comic elements in Hamlet


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comic elements in Hamlet

  1. 1. Topic Comic elements in “Hamlet”  Name: Sejal Chauhan  Paper No: 1  Paper Name:The Renaissance Literature  Roll No: 31  Submitted to: Smt.S.B. Gardi , Department of English M.K.Bhavanagar University.  Year: 2013-15
  2. 2. Various purposes served by Comic Elements  Shakespearean tragedy serves various purposes.  In the first place, the introduction of comic elements shows the diversity of life which is not just matter of sorrows, sufferings and tears but which also has its funny side.  Secondly, the comic elements in a tragic play serve to relieve the tension when it becomes unbearable.
  3. 3. Four Sources of Comedy in “Hamlet”  The unconscious humour provided by polonious.  The satirical and mordant wit of Hamlet.  The wit and humour of the grave-diggers scene.  The affected and euphuistic style of the conversation between Osric and Hamlet
  4. 4. The unconscious Humour of Polonius  Polonius’s Converstion with Reynaldo  “ Reynaldo. My lord, that would dishonour him. Polonius. Faith, no…..”(Act II, Scene i)  Polonius garrulity is another source of comedy.  When Ophelia says that Hamlet has been making “many tender of his affection” to her,Polonius picks up the word “tender”and begins to play on it.  “Marry, I’ll teach you; think yourself a baby,that you have ta’en these tenders for true play, which are not sterling.Tender yourself more dearly;or-not to crack the wind of the poor phrase, running it thus- you’ll tender me a fool.
  5. 5. Hamlet’s satirical and mordant wit  King address him as “my cousin Hamlet and my son”.  Hamlet:A little more than kin,and less than kind”.  Queen and Hamlet shows Hamlet’s cynical and     insulting humour: Queen:Hamlet,thou hast thy father much offended. Hamlet: Mother,you have my father much offended. Queen: Come, come ,you answer with an idle tongue. Hamlet: Go,go, you question with a wicked tongue.
  6. 6. His wit in his Speech to Polonius  Hamlet’s wit is even more biting when he speaks to Polonius.  Polonius: “Do you know me,my lord?  “Hamlet replies: Excellent well; you are a fishmonger.
  7. 7. His wit in his conversation with Ophelia  In Act III, Scene 1  He adds: get thee to a nunnery, go; farewell.  In the same scene  I could interpret between you and your love, if I could see the puppets dallying.
  8. 8. The Humour in the Grave Diggers’ scene  The grave-diggers scene provides much fun and humour  “Here lies the water; good; here stands the man;good; if the man:good; if the man go to this water and drown himself, it is, will he nill he, he goes; mark you that; but if the water come to him and drown him, he drowns not himself.”
  9. 9. The Humour in Hamlet’s Conversation with Osric  He calls a “water-fly” very well.  Hamlet treating him as a fool.  When Osric says it is very hot.  Hamlet tell him it is very cold.  Courtier agrees that it is cold.  Hamlet then says that it is very sultry and hot,whereupon Osric again agrees, saying that it is very sultry.
  10. 10. Thank you
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