By: Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
The Spirit of the Age (1790-                 1850) A sense of a shared vision among the  Romantics. Early support of the...
A Growing Distrust of               Reason                             EarlyEnlightenment                 19c          Rom...
The Romantic Movement Began in the 1790s and peaked in the 1820s. Mostly in Northern Europe, especially in Britain  and ...
Characteristics of        RomanticismThe Engaged & Enraged Artist:   The artist apart from society.   The artist as soci...
WanderingAbove the Sea  of FogCaspar David Friedrich,   1818
Lady Macbeth - Henry Fuseli,           1794
Characteristics of        RomanticismThe Individual/ The Dreamer:   Individuals have unique, endless   potential.   Self...
The DreamerGaspar David Friedrich, 1835
Solitary TreeCaspar David Friedrich, 1823
Characteristics of     RomanticismGlorification of Nature:   Peaceful, restorative qualities [an    escape from industria...
An Avalanche in the AlpsPhilip James de Loutherbourg, 1803
Sunset After a Storm On the Coast ofSicily – Andreas Achenbach, 1853
The DelugeFrancis Danby, 1840
Tree of CrowsCaspar David Friedrich, 1822
The Wreck of the Hope (aka The Sea of Ice)      Caspar David Friedrich, 1821
Shipwreck – Joseph Turner,           1805
The Raft of the MedusaThéodore Géricault, 1819
The Eruption of Vesuvius - John Martin
Isaac Newton – William Blake, 1795
Dr. Frankenstein’s Adam & Eve??
Rain, Steam, and SpeedJoseph Mallord William Turner, 1844
Rain,Steam, & Speed(details)
The Slave ShipJoseph Mallord William Turner, 1842
The Slave Ship(details)
Flatford Mill – John Constable,             1817
The Corn Field  JohnConstable,  1826
The Hay Wain - John Constable,            1821
Characteristics of      RomanticismRevival of Past Styles:   Gothic & Romanesque revival.   “Neo-Gothic” architectural s...
Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop’s Ground          John Constable, 1825
Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows       John Constable, 1831
Hadleigh Castle - John Constable, 1829
Eldena RuinGaspar David Friedrich, 1825
Winter Landscape with ChurchGaspar David Friedrich, 1811
British Houses of Parliament        1840-1865
Characteristics of     RomanticismThe Supernatural:   Ghosts, fairies, witches, demons.   The shadows of the mind—dreams...
Cloister Cemetery in the SnowCaspar David Friedrich, 1817-1819
Abbey in an Oak ForestCaspar David Friedrich, 1809-1810
Mad Woman With a Mania of EnvyTheodoreGericault,1822-1823
Pity - William Blake, 1795
The Great RedDragon and theWoman Clothed with the SunWilliam Blake, 1808-1810
Stonehenge - John Constable, 1836
Nightmare (The Incubus)   Henry Fuseli, 1781
Manfred and the Witch of the Alps       John Martin - 1837
WitchesSabbathFrancisco  Goya,  1798
Procession of Flagellants on Good Friday        Francisco Goya, 1793
Saturn Devours   His Son  Francisco    Goya,  1819-1823
Greece on the  Ruins of Missolonghi    EugèneDelacroix, 1827
Liberty Leading the People Eugène Delacroix, 1830
Detail of theMusket Bearer   Delacoix,    himself
The Rise of the Cartheginian Empire       Joseph Turner, 1815
His Majesty’s Ship, “Victory”(Trafalgar) - John Constable, 1806
An Officer of the Imperial Horse    Guard   Théodore Géricault, 1814
Napoleon    at theSt. Bernard     Pass  David,  1803
The Shooting of May 3, 1808  Francisco Goya, 1815
Pandemonium - John Martin, 1841
Characteristics of     RomanticismExoticism:  The sexy “other.”  A sense of escape from reality.  A psychological/moral...
Grand Canal, VeniceJoseph Mallord William Turner, 1835
Massacre of Chios - Eugène Delacroix,                1824
The Fanatics of TangiersEugène Delacroix, 1837-1838
The Sultan of Morocco and His Entourage        Eugène Delacroix, 1845
Women of Algiers in Their Apartment      Eugène Delacroix, 1834
The Turkish BathJean Auguste Ingres, 1852-1863
The Bullfight - Francisco Goya
Charge of the Mamelukes, May 2nd, 1808        Francisco Goya, 1814
The Royal Pavillion at Brighton    John Nash, 1815-1823
God as the Architect - William Blake,                               1794
Elohim Creating Abraham   William Blake, 1805
Body of Abel Found by Adam and Eve        William Blake, 1825
Faust and MephistophelesEugène Delacroix, 1826-1827
The Seventh Plague of Egypt    John Martin, 1823
The CathedralGaspar David Friedrich,   1818
The Cathedral  (details)Gaspar David Friedrich,   1818
The Great Age of the           Novel Gothic Novel:    Jane Eyre - Charlotte Bronte (1847)    Wuthering Heights - Emily Br...
The Great Age of the         Novel Science Fiction Novel:  Frankenstein - Mary Shelley (1817)  Dracula – Bramm Stoker (18...
Other Romantic WritersJacob and WilhelmGrimm   - Grimm’s Fairy Tales   (1814-1816)   Johann Wolfgang von Goethe         - ...
The Romantic Poets Percy Byssche Shelley Lord Byron (George  Gordon) Samuel Taylor Coleridge William Wordsworth John ...
George  Gordon’s(Lord Byron)   Poem    The  Prisoner of Chillon
Mary  ShelleyFrankenstein
SirWalterScottIvanhoe
WilliamWordsworth’s  Poem,   Tintern   Abbey
Samuel  TaylorColeridge’s  Poem, The Rime  of the Ancient Mariner
The Political Implications Romanticism could reinforce the greatest  themes of political liberalism or political  conserv...
Bibliographic              Sources   CGFA: A Virtual Art Museum.      http://cgfa.sunsite.dk/fineart.htm “Romanticism” o...
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Romanticism

  1. 1. By: Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. The Spirit of the Age (1790- 1850) A sense of a shared vision among the Romantics. Early support of the French Revolution. Rise of the individual  alienation. Dehumanization of industrialization. Radical poetics / politics  an obsession with violent change.
  3. 3. A Growing Distrust of Reason EarlyEnlightenment 19c RomanticisSociety is good, curbing m Civilization corrupts!violent impulses!  The essence of human experience is subjective and emotional.  Human knowledge is a puny thing compared to other great historical forces.  “Individual rights” are dangerous efforts at selfishness  the community is more important.
  4. 4. The Romantic Movement Began in the 1790s and peaked in the 1820s. Mostly in Northern Europe, especially in Britain and Germany. A reaction against classicism. The “Romantic Hero:”  Greatest example was Lord Byron  Tremendously popular among the European reading public.  Youth imitated his haughtiness and rebelliousness.
  5. 5. Characteristics of RomanticismThe Engaged & Enraged Artist:  The artist apart from society.  The artist as social critic/revolutionary.  The artist as genius.
  6. 6. WanderingAbove the Sea of FogCaspar David Friedrich, 1818
  7. 7. Lady Macbeth - Henry Fuseli, 1794
  8. 8. Characteristics of RomanticismThe Individual/ The Dreamer:  Individuals have unique, endless potential.  Self-realization comes through art  Artists are the true philosophers.
  9. 9. The DreamerGaspar David Friedrich, 1835
  10. 10. Solitary TreeCaspar David Friedrich, 1823
  11. 11. Characteristics of RomanticismGlorification of Nature:  Peaceful, restorative qualities [an escape from industrialization and the dehumanization it creates].  Awesome, powerful, horrifying aspects of nature.  Indifferent to the fate of humans.  Overwhelming power of nature.
  12. 12. An Avalanche in the AlpsPhilip James de Loutherbourg, 1803
  13. 13. Sunset After a Storm On the Coast ofSicily – Andreas Achenbach, 1853
  14. 14. The DelugeFrancis Danby, 1840
  15. 15. Tree of CrowsCaspar David Friedrich, 1822
  16. 16. The Wreck of the Hope (aka The Sea of Ice) Caspar David Friedrich, 1821
  17. 17. Shipwreck – Joseph Turner, 1805
  18. 18. The Raft of the MedusaThéodore Géricault, 1819
  19. 19. The Eruption of Vesuvius - John Martin
  20. 20. Isaac Newton – William Blake, 1795
  21. 21. Dr. Frankenstein’s Adam & Eve??
  22. 22. Rain, Steam, and SpeedJoseph Mallord William Turner, 1844
  23. 23. Rain,Steam, & Speed(details)
  24. 24. The Slave ShipJoseph Mallord William Turner, 1842
  25. 25. The Slave Ship(details)
  26. 26. Flatford Mill – John Constable, 1817
  27. 27. The Corn Field JohnConstable, 1826
  28. 28. The Hay Wain - John Constable, 1821
  29. 29. Characteristics of RomanticismRevival of Past Styles:  Gothic & Romanesque revival.  “Neo-Gothic” architectural style.  Medieval ruins were a favorite theme for art and poetry.
  30. 30. Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop’s Ground John Constable, 1825
  31. 31. Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows John Constable, 1831
  32. 32. Hadleigh Castle - John Constable, 1829
  33. 33. Eldena RuinGaspar David Friedrich, 1825
  34. 34. Winter Landscape with ChurchGaspar David Friedrich, 1811
  35. 35. British Houses of Parliament 1840-1865
  36. 36. Characteristics of RomanticismThe Supernatural:  Ghosts, fairies, witches, demons.  The shadows of the mind—dreams & madness.  The romantics rejected materialism in pursuit of spiritual self-awareness.  They yearned for the unknown and the unknowable.
  37. 37. Cloister Cemetery in the SnowCaspar David Friedrich, 1817-1819
  38. 38. Abbey in an Oak ForestCaspar David Friedrich, 1809-1810
  39. 39. Mad Woman With a Mania of EnvyTheodoreGericault,1822-1823
  40. 40. Pity - William Blake, 1795
  41. 41. The Great RedDragon and theWoman Clothed with the SunWilliam Blake, 1808-1810
  42. 42. Stonehenge - John Constable, 1836
  43. 43. Nightmare (The Incubus) Henry Fuseli, 1781
  44. 44. Manfred and the Witch of the Alps John Martin - 1837
  45. 45. WitchesSabbathFrancisco Goya, 1798
  46. 46. Procession of Flagellants on Good Friday Francisco Goya, 1793
  47. 47. Saturn Devours His Son Francisco Goya, 1819-1823
  48. 48. Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi EugèneDelacroix, 1827
  49. 49. Liberty Leading the People Eugène Delacroix, 1830
  50. 50. Detail of theMusket Bearer Delacoix, himself
  51. 51. The Rise of the Cartheginian Empire Joseph Turner, 1815
  52. 52. His Majesty’s Ship, “Victory”(Trafalgar) - John Constable, 1806
  53. 53. An Officer of the Imperial Horse Guard Théodore Géricault, 1814
  54. 54. Napoleon at theSt. Bernard Pass David, 1803
  55. 55. The Shooting of May 3, 1808 Francisco Goya, 1815
  56. 56. Pandemonium - John Martin, 1841
  57. 57. Characteristics of RomanticismExoticism:  The sexy “other.”  A sense of escape from reality.  A psychological/moral justification of imperialism?
  58. 58. Grand Canal, VeniceJoseph Mallord William Turner, 1835
  59. 59. Massacre of Chios - Eugène Delacroix, 1824
  60. 60. The Fanatics of TangiersEugène Delacroix, 1837-1838
  61. 61. The Sultan of Morocco and His Entourage Eugène Delacroix, 1845
  62. 62. Women of Algiers in Their Apartment Eugène Delacroix, 1834
  63. 63. The Turkish BathJean Auguste Ingres, 1852-1863
  64. 64. The Bullfight - Francisco Goya
  65. 65. Charge of the Mamelukes, May 2nd, 1808 Francisco Goya, 1814
  66. 66. The Royal Pavillion at Brighton John Nash, 1815-1823
  67. 67. God as the Architect - William Blake, 1794
  68. 68. Elohim Creating Abraham William Blake, 1805
  69. 69. Body of Abel Found by Adam and Eve William Blake, 1825
  70. 70. Faust and MephistophelesEugène Delacroix, 1826-1827
  71. 71. The Seventh Plague of Egypt John Martin, 1823
  72. 72. The CathedralGaspar David Friedrich, 1818
  73. 73. The Cathedral (details)Gaspar David Friedrich, 1818
  74. 74. The Great Age of the Novel Gothic Novel: Jane Eyre - Charlotte Bronte (1847) Wuthering Heights - Emily Bronte (1847) Historical Novel: Ivanhoe - Sir Walter Scott (1819) Les Miserables - Victor Hugo (1862) The Three Musketeers – Alexander Dumas (1844)
  75. 75. The Great Age of the Novel Science Fiction Novel: Frankenstein - Mary Shelley (1817) Dracula – Bramm Stoker (1897) Novel of Purpose: Hugh Trevar - Thomas Holcroft (1794)
  76. 76. Other Romantic WritersJacob and WilhelmGrimm - Grimm’s Fairy Tales (1814-1816) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Faust (1806-1832)
  77. 77. The Romantic Poets Percy Byssche Shelley Lord Byron (George Gordon) Samuel Taylor Coleridge William Wordsworth John Keats William Blake
  78. 78. George Gordon’s(Lord Byron) Poem The Prisoner of Chillon
  79. 79. Mary ShelleyFrankenstein
  80. 80. SirWalterScottIvanhoe
  81. 81. WilliamWordsworth’s Poem, Tintern Abbey
  82. 82. Samuel TaylorColeridge’s Poem, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  83. 83. The Political Implications Romanticism could reinforce the greatest themes of political liberalism or political conservatism. Contributed to growing nationalist movements.  The concepts of the Volk and the Volkgeist.  The uniqueness of cultures was emphasized.
  84. 84. Bibliographic Sources CGFA: A Virtual Art Museum. http://cgfa.sunsite.dk/fineart.htm “Romanticism” on Artchive.http://artchive.com/artchive/romanticism

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