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Solar Energy Potential, Education & Research in Egypt - Adel Khalil, Cairo University 20130611
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Solar Energy Potential, Education & Research in Egypt - Adel Khalil, Cairo University 20130611



Prof. Adel Khalil presenting Egypt's solar energy potential, education and research - presentation held at Heliopolis University for Sustainable Development

Prof. Adel Khalil presenting Egypt's solar energy potential, education and research - presentation held at Heliopolis University for Sustainable Development



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    Solar Energy Potential, Education & Research in Egypt - Adel Khalil, Cairo University 20130611 Solar Energy Potential, Education & Research in Egypt - Adel Khalil, Cairo University 20130611 Presentation Transcript

    • Prof. Adel Khalil Faculty of Engineering- Cairo UniversitySolar Thermal Energy in EgyptPotential, Education and Research
!1Conference on Solar Thermal Energy in EgyptHeliopolis University 11 June 2013
    • Egypt Challenges 
Energy-Water Demand• 28 GW Electricity Generation Capacity (55GW by 2020)-Energy is subsidized• 6-7 % growth rate• Depleting Oil/Gas resources• 20% Renewable Energy by 2020• Water Resources (60 Bm3/y)- threatened• 700 m3/Capita/year(below water povertylevel)-demand doubles by 2050!2
    • Renewable Energy Resources in EUMENABiomass (1)Wind Energy (30)Geothermal Energy (1)Hydropower (30)Solar Energy (250)(Typical Yield in GWhel/km²/y)!3
    • !4
    • Electricity production : 10GW projectsThe Mediterranean Solar Plan (MSP)
(20 GW by 2020)!5
    • Sahara Solar Breeder• Initiative by Japan • Soar PV/CPV electricity generation from Deserts• PV wafer/panels manufacture• Use of HT Superconducting DC transmission lines toreduce losses• target goal of providing 50% of the world’s energy by 2050
    • Sahara Solar Breeder• The Sahara Solar Breeder Project is currently beingdeveloped by scientists from leading universities in Japan,and will use the world’s biggest desert as its main energysource.• The idea behind the initiative is to build siliconmanufacturing and solar power plants in the desert, in turnusing the power generated from these plants to build evenmore silicon and power plants in a “breeding” process.!7
    • Sahara Solar Breeder!8
    • • Egypt lies in the sun belt area.In 1991, Solar Atlas for Egypt was issued,concluding that:1. Direct Normal Irradiation rangesbetween 2000 KWh/m2/y at the Northand 3200 KWh/m2/y at the South.2. The sun shine duration rangesbetween 9-11 h/day from North toSouth, with very few cloudy days.3. Economic Potential 73656 TWh/YSolar Energy Resource Assessment in Egypt!9
    • Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Plantsparabolic trough (PSA) solar tower (SNL)linear Fresnel (Solarmundo) parabolic dish (SBP)!10
    • Concentrated Solar Power in EgyptA CSP experimental plant wasbuilt in Maadi-Cairo in 1913 bythe American Inventor FrankShuman. Five parabolic troughs(each 204 ft long and 13 ft wide),Steam was then produced andused to pump 6000 GPM ofwater. Oil was later discoveredTwo pilot plants for industrialprocess heating (pharma-Textile..) in the ninties.!11
    • ExhaustPreheaterSolarBoilerDeaeratorExpansionVesselCondenserSolarField(ParabolicConcentrators)GasTurbineFuelSteamTurbineIntegratedSolarCombinedCycleSystem(I.S.C.C.S)"ParabolicTroughTechnologyOption"HighPressureSuperheaterHighPressureBoilerIntermediatePressureSuperheaterIntermediatePressureBoilerHTFHeaterW.H.BoilerNaturalGasforSupplementaryFiringKuraymat plant will produce 140 MW using solar assisted combined cyclepower plant (commissioned 2010).!12
    • Industrial Process Heating plant in Abu Zaabal!13
    • Solar Water Heating (SWH)1 million m2installed SolarWater Heaters!14
    • 15
    • 16
    • Photovoltaic (PV) System Generation10 MW Photovoltaicoff grid (PV)Systems Installed!17
    • Strategy for Renewable Energy Penetration(objective: 20 % RE Inst. Power share by 2020)Component 4MarketEnhancement andInfra-StrDevelopmentStrong Sustainable National Industrial Program for LocalMarket and Export of RE Equipment and componentsComponent 2Research,Development andInnovationProgramComponent 3Legislations forFeed in Law andFeed in TariffComponent 1FinancialInstrumentsComponent 5InformationService,Awareness andCapacity BuildingFuture EU-MENA Collaboration prospects: DESERTEC-MSP- RCREEE!18
    • Value Chain AnalysisR&D&DEgypt SWOT(comparedwith interna-tional beststandard)ComponentmanufacturingVA in % of RETlife-cycle costEgyptian shareof VA, SWOTRET systemmanufacturingVA in % of RETlife-cycle cost VA in % ofRET life-cycle costEgyptian shareof VA , SWOTCost reductionpotentialPotential forIncrease inEg. shareSales &installationAfter-SalesServiceCost reductionpotentialPotential forcost reductionSWOTCostreductionpotentialVA in % ofRET life-cyclecostEgyptiansharePotential forIncrease inEg. share!19
    • Renewable Energy Education 
in Egypt• Public and private universities • Most state universities include EngineeringSchools: Cairo, Alexandria, Assiut Univ.,Helwan, Ain Shams, German, Heliopolis,Japanese ,…etc Universities.• Renewable energy is addressed inMechanical and Electrical Departments aswell as physics Dept at school of Science-Agriculture!20
    • • Under graduate curriculum- Renewableenergy basics and applications electivecourses.• Graduation projects in Solar Energysystems and applications.• MSc./PhD Thesis on solar EnergyUtilization (solar thermal and solarelectrical technologies, e.g on: SWH, CSP,storage, solar cooling, PV, Hybrid, etc.).• Graduate Diploma degree in RE (CU)• Master in Renewable Energy and EnergyEfficiency (REMENA-CU)!21
    • Funded Research• Science & Technology Fund-STDF (Wind, CSP,PV, fuel cells, Solar Desalination)-RDI• FP7-MATS• RCREEE funding• enerMENA/DUN• DAAD programs• Egyptian Universitues funding• JICA funding (Japanese University)• NGOs!22
    • Multipurpose Applications byThermodynamic Solar(MATS)!23
    • MATS Concept Plant at MUCSAT!24
    • Zayed CSP Test Loop(STDF funded-ongoing)!25
    • 21 "26
    • !27Egyptian CSP Parabolic Trough prototype
    • Objectives• To educate experts in the field of RenewableEnergy and Energy Efficiency who are highon demand for leading positions in the energysector and are able to manage complexprojects for international institutions andcompanies operating in the Arabic region.• 37 students already graduated and employed• 22 students currently enrolled!28Masters Degree Program (M.Sc) 

“Renewable Energy and Energy efficiency”
for MENA Countries
    • Qualification modules!29
    • !31
    • !32
    • Flat Plate Solar Simulator!33
    • Excursion to CSP plant in Kuraymat!34
    • CSP and PV Simulators!35
    • Master Thesis• The 4th semester focuses on the preparation of the masterthesis. • Internships and research stays predominantly in an Arabcountry if possible together with a local institution orcompany guarantee the practical orientation of the masterresearch. • Arab students should have the opportunity to realize theirresearch in Germany if funding is secured. • Mentors pay particular attention that the knowledgeacquired in the first two semesters is applied in theindividual projects.!36
    • DESERTEC University Network(DUN)• Academic research and innovation network• Bringing together public and private scientific,technological, research, development and academicinstitutions interested in and capable of contributing tothe implementation of the DESERTEC Concept.• Promoting the development of human resources• training, education, and R & D for the industrialproduction of equipment/related services (DESERETEC)• 31 Members(MENA/EU)!37
    • www.rcreee.org October, 2011 !38
    • Conclusions• Many on going initiatives, projects, programsand activities in RE • Need to integrate Research efforts andprioriterize research efforts• Need efficient Networking and Synergy• Need intensive cooperation with EU institutes inR&D• Need multiplication of Educational programs inRE and link education with research.!39
    • Thank you!40