OGD2011 - Requirements Analysis for an Open Government Data Strategy (in Austria), Martin Kaltenböck

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Slides of ISESS2011 - talk about the OGD2011 project - an open government data requirements analysis (in Austria) by Martin Kaltenböck (Semantic Web Company)

Slides of ISESS2011 - talk about the OGD2011 project - an open government data requirements analysis (in Austria) by Martin Kaltenböck (Semantic Web Company)

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  • 1. OGD2011Requirement Analysis for anOpen Government Data Strategy(in Austria) - ISESS2011, 27. June 2011, BrnoMartin Kaltenböck, CMCSemantic Web Company – http://www.semantic-web.atOGD Austria – http://www.opendata.atOpen Knowledge Forum Austria (OKFO) - http://gov.opendata.at/okfo These slides are published under : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • 2. What is Open Government DataOpen Government Data is a worldwide movement to opendata (& information) of the government / public administration* -that is NOT personal (individual related) – in human- ANDmaschine-readable open (non proprietary) formats for re-use(by civil society, economy, media, academia AND politics &public administration itsself)!OPEN stands for lowering the barriers to ensure as broad aspossible re-use (for everybody)!There is a new paradigm in publishing Open Government Data= look, take and play!* ….. data and information produced or commissioned by government or government controlled entities ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 2
  • 3. Principles of Open Government Data http://sunlightfoundation.com/policy/documents/ten-open-data-principles/ 1. Completeness All public data are made available. Public data are data that are not subject to valid privacy, security or privilege limitations, as governed by other statutes. 2. Primacy Data are published as collected at the source, with the finest possible level of granularity, not in aggregate or modified forms. 3. Timeliness Data are made available as quickly as necessary to preserve the value of the data.http://www.opengovdata.org/home/8principles 4. Ease of Physical and Electronic Access Data are available to the widest range of users for the widest range of purposes. 5. Machine readability Data are reasonably structured to allow automated processing of it. 6. Non-discrimination Data are available to anyone, with no requirement of registration. 7. Use of Commonly Owned Standards (e.g. open formats) Data are available in a format over which no entity has exclusive control. 8. Licensing Data are not subject to any copyright, patent, trademark or trade secret regulation. Reasonable privacy, security and privilege restrictions may be allowed as governed by other statutes. Finally, compliance must be reviewable. PLUS: Sunlight Foudation, August 2010: 9) Permanence & 10) Usage Costs ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 3
  • 4. OGD worldwide: http://bit.ly/open-data-map©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 4
  • 5. 5 Stars for Open Data by Tim Berners Lee©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 5
  • 6. The Project: OGD2011OGD Serie 2010 - 2011 The project OGD2011 contains 3 contemplementary packages of measures:• Partly financed by City of Vienna• Duration: 09/2010 – 07/2011 • in 4 stakeholder workshops (politics,• Organised by SWC administration, society, industry) the respective requirements will be evaluatedPartners of OGD2011 and discussed,• Danube University Krems• KDZ-Centre for Public • These requirements will be presented and Administration discussed at the OGD2011 conference in• Open3 initiative June 2011 in Vienna.• Joanneum Research• OGD Austria / OKFO / OKFN, UK • The results will be published in the OGD• FP7 projects: LOD2 & LATC White Book 2011 (August 2011) as a first• futurezone & Computerwelt fundamental publication on the topic of Open Data in Austria ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 6
  • 7. The Project: OGD2011 Links http://www.opendata.at http://www.ogd2011.at©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 7
  • 8. OGD2011 Conference AustriaOGD2011 Conference Austria, 16.06. 2011: 135 participants, 20 speakersDocumentation: http://www.ogd2011.at/dokuVideos: http://www.ogd2011.at/doku/videoSlides: http://slidesha.re/ogd2011_slidesFotos: http://bit.ly/ogd2011-fotos ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 8
  • 9. OGD Requirement AnalysisWorkshop Participants• 10 to 15 participants per workshop (113 requests, 50 participants)• Representative sample inside of the stakeholder group• Diversity in opinion inside of the groups preferred• Gender distribution minded Politics Civil Society Economy Administration• Al parties of the • NPO / NGO • Mix of branches • Federal Gov. National Council • Data privacy • Associations • State Gov.• Federal Gov • Technology • Apps market • Cities• State Gov assesment • Data market • Communities• Cities • Human rights • Data integrators • Extended digits• Communities • Citizens • Associations• Chambers movements• 27 requests • 23 requests • 32 requests • 31 requests• 9 participants • 11 participants • 16 participants • 14 participants ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 9
  • 10. OGD Requirement AnalysisSet Up of the Stakeholder Workshops• 1 day moderated workshops (with clear agenda & time frame per topic)• Statements of ALL participants• Development of the OGD topics & requirements in small working groups• Forefront prioritisation of 12 identified topics (around OGD by participants)• SWOT analysis per stakeholder group• Workshop reports reviewed and released by the participants4 Stakeholder Groups plus 2 cross section groups identified4 Stakeholder Workshops took place in February 2011• Politicians 02.02. 2011 9 participants• Civil Society 04.02. 2011 11 participants• Industry/Economy 14.02. 2011 16 participants• Public Administration 16.02. 2011 14 participants• Cross section stakeholder : media & academia were involved ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 10
  • 11. Prioritisation – cross section of groups Media Literacy & Data Interpretation Exploitation & Business ModelsTechnological Aspects: formats, infrastructure etc Macroeconomic Impact Participation & Collaboration Data Privacy Innovation & Knowledge Society Terms of Use / Licenses / Liability Legal Issues Openness & Transparency Data: types, scale, apps Data Quality & Accessability 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 11
  • 12. Stakeholder WS: PoliticsDiscussed topics• Data: types, scale, apps• Openness & transparency• Innovation & knowledge societyMost important statements (overview)• Step-wise approach (& thereby learn about OGD)• Cross section work: BLSG• Committment on highest political level needed• Changes in existing laws needed• Single Point of Access for Austria needed• EU standards & processes - track & follow!• Austria is poor in natural ressources – OGD is enabling innovation –regional economical promotion• Guidelines for public sector needed• Question economical impact• Dataset by dataset needs to be checked• Media Literacy needs to be supported• What data could be gathered additionally ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 12
  • 13. Stakeholder WS: Civil SocietyDiscussed topics• Data: types, scale, apps• Openness & transparency• Participation & CollaborationMost important statements (overview)• Data not available in needed formats & standards• Information is the basis for participation• Important: Single Point of Access to data• Meta Data: of provenance & for interpretation• Higher Transparency = better Quality of Life !• Data often exists – but not available for public• Open Data prevents corruption & populism.• Guidelines: what data bring ´what benefit?• Data interpretation is something new to learn• Attention: Traceability of personal data• Benchmark & competition between communities• Openness brings feedback (& participation) ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 13
  • 14. Stakeholder WS: Economy/IndustryDiscussed topics• Data: types, scale, apps• Expolitation and business models• Data quality & accessabilityMost important statements (overview)• 3 groups identified: Web 2.0 & creative industry, data market (-population) & data integration• Central register needed (at least for basis data)• Standards for data, meta data and interfaces• Only free data enables innovation• Data quality evaluated and marked• Very important are georeferencing• Comparability of data from several sources• Use costs for detail granularity possible e.g. SLAs• Marginal costs as a basis for cost models• Classification of data important• Develop licenses for all public departments ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 14
  • 15. Stakeholder WS: Public AdministrationDiscussed topics• Legal issues, licenses, liability• Data: types scale, apps & quality assurance• Innovation & knowledge societyMost important statements (overview)• Existing legal framework is NOT sufficient!• Obligation to give information vs. official secrecy• Metadaten & data governance• OGD shows performance of public administration• Single Point of Access for Austria• Public liability and exclusion of liability• Also data from economy and academia needed• How to manage incorrect data• Guidelines for public administration needed• New license models can be developed• Media Literacy (internal & external) ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 15
  • 16. SWOT analysis of the 4 groups SWOT Analysis of Open Government Data in Austria from the viewpoint of the 4 stakeholder groups (excerpt)Strength Opportunities• Promotion of the economy • Participation as a chance• Performance: politics & administration • Economical impact• Transparency, participation, trust • Support of innovation• Internal transparency – internal OGD • Role model of public administration• Information for ALL • New user groups for the dataWeakness Threads• Data Quality • Privacy• Digital Divide, media literacy • Discrimination concering access• No economic impact • Questions about liability• Legal framework • Mis-interpretation of data• No standards available • Commercialisation of administration• Political committment missing • OGD threats existing bus. models ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 16
  • 17. Requirements of OGD in AustriaThe following concrete requirements of Open Government Data in Austriawere identified through the analysis in the OGD2011 project:1. Single Point of Access – a data portal for Austria!2. Involvement & balancing: BLSG: federal gov – state gov – cities - communities!3. Active collaboration and communication of all (6) stakeholder groups!4. Harmonisation and standardisation of data, formats, interfaces, meta data (in international context)!5. Data can also be provided by economy and academia!6. National and international Benchmark (as a chance)!7. Guidelines & Best Practises should be developed and provided!8. Committment for Open Data from highest political level needed!9. Concrete terms of use, cost models, licenses, SLAs should be developed10. 1. Phase: open basis data (low hanging fruits) - 2. Phase: set up on lessons learned of phase 1! ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 17
  • 18. OGD Requirements CircleThe following 11 topics as a partial aspect of Open Government Data could beidentified & described on the basis of the requirement analysis: 1. Need for Definitions 2. Open Government: Transparency and Democracy, Participation & Collaboration 3. Legal Issues 4. Impact on Society 5. Innovation and Knowledge Society 6. Impact on Economy / Industry 7. Licenses, Models for Exploitation, Terms of Use 8. Data relevant Aspects 9. Data Governance 10. Applications and Use Cases 11. Technological Aspects ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 18
  • 19. Der OGD AnforderungskreisThe following 11 topics as a partial aspect of Open Government Data could beidentified & described on the basis of the requirement analysis: ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 19
  • 20. OGD White Book AustriaOGD White Book Austria - Table of Content• Introduction & Definition• Requirement Analysis of OGD for Austria• Requirement Circle of OGD Order your book copy now!• Open Government Data Guidelines for Austria • Order Form http://www.ogd2011.at/weissbuch• Proceedings of the OGD2011 Conference 16. June 2011 in Vienna • Order at OGD events • Send email: ogd@semantic-web.at• Open Government Data Glosary (Austria) ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 20
  • 21. Outreach: OGD events et al.Open Government Data in Europe – What comes next?• 27. – 29. Juni 2011, ISESS2011 Konferenz, Brno - http://www.isess2011.org• 30.6. – 01.7. 2011, OKCon2011, Berlin Germany - http://okcon.org/2011• 30. 06. 2011, OGD Platform Meeting Vienna - http://data.wien.gv.at• August 2011, Publishing of the OGD White Book Austria• 22. – 24. August 2011, Reformgespräche Forum Alpbach, Austria http://www.alpbach.org/index.php?id=1235• 07. – 09. September 2011, I-Semantics & I-Know Conference, Graz, Austria http://www.i-semantics.at• 21. October 2011, Open Data Camp, Warsaw Poland http://opengovernmentdata.org/camp2011 ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 21
  • 22. Services of SWC around OGDOur activities in the area of Linked Open Government Data are embedded in a internationalnetwork of commercial and governmental organisations that bring forward the mostimportant improvements with regards to technological and strategic issues in the field.• (Linked) Open Government Data – Strategy Formation & Consulting• Development of concrete (Business) Use Cases (publish & consume)• Measures, Methods & Technologies for the Implementation of the project (Data Governance, Licenses, Studies, Meta Data & Data Management, Technologies)• Community & Awareness Building Promotion of the Open (Government) Data project (Surveys, Competition et al.)• Buildup of Expertise and Key People inside of an Organisation (Trainings & Workshops)• Project Guidance, Execution & Evaluation ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 22
  • 23. Information & Kontakt Martin Kaltenböck, CMC Semantic Web Company GmbH (SWC) Lerchenfelder Gürtel 43 A-1160 ViennaSemantic Web Company (SWC) LOD2 OKF - OGD Austria Creating Knowledge outWeb of Interlinked Data Webhttp://www.semantic-web.at http://gov.opendata.athttp://blog.semantic-web.at Web http://gov.opendata.at/okfo http://www.lod2.eum.kaltenboeck@semantic-web.at OGD SurveyPhone: +43-1-402 12 35–25 http://survey.lod2.eu ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at 23