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Review for benchmark #1-
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Review for benchmark #1-

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  • 1. WHAT AM I? WHO AM I?
  • 2.   Located along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico Broad lowland providing many excellent harbors
  • 3.  Coastal Plain
  • 4.    Located west of the Interior Lowlands and east of the Rocky Mountains Flat land that gradually increases in elevation westward Grasslands
  • 5.  The Great Plains
  • 6.     Economic venture Virginia Company of London 1607 First permanent English settlement in North America
  • 7.  Jamestown
  • 8.     Holds some of the oldest rock formations in North America Hills worn by erosion Hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers Wrapped around Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape
  • 9.  Canadian Shield
  • 10.   Settled by a group of people who wanted freedom to practice their faith without interference William Penn was the founder
  • 11.  Pennsylvania (Quakers)
  • 12.    Powerful empires Located in West Africa Became powerful by controlling trade
  • 13.  Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
  • 14.    Relied on geography and environment for food, clothing, and shelter Inhabited the southwest in present day New Mexico and Arizona Lived in desert areas bordering cliffs and mountains
  • 15.  Pueblo Pueblo Located- Southwest
  • 16.     Poor maps and navigational tools Disease/starvation Fear of the unknown Lack of adequate supplies
  • 17.  Obstacles to exploration
  • 18.     Economic: gold, natural resources, trade Religious: spread of Christianity Competitions for empire Belief in the superiority of their own culture
  • 19.  Motivating forces for European exploration
  • 20.    Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter Lived in a rainy, mild climate Inhabited the Pacific Northwest Coast
  • 21. Kwakiutl Located-Pacific Northwest
  • 22.   Located west of the Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevada's and the Cascades Area of varying elevation containing isolated mountain ranges and Death Valley, the lowest point in North America
  • 23.  The Basin and Range Region
  • 24.   Economic venture Also called the Lost Colony
  • 25.  Roanoke Island
  • 26.   Located west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Great Plains Rolling flat lands with many rivers, broad river valleys, and grassy hills
  • 27.  Interior Lowlands Region
  • 28.    One of the thirteen colonies Settled by people who wanted a new life and economic freedom Settled by people who had been in debtor’s prisons in England
  • 29.  Georgia
  • 30.   Settled by a group of people who wanted freedom to practice their faith without interference William Penn was the founder
  • 31.  Pennsylvania (Quakers)
  • 32.    Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter Inhabited present day Alaska and Northern Canada Lived in Arctic areas where the temperature is below freezing much of the year
  • 33.  Inuit Inuit Located- Canada- Alaska
  • 34.     Located west of the Great Plains and east of the Basin and Range Rugged mountains stretching from Alaska to Mexico High elevations Contain the Continental Divide, which determines the directional flow of rivers
  • 35.  Rocky Mountain Region
  • 36.     Located west of the Coastal Plain Extends from eastern Canada to western Alabama Old, eroded mountains Oldest mountain range in North America
  • 37.  Appalachian Mountain region
  • 38.     Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter Inhabited the interior of the United States Great Plains Dry grasslands
  • 39.  Lakota Lakota Located- The Great Plains
  • 40.    Exchanged goods and ideas Improved navigational tools and ships Claimed territories
  • 41.  Accomplishments of European exploration
  • 42.   Settled by separatists from the Church of England Colonists wanted to avoid religious persecution
  • 43.  Plymouth Colony (Pilgrims) Pilgrims landing at Plymouth Rock
  • 44.     Interacted with the Native Americans during the European Exploration Era Established settlements and claimed ownership of land Learned farming techniques from the American Indians Traded
  • 45.  English/England
  • 46.    Rugged mountains along the Pacific Coast Stretch from California to Canada Contains fertile valleys
  • 47.  The Coastal Range region
  • 48.    New England colony Settled by people seeking religious freedom Puritans
  • 49.  Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop, the first Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 50.     Relied on geography and climate for food, clothing, and shelter Inhabited Northeast North America Heavily forested Eastern Woodland
  • 51.  Iroquois Iroquois Located- Northeast- Eastern Woodlands
  • 52.     Interacted with the Native Americans during the European Exploration Era Brought European diseases Brought Christianity to the New World Conquered and enslaved Native Americans
  • 53.  Spanish/Spain
  • 54.  Study human behavior and culture through the recovery and analysis of artifacts.
  • 55.  ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 56.    European Explorers Did not explore North America Explored along the coast of West Africa
  • 57.  Portugal
  • 58.    Explored North America Had the best relationship with the Native Americans Established trading posts
  • 59.  French/France
  • 60.  Large Land mass surrounded by water
  • 61.  Continents
  • 62.  The canoes, bows, and spears were examples
  • 63.    CAPITAL RESOURCES- goods produced and used to make other goods and services.
  • 64.  HOW GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES ARE IMPORTANT TO UNITED STATES HISTORY
  • 65. PATTERNS OF TRADE  TRADE ROUTES GREW ALONG RIVERS LIKE THE MIGHTY MISSISSIPPI RIVER OR THE GREAT LAKES. LOCATIONS OF CITIES AND TOWNS  CITIES AND TOWNS DEVELOPED IN AREAS NEAR LARGE BODIES OF WATER THAT PROVIDED TRANSPORTATION FOR GOODS AS WELL AS NATURAL RESOURCES
  • 66. WEST WARD (FRONTIER) MOVEMENT  RIVERS SERVED AS A MAJOR TRANSPORTATION NETWORK FOR EARLY SETTLERS MOVING WEST AGRICULTURE AND FISHING INDUSTRIES    THE GREAT PLAINS OFFERED GREAT EXPANSES OF LAND FOR AGRICULTURE USE, SUCH AS FARMING AND RAISING CATTLE. FISHING INDUSTRIES GREW AROUND AMERICA’S PLENTIFUL COASTAL AREAS, SUCH AS VIRGINIA’S EASTERN SHORE.
  • 67.  Imaginary lines that run around the Earth from North to South
  • 68.  Longitude
  • 69.  Is considered a continent even though it is not entirely surrounded by water. The land mass is frequently called Eurasia.
  • 70.  Europe
  • 71.  The American Indians had to rely on the materials around them to meet their basic needs.
  • 72.  GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
  • 73.  Large body of water
  • 74.  The Oceans Arctic Ocean Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Southern Ocean
  • 75.  Served as the highway for explorers, early settlers, and later immigrants
  • 76.  The Atlantic Ocean
  • 77.  Imaginary lines that run around the Earth from East to West
  • 78.  Latitude
  • 79.  Were the transportation arteries/life lines for farm and industrial products. They were also links to other parts of the world.
  • 80. Missouri River Mississippi River
  • 81.  Was explored by the Spanish
  • 82.  The Colorado River
  • 83.  I form the border with Mexico
  • 84.  The Rio Grande River
  • 85.  I was a gateway to the west
  • 86.  The Ohio River
  • 87.  I was located on the Nottoway River in southeastern Virginia.
  • 88.  Cactus Hill An archaeologist excavating at Cactus Hill
  • 89.  Items found at Cactus Hill provide archaeologists with evidence about the people who used to live there. These stone tools date back about 15,000 years.
  • 90.  Artifacts
  • 91.    I was a European Explorer I explored for Spain I claimed the Southwest United States
  • 92.  Francisco Coronado
  • 93.    I was a European Explorer I explored eastern Canada I explored for England
  • 94.  John Cabot
  • 95.  People who fished, made clothing, and hunted animals were examples of :
  • 96.  Human Resources- people working to produce goods and services.
  • 97.    I was a European Explorer I explored for France I claimed the Mississippi River Valley
  • 98.  Robert La Salle
  • 99.  COME DIRECTLY FROM NATURE
  • 100.  NATURAL RESOURCES-
  • 101.    I was a European Explorer I explored for France I established the French settlement of Quebec
  • 102.  Samuel de Champlain
  • 103.   I was Portuguese explorer I sailed around the Cape of Good Hope at the southern end of Africa into the Indian Ocean in 1498
  • 104.  Bartolomeu Dias
  • 105.   I was a Portuguese explorer Ten years after Bartolomeu Dias sailed into the Indian Ocean, I reached India
  • 106.  Vasco da Gama
  • 107.    WE WERE WATER FEATURES THAT HELPED MOVE PEOPLE WE HELPED THE EXPLORERS WE SERVED AS A GATEWAY TO THE WEST
  • 108. THE MAJOR RIVERS OF THE UNITED STATES: COLUMBIA RIVER, OHIO RIVER, RIO GRANDE RIVER, MISSISSIPPI RIVER, MISSOURI RIVER, ST. LAWRENCE RIVER, COLORADO RIVER
  • 109.  I provided the French and Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico and other parts of America.
  • 110.  The Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico