TENSESPrepared by  Hariani  Hariani, Tenses
TENSESTenses adalah bentuk betuk perubahan kata kerja dalamtata bahasa Inggris yang menuntukan suatu kejadiaan atauperbuat...
BENTUK TENSES               Tenses ada 16 bentuk sebagai berikut1.   Simple Present Tense                 9.2.   Present C...
1. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (I do)USES                                   EXAMPLEPermanent or long-term situation       She...
PENGGUNAAN SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE•   Untuk menyatakan kejadian atau peristiwa yang terjadi berulang-ulang    atau merupakan ...
THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE                FormulationAdd an s to the 3 rd person singular formI               leave         ...
Use do as a help verb to make question forms    Do           I                   at 8 a. m                  you           ...
Use do as a help verb to make negative formsI         don’t              leave at 8 a. mYouWeTheyHe        doesn’tSheIt   ...
2. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS SIMPLE TENSEUSES                            EXAMPLEAction happening now            We are introd...
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE             Formulation• Use the be and –ingI am            (not) working todayYou areHe isSh...
• Change the word order to form a question. Am I             working today? Are you Is he Is she Is it Are we Are they    ...
PENGGUNAAN PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE•   Untuk menyatakan kejadian atau yang sedang berlangsungpada saat ini:     I am study...
2. THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSEWe use the Present Perfect tense to talk about past action with present    importance.1.     F...
Penggunaan Present Perfect Tense1.   Untuk menyatakan perbuatan yang baru saja dilakukan,     tetapi waktunya tidak disebu...
THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE Formulation•    Use have as a help verb in all forms. Use it with the third part of the verb.I  ...
4. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSEFORMULAI/ We/You/they + have + been +verb + ingHe/She/It + has + been +verb + ingExampl...
5. SIMPLE PAST TENSE                          EXAMPLEUSES                          I joined the company in 2001Finish past...
5. SIMPLE PAST TENSEFORMULATION.                                     FORMULAVerbal Sentences                              ...
6. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSEFORMULATION.                                   FORMULATION.Verbal Sentences                       ...
Hariani, Tenses
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TENSES

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TENSES

  1. 1. TENSESPrepared by Hariani Hariani, Tenses
  2. 2. TENSESTenses adalah bentuk betuk perubahan kata kerja dalamtata bahasa Inggris yang menuntukan suatu kejadiaan atauperbuatan yang sesuai dengan waktu atau kejadiannya,contoh:• I study English everyday.• I am studying English now.• I studied English yesterday.• I will study English tomorrow.Dari contoh contoh kalimat diatas kata kerja berubah ( study;studying; studied; will study) sesuai dengan keteranganwaktunya Hariani, Tenses
  3. 3. BENTUK TENSES Tenses ada 16 bentuk sebagai berikut1. Simple Present Tense 9.2. Present Continuous Tense3. Present Perfect Tense4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense5. Simple Past Tense6. Past Continuous Tense7. Past perfect Tense8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense 10. Hariani, Tenses
  4. 4. 1. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (I do)USES EXAMPLEPermanent or long-term situation She lives in Bandung Who do you work for? We produce and sell computers.Fact It weighs 2570 kg. How long does it take? What does convenient mean?Regular activities and routines They travel to work by train. I usually read Financial Times. How often do you play golf.Feeling I prefer some tea. I don’t like horror films.Opinion and state s of mind I don’t agree How do you feel about this?Time table and schedule When does the Surabaya train leave? The board meeting starts at 3.30 p.m. It doesn’t finish till 8.30. Hariani, Tenses
  5. 5. PENGGUNAAN SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE• Untuk menyatakan kejadian atau peristiwa yang terjadi berulang-ulang atau merupakan kebiasaan yang sampai sekarang masih dilakukan. Contoh : I usually get up at 6 0’clock every morning He goes to school everyday They swim every week• Untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang sudah menjadi kebenaran umum (general truth) atau kenyataan. The sun rises in the east and sets in the west A day is twenty hours The water boils a 100 º Celcius• Untuk menyatakan perintah atau permintaan (untuk orang ke 2) Open your book, please Give it to him.• Untuk menyatakan kejadiaan yang telah dijadwalkan akan dilakukan pada waktu yang akan datang: The train leaves at ten tomorrow. The football team plays next month. Hariani, Tenses
  6. 6. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE FormulationAdd an s to the 3 rd person singular formI leave at 8 a.m.You leave at 8 a.m.They leave at 8 a.m.He leaves at 8 a.m.She leaves at 8 a.m.It leaves at 8 a.m. Hariani, Tenses
  7. 7. Use do as a help verb to make question forms Do I at 8 a. m you we they Does heat at 8 a. m you she it Hariani, Tenses
  8. 8. Use do as a help verb to make negative formsI don’t leave at 8 a. mYouWeTheyHe doesn’tSheIt Hariani, Tenses
  9. 9. 2. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS SIMPLE TENSEUSES EXAMPLEAction happening now We are introducing new system I’m waiting for Miss Dewi Who is calling please?Future plans and arrangements When he is arriving? She is meeting CEO at 2 p.m. Are you doing anything specialtonight? Hariani, Tenses
  10. 10. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Formulation• Use the be and –ingI am (not) working todayYou areHe isShe isIt isWe areThey are Hariani, Tenses
  11. 11. • Change the word order to form a question. Am I working today? Are you Is he Is she Is it Are we Are they Hariani, Tenses
  12. 12. PENGGUNAAN PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE• Untuk menyatakan kejadian atau yang sedang berlangsungpada saat ini: I am studying English now. What are you doing? I am reading a book. He is playing tennis at a moment• Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang segera akan dilakukan pada waktu yang akan datang. Cara merupakan hal yang paling umum digunakan untuk menyatakan rencana yang segera akan dilakukan: I am going to Jakarta. She is leaving next week.• Untuk menyatakan suatu kejadian yang terjadi pada ruang lingkup sekarang,walaupun tidak dilakukan sekarang. I am taking my English Course at Harvard College. I am reading a novel by Chairil Anwar• Bentuk present continuous “ be going” bersama-sama dengan “to” dapat digunakan untuk menyatakan hal-hal yang segera dilakukan atau hal-hal yang sudah merupakan tekad yang kuat (determination). I am going to study abroad next year. Hariani, Tenses
  13. 13. 2. THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSEWe use the Present Perfect tense to talk about past action with present importance.1. FINISH ACTIONUSES EXAMPLESPast action with result in the present Graphic Images had excellent results this years. We haven’t achieved our target. Have you finished yet ?Life experiences I’ve forgotten his name twice. Have ever missed a flight? I’ve never been to Italy.2. UNFINISHED ACTIONUSES EXAMPLESPast actions that are continuing now He’s been working there for 5 years. They’ve had a subsidiary here since 1960 Hariani, Tenses they been in business? How long have
  14. 14. Penggunaan Present Perfect Tense1. Untuk menyatakan perbuatan yang baru saja dilakukan, tetapi waktunya tidak disebutkan: He has explained it to me but I don’t understand. Ia telah menerangkan kepada saya tetapi saya tidak mengerti1. Untuk menyatakan mengenai perbuatan atau kejadian atau yang dilakukan di waktu lampau akan tetapi masih ada hubungannya dengan waktu sekarang, yaitu bahwa perbuatan itu masih bisa dilakukan atau diulangi pada waktu sekarang. I have seen elephants in that forest ( saya pernah melihat gajah di hutan itu) He has written a number of stories (Dia telah menulis beberapa cerita)3. Digunakan dengan “just” untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu perbuatan baru saja selesai dilakukan. He has just eaten. Hariani, Tenses
  15. 15. THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE Formulation• Use have as a help verb in all forms. Use it with the third part of the verb.I have broken the machine.You haven’tWeThey``She hasShe hasn’tIt• Change the word order to form a question.Have I broken the machine? you we theyHas he she Hariani, Tenses it
  16. 16. 4. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSEFORMULAI/ We/You/they + have + been +verb + ingHe/She/It + has + been +verb + ingExampleI have been working for 3 yearsPenggunaan Menyatakan kejadian yang dimulai pada waktu yang lampau dan masih berlangsung sampai saat sekarang, atau aru saja selesai. I have been studying her since 2003 . Saya telah belajar disini sejak 2003 ( sekarang masih belajar disini) He has been working for 2 years. Dia telah bekerja disini selama 2 tahun.(berarti sampai sekarang masih bekerja disi Hariani, Tenses
  17. 17. 5. SIMPLE PAST TENSE EXAMPLEUSES I joined the company in 2001Finish past action What happened? It didn’t sell well in the Middle East.FORMULATION The meeting didn’t start on time• With regular verbs, add –ed to make What quantity did we deliver? The Past Single How long ago did they start trading? form. Did you go to the trade fair last month?• Irregular verbs have special past form. go ---- went• Used did as help verb to make negative, questions, and short answers. Hariani, Tenses
  18. 18. 5. SIMPLE PAST TENSEFORMULATION. FORMULAVerbal Sentences Nominal Sentences SUBJECT + VERB (2) You/WE/They + were + not verbExample: I/She/He/It + was + not verbAffirmative Example:I went to Jakarta yesterday. AffirmativeHe studied English last year. You were busy yesterday morningThey helped him together. They were in Jakarta last month.Interrogative I was busy yesterday morning.Did you go to Jakarta yesterday? Hi was in the hospital last week.Did he study English last year? NegativeDid they help him? You weren’t busy yesterday.Negative interrogative They weren’t in Jakarta lat monthDidn’t you go to Jakarta yesterday? I wasn’t busy yesterday.Didn’t he study English last year? InterrogativeDidn’t they help? Were you busy yesterday? Weren’t they in the hospital last month? Wasn’t I busy yesterday? Hariani, Tenses
  19. 19. 6. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSEFORMULATION. FORMULATION.Verbal Sentences Nominal Sentences You/WE/They + were+ being + not verbYou/WE/They + were + verb + ing I/She/He/It + was+ being + not verbI/He/She/It + was +verb + ing Example:Affirmative He was being polite to me.You were reading a book. You were being angry with meThey were speaking in the room.I was Watching television.He was playing last week.NegativeYou weren’t reading a bookThey weren’t speaking in the room.I wasn’t watching television.He wasn’t playing last week.InterrogativeWee you reading a book?Were they speaking in the room?Was I watching television?Was he playing last weekNegative-Interrogative’Weren’t you reading a book?Weren’t the speaking in the room. Hariani, Tenses
  20. 20. Hariani, Tenses

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