Review For 2nd Benchmark Test What Am I Jan. 2010 1.6, 1.7 & 1.8


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Review For 2nd Benchmark Test What Am I Jan. 2010 1.6, 1.7 & 1.8

  1. 1. REVIEW FOR 2 ND BENCHMARK WHAT AM I? SOL 1.6, 1.7 & 1.8 6 TH GRADE
  2. 2. What Am I? <ul><li>One of the 5 territories added to the U.S. after 1801 </li></ul><ul><li>Located in the northwest </li></ul><ul><li>Divided between the U.S. and Great Britain </li></ul>
  3. 3. I Am… <ul><li>Oregon Territory </li></ul>
  4. 4. What Am I? <ul><li>Provided a weak national government </li></ul><ul><li>Gave Congress no power to tax or regulate commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Provided for no common currency </li></ul><ul><li>Gave each state one vote regardless of size </li></ul><ul><li>Provided for no executive or judicial branch </li></ul>
  5. 5. I Am… <ul><li>The Articles of Confederation </li></ul>
  6. 6. What Am I? <ul><li>Written by James Madison </li></ul><ul><li>Written guarantee of individual freedoms </li></ul><ul><li>The first ten amendments to the Constitution </li></ul>
  7. 7. I Am… <ul><li>The Bill of Rights </li></ul>
  8. 8. What Am I? <ul><li>Occurred in 1774 </li></ul><ul><li>Delegates from all the colonies met </li></ul><ul><li>The delegates discussed problems with England and promoted independence </li></ul>
  9. 9. I Am… <ul><li>The First Continental Congress </li></ul>Carpenters Hall, where the first Continental Congress took place
  10. 10. What Am I? <ul><li>War between England and France </li></ul><ul><li>Fought over land in the Ohio River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>England would go on to tax the colonists to pay for this war </li></ul>
  11. 11. I Am… <ul><li>The French and Indian War </li></ul>
  12. 12. What Am I? <ul><li>Occurred in 1775 </li></ul><ul><li>Happened in Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Site of the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War </li></ul>
  13. 13. I Am… <ul><li>Lexington and Concord </li></ul>
  14. 14. What Am I? <ul><li>Occurred in 1803 </li></ul><ul><li>Bought from France </li></ul><ul><li>Happened when Thomas Jefferson was President </li></ul><ul><li>Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored it </li></ul>
  15. 15. I Am… <ul><li>The Louisiana Purchase </li></ul>
  16. 16. What Am I? <ul><li>One of the 5 territories acquired by the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Acquired with the Onis-Adams Treaty of 1819 </li></ul><ul><li>Acquired it from Spain </li></ul>
  17. 17. I Am… <ul><li>Florida </li></ul>
  18. 18. What Am I? <ul><li>States that people establish government to protect their rights </li></ul><ul><li>Government derives power from the people </li></ul><ul><li>People have a right to change a government that violates their rights </li></ul><ul><li>States people have unalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by John Locke </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson was the major author </li></ul>
  19. 19. I Am… <ul><li>The Declaration of Independence </li></ul>
  20. 20. What Am I? <ul><li>Happened during the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>Boston </li></ul><ul><li>1770 </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists were shot after taunting British soldiers </li></ul>
  21. 21. I Am… <ul><li>Boston Massacre </li></ul>
  22. 22. What Am I? <ul><li>Occurred during the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>1773 </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Samuel Adams and Paul Revere </li></ul><ul><li>Patriots threw tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes </li></ul>
  23. 23. I Am… <ul><li>The Boston Tea Party </li></ul>
  24. 24. What Am I? <ul><li>Battle during the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>1777 </li></ul><ul><li>Turning point of the war </li></ul><ul><li>Americans won </li></ul>
  25. 25. I Am.. <ul><li>Battle of Saratoga </li></ul>
  26. 26. What Am I? <ul><li>Pamphlet written during the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>Written by Thomas Paine </li></ul><ul><li>Stated that independence from Great Britain made common sense </li></ul>
  27. 27. I Am… <ul><li>Common Sense </li></ul>
  28. 28. What Am I? <ul><li>Revolutionary War event </li></ul><ul><li>1781 </li></ul><ul><li>Happened in Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>American and French forces defeated the forces of Lord Cornwallis </li></ul><ul><li>Marked the end of the Revolutionary War </li></ul>
  29. 29. I Am… <ul><li>Surrender at Yorktown </li></ul>
  30. 30. What Am I? <ul><li>One of the new territories gained by the U.S. after 1801 </li></ul><ul><li>Became an independent republic </li></ul>
  31. 31. I Am… <ul><li>Texas </li></ul>
  32. 32. What Am I? <ul><li>Time period </li></ul><ul><li>Many people migrated during this time </li></ul><ul><li>The Abolitionist and Suffrage Movements began </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. acquired 5 new territories during this time frame </li></ul>
  33. 33. I Am… <ul><li>Westward Expansion Era </li></ul>
  34. 34. What Am I? <ul><li>Leaders included both men and women </li></ul><ul><li>Demanded immediate freeing of slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Felt slavery was morally wrong, cruel, inhumane, and a violation of democracy </li></ul>
  35. 35. I Am… <ul><li>Abolitionist Movement </li></ul>
  36. 36. What Am I? <ul><li>Favored a strong national government </li></ul><ul><li>Favored limit on states’ powers </li></ul><ul><li>Favored development of industry on a national scale </li></ul><ul><li>Favored a national bank </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Alexander Hamilton </li></ul>
  37. 37. I Am… <ul><li>The Federalist Party </li></ul>
  38. 38. What Am I? <ul><li>1783 </li></ul><ul><li>Document </li></ul><ul><li>England recognized American independence </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty </li></ul>
  39. 39. I Am… <ul><li>Treaty of Paris </li></ul>
  40. 40. What Am I? <ul><li>Favored a weak national government </li></ul><ul><li>Supported states’ powers </li></ul><ul><li>Favored small businesses and farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed a national bank </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Thomas Jefferson </li></ul>
  41. 41. I Am… <ul><li>Democratic Republicans or Anti-Federalists </li></ul>
  42. 42. What Am I? <ul><li>Many people flocked to California </li></ul><ul><li>Earned the nickname “49ers” </li></ul><ul><li>In search of a precious metal </li></ul>
  43. 43. I Am… <ul><li>California Gold Rush </li></ul>
  44. 44. What Am I? <ul><li>Allows each branch of government to check the power of the other </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents any one branch from gaining too much power </li></ul>
  45. 45. I Am… <ul><li>Checks and balances </li></ul>
  46. 46. What Am I? <ul><li>Increased the productivity of the American farmer </li></ul><ul><li>Invented by Cyrus McCormick and Jo Anderson </li></ul>
  47. 47. I Am… <ul><li>The reaper </li></ul>
  48. 48. What Am I? <ul><li>One of the 5 territories added to the U.S. after 1801 </li></ul><ul><li>Gained this territory as a result of a war with Mexico </li></ul>
  49. 49. I Am… <ul><li>California and the Southwest Territory </li></ul>
  50. 50. What Am I? <ul><li>Structure of the government </li></ul><ul><li>Based on James Madison’s “Virginia Plan” </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial </li></ul>
  51. 51. I Am… <ul><li>The Three Branches of Government </li></ul>
  52. 52. What Am I? <ul><li>Specific time period </li></ul><ul><li>War </li></ul><ul><li>1775-1781 </li></ul><ul><li>Americans fought against the British </li></ul><ul><li>Fought for independence </li></ul>
  53. 53. I Am… <ul><li>Revolutionary War </li></ul>
  54. 54. What Am I? <ul><li>Led by strong women who began their campaign before the Civil War and continued after the war ended </li></ul><ul><li>Declared “all men and women were created equal” </li></ul><ul><li>Believed women were denied basic rights such as the right to vote, educational opportunities, equal opportunities in business, and limited in rights to own property </li></ul>
  55. 55. I Am… <ul><li>The Suffrage Movement </li></ul>Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
  56. 56. What Am I? <ul><li>Increased the production of cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Increased the need for slave labor </li></ul><ul><li>Invented by Eli Whitney </li></ul>
  57. 57. I Am… <ul><li>Cotton gin </li></ul>
  58. 58. What Am I? <ul><li>Provided faster river transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Connected Southern farms and plantations to Northern industries </li></ul><ul><li>Invented by Robert Fulton </li></ul>
  59. 59. I Am… <ul><li>Steamboat </li></ul>
  60. 60. What Am I? <ul><li>Invention </li></ul><ul><li>Provided faster land transportation </li></ul>
  61. 61. I Am… <ul><li>Steam locomotive </li></ul>
  62. 62. What Am I? <ul><li>Overland trails </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed people to migrate westward </li></ul>
  63. 63. I Am… <ul><li>Oregon and Santa Fe Trails </li></ul>
  64. 64. What do you know? <ul><li>In the late 1840s, a gold rush led many people to move to — </li></ul><ul><li>A Texas </li></ul><ul><li>B Kansas </li></ul><ul><li>C California </li></ul><ul><li>D Louisiana </li></ul>
  65. 65. Answer <ul><li>C California </li></ul>
  66. 66. What do you know? Colonial Protesters, 1773 Which of the following took place before the event shown in this picture? A The signing of the Declaration of Independence B The meeting of the First Continental Congress C The Stamp Act D The Battle of Saratoga
  67. 67. Answer <ul><li>C The Stamp Act </li></ul>
  68. 68. What Do You Know? <ul><li>The War of 1812 resulted in the United States gaining — </li></ul><ul><li>F trade agreements with France </li></ul><ul><li>G respect from other countries </li></ul><ul><li>H use of the Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>J land for growing cash crops </li></ul>
  69. 69. Answer <ul><li>G respect from other countries </li></ul>
  70. 70. What Do You Know? <ul><li>What was the most important result of the 1783 Treaty of Paris? </li></ul><ul><li>A Britain gained American territory. </li></ul><ul><li>B France agreed to fight with the Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>C Britain recognized American independence. </li></ul><ul><li>D France decided to trade with the Americans. </li></ul>
  71. 71. Answer <ul><li>C Britain recognized American independence </li></ul>
  72. 72. What Do You Know? <ul><li>The Monroe Doctrine was a warning to — </li></ul><ul><li>F American Indians (First Americans) </li></ul><ul><li>G European nations </li></ul><ul><li>H rebellious colonists </li></ul><ul><li>J slave owners </li></ul>
  73. 73. Answer <ul><li>G European nations </li></ul>
  74. 74. What Do You Know? <ul><li>By the mid 1700s, American colonists were unhappy with English rule because — </li></ul><ul><li>A England refused to protect them from the French </li></ul><ul><li>B they thought the British king was weak </li></ul><ul><li>C England would not buy colonial-made goods </li></ul><ul><li>D they had no representation in Parliament </li></ul>
  75. 75. Answer <ul><li>D they had no representation in Parliament </li></ul>
  76. 76. What Do You Know? <ul><li>England passed the Stamp Act in the colonies to — </li></ul><ul><li>F raise money to pay for a war </li></ul><ul><li>G take control of foreign trade </li></ul><ul><li>H put governors in total control </li></ul><ul><li>J give people the right to vote </li></ul>
  77. 77. Answer <ul><li>F raise money to pay for a war </li></ul>
  78. 78. What Do You Know? <ul><li>What contribution did Phyllis Wheatley make to the American Revolution? </li></ul><ul><li>A She wrote poems that supported independence. </li></ul><ul><li>B She helped African Americans escape to freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>C She taught soldiers in the Continental Army. </li></ul><ul><li>D She served as a member of the colonial legislature. </li></ul>
  79. 79. Answer <ul><li>A She wrote poems that supported independence. </li></ul>
  80. 80. What Do You Know? Which country’s name replaces the question mark? F Spain G France H Holland J Mexico
  81. 81. Answer <ul><li>F Spain </li></ul>
  82. 82. What Do You Know? <ul><li>In which movement was Isabel Sojourner Truth an active leader? </li></ul><ul><li>A Suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>B Temperance </li></ul><ul><li>C Independence </li></ul><ul><li>D Progressive </li></ul>
  83. 83. Answer <ul><li>A Suffrage </li></ul>
  84. 84. What Do You Know? <ul><li>The legislative branch is responsible for — </li></ul><ul><li>A judging laws </li></ul><ul><li>B making the laws </li></ul><ul><li>C interpreting laws </li></ul><ul><li>D carrying out the laws </li></ul>
  85. 85. Answer <ul><li>B making the laws </li></ul>
  86. 86. What Do You Know? <ul><li>One weakness of the United States government under the Articles of </li></ul><ul><li>Confederation was that the — </li></ul><ul><li>F Congress could not collect taxes </li></ul><ul><li>G large states had too many votes </li></ul><ul><li>H Supreme Court had too much power </li></ul><ul><li>J small states had no independence </li></ul>
  87. 87. Answer <ul><li>F Congress could not collect taxes </li></ul>
  88. 88. What Do You Know? <ul><li>One of the reasons the Erie Canal was important was because it — </li></ul><ul><li>A made it easier to bring water to farms </li></ul><ul><li>B was a route to the Gulf of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>C made it easier to cross the Rocky Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>D provided a faster route westward </li></ul>
  89. 89. Answer <ul><li>D provided a faster route westward </li></ul>
  90. 90. What Do You Know? <ul><li>Which political idea of John Locke influenced American independence? </li></ul><ul><li>F Natural rights </li></ul><ul><li>G Secession </li></ul><ul><li>H Strong leaders </li></ul><ul><li>J Federalism </li></ul>
  91. 91. Answer <ul><li>F Natural rights </li></ul>
  92. 92. What Do You Know? <ul><li>The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution of the United States to </li></ul><ul><li>guarantee — </li></ul><ul><li>A separation of powers </li></ul><ul><li>B individual freedoms </li></ul><ul><li>C federal control </li></ul><ul><li>D rule of law </li></ul>
  93. 93. Answer <ul><li>B individual freedoms </li></ul>
  94. 94. What Do You Know? <ul><li>What inventor developed a form of transportation that connected different </li></ul><ul><li>regions of the United States? </li></ul><ul><li>A Frederick Douglass </li></ul><ul><li>B Benjamin Franklin </li></ul><ul><li>C Robert Fulton </li></ul><ul><li>D Cyrus McCormick </li></ul>
  95. 95. Answer <ul><li>C Robert Fulton </li></ul>
  96. 96. What Do You Know? <ul><li>Which of the following best completes the chart? </li></ul><ul><li>F Farmers became more productive </li></ul><ul><li>G Production of cotton increased </li></ul><ul><li>H Land transportation was faster </li></ul><ul><li>J Amount of taxes decreased </li></ul>Cause ___________________ Invention of the Reaper ? _________ Effect
  97. 97. Answer <ul><li>F Farmers became more productive </li></ul>
  98. 98. What Do You Know? Territorial Expansion, 1801–1861 What territory did President Thomas Jefferson ask Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore? F 1 G 2 H 3 J 4
  99. 99. Answer <ul><li>H 3 </li></ul>
  100. 100. What Do You Know? Which sign would most likely have been carried by an abolitionist? A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4
  101. 101. Answer <ul><li>C 3 </li></ul>
  102. 102. What Do You Know? Territorial Expansion, 1801–1861 What is the darker shaded area on the map? A Louisiana Purchase B California C Oregon Territory D Texas
  103. 103. Answer <ul><li>C Oregon Territory </li></ul>