<ul><li>“ Child abuse images” is now the preferred term in a number of countries, rather than “child pornography”, but the latter remains in widespread use because it is built into national laws. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Internet” includes access via any internet enabled device e.g. PCs, laptops, mobile phones, games consoles, PDAs </li></ul>
<ul><li>The arrival of the internet had a major impact </li></ul><ul><li>1995 - Interpol knew of 4,000 images globally </li></ul><ul><li>2009 - 1,000,000 unique images being circulated and re-circulated, being viewed and downloaded billions of times </li></ul><ul><li>1995 - Greater Manchester police seized 12 pictures in total </li></ul><ul><li>2009 - Arthur Leland Sayler arrested in Mexico in possession of 4 million images </li></ul><ul><li>Overlap with grooming and bullying </li></ul>
International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children Child Pornography: Model Legislation & Global Review 6 th Edition looked at the legal frameworks for dealing with child pornography in 196 countries.
<ul><ul><li>Legislation specific to child pornography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child pornography defined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer facilitated offences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple possession outlawed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISP reporting </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Excluding mandatory ISP reporting, only 34 countries were found to have a framework of laws “deemed sufficient to combat child pornography offenses” </li></ul><ul><li>Including mandatory ISP reporting, the number of countries with an adequate framework of laws rose to 42 </li></ul><ul><li>A significant number of countries scored 2 or 3 out of 5 </li></ul><ul><li>The following Commonwealth countries scored 0 out of 5 </li></ul>
Commonwealth Countries scoring 0 Antigua & Barbuda Bahamas Bangladesh Belize Cameroon Dominica Fiji Ghana Grenada Guyana Lesotho Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mozambique Namibia Nauru Nigeria Pakistan Rwanda St Kitts & Nevis St Lucia St Vincent & the Grenadines Sierra Leone Singapore Swaziland Trinidad & Tobago Uganda Zambia
<ul><li>Establish a working group to take forward an initiative to encourage the adoption of a legal framework to deal with online child abuse images and create a hotline to receive reports. Seek the engagement of ICMEC. </li></ul><ul><li>The programme might focus initially or in particular on helping countries currently scoring 0 out of 5 on the ICMEC matrix but the wider objective should be to get all Commonwealth countries up to 4 out of 5 or 5 out of 5. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider incorporating a reference to pseudo child abuse images into the legal definition to be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider developing a wider range of online child protection measures e.g. in relation to outlawing grooming. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider developing education and awareness raising initiatives for parents, teachers and children. </li></ul>
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