This case study represents the first step toward establishing mutually beneficial avenues of communication and research between cognitive science and Chinese medicine. The relevance of such an endeavour is established by aligning the similarities between both systems—such as “levels of truth” and metaphoric extension of embodied experience. Upon establishing connections between both systems a more detailed case study is carried out by applying conceptual blending theory from cognitive science to Yin-Yang and Five Element theories in Chinese medicine. Conceptual blending provides the means by which the cognitive networks behind these knowledge systems can be modeled and available to conscious awareness. This case study begins the process of modeling the conceptual integration networks involved in both theories and their metaphoric extension of embodied experience to abstract objective patterns of interaction in the world.