History of landscape development

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  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO LANDSCAPE ALN 101 16 SEPT 2008 TUESDAY
  • 2. Tujuh Keajaiban Dunia Purba: 1.Piramid Agung Giza, 2.Taman Tergantung Babylon, 3.Kuil Artemis, 4.Berhala Zeus di Olympia, 5. Makam Maussollos, 6.Patung Raksasa Rhodes 7.Rumah Api Iskandariah
  • 3. HISTORY OF LANDSCAPE DEVELOPMENT
    • Philosophy
    • Purpose
    • Elements
  • 4. OBJECTIVES At the end of learning process, student should be able to: Understand the history of landscape from the aspects of philosophy, purpose, hard and soft elements in landscape in right way.
  • 5. PHILOSOPHY ISLAMIC GARDEN ANCIENT GARDEN JAPANESE/ROCK/ZEN GARDEN CHINESE GARDEN EUROPEAN GARDEN : FRENCH BAROQUE NEO NUSANTARA/TRADITIONAL BALI SACRET GARDEN
  • 6. ISLAMIC GARDEN
    • The Islamic notion of paradise included  water, shade, flowers and fruit trees.
    • It was an enclosed garden, shutting out the harshness of the surrounding landscape.
    • There were no representational sculptures.
    • Shade was provided by canopies and pavilions.
    • Fractal geometry has been a key utility, especially for mosques and palaces.
    • The role of domes in Islamic architecture.
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. JAPANESE/ROCK/ZEN GARDEN
    • Gardens were influenced mainly by Zen Buddhism , Taoism and Shintoism.
    • All of the gardens are representations of nature.
    • The Buddhist influence makes the garden a quiet place, allowing people to look back and reflect upon themselves, or meditate.
    • Bonsai trees.
    • The essential elements to a Japanese garden--water, garden plants, stones, waterfalls, trees, and bridges.
  • 10.  
  • 11. CHINESE GARDEN
    • The Chinese (Scholar's) Garden is a place for solitary or social contemplation of nature.
    • To be considered authentic, a garden must be built and planned around seventeen essential elements.
    • The design of Chinese gardens was to provide a spiritual utopia for one to connect with nature, to come back to one's inner heart, to come back to ancient idealism.
    • They used plants as symbols. Bamboo was used in every traditional Chinese garden. This is because bamboo represents a strong but resilient character.
  • 12.  
  • 13. NEO NUSANTARA/TRADITIONAL
    • Malaysian Garden (Neo Nusantara) is its outdoor living designs concept, which is based primarily on Malaysian culture and craft.
    • Tropical garden concept which is rich in cultures and diverse traditions for your garden for home.
    • It is a sanctuary and a place where you can rejuvenate your sense of sight, sound, touch, smell, and taste.
  • 14.  
  • 15. DO I REALLY UNDERSTAND ABOUT ALL THE GARDENS CONCEPT? LET’S TRY THESE QUESTIONS
  • 16.
    • Give a description about Garden Philosophy and Concept in Landscape History.
    • ANCIENT GARDEN
    • ISLAMIC GARDEN
    • JAPANESE/ROCK/ZEN GARDEN
    • CHINESE GARDEN
    • EUROPEAN GARDEN : FRENCH BAROQUE
    • NEO NUSANTARA/TRADITIONAL
    • BALI
    • SACRET GARDEN
    • times new roman
    • 2.0 line spacing
    • more than 8 pages
    • Submit on 26th September 2008
    ASSIGNMENT 2
  • 17. WHY DO WE NEED LANDSCAPING?
  • 18. 1. BEAUTIFICATION Can increase esthetic value and beautification for indoor and outdoor landscape.
  • 19. 2. ECOLOGY & ENVIRONMENT CONTROL
  • 20.
    • Fences serve several purposes for your home. A nice fence can not only keep pets & children in your yard, but they can also be a beautiful way of marking property lines, giving privacy from neighbours, or even just an accent to your landscaping.
    3. FENCING
  • 21. 4. RECREATION & CREATS GREEN SPACE FOR HUMAN REST
  • 22. 5. SOCIO ECONOMY
  • 23. FIND THE PURPOSES OF LANDSCAPING G N N O I T A E R C E R N A S R G L A N O C S I D A R N O H K N L L A O A U K L O G C L A O I I K L N A T X Z E I I I N Y G O L O C E A D C O K G L A A N G H O I U V O E N G N D T R Y E A S L I L C G T N I A M R F K M I M O O L D A A C M A P R P G K G N L P A L D N C L N O I T Y O I F I T U A E B O A O L A M A O K A U B A F Y K L I K Y O R T R O M L K P U L N O I T A C I F I T U A E B T B L M N J W I B U H K Z C D A
  • 24. G N N O I T A E R C E R N A S R G L A N O C S I D A R N O H K N L L A O A U K L O G C L A O I I K N N A T X Z E I I I N Y G O L O C E A D C O K G L A A N G H O I U V O E N G N D T R e E A S L I L C G T N I A M R F K M I M O O L D A A C M A P R P G K G N L P A L D N C L N O I T Y O I F I T U A E B O A O L A M A O K A U B A F Y K L I K Y O R T R O M L K P U L N O I T A C I F I T U A E B T B L M N J W I B U H K Z C D A
  • 25. THE ELEMENTS IN LANDSCAPE Softscaping Hardscaping
  • 26. SOFTSCAPING
    • Softscape refers to the elements of landscape that comprise live, horticultural elements. Softscaping can include, flowers, plants, shrubs, trees, flower beds, etc. The purpose of softscape is to lend character to the landscaping, create an aura, ambience, and reflect the sensibilities of the inhabitants.
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29.  
  • 30.  
  • 31. HARDSCAPING
    • Hardscape refers to the inanimate elements of the landscape including walls, patios, paving, water features, pergolas and rocks.
  • 32.  
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35.  
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38. FIND THE ELEMENTS OF SOFTSCAPING AND HARDSCAPING E N O B E Z A G R C S R N A S G G L A N O C S I D A L N O S D N L G N I V A P L O G L L R I I I K L N A T X Z E I I A E R G O L O C E N D C O K G L W B N G H O I U I O E N G S D O K Y E A S L I A C G S N O A L L A K E I M O T L H A A I M F I R P G K G N N R A L D T C L V O I G Y O I U I T U A A B O O O L I M A B O A U B A P Y K P I K T O S T M O M L K P U L N O I A A C I F I S E E R T T B S A L O G R E P H K Z C D A
  • 39. E N O B E Z A G R C S R N A S G G L A N O C S I D A L N O S D N L G N I V A P L O G L L R I I I K L N A T X Z E I I A E R G O L O C E N D C O K G L W B N G H O I U I O E N G S D O K Y E A S L I A C G S N O A L L A K E I M O T L H A A I M F I R P G K G N N R A L D T C L V O I G Y O I U I T U A A B O O O L I M A B O A U B A P Y K P I K T O S T M O M L K P U L N O I A A C I F I S E E R T T B S A L O G R E P H K Z C D A
  • 40. European Landscape Design Ancient Landscape Islamic Design of landscape European design – French Baroque Sacret garden
  • 41. Ehm… try again…
  • 42. Wow! THAT’S RIGHT
  • 43. Ancient Landscape Islamic Design of landscape European design – French Baroque
  • 44. Wow! THAT’S RIGHT
  • 45. Ehm… try again…
  • 46. CONCLUSION Landscaping has its own philosophy and each one of them has their own characteristics of design. We need to appreciate all the old @ ancient architecture for us refer to produce better architecture and suitable with our era. Landscaping have its own purposes, from human until environment. There are two elements in landscaping which are, softscaping and hardscaping.