General Introduction of Indian Writing in English
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  • 1.  General Introduction of Indian Writing in English  Name: Sejal Chauhan  Paper: 4 – Indian Writing in English  Roll No: 31  Sem-1  Submitted to: Smt.S.B.Gardi,Department Of English ,M.K.Bhavnagar University.
  • 2.  India was a legend in England before the two countries came face to face.  The two countries have dealt with eachother in trade,military and political affairs for about three and half centuries.  India gave wealth and Empire to England and of many things she receive in return.  The most significant are the English language and the concept of the constitutional government.
  • 3.  Today,India not only remains a member of the English speaking world, but also contributes to a distinct genre of English literature called ‘Indo Anglian Literature.’
  • 4. Indo Anglian literature Anglo Indian Indo-English
  • 5.  “ As literature produced in the English language by the Indian authors.”  This term was first used in 1813.  Book published in Calcutta title ‘Indo Anglian Literature’.  Dr.K.R.Srinivasa Iyengar adopted it as the title of his first book on this subject  “Indo Anglian Literature” published in 1943.
  • 6. Another kind of Indian Writing called “Anglo Indian”  Literary works dealing with Indian theme, setting and purpose written by Englishmen.  Edward Oaten in his prize winning essay “A Sketch of Anglo Indian Literature” published in 1908. 
  • 7.  ‘Indo-English’-third term  Which is also very often used to connot the Indian Writing in English or Indo Anglian Literature.  John B. Alphonso Karkala use the name ‘IndoEnglish’ to ‘Indo Anglian’.  Tagore’s ‘Gitanjali’ which has been awarded the Noble prize in Literature- is a contribution not to Indo-Anglian, but to Indo-English Literature.
  • 8.  1792,Charles Grant, a civil servant of the East India company.  Start English School and Colleges opened by the Christian missionaries.  Bentinck’s decision English became not only the official language of India but also the medium of instruction in schools and colleges.  Bombay, Madras and Calcutta with English as the medium of instruction.
  • 9.  Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Keshab Chandra Sen  First time Indian began to question the orthodox, prejudices,dogmas and superstitions that had gripped them for centuries.  The beginning of the 19th century, the main aspect of the Indian Renaissance was the effort to recreate the cultural life that existed in the West.
  • 10. Aurobindo Sarojini Naidu Mulk Raj Anand R.K.Narayan Tagore Raja Rao
  • 11.  Mulk Raj Anand and R.K.Narayan have received favourable critical response from.  E.M.Forster and Graham Greene.  Past hundred and fifty years Indo Anglian Literature has outstanding achievements to its credit in the creative as well as critical fields.