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  • 2. The forgiveness of sins committed after baptism is conferred by a particular sacrament called the Sacrament of Reconciliation.
  • 3. Status Questionis Status Questionis 1. What is the Sacrament of Reconciliation? 2. What are the sins committed after Baptism?
  • 4. Status Questionis Status Questionis 3. What are the elements needed for the valid reception of the sacrament? 4. What are the effects of this Sacrament?
  • 5. Outline I. Sacrament of Reconciliation a. Definition b. Biblical Foundations c. By Tradition II. Actual Sin a. Venial b. Mortal
  • 6. Outline III. Essential Elements a. Matter and Form b. Ministers of the Sacrament IV. Effects of the Sacrament V. Conclusion VI. References
  • 7. I. Sacrament of Reconciliation Sacrament in which sinners obtain from God the forgiveness of sins committed after Baptism through the absolution of the priest.
  • 8. Biblical Foundations John 20:22-23 “Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, They are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any , they are retained.”
  • 9. Biblical Foundations Luke 15: 21-22 “And the son said to him “Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you; I am no longer worthy to be called your Son. But the father said to his servants, Bring quickly the best robe, and put it on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes in his feet.”
  • 10. By Tradition St. Clement of Rome Let us fix our eyes on Christ’s blood and understand how precious it is to his Father, for, poured out for our salvation, it has brought to the whole world the grace of repentance.
  • 11. II. Actual Sin Is any willful thought, desire, word, action or omission forbidden by the law of God.
  • 12. a. Venial Sin -is a less serious offense against our loving God b. Mortal Sin -is a grievous offence against our loving God
  • 13. 3 Conditions Necessary to Make a Sin Mortal • grave matter • full knowledge • complete consent
  • 14. III. a. Matter and Form MATTER REMOTE Sins committed after Baptism PROXIMATE 3 Acts of the Penitent
  • 15. PROXIMATE MATTER Contrition Confession Satisfaction
  • 16. FORM Words of absolution pronounced by the confessor PRAYER OF ABSOLUTION
  • 17. b. Ministers of the Sacrament BISHOP POPE CARDINAL PRIEST
  • 18. V. Effects of the Sacrament 1. Reconciliation with God by which the penitent recover grace; 2. Reconciliation with the church 3. Remission of the eternal punishment incurred by mortal sins;
  • 19. IV. Effects of the Sacrament 4. Remission, at least in part of the temporal punishments resulting from sin; 5. Peace and serenity of conscience, and spiritual consolation 6. An increase of spiritual strength for the Christian battle
  • 20. V. Conclusions 1. Sacrament of reconciliation in which sinners obtain forgiveness for their sins committed. 2. The sins committed after baptism are referring to actual sins both mortal and venial.
  • 21. V. Conclusions 3. The Sacrament of Reconciliation is administered through the instrumentality of the validly ordained priest . 4. The sacrament of Reconciliation restores and joins us to God’s grace and intimate friendship with Him.
  • 22. VI. References • Catechism of the Catholic Church. 1994 ECCE and Word of Life publication Manila • Faith Seeking Understanding. Studium Theologicae Foundation Inc. • The New American Bible.1995.St Paul's. Metro Manila • Guide to Christian Sanctification.1999.ISBN.Metro Manila • The Faith Enumerated.2006.Daughters of St. Paul. Pasay City