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  • helpful website that help others. This website has practice exams for various nursing classes as well as videos, presentations, notes, nclex help, and many other tools . Hope they help
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  • REFERENCING SLIDESHARE GROUP ’HUMAN RESOURCES, WELL BEING, PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT’ This group aims to reference all slide shows with or without sound on psychology, positive thinking, creative thinking, human potential, effectiveness, human resources, personal development, motivation, success, success, happiness, etc. ... In short, everything that can contribute to the well-being (in his body, mind, spirit), a healthy mind in a healthy body. to achieve peace, harmony, happiness, etc.. ...But also of course the joy they bring... We would be honored by your support through your membership. You are invited to join us ! I wish you a nice day. Greetings from France. You are invited to join us ! I wish you a nice day. Greetings from France. http://www.slideshare.net/group/human-resources-well-being-personal-development
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Nursingbulletin Theories Of Personality Development Nursingbulletin Theories Of Personality Development Presentation Transcript

  • PSYCHOSEXUAL PSYCHOSOCIAL COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS MORAL INTERPERSONAL THEORIES OF PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
  • FREUD’S PSYCHOSEXUAL THEORY
    • Libido – inner drive
    • Parts of body – focus of gratification
    • Unsuccessful resolution – fixation
    • Structures of personality
      • Id – pleasure principle - instinct - impulse
      • Ego – controls action and perception –reality principle
      • Superego – moral behavior - conscience
    • 0-18 m0s ;oral – mouth – trust and discriminating
    • 18 mos. – 3 years ; anal – bowels – holding on or letting go
      • Negativism and toilet training age
    • 3 -6 years phallic ; genitals –exploration and discovery ( inc. sexual tension)
      • Gender identification and genital awareness
      • Oedipus and Electra complex /
      • Castration anxiety and penis envy
    • 6-12 years –latency (quiet stage) sexual energy diverted to play. Institution of superego…control of instinctual impulses
    • 12 – young adult – genital ; reawakening of sexual drives –relationships
      • Sexual maturation
      • Sexual identity ,ability to love and work
  • PSYCHOSOCIAL – ERICKSON’S developmental milestones /delay
    • 0-12mos; TRUST
    • 1-3y AUTONOMY
    • 3-6 INITIATIVE
    • 6-12 INDUSTRY
    • 12-18 IDENTITY
    • 18-25 INTIMACY
    • 25-60 GENERATIVITY
    • 60 and above EGO INTEGRITY
  • INFANCY
    • CONSISTENT MATERNAL –CHILD INTERACTION – TRUST
    • INNER FEELING OF SELF WORTH
    • FAILURE TO BUILD TRUST - MISTRUST
    • HOPE
  • TOODLERHOOD
    • ALLOW EXPLORATION
    • PROVIDE FOR SAFETY
    • “ NO NO” – NEGATIVISM
    • TEMPER TANTRUMS – IGNORE
    • OFFER CHOICES / REVERSE PSYCHOLOGY
    • TOILET TRAINING – 18 MOS.-BOWEL
        • DAYTIME BLADDER -2 Y
        • NIGHTIME BLADDER 3 Y
    • REWARD W/ PRAISE AND AFFECTION
    • FAILURE: SHAME AND DOUBT
    • INDEPENDENCE
  • PRE-SCHOOL
    • PROVIDE PLAY MATERIALS
    • SATISFY CURIOSITY
    • TEACH AND REINFORCE (HYGIENE, SOCIAL BEHAVIOR)
    • SIBLING RIVALRY
    • FAILURE: GUILT FEELINGS, DOUBT
    • WILLPOWER
  • SCHOOLAGE
    • HOW TO DO THINGS WELL-SUPPORT EFFORTS
    • CHUMS AND HOBBIES
    • NEEDS TO EXCEL / ACCOMPLISH
    • NEED FOR PRIVACY AND PEER INTERACTION
    • FAILURE: INFERIORITY
    • COMPETENCE
  • ADOLESCENCE
    • MAKE DECISION,EMANCIPATION FROM PARENTS
    • BODY IMAGE CHANGES
    • NEED TO CONFORM BUT KEEP INDIVIDUALITY
    • FAILURE: ROLE CONFUSION / ROLE DIFFUSION
    • SELF - AWARENESS
  • YOUNG ADULT
    • COMMITMENT AND FIDELITY
    • RESPONSIBILITY
    • FAILURE: ISOLATION
    • ACHIEVEMENT OF INDEPENDENCE
  • MIDDLE ADULTHOOD
    • SUPPORT-PERIOD OF ROLE TRANSITIONS
    • MIDLIFE CRISIS
    • ADJUSTMENT AND COMPROMISE
    • MOST PRODUCTIVE AND CREATIVE
    • FAILURE: STAGNATION
    • ALTRUISM
  • LATE ADULTHOOD
    • SELF ACCEPTANCE
    • SELF WORTH
    • FAILURE: DESPAIR
    • WISDOM
  • PIAGET’S COGNITIVE THEORY
  • 0-2 SENSORIMOTOR
    • REFLEXES
    • IMITATIVE REPETITIVE BEHAVIOR
    • SENSE OF OBJECT PERMANENCE AND SELF SEPARATE FROM ENVT.
    • TRIAL AND ERROR RESULTS IN PROBLEM SOLVING
  • 2-7Y PRE-OPERATIONAL
    • SELF-CENTERED,EGOCENTRIC
    • CANNOT CONCEPTUALIZE OTHER’S VIEW
    • ANIMISTIC THINKING
    • IMAGINARY PLAYMATE – SYMBOLIC MENTAL REPRESENTATION – CREATIVITY
    • 2-4 PRE-CONCEPTUAL (PRE-LOGICAL)
    • 4-7 INTUITIVE (UNDERSTANDING OF ROLES)
  • 7-12Y CONCRETE OPERATIONAL
    • LOGICAL CONCRETE THOUGHT
    • INDUCTIVE RESAONING (SPECIFIC TO GENERAL)
    • CAN RELATE ,PROBLEM SOLVING ABILITY
    • REASONING AND SELF-REGULATION
  • 12-ABOVE FORMAL OPERATIONAL THOUGHT
    • Abstract thinking
    • Separation of fantasy and fact
    • Reality oriented
    • Deductive reasoning
    • Apply scientific method
    • Havighurst
    • Developmental Tasks
    • Early adulthood
      • Career
      • Selecting a mate
      • Finding Civic or social responsibility
    • Middle age
      • Achieving Civic or social responsibility
      • Adjusting to changes
      • Satisfactory career performance
      • Adjusting to aging parents
      • Adjusting to parental roles
    • Old age
      • Adjusting to changes
      • Establishing satisfactory living arrangements and affiliations
  • Baby to early childhood Right from wrong and Conscience Late childhood Physical skills, wholesome attitude, social roles Conscience morality and values Fundamental skills in academics Personal independence Adolescence Sexual social roles Relationships Independence and ideology
    • Kohlberg – MORAL DEVELOPMENT/ THINKING/ JUDGEMENT
    • PRE-CONVENTIONAL (0-6)
      • PUNISHMENT AND OBEDIENCE
      • OBEDIENCE TO RULES TO AVOID PUNISHMENT
    • CONVENTIONAL ( 6-12 )
      • MUTUAL INTERPERSONAL EXPECTATIONS,RELATIONSHIPS AND CONFORMITY
      • SOCIAL SYSTEM AND CONSCIENCE MAINTENANCE
      • BEING GOOD IS IMPORTANT SELF RESPECT OR CONSCIENCE
    • POST –CONVENTIONAL (12 – 18 Y)
    • PRIOR RIGHT OR SOCIAL CONTRACT
    • UNIVERSAL ETHICAL PRINCIPLE
    • ABIDE FOR COMMON GOOD
    • RATIONAL PERSON-VALIDITY OF PRINCIPLES-AND BECOME COMMITTED TO THEM
    • INNER CONTROL OF BEHAVIOR UNDERSTANDING THE EQUALITY OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND DIGNITY OF HUMAN BEINGS AS INDIVIDUALS
    • SULLIVAN’S INTERPERSONAL THEORY
  • INFANCY
    • NEED FOR SECURITY-INFANT LEARNS TO RELY ON OTHERS TO GRATIFY NEEDS AND SATISFY WISHES, DEVELOPS A SENSE OF BASIC TRUST, SECURITY AND SELF WORTH WHEN THIS OCCURS
  • TODDLERHOOD / EARLY CHILDHOOD
    • CHILD LEARNS TO COMMUNICATE NEEDS THROUGH USE OF WORDS AND ACCEPTANCE OF DELAYED GRATIFICATION AND INTERFERENCE OF WISH FULFILLMENT
  • PRESCHOOL
    • DEVELOPMENT OF BODY IMAGE AND SELF-PERCEPTION
    • ORGANIZES AND USES EXPERIENCES IN TERMS OF APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL RECEIVED
    • BEGINS USING SELCTIVE INATTENTION AND DISASSOCIATES THOSE EXPERIENCES THAT CAUSE PHYSICAL OR EMOTIONAL DISCOMFORT AND PAIN
  • SCHOOL AGE
    • THE PERIOD OF LEARNING TO FORM SATISFYING RELATIONSHIPS WITH PEERS-USES COMPETITION,COMPROMISE AND COOPERATION
    • THE PRE-ADOLESCENT LEARNS TO RELATE TO PEERS OF THE SAME SEX
  • ADOLESCENCE
    • LEARNS INDEPENDENCE AND HOW TO ESTABLISH SATISFACTORY RELATIONSHIPS WITH MEMBERS OF THE OPPOSITE SEX
  • YOUNG ADULTHOOD
    • BECOMES ECONOMICALLY, INTELLECTUALLY AND EMOTIONALLY SELF SUFICIENT
  • LATE ADULTHOOD
    • LEARNS TO BE INTERDEPENDENT AND ASSUMES RESPONSIBILITY FOR OTHERS
  • SENESCENCE
    • DEVELOPS AN ACCEPTANCE OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR WHAT LIFE IS AND WAS AND OF ITS PLACE IN THE FLOW OF HISTORY
    • FORMATION OF PERSONALITY
    • CERTAIN GOALS MUST BE ACCOMPLISHED, IF THIS GOALS ARE NOT ACCOMPLISHED AT A CERTAIN STAGE,….PERSONALITY WILL BE WEAKENED….FACTORS IN EACH STAGE PERSISTS AS A PERMANENT PART OF PERSONALITY….
    • EACH STAGE HAS MAJOR TRAUMAS AND FRUSTRATIONS THAT MUST BE OVERCOME
    • …… .SUCCESSFUL RESOLUTION OF CONFLICTS ASSOCIATED WITH EACH STAGE IS ESSENTIAL TO DEVELOPMENT…..UNRESOLVED CONFLICTS REMAIN IN THE UNCONSCIOUS AND MAY, AT TIMES, RESULT IN MALADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR
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