Types of nouns and pronouns
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Types of nouns and pronouns

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This presentation gives you a clear view about nouns and some extended ideas related to pronouns.

This presentation gives you a clear view about nouns and some extended ideas related to pronouns.

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    Types of nouns and pronouns Types of nouns and pronouns Presentation Transcript

    • TYPES OF NOUNS AND PRONOUNS
    • PRESENTED BY SELVIRAVEENDRAN
    • DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH
    • What are they? CHILD HOUSE ROSE THEY ARE NOUNS.
    • NOUN A noun is the name of a person, place or a thing. Example Women, pen, pencil, hotel, tajmahal.
    • TYPES OF NOUNS 1.Proper Noun 2.Common Noun 3.Collective noun 4.Material Noun 5.Abstract noun
    • PROPER NOUN A proper noun is a special name of a particular person, place or thing. Examples: 1.Ravi,Sheela,Akbar(persons) 2.Delhi,london,Agra(places) 3.Sony Tv,Philips Radio,Neem tree(things) Exercise: Kamala is a fine dancer. (find a noun)
    • COMMON NOUN: A common noun is the general, ordinary name of a person, place or thing. Example: girl, boy, sister, brother (persons) hospital, country, town (places) water, butter, book, car (things) Exercise: Point out the common noun * Ram lives in a village.
    • COLLECTIVE NOUN A collective noun is the name of a group or collection of similar persons. Example: committee, Fleet, a team of cricketers, a group of dancers, a herd of cattle, a flock of birds. Exercise: Pick out the collective nouns from the following sentences: * I saw a bunch of flowers. * We saw a fleet of ships.
    • MATERIAL NOUN: Material noun is the name of a substance of which things are made. Example: Iron, Gold, Brass, Marble, Copper, Steel, Cotton, Silver. Exercise: Find out the material noun from the following 1. Plastic is of much use. 2. Cotton dress is costly now-a-days. 3. Iron is a very useful metal.
    • ABSTRACT NOUN: An abstract noun is the name of a quality that persons or things have, action they take or state they find themselves in. Example: Darkness, laughter, bravery,youth Exercise: Underline the abstract noun in the following: * She was a Queen of beauty. * We respect honesty.
    • THE NOUN - GENDER 1.MASCULINE GENDER A noun that denotes male is said to be of masculine gender. hero, lion, peacock, cock, cock-sparrow, boy, man 2.FEMININE GENDER A noun that denotes female is said to be of feminine gender. heroine, lioness, peahen, hen, hen-sparrow, girl, woman 3.COMMON GENDER A noun that denotes either a male or a female is said to be of common gender. child, cub, chick, chicken, relation, cousin, neighbour, orphan 4.NEUTER GENDER A noun that denotes neither a male or a female is said to be of common gender. pen, book, room, tree, table, ball
    • THE NOUN - NUMBER THERE ARE 2 CATEGORIES SINGULAR PLURAL girl girls flower flowers leaf leaves buffalo buffaloes man men sister-in-law sisters-in-law
    • THE NOUN - THE CASE 1. NOMINATIVE CASE (e.g) Ram drew a picture. 2. ACCUSATIVE CASE (e.g) Kamala buys an orange. The book is on the table. 3. POSSESSIVE CASE (e.g) This is Ravi's shirt.
    • PRONOUN: A Pronoun is a word which is used instead of a noun. Example: Rajesh went to market. He bought vegetables there.
    • NOMINATIVE CASE 1.FIRST PERSON I, we 2.SECOND PERSON you, you 3.THIRD PERSON he, she, it, they. FORMS OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS
    • FORMS OF PERSONALPRONOUNS ACCUSATIVE CASE FIRST PERSON me, us SECOND PERSON you, you THIRD PERSON him, her ,it, them
    • FORMS OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS POSSESSIVE CASE 1. FIRST PERSON Nominative my, our Accusative mine, ours 2.SECOND PERSON Nominative your, your Accusative yours, yours 3.THIRD PERSON Nominative his, her, its, their Accusative his, hers, its, theirs
    • -self is added to possessive pronouns to form reflexive pronouns. (e.g) I hurt myself. They did the homework themselves. myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, itself, themselves REFLEXIVE PRONOUN
    • EMPHATIC PRONOUN Compound personal pronouns myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves,himself, herself, itself, themselves are also called emphatic pronouns when they are used for the purpose of emphasis. (e.g) 1. I had to do it myself. 2. She has to finish herself.
    • DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUN The pronouns which point out the objects to which they refer are called DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS. (e.g) this, that, these, those, such
    • INDEFINITE PRONOUN The pronouns which refer to persons or things in a general way but do not refer to persons or things in particular are called indefinite pronouns. (e.g) one, any, few, some, each, anyone, everyone, everybody
    • DISTRIBUTIVE PRONOUNS The pronouns which refer to persons or things one at a time are called distributive pronouns. (e.g) either, neither, each 1. You can drink either tea or coffee. 2. She can neither see T.v. nor play. 3. Each of us bought the book. 4. Give the chocolates to each.
    • RELATIVE PRONOUN who, whom, whose, which, what,that, whatever, whatsoever, whoever, whoso,whosoever, whichever, whomsoever 1. The boy who won the prize is my son. 2. The teacher whom I like most is Mrs.Gengamirtham. 3. I know what you told is true. 4. Whoever finds the purse should hand over to me.
    • INTERROGATIVE PRONOUN Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions. WHO WHOM WHOSE WHICH WHAT 1.Whom do you like ? 2.Whose pen is this? 3.What do you want?
    • THANK YOU!