General Introduction of Indian Writing in English


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General Introduction of Indian Writing in English

  1. 1.  General Introduction of Indian Writing in English  Name: Sejal Chauhan  Paper: 4 – Indian Writing in English  Roll No: 31  Sem-1  Submitted to: Smt.S.B.Gardi,Department Of English ,M.K.Bhavnagar University.
  2. 2.  India was a legend in England before the two countries came face to face.  The two countries have dealt with eachother in trade,military and political affairs for about three and half centuries.  India gave wealth and Empire to England and of many things she receive in return.  The most significant are the English language and the concept of the constitutional government.
  3. 3.  Today,India not only remains a member of the English speaking world, but also contributes to a distinct genre of English literature called ‘Indo Anglian Literature.’
  4. 4. Indo Anglian literature Anglo Indian Indo-English
  5. 5.  “ As literature produced in the English language by the Indian authors.”  This term was first used in 1813.  Book published in Calcutta title ‘Indo Anglian Literature’.  Dr.K.R.Srinivasa Iyengar adopted it as the title of his first book on this subject  “Indo Anglian Literature” published in 1943.
  6. 6. Another kind of Indian Writing called “Anglo Indian”  Literary works dealing with Indian theme, setting and purpose written by Englishmen.  Edward Oaten in his prize winning essay “A Sketch of Anglo Indian Literature” published in 1908. 
  7. 7.  ‘Indo-English’-third term  Which is also very often used to connot the Indian Writing in English or Indo Anglian Literature.  John B. Alphonso Karkala use the name ‘IndoEnglish’ to ‘Indo Anglian’.  Tagore’s ‘Gitanjali’ which has been awarded the Noble prize in Literature- is a contribution not to Indo-Anglian, but to Indo-English Literature.
  8. 8.  1792,Charles Grant, a civil servant of the East India company.  Start English School and Colleges opened by the Christian missionaries.  Bentinck’s decision English became not only the official language of India but also the medium of instruction in schools and colleges.  Bombay, Madras and Calcutta with English as the medium of instruction.
  9. 9.  Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Keshab Chandra Sen  First time Indian began to question the orthodox, prejudices,dogmas and superstitions that had gripped them for centuries.  The beginning of the 19th century, the main aspect of the Indian Renaissance was the effort to recreate the cultural life that existed in the West.
  10. 10. Aurobindo Sarojini Naidu Mulk Raj Anand R.K.Narayan Tagore Raja Rao
  11. 11.  Mulk Raj Anand and R.K.Narayan have received favourable critical response from.  E.M.Forster and Graham Greene.  Past hundred and fifty years Indo Anglian Literature has outstanding achievements to its credit in the creative as well as critical fields.