Objectives• Discover the history of the most beautiful music and arts of all times – from the Middle Ages to the Modern Era• Enjoy the melodies and learn about the greatest composer.• Appreciate the artist and their work of art.
The Middle Ages and the Renaissance (Spiritually and Renewal) [590 – 1543 ]• Experience some of the most spiritual music, contemplate legendary troubadours and minstrels, people and styles that transport you to golden age when religion and music were one.
The Timeline• 590 – the papacy of Pope Gregory I, who wanted to systematize plainsong. Begins; Gregorian chant erroneously takes his name.• 828 – construction begins on the Basilica of St. Mark in Venice• 1036 – Guido d’Arrezo writes Micrologus, creating musical notation, based on musical staff.• 1150 – around this time, polyphony flourishes in Europe.• 1198 – Perotin composes the first musical work for four voices, Viderunt.
The Timeline• 1200 – The Legend of the Nibelungs appears in Germany; Richard Wagner(Romantic Composer) uses it six centuries later as the theme for his operas.• 1260 – Construction ends on Chartes Cathedral, the Greatest architectural work of the Middle ages.• 1320 – The composer and the theorist Philippe de Vitry publishes his musical treatise Ars Nova, which expounds a new musical style.• 1323 – an Academy of Troubadours is founded in the Toulouse that still exist today.• 1377 – Guillaume de Machaut, the most renowned medieval composer dies.
The Timeline• 1400 – Guillaume Dufay, whose music is a blend of medieval and Renaissance, is born in France.• 1450 – Instrumental music takes root in Europe.• 1497 – Leonardo da Vinci finishes one of his most famous paintings, The Last Supper.• 1501 – Octtavio Petrucci invents music paintings.• 1543 – William Byrd, one of the greatest composers of the English Renaissance, is born
Pope Gregory I(The Gregorian Chants) • Plainsong – a monophonic and rhythmically free type of melody. • Chants – is made up of word spoken rhythmically.
The Basilica of St. Mark in Venice Saint Marks Basilica in the evening Basic information Location Venice, Italy Geographic coordinates 45.4345°N 12.3396°ECoordinates: 45.4345° N 12.3396°E Affiliation Roman Catholic District Patriarch of Venice Year consecrated 8 October 1071 Ecclesiastical or organizational Cathedral, Minor Basilica status Leadership Angelo Scola Website Basilica di San Marco a Venezia website Architectural description Architect(s) Domenico I Contarini Architectural style Byzantine and Gothic architecture Completed 1617 Specifications Length 76.50 metres (251.0 ft) Width 62.50 metres (205.1 ft) Dome(s) 5 Dome height (outer) 43 metres (141 ft) Dome height (inner) 28.15 metres (92.4 ft)