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European identity and citizenship: Integration process final
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European identity and citizenship: Integration process final

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  • Not only Galicia. In the period 1823-1913 more than 50 million Europeans migrated to the New World.
  • It is said that open borders were a reallity in the nineteenth century, but in fact it was difficult to get permission to migrate.
  • Under these conditions, we would see a further increase of illegal migration and the intensification of policies intended to combat it: more human lives in danger.
  • In Cameroon there is a good level of education but not infrastructure for vocational training. I feel good here and I think I will achieve what I propose In his country there are very good level of education but lack of infrastructure for the practices. Her brothers can go to college with your help It took two months to reach Melilla from Cameroon. He traveled by car and walking through Nigeria, Niger, Algeria and Morocco
  • She has two children, the youngest was born in Corunna. She came with her older child three years ago for family reunification. Her husband has been living for 10 years in Corunna They are planning to stay here until their children grow up. .
  • He came for family reunification. She is living in Coruña for six months From last January regrouped immigrants are allowed to work in Spain. She doesn’t find work.
  • An anecdote, the picture on the left shows two boys who had missed the boat to Cuba.

European identity and citizenship: Integration process final European identity and citizenship: Integration process final Presentation Transcript

  • EUROPEAN INDENTITY AND CITIZENSHIP INTEGRATION PROCESS
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION Identity, Integration, a problem? We can not bilieve it. We are differents and we would like to reach a real integration.
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    •  
    • SCOPE OF THE ESSAY
    • Approximation to citizens integration process in European Union: “THE EUROPEAN IDEDNTITY”
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • IDENTITY,
    • A CONCEPT  
    • The features belonging to an individual or to a group.
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • IDENTITY,
    • A CONCEPT  
    • The features belonging to an individual or to a group.
    • Conflicts among Identity.
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • EUROPEAN
    • DIVERSITY
    • The member States.
    • The inhabitants.
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • EUROPEAN
    • DIVERSITY
    • The member States.
    • The inhabitants.
    • About wealth generated.
    • Religious practices.
    • Related with languages.
    • Nationalist and regionalist identities.
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    •   CRITICAL ASPECTS AND STATES STANCE  
    • Different economic interests of the States.
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    •   CRITICAL ASPECTS AND STATES STANCE  
    • Different economic interests of the States.
    • Big differences among European States about the European idea, international relationship and placement of the European Union enlargement limits.
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • CRITICAL ASPECTS
    • AND STATES STANCE
    • The immigration policies
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • CRITICAL ASPECTS
    • AND STATES STANCE
    • The immigration policies
    • The nationalist feelings flow in the member states.
    •  
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • REFLEXIONS  
    • The migratory flows
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • REFLEXIONS  
    • The migratory flows
    • Occident allowed extreme situations due to their respect to cultural plurality.
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • REFLEXIONS
    • Immigration appears to be as the second main problem after the economical problems, in all European surveys.
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • REFLEXIONS
    • Immigration appears to be as the second main problem after the economical problems, in all European surveys.
    • The social debate about National Identity
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • CONCLUSIONS
    • We, as Europeans, should reinforce ourselves on the idea of building in peace the “REAL COMMON IDENTITY”.
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • CONCLUSIONS
    • Europe needs immigration
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • CONCLUSIONS
    • Europe needs immigration
    • Our model of leaving together with respect to the human rights and values must be taken as an unbreakable limit
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • CONCLUSIONS
    • The territorial spread must be built within the perspective of the identities compatibles
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • CONCLUSIONS
    • The territorial spread must be built within the perspective of the identities compatibles
    • The common identity is created in the participating coexistence
  • IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION
    • CONCLUSIONS
    • It is high time for us to overcome old and traditional identity concepts beyond beliefs and localism interests
  • EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS THE IMMIGRATION IN LA CORUÑA 18/05/2010
    • 1.- INTRODUCTION .
    • We intend to study migration exclusively in the city of La Coruña, taking as reference planes the situation in the Galician Community and a greater horizon, as in the national scene.
    • The figures provide migration regardless of the root causes and the extent of displacement, which may come from a city on the outskirts or any of the five continents .
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
    • Not covered, obviously, those illegal immigrants who are not documentaly localized to avoid the risk of extradition, although more and more people are registered to be able to demonstrate the 3-year residence , requirement for access permits.
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
    • 2.- CONCEPT OF MIGRATION .
    • For migration we refer to the movement of people from their normal place of residence to a new one, temporary or permanent.
    • Although usually the term immigrant is associated with displaced by socio-economic reasons in search of a better quality of life, it is difficult to compute separately foreigners who flee their country for political or military causes to which could be applied specific adjectives as exiles, refugees or asylees.
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
    • Recently, it is taking another type of inmigration which already exceeds policy; it is the called forced by the effects of climate change (drought or desertification).
    • We have defined the term migration on purpose, because this covers the binomial with emigration-immigration as, indissolubly, a person is an emigrant by the fact of leaving his country and, at the same time, immigrant to join the new destination.
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
    • 3.- CONSEQUENCES OF IMMIGRATION.
    • 3.1. CAUSES.
    • The causes of immigration, in general, can be reduced to one: self-preservation or survival, not only individually but also extended to the family, finding new spaces with more resources and opportunities that will enable a better quality of life.
    • Nowadays this challenge is most simplyfied and widespread with the improvement of transport and communications.
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
    • However, the point of view of emigrant can be very diverse. For example, the Hispanic can consider the new settlement for the whole family as final. Hence the percentages between men and women are very similar.
    • But the sub-Saharian does not think the same; the man moves alone with the idea of saving a few years to return to his country of origin. (In this case the percentage of men in La Coruña is 84 %).
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
    • 3.2. EFFECTS.
    • There is no doubt that migratory mouvements cause mismatches whit cultural, economic and social issues and controversy within the host countries.
    • For some people that means extra beneficial contribution of cheap labor and even experienced, as well as enrichment of the intercultural relations with languages and races.
    • For others, a heavy burden in the budgets for health, education, integration, etc, besides the risk of racial, cultural and religious conflits with the host population or between different immigrant groups .
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
    • 3.3. PROBLEMS OF IMMIGRANTS.
    • Integration into an unknown country is not easy, especially if not provided a wealth of experience and knowledge, including proficiency in its language.
    • First of all, there are administrative obstacles to achieve his identification, rights to a Social Security, education and especially for regulating the work permit.
    • Then there is the degree of acceptance of the society, which may show signs of rejection by intrusion and unfair competition, especially in times of crisis.
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
    • The cases of xenophobia are not found in La Coruña because of the low representation of the immigrants. It is therefore welcome point for many illegal, many from other autonomous communities, because, although the chances of finding a job are lower, they feel safe from social pressure and facing a forced expatriation.
    • This precarious situation makes them easy prey for the mafia networks that operate with human traficking.
    • Some migrants even have difficulty returning their country, for some, such as Senegal, have no repatriation agreements. In others, such as certain Eastern countries, they are considered traitors. Therefore, before a removal order, they are forced to move to other cities.
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña 4. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS. POPULATION IN SPAIN
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña IMMIGRANTS IN SPAIN BY AGE
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña IMMIGRANTS IN SPAIN BY GROUPES AND SEX
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña IMMIGRANTS IN SPAIN BY COUNTRIES
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña POPULATION IN GALICIA
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña IMMIGRANTS IN GALICIA BY AGE
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña IMMIGRANTS IN GALICIA BY GROUPS AND SEX
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña IMMIGRANTS IN GALICIA BY COUNTRIES
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña POPULATION IN LA CORUÑA
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS FOREIGNERS IN LA CORUÑA BY AGE Immigration in La Coruña
  • EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS 18/05/2010 Immigration in La Coruña IMMIGRANTS IN LA CORUÑA BY GROUPS AND SEX
  • EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS 18/05/2010 Immigration in La Coruña IMMIGRANTS IN LA CORUÑA BY COUNTRIES
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña TREND GROWTH SPAIN – GALICIA – LA CORUÑA
  • 18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña TREND GROWTH IMMIGRANTS BY GROUPS
    • 5.- ASSOCIATIONS AND NGOs.
    • Given this climate of insecurity and helplessness, there are in La Coruña numerous Associations that seek to address the plight of immigrants by providing information, advice and material aid.
    • Apart from the official organizations such as the Secretaría Xeral de Emigración de la Xunta, the Secretaría de Estado de Inmigración y Emigración del Ministerio de Trabajo e Inmigración, the office of Información para Emigrantes, Retornados e Inmigrantes, etc, we can cite, among other associations Amespa (latinoamericana-eslava), Equus Zebra, Abrente, Ecos do Sur, Renacer, Accem, Argentinos Residentes en A Coruña, Casa Argentina de A Coruña, CD Venezola-Coruñesa “Turpial”, Mediomundo Uruguayos A Coruña, Asoc. De Uruguayos 25 de Agosto and a Federación Galega de Asociaciones de Emigrantes Retornados.
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
    • 6.- CONCLUSION.
    • As we have seen throughout the work, immigration has its detractors and defenders. From our point of view the results provide more positive than negative values.
    • From the historical perspective, migration has been a constant of humanity, so much so that the worl, as it is today, has been made based on such migrations.
    • Consider what the American continent would have been if it would not have stood to the ships of Columbus on his route to the Indies (someone, with good sense of humor not devoid of realism, would say that they would have been happier).
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
    • Mass movements, far from creating imbalances, provide young people of working age in countries in need due to low birth or industrial development and it is a relief for the overcrowded countries.
    • While it is true that in times of crisis may create some tension and suspicion, we should not blame the immigrants for our problems that, in any case, in Economics fortunatly had always been cyclical and punctual.
    • It is clear that, as in all areas, must be a rewiew and a regulatory basis of our rules of conduct and migration will not be an exception.
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
    • If we really want a better world with equal opportunities for all, we should start respecting, above any personal consideration, the contents of the two parts of Section 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rigts:
    • 1. Every person has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the territory of a State.
    • 2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and return to it.
    18/05/2010 EUROPEAN IDENTITY AND INTEGRATION PROCESS Immigration in La Coruña
  • MIGRATION
  • The past
    • Galicia was a country of emigrants to:
    • Latin America
    • Europe
    • More industrialized
    • regions of Spain
  • The present
    • Galicia is a country
    • of immigrants
    • from:
    • Latin America
    • Eastern Europe
    • Northern Africa
  • ‘ Free’ migration
    • ‘ Free’ means that immigrants were not selected by their profession or origin.
  • ‘ Limited’ migration
    • Political reforms whose aim is to select certain immigrants and reject others are being carried out.
  • The protagonists
    • We all know interesting stories of galician returned emigrants.
    • Let us listen to immigrants who live with us.
  • From Cameroon
    • ‘ I had to travel for two months, by car and foot, from Cameroon to Melilla’
    • ‘ I am focused on helping my family and studying. I hope to achieve my goals’
  • From Morocco
    • ‘ People who where immigrants understand us better’.
    • ‘ It is time of crisis but immigrants need to work. It is hard not to have either work or family support’.
    • ‘ In my country I studied to become a teacher of young children.
  • From Dominican Republic
    • ‘ I am enterprising.
    • In DR I opened a kindergarten in my house’
    • ‘ I wish my father were here’
    • ‘ I would like to do a degree in Business Management’
  • We can understand
    • Circunstances, problems and solutions can differ but the dignity of man is always the same.
  • Investigation work team
    • José R. Álvarez
    • Bernardo Bouza
    • Hermitas García
    • M. Luz Menéndez
    • Isabel Pallas
    • Gloria Pereira
    • Andrés Vellé
  • Information Sources
    • STATISTICS FROM EU.
    • SPECIAL PUBLICATIONS .
    • INFORMATION FROM EU. PUBLIC SERVANTS.
    • INTERVIEWS TO FORIGNER PEOPLE.
    • OUR OWN POINT OF VIEW.
  • Thanks to:
    • Our foreign friends.
    • Arteixo Council Social Services.
    • NGO Equus Zebra.
    • Our OC.OC project teachers.