Review for benchmark #1-

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Review for benchmark #1-

  1. 1. WHAT AM I? WHO AM I?
  2. 2.   Located along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico Broad lowland providing many excellent harbors
  3. 3.  Coastal Plain
  4. 4.    Located west of the Interior Lowlands and east of the Rocky Mountains Flat land that gradually increases in elevation westward Grasslands
  5. 5.  The Great Plains
  6. 6.     Economic venture Virginia Company of London 1607 First permanent English settlement in North America
  7. 7.  Jamestown
  8. 8.     Holds some of the oldest rock formations in North America Hills worn by erosion Hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers Wrapped around Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape
  9. 9.  Canadian Shield
  10. 10.   Settled by a group of people who wanted freedom to practice their faith without interference William Penn was the founder
  11. 11.  Pennsylvania (Quakers)
  12. 12.    Powerful empires Located in West Africa Became powerful by controlling trade
  13. 13.  Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
  14. 14.    Relied on geography and environment for food, clothing, and shelter Inhabited the southwest in present day New Mexico and Arizona Lived in desert areas bordering cliffs and mountains
  15. 15.  Pueblo Pueblo Located- Southwest
  16. 16.     Poor maps and navigational tools Disease/starvation Fear of the unknown Lack of adequate supplies
  17. 17.  Obstacles to exploration
  18. 18.     Economic: gold, natural resources, trade Religious: spread of Christianity Competitions for empire Belief in the superiority of their own culture
  19. 19.  Motivating forces for European exploration
  20. 20.    Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter Lived in a rainy, mild climate Inhabited the Pacific Northwest Coast
  21. 21. Kwakiutl Located-Pacific Northwest
  22. 22.   Located west of the Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevada's and the Cascades Area of varying elevation containing isolated mountain ranges and Death Valley, the lowest point in North America
  23. 23.  The Basin and Range Region
  24. 24.   Economic venture Also called the Lost Colony
  25. 25.  Roanoke Island
  26. 26.   Located west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Great Plains Rolling flat lands with many rivers, broad river valleys, and grassy hills
  27. 27.  Interior Lowlands Region
  28. 28.    One of the thirteen colonies Settled by people who wanted a new life and economic freedom Settled by people who had been in debtor’s prisons in England
  29. 29.  Georgia
  30. 30.   Settled by a group of people who wanted freedom to practice their faith without interference William Penn was the founder
  31. 31.  Pennsylvania (Quakers)
  32. 32.    Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter Inhabited present day Alaska and Northern Canada Lived in Arctic areas where the temperature is below freezing much of the year
  33. 33.  Inuit Inuit Located- Canada- Alaska
  34. 34.     Located west of the Great Plains and east of the Basin and Range Rugged mountains stretching from Alaska to Mexico High elevations Contain the Continental Divide, which determines the directional flow of rivers
  35. 35.  Rocky Mountain Region
  36. 36.     Located west of the Coastal Plain Extends from eastern Canada to western Alabama Old, eroded mountains Oldest mountain range in North America
  37. 37.  Appalachian Mountain region
  38. 38.     Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter Inhabited the interior of the United States Great Plains Dry grasslands
  39. 39.  Lakota Lakota Located- The Great Plains
  40. 40.    Exchanged goods and ideas Improved navigational tools and ships Claimed territories
  41. 41.  Accomplishments of European exploration
  42. 42.   Settled by separatists from the Church of England Colonists wanted to avoid religious persecution
  43. 43.  Plymouth Colony (Pilgrims) Pilgrims landing at Plymouth Rock
  44. 44.     Interacted with the Native Americans during the European Exploration Era Established settlements and claimed ownership of land Learned farming techniques from the American Indians Traded
  45. 45.  English/England
  46. 46.    Rugged mountains along the Pacific Coast Stretch from California to Canada Contains fertile valleys
  47. 47.  The Coastal Range region
  48. 48.    New England colony Settled by people seeking religious freedom Puritans
  49. 49.  Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop, the first Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  50. 50.     Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter Inhabited Northeast North America Heavily forested Eastern Woodland
  51. 51.  Iroquois Iroquois Located- Northeast- Eastern Woodlands
  52. 52.     Interacted with the Native Americans during the European Exploration Era Brought European diseases Brought Christianity to the New World Conquered and enslaved Native Americans
  53. 53.  Spanish/Spain
  54. 54.  Study human behavior and culture through the recovery and analysis of artifacts.
  55. 55.  ARCHAEOLOGY
  56. 56.    European Explorers Did not explore North America Explored along the coast of West Africa
  57. 57.  Portugal
  58. 58.    Explored North America Had the best relationship with the Native Americans Established trading posts
  59. 59.  French/France
  60. 60.  Large Land mass surrounded by water
  61. 61.  Continents
  62. 62.  The canoes, bows, and spears were examples
  63. 63.    CAPITAL RESOURCES- goods produced and used to make other goods and services.
  64. 64.  HOW GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES ARE IMPORTANT TO UNITED STATES HISTORY
  65. 65. PATTERNS OF TRADE  TRADE ROUTES GREW ALONG RIVERS LIKE THE MIGHTY MISSISSIPPI RIVER OR THE GREAT LAKES. LOCATIONS OF CITIES AND TOWNS  CITIES AND TOWNS DEVELOPED IN AREAS NEAR LARGE BODIES OF WATER THAT PROVIDED TRANSPORTATION FOR GOODS AS WELL AS NATURAL RESOURCES
  66. 66. WEST WARD (FRONTIER) MOVEMENT  RIVERS SERVED AS A MAJOR TRANSPORTATION NETWORK FOR EARLY SETTLERS MOVING WEST AGRICULTURE AND FISHING INDUSTRIES    THE GREAT PLAINS OFFERED GREAT EXPANSES OF LAND FOR AGRICULTURE USE, SUCH AS FARMING AND RAISING CATTLE. FISHING INDUSTRIES GREW AROUND AMERICA’S PLENTIFUL COASTAL AREAS, SUCH AS VIRGINIA’S EASTERN SHORE.
  67. 67.  Imaginary lines that run around the Earth from North to South
  68. 68.  Longitude
  69. 69.  Is considered a continent even though it is not entirely surrounded by water. The land mass is frequently called Eurasia.
  70. 70.  Europe
  71. 71.  The American Indians had to rely on the materials around them to meet their basic needs.
  72. 72.  GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
  73. 73.  Large body of water
  74. 74.  The Oceans Arctic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Southern Ocean
  75. 75.  Served as the highway for explorers, early settlers, and later immigrants
  76. 76.  The Atlantic Ocean
  77. 77.  Imaginary lines that run around the Earth from East to West
  78. 78.  Latitude
  79. 79.  Were the transportation arteries/life lines for farm and industrial products. They were also links to other parts of the world.
  80. 80. Missouri River Mississippi River
  81. 81.  Was explored by the Spanish
  82. 82.  The Colorado River
  83. 83.  I form the border with Mexico
  84. 84.  The Rio Grande River
  85. 85.  I was a gateway to the west
  86. 86.  The Ohio River
  87. 87.  I was located on the Nottoway River in southeastern Virginia.
  88. 88.  Cactus Hill An archaeologist excavating at Cactus Hill
  89. 89.  Items found at Cactus Hill provide archaeologists with evidence about the people who used to live there. These stone tools date back about 15,000 years.
  90. 90.  Artifacts
  91. 91.    I was a European Explorer I explored for Spain I claimed the Southwest United States
  92. 92.  Francisco Coronado
  93. 93.    I was a European Explorer I explored eastern Canada I explored for England
  94. 94.  John Cabot
  95. 95.  People who fished, made clothing, and hunted animals were examples of :
  96. 96.  Human Resources- people working to produce goods and services.
  97. 97.    I was a European Explorer I explored for France I claimed the Mississippi River Valley
  98. 98.  Robert La Salle
  99. 99.  COME DIRECTLY FROM NATURE
  100. 100.  NATURAL RESOURCES-
  101. 101.    I was a European Explorer I explored for France I established the French settlement of Quebec
  102. 102.  Samuel de Champlain
  103. 103.   I was Portuguese explorer I sailed around the Cape of Good Hope at the southern end of Africa into the Indian Ocean in 1498
  104. 104.  Bartolomeu Dias
  105. 105.   I was a Portuguese explorer Ten years after Bartolomeu Dias sailed into the Indian Ocean, I reached India
  106. 106.  Vasco da Gama
  107. 107.    WE WERE WATER FEATURES THAT HELPED MOVE PEOPLE WE HELPED THE EXPLORERS WE SERVED AS A GATEWAY TO THE WEST
  108. 108. THE MAJOR RIVERS OF THE UNITED STATES: COLUMBIA RIVER, OHIO RIVER, RIO GRANDE RIVER, MISSISSIPPI RIVER, MISSOURI RIVER, ST. LAWRENCE RIVER, COLORADO RIVER
  109. 109.  I provided the French and Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico and other parts of America.
  110. 110.  The Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico

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