CTO Conference on Cybersecurity 17-18 June, 2010 London John Carr Children’s Charities’ Coalition on Internet Safety
“ Child abuse images” is now the preferred term in a number of countries, rather than “child pornography”, but the latter remains in widespread use because it is built into national laws.
“ Internet” includes access via any internet enabled device e.g. PCs, laptops, mobile phones, games consoles, PDAs
The arrival of the internet had a major impact
1995 - Interpol knew of 4,000 images globally
2009 - 1,000,000 unique images being circulated and re-circulated, being viewed and downloaded billions of times
1995 - Greater Manchester police seized 12 pictures in total
2009 - Arthur Leland Sayler arrested in Mexico in possession of 4 million images
Overlap with grooming and bullying
International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children Child Pornography: Model Legislation & Global Review 6 th Edition looked at the legal frameworks for dealing with child pornography in 196 countries.
Legislation specific to child pornography
Child pornography defined
Computer facilitated offences
Simple possession outlawed
Excluding mandatory ISP reporting, only 34 countries were found to have a framework of laws “deemed sufficient to combat child pornography offenses”
Including mandatory ISP reporting, the number of countries with an adequate framework of laws rose to 42
A significant number of countries scored 2 or 3 out of 5
The following Commonwealth countries scored 0 out of 5
Commonwealth Countries scoring 0 Antigua & Barbuda Bahamas Bangladesh Belize Cameroon Dominica Fiji Ghana Grenada Guyana Lesotho Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mozambique Namibia Nauru Nigeria Pakistan Rwanda St Kitts & Nevis St Lucia St Vincent & the Grenadines Sierra Leone Singapore Swaziland Trinidad & Tobago Uganda Zambia
Establish a working group to take forward an initiative to encourage the adoption of a legal framework to deal with online child abuse images and create a hotline to receive reports. Seek the engagement of ICMEC.
The programme might focus initially or in particular on helping countries currently scoring 0 out of 5 on the ICMEC matrix but the wider objective should be to get all Commonwealth countries up to 4 out of 5 or 5 out of 5.
Consider incorporating a reference to pseudo child abuse images into the legal definition to be used.
Consider developing a wider range of online child protection measures e.g. in relation to outlawing grooming.
Consider developing education and awareness raising initiatives for parents, teachers and children.