*INVENTION OF WRITING: MESOPOTAMIA,
AROUND 3500 BCE.
*Very important civilizations developed along
*Later, the ancient civilizations of Greece and
Rome developed along the coasts of the
*Founded cities like Athens or Sparta.
*Sailed the Mediterranean, bringing their
culture to other people.
*They were famous for their interest in
Philosophy, Science and Art.
*Rome had a powerful army with which it
conquered many territories all around the
Mediterranean Sea, building a great Empire.
*They spoke Latin.
*They built cities with temples, circuses,
aqueducts, bridges… and roads that connected
*Roman language, culture and laws became
common in the conquered countries.
*IBERIANS AND CELTS
-Iberians: Mediterranean coast.
- Celts: The north and the central part of the peninsula.
They were farmers, merchants and artisans.
*PHOENICIANS, GREEKS AND CARTHAGINIANS
- Stablished colonies along the south and eastern coasts.
- They built cities, like Cartagena or Cadiz.
They were traders, and they brought new customs to Iberians and
Celts, like the use of money.
*The Romans invaded and conquered the Iberian Peninsula,
naming it Hispania.
*Hispania was a part of the Roman Empire for more than 500
years. People spoke latin and followed Roman laws and
*Spanish, Catalan and Galician all come from latin, like
Portuguese or French.
*There are still many monuments all over Spain from the