1. Name: Vaghela Sejal Pareshbhai.
Department of English
Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar
2. What is Structuralism ?
Structuralism is the name given to Saussure’s
approach to language as a system of
But it is applied also to the Study of philosophy,
Literature and other Sciences of humanity.
3. “It can be therefore be
metaliterature, that is to say, 'a literature
of which literature is the imposed
5. Say a story is as follows:
› A murder Occurs
› Then the circumstances of the murder are revealed to a
› Finally the murderer is caught.
6. The separation between an event and its narration
allows several possibilities.
An event can occur n times and be narrated once.
An event can Occur once and be narrated once.
An event can Occur once and be narrated n times.
An event can Occur n times and be
, narrated n times.
7. The separation between an event and its narration
These are the two main elements of duration:
“Five years passed” is the lengthy
Five years is a short narrative time.
8. Voice is concerned with who narrates and from
› Where the narration is form
Intra-diegetic: inside the text
Extra diegetic: Outside the text
9. Is the narrator a character in the story?
Hetero-diegetic: The narrator is not a character in
Homo-diegetic: The narrator is a character in the
10. Narrative mood is depend on the ‘DISTANCE’ and
‘PERSPECTIVE’ of the narrator.
Like Music, narrative mood has predominant
It is related to voice.
› Distance of the narrator changes with narrated speech,
transposed and reported speech.
› Perspective of the narrator is called focalization.
Narratives can be non-focalized.