

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ISCC 2013 Conference Keynote on Internet of Things scope and requirements, illustrations and specific use case energy efficiency in office buildings with personal eco-feedback application POEM (Personal Office Energy Monitor)

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ISCC 2013 keynote "Pervasive Sensing and IoT Cooking Recipe: Just add People and Applications"

  1. 1. 1 Pervasive Sensing and IoT Cooking Recipe: Just Add People and Applications Milan Milenkovic, Intel Corporation (Intel Labs), Santa Clara, CA, USA milan@intel.com
  2. 2. 2 Outline • The Big Picture • Pervasive sensing on Internet: ICT transformational and inflection point • Why that matters and what needs to be built to make it work? • Reduce to Practice (and learn something while you do it) • Smart-building use case, prototype and deployment • Sensors and people and applications (and web technologies) • Insights and learnings • Call to action: let’s collaborate on building and deploying (IoT) systems
  3. 3. 3 The Big Picture: Add Sensors to get Internet of Everything, Why and How?
  4. 4. 4 Sensors and Internet (“of things, of everything”) • Growing number and variety of physical-world sensors are connected to the Internet • Recent smart phone sensors: light, Hall, barometer, temperature, humidity, geomagnetic, accelerometer, gyro, proximity, gesture, GPS, wifi and radios • Smart cities: air quality, traffic, people, water, road conditions, hazards • Manufacturing, buildings, home, agriculture, health and fitness, buildings, cars IVI • (research) WSNs galore • Why is that important or interesting? • Everything you know and love on the Internet + • Transformational change: sensory/sensing Internet, real-world “aware” ICT • New applications, services, user benefits, business opportunities
  5. 5. 5 IoT System View 16 B 50 B
  6. 6. 6 Need Universal (Pervasive) Sensing Platform: Reqs • Goal: pervasive sensing fabric for smart cities, IoT • Facilitate new uses and applications across devices and domains • Support variety of sensors and sources • Wireless, embedded anywhere, e.g. agriculture, fitness • Built-in, legacy: e.g. building-management systems (BMS), traffic • Built into devices: Phones, tablets, laptops, PCs, STBs, cars • Software sensors, e.g. user activity, energy monitor, weather svc • People as sensors: direct feedback, preferences (control, actuation) • Common: naming, data formats and protocols, storage & access, meta-data • No big data or analytics on fragmented, undecipherable data • Also security, manageability, discovery <tackled elsewhere>
  7. 7. 7 Reduce to practice: Smart Buildings and POEM (Personal Office Energy Manager) project
  8. 8. 8 Use Case Smart Buildings: Reimagined IT  Buildings consume 40% of energy, 72% of electricity  Regulatory and social pressure to reduce consumption  Efficient energy use = savings & user comfort  Our approach: enhance IT by • Adding sensors to ICT, holistic building control • Engaging users via eco-feedback app (POEM)  Result • Energy efficient new and legacy buildings • Increased occupant comfort, participation
  9. 9. 9 Personal sensing and UI, POEM notifications, comfort
  10. 10. 10 Personal UI: POEM usage comparison screen
  11. 11. 11 Client integrated sensors: enterprise ready Smart-Building Sensing Platform Prototype (IT, wireless)
  12. 12. 12 POEM Pilot Tests 4 months, 40 “real” office users, Paris 5 months, 50 “real” office users, Tokyo 239 sensor boards prepared for firmware flash and packaging Sensor kit with USB cable attached to the back of laptop User Experience, POEM UI http://youtu.be/nKS45p5cjd0 Managing Director in end- user baseline interviews in France
  13. 13. 13 “Novel” Sensor Addition: Platform-Integrated Sensors • Sensors built into or attached to platforms, such as laptops and printers • energy (sw), temperature, humidity, light, location (including indoor) • Key advantages: • Low cost, x10: (re)use host’s processor, power, storage, connectivity • Ease of enterprise deployment • Use existing IT infrastructure (WiFi), deployment processes • … custom WSN have no existing deployment path, battery issues • Personalization – proximity to user, data from where I am now
  14. 14. 14 Pilots: Platform-Integrated Sensor Accuracy Platform sensor 24.28 C +/- 1.35 C NIST Reference 24.04 C +/- 1.56 C Difference in the mean <1% Off-hour Office Temperature Lab Tests Difference <0.2% Difference <0.7% Gradual temperature drop at night Fast temperature rise in the morning
  15. 15. 15 Pilots: Temperature Ambient Data Temperature across hours for user 49 for 3 months Temperature mean for 45 users
  16. 16. 16 Initial Learnings and Insights • Engaging end-users both as consumers and sources of information is vital • User participation is fun and changes behaviors, impact (e.g. energy) • Application/service has to be useful and meaningful to the end user to keep attention and interest • Proper visualization and data representation, easy to use is hard to do • People are great sensors, data aggregators/analyzers • Use of web technologies is the right approach • Availability, connectivity, tooling, scalability • Rapid prototype, test, revise and repeat cycle (x long-lead IT approach)
  17. 17. 17 What’s Next: Expand (sensors, scale, uses), Build, Deploy, Test & Repeat
  18. 18. 18 Universal Sensing Prototype and Design (“web-age SCADA”) • Web-compliant sensor data format, sMAP (UCB) • HTTP protocol, interoperability, familiarity, tools, extensible • Web technologies, middleware (rant!!), and programming style • RESTful web services, sensor publish-subscribe • Sensor database for the web • Archival storage, searching and queries, analytics, reports • Scalability, throughput (ours is NoSQL, document based) • Run locally or as a cloud service • Meta-data, personalization, manageability
  19. 19. 19 Summary and Call to Action • IoT is here! (also useful and fun) • Design feasibility and business value test: smart-building and POEM • Demonstrate usefulness: increase building energy efficiency and user comfort • Benefits of end-user engagement • Platform-integrated sensors, sensor-enhanced IT on internet edge • Benefits: cost, enterprise deployability, personalization • Universal sensing platform, IoT : call to action, collaboration • Inclusive and interoperable, across devices and domains • User-centered: personalization and visualization • Collaboration opportunity for industry and academia: naming, formats, meta-data • Build-Test-Deploy-Evaluate and REPEAT
  20. 20. POEM team [in order of appearance]: Milan Milenkovic, Scott Shull, Yves Aillerie, Ulf Hanebutte, Sylvain Sauty, Thanh Dang, Mark Chang, Catherine Huang, Sailaja Parthasarathy and BLR team, Jun Takei, David Prendergast, Han Pham, Kiyoshi Sakon, Kazuhide Yamamoto, Wei Thomson Questions?

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