History of Horror- 1890's-2000's


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A history of horror from the first ever horror film, to the horror movies of today.

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History of Horror- 1890's-2000's

  1. 1. The History Of Horror 1890-2000
  2. 2. The first ever horror film The first ever horror movie made was called “Le Manoir du Diable” or “The House of The Devil” which was filmed by Georges Melies of France in 1896. The film lasts for about 3 minutes and was completely silent. The film contained pantomime features used to entertain people including hanging skeletons and a bat that turns into a man. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OPmKaz3Quzo However, although this was the first ever horror movie to be made, some say the first ever horror film seen was made by Thomas Edison, the inventor of the light bulb. In 1895 he called his movie “The Execution of Mary Stuart” which was based on a true story. This film lasted for 15 seconds exactly, but can sometimes be failed to be mentioned as one of the first ever horror films as it Is so short. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RpNQJV8KblQ
  3. 3. 1910’s-1920’s In 1910, the film “Frankenstein” came out, written and directed by J. Searle Dawley. It is a 16 minute film, which was the first motion picture adaptation of the book, by Mary Shelley. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wfM9meqfQ4 In 1922, a German expressionist horror film was relased directed by F. W. Murnau called “Nosferatu.” It was an adaptation of Bram Stokers “Dracula” with names and other details changed as the studio did not have the rights to the novel The makers were then sued and all of the copies of the movie were supposed to be destroyed. However, one was never destroyed and has been kept now as a masterpiece of cinema. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NDrKgjit4I
  4. 4. 1930’s Horror movies were reborn in the 1930’s with the introduction of sound. In 1931, “Dracula” was released which has influenced modern day films suh as “Twilight” and TV shows like “Vampire Diaries” This film increased the likeability of vampire movies. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UehobGtSnOk Also the 30’s saw the first ever werewolf film called “The Werewolf in London” and the first ever zombie movie called “White Zombie” both of which are now modern day horror sub-genres. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BuGsKOQPdIQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lOzgz1Ddmz8 A controversial film was also released in 1932, called “Freaks” which was a fictional film based on the true life experiences of a group of circus people. However, this film used real people with deformities to star in the movie, and did not use make up or any costumes. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vJVXTKkjsxA
  5. 5. 1940’s The 1940’s saw an uprising of sequels, trying to recreate the original classics and revive old monsters such as “The Ghost of Frankenstein” and films using a mixture of sub genres such as “Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man” http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=Jxtn5mwnMiM http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=_Kaa88LIwJo Comedy horrors became more popular during the 40’s and made films like “Abbott and Costello meet Frankenstein” http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=j6l8auIACyc
  6. 6. 1950’s The 1950’s saw an uprising of 3D movies due to the improvement in technology. 1952-1954 was known as the “golden era" with the release of the first 3D horror film, “House of Wax” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fj54KNVNP4o Due to this advance in technology, two sub genres began to emerge. These were the horror-ofarmageddon film and the horror-of-the-demonic films. Horror films shifted from Gothic generesto more contemporary concerns such as humanity overcoming threats from the “outside” like aliens, and deadly mutations to people and plants. An example of this is ‘Godzilla” released in 1954 were mutation from the effects of nuclear radiation were featured. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKrj1ymJzmo Also in the 1950’s, Alfred Hitchcock became even more famous for his classic movies including “Vertigo” “Stage Fright” and “Rear Window.”
  7. 7. 1960’s The 1960’s was dominated by Alfred Hitchcock’s terrifying psychological horrors. He produced classics such as “Psycho” which brought in a box office of $50, 000, 000. It was also the first ever movie to kill off the protagonist within the first half of the movie. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wz719b9QUqY Another of Hitchcock's classics was “The Birds” another believable horror. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LrN_U830_Gc The 1960’s saw a change in what people perceived as horrible and a rethink occurred in everything from homosexuality to censorship. Underground cinemas were now being more open to nudity and onscreen violence. People wanted horror that was rooted in reality, which was more believable and more sophisticated. The monsters of the 1950’s now looked silly, no one wanted aliens or a nuclear holocaust. The 1960’s brought in the thinking of the social psyche. Going to the cinema to be scared in the 1960s was like gazing in the mirror and noticing for the first time that there was something strange going on in the shadows.
  8. 8. 1970’s The 1970’s pushed boundaries even further than the 1960’s. Exploitation movies reached their peak in the 70’s, breaking all moral convention with graphic sex and violence especially in zombie and cannibal films. The best selling horror movie in the 70’s was “The Exorcist” which reached a bx office of $441,071,011. Slasher movies also advanced with “Black Christmas” and “Halloween” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0iS59iV 2Ffs Also, films like “Jaws” were released, which were seen as “Culturally, historically or aesthetically significant.” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ucMLF O6TsFM
  9. 9. 1980’s The 80’s were still famous for the generation of slasher movies like “Friday the 13th” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2S8YFTcED ME An adaptation of one of Stephen Kings book, “The Shining” became one of the most famous film in horror history. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Cb3ik6zP2I A mix of horror and comedy was also present in the 80’s with movies like “Evil Dead.” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dtsK7skqk9 U More controversy in the 80’s as “Childs Play” was released, causing an uproar as many people believed this film could influence young children and many people tried to ban the film. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B2ienmZuRe o
  10. 10. 1990’s The 1990’s had two big hit movies. They were “The Sixth Sense” which was famous for its legendary twit plot at the end and “The Blair Witch Project” which was a low budget film. It was filmed with handheld cameras, and caused suspense and horror without showing the witch which is a popular technique horror movies have started to use. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG9AGf66tXM http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D51QgOHrCj0 The 90’s also showed an uprising in psychological thrillers and serial killer movies such as “Silence of the Lambs” and “Candyman.” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQKs169Sl0I http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3rcKtxMDYPo Finally, in the late 90’s slasher films were broight back such as “Scream” and “I Know What You Did Last Summer” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nRQa3NnHfK8 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EcWK0M4VMjA
  11. 11. 2000’s The 2000’s brought in many sequel films such as “Scary Movie” “Paranormal Activity” and “Final Destination.” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F_UxLEqd074 Also, the 2000’s have remade may older horror movies such as “Evil Dead” and “Nightmare on Elm Street.” Some people believe thi sis because people are running out of ideas for any new, innovative horror movies. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FKFDkpHCQz4 Films on exorcism and possession have become increasingly popular such as “The Last Exorcism” and “The Rite.” These movies are seen as being quite controversial due to the movies being set in American towns which are very Christian based. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DQF-RHJedZ8 A new sub genre of horror has appeared in the 200’s, the torture porn and splatter films. These are movies such as “Saw” and “Hostel.” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HKPy5RWuqNA