Benchmark II- Review 2 02 09

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Benchmark II- Review 2 02 09

  1. 1. BENCHMARK II REVIEW SOL’S 1.6, 1.7 & 1.8 STUDY, STUDY, STUDY!!!
  2. 2. What Am I? <ul><li>Written by James Madison </li></ul><ul><li>Written guarantee of individual freedoms </li></ul><ul><li>The first ten amendments to the Constitution </li></ul>
  3. 3. I Am… <ul><li>The Bill of Rights </li></ul>
  4. 4. What Am I? <ul><li>Occurred in 1774 </li></ul><ul><li>Delegates from all the colonies met </li></ul><ul><li>The delegates discussed problems with England and promoted independence </li></ul>
  5. 5. I Am… <ul><li>The First Continental Congress </li></ul>Carpenters Hall, where the first Continental Congress took place.
  6. 6. What Am I? <ul><li>War between England and France </li></ul><ul><li>Fought over land in the Ohio River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>England would go on to tax the colonists to pay for this war </li></ul>
  7. 7. I Am… <ul><li>The French and Indian War </li></ul>http://reenacting.net/images/maps/1754areamap.gif
  8. 8. What Am I? <ul><li>Occurred in 1775 </li></ul><ul><li>Happened in Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Site of the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War </li></ul>
  9. 9. I Am… <ul><li>Lexington and Concord </li></ul>http://theamericanrevolution.org/images/battles/lexcon.gif
  10. 10. What Am I? <ul><li>Occurred in 1803 </li></ul><ul><li>Bought from France </li></ul><ul><li>Happened when Thomas Jefferson was President </li></ul><ul><li>Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored it </li></ul>
  11. 11. I Am… <ul><li>The Louisiana Purchase </li></ul>http://www.washington.edu/uwired/outreach/cspn/Website/Graphics/LA%20Purchase%20Map.jpg
  12. 12. What Am I? <ul><li>One of the 5 territories acquired by the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Acquired with the Onis-Adams Treaty of 1819 </li></ul><ul><li>Acquired it from Spain </li></ul>
  13. 13. I Am… <ul><li>Florida </li></ul>
  14. 14. What Am I? <ul><li>States that people establish government to protect their rights </li></ul><ul><li>Government derives power from the people </li></ul><ul><li>People have a right to change a government that violates their rights </li></ul><ul><li>States people have unalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by John Locke </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson was the major author </li></ul>
  15. 15. I Am… <ul><li>The Declaration of Independence </li></ul>http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/doc-content/images/declaration-of-independence-m.jpg
  16. 16. What Am I? <ul><li>Led by strong women who began their campaign before the Civil War and continued after the war ended </li></ul><ul><li>Declared “all men and women were created equal” </li></ul><ul><li>Believed women were denied basic rights such as the right to vote, educational opportunities, equal opportunities in business, and limited in rights to own property </li></ul>
  17. 17. I Am… <ul><li>The Suffrage Movement </li></ul>Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony http://z.about.com/d/womenshistory/1/0/i/9/stanton_anthony.gif
  18. 18. What Am I? <ul><li>Happened during the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>Boston </li></ul><ul><li>1770 </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists were shot after taunting British soldiers </li></ul>
  19. 19. I Am… <ul><li>The Boston Massacre </li></ul>http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/0/09/350px-Boston_Massacre.jpg
  20. 20. What Am I? <ul><li>Occurred during the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>1773 </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Samuel Adams and Paul Revere </li></ul><ul><li>Patriots threw tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes </li></ul>
  21. 21. I Am… <ul><li>The Boston Tea Party </li></ul>http://bostonist.com/attachments/boston_caroline/121607-boston-tea-party.jpg
  22. 22. What Am I? <ul><li>Leaders included both men and women </li></ul><ul><li>Demanded immediate freeing of slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Felt slavery was morally wrong, cruel, inhumane, and a violation of democracy </li></ul>
  23. 23. I Am… <ul><li>The Abolitionist Movement </li></ul>http://z.about.com/d/womenshistory/1/7/-/M/2/frederick-douglass.jpg
  24. 24. What Am I? <ul><li>Battle during the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>1777 </li></ul><ul><li>Turning point of the war </li></ul><ul><li>Americans won </li></ul>
  25. 25. I Am.. <ul><li>The Battle of Saratoga </li></ul>http://www.easternct.edu/depts/edu/textbooks/saratoga222.jpg
  26. 26. What Am I? <ul><li>Pamphlet written during the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>Written by Thomas Paine </li></ul><ul><li>Stated that independence from Great Britain made common sense </li></ul>
  27. 27. I Am… <ul><li>Common Sense </li></ul>http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=91539&rendTypeId=4
  28. 28. What Am I? <ul><li>Revolutionary War event </li></ul><ul><li>1781 </li></ul><ul><li>Happened in Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>American and French forces defeated the forces of Lord Cornwallis </li></ul><ul><li>Marked the end of the Revolutionary War </li></ul>
  29. 29. I Am… <ul><li>Surrender at Yorktown </li></ul>http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/revolution-images/images/cornwallis-surrender.gif
  30. 30. What Am I? <ul><li>One of the new territories gained by the U.S. after 1801 </li></ul><ul><li>Became an independent republic </li></ul>
  31. 31. I Am… <ul><li>Texas </li></ul>
  32. 32. What Am I? <ul><li>Favored a strong national government </li></ul><ul><li>Favored limit on states’ powers </li></ul><ul><li>Favored development of industry on a national scale </li></ul><ul><li>Favored a national bank </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Alexander Hamilton </li></ul>
  33. 33. I Am… <ul><li>The Federalist Party </li></ul>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/ca /Alexander_Hamilton.jpg/425px-Alexander_Hamilton.jpg
  34. 34. What Am I? <ul><li>1783 </li></ul><ul><li>Document </li></ul><ul><li>England recognized American independence </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty </li></ul>
  35. 35. I Am… <ul><li>Treaty of Paris </li></ul>http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/graphics/treatyofparis1783.jpg
  36. 36. What Am I? <ul><li>Favored a weak national government </li></ul><ul><li>Supported states’ powers </li></ul><ul><li>Favored small businesses and farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed a national bank </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Thomas Jefferson </li></ul>
  37. 37. I Am… <ul><li>Democratic Republicans or Anti-Federalists </li></ul>http://www.earlyamerica.com/portraits/jefferson.html
  38. 38. What Am I? <ul><li>Time period </li></ul><ul><li>Many people migrated during this time </li></ul><ul><li>The Abolitionist and Suffrage Movements began </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. acquired 5 new territories during this time frame </li></ul>
  39. 39. I Am… <ul><li>Westward Expansion Era </li></ul>http://shs.westport.k12.ct.us/jwb/AP/Images/LAPurchMap.jpg
  40. 40. What Am I? <ul><li>Structure of the government </li></ul><ul><li>Based on James Madison’s “Virginia Plan” </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial </li></ul>
  41. 41. I Am… <ul><li>The Three Branches of Government </li></ul>http://www.seaford.k12.de.us/webdigs/images/govt.h2.jpg
  42. 42. What Am I? <ul><li>Increased the production of cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Increased the need for slave labor </li></ul><ul><li>Invented by Eli Whitney </li></ul>
  43. 43. I Am… <ul><li>Cotton gin </li></ul>http://z.about.com/d/inventors/1/5/o/W/cotton_gin.gif
  44. 44. What Am I? <ul><li>Provided faster river transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Connected Southern farms and plantations to Northern industries </li></ul><ul><li>Invented by Robert Fulton </li></ul>
  45. 45. I Am… <ul><li>Steamboat </li></ul>http://www.ulster.net/~hrmm/diglib/fulton/stanton012s.jpg
  46. 46. What Am I? <ul><li>Allows each branch of government to check the power of the other </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents any one branch from gaining too much power </li></ul>
  47. 47. I Am… <ul><li>Checks and balances </li></ul>
  48. 48. What Am I? <ul><li>One of the 5 territories added to the U.S. after 1801 </li></ul><ul><li>Located in the northwest </li></ul><ul><li>Divided between the U.S. and Great Britain </li></ul>
  49. 49. I Am… <ul><li>Oregon Territory </li></ul>http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/graphics/territorygrowthmap.jpg
  50. 50. What Am I? <ul><li>Increased the productivity of the American farmer </li></ul><ul><li>Invented by Cyrus McCormick and Jo Anderson </li></ul>
  51. 51. I Am… <ul><li>The reaper </li></ul>http://www-pe.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/lincolns/nation/images/gal_technology_reaperlg.jpg?Log=0
  52. 52. What Am I? <ul><li>One of the 5 territories added to the U.S. after 1801 </li></ul><ul><li>Gained this territory as a result of a war with Mexico </li></ul>
  53. 53. I Am… <ul><li>California and the Southwest Territory </li></ul>http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/jah/93.3/images/ruiz_fig01b.jpg
  54. 54. What Am I? <ul><li>Invention </li></ul><ul><li>Provided faster land transportation </li></ul>
  55. 55. I Am… <ul><li>Steam locomotive </li></ul>http://www.old-picture.com/old-west/pictures/Locomotive-Steam.jpg
  56. 56. What Am I? <ul><li>Specific time period </li></ul><ul><li>War </li></ul><ul><li>1775-1781 </li></ul><ul><li>Americans fought against the British </li></ul><ul><li>Fought for independence </li></ul>
  57. 57. I Am… <ul><li>Revolutionary War </li></ul>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/American_Revolutionary_War_ collage.jpg/800px-American_Revolutionary_War_collage.jpg
  58. 58. What Am I? <ul><li>Overland trails </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed people to migrate westward </li></ul>
  59. 59. I Am… <ul><li>Oregon and Santa Fe Trails </li></ul>http://iloveoregon.com/images/Oregon_Trail_Map.jpg http://www.legendsofamerica.com/photos-oldwest/SantaFeTrailMap.jpg
  60. 60. What Am I? <ul><li>Many people flocked to California </li></ul><ul><li>Earned the nickname “49ers” </li></ul><ul><li>In search of a precious metal </li></ul>
  61. 61. I Am… <ul><li>California Gold Rush </li></ul>http://www.legendsofamerica.com/photos-california/CaliforniaGoldMiners.jpg
  62. 62. Who Am I? <ul><li>I fought during the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>I fought for the British Army </li></ul><ul><li>I surrendered to George Washington at Yorktown </li></ul>
  63. 63. I Am… <ul><li>Lord Cornwallis </li></ul>http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=79303&rendTypeId=4
  64. 64. Who Am I? <ul><li>I championed the cause of independence during the American Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>After the war, I would become the second president of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>A two-party system emerged during my presidency </li></ul>
  65. 65. I Am… <ul><li>John Adams </li></ul>http://www.earlyamerica.com/portraits/images/johnadams.jpg
  66. 66. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was one of the first five presidents </li></ul><ul><li>I wrote an important doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>I warned European nations not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere </li></ul><ul><li>I was president number 5 </li></ul>
  67. 67. I Am… <ul><li>James Monroe </li></ul>http://www.visitingdc.com/images/james-monroe-picture.jpg
  68. 68. Who Am I? <ul><li>I led the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>I would go on to become one of the early presidents of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>While I was president, the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>The federal court system was also established during my administration </li></ul><ul><li>Plans were initiated for the development of a national capital while I was president </li></ul><ul><li>Political parties grew out of disagreements between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson over the proper role of national government during my administration </li></ul>
  69. 69. I Am… <ul><li>George Washington </li></ul>http://www.elcivics.com/george_washington_drawing.jpg
  70. 70. Who Am I? <ul><li>I supported independence during the American Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>I was a writer </li></ul><ul><li>I wrote poems and plays supporting independence from England </li></ul><ul><li>I was a former slave </li></ul>
  71. 71. I Am… <ul><li>Phyllis Wheatley </li></ul>http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/notable/wheatleyp /
  72. 72. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was an abolitionist leader </li></ul><ul><li>I was an escaped slave </li></ul><ul><li>I was the most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad </li></ul>
  73. 73. I Am… <ul><li>Harriet Tubman </li></ul>http://z.about.com/d/womenshistory/1/0/j/7/tubman2_large.jpg
  74. 74. Who Am I? <ul><li>I supported independence during the American Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>I was a colonial journalist </li></ul><ul><li>I wrote Common Sense </li></ul>
  75. 75. I Am… <ul><li>Thomas Paine </li></ul>http://www.thomaspaine.org/images/shromney_sm.jpeg
  76. 76. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was an inventor </li></ul><ul><li>My invention connected Southern farms and plantations to Northern industries </li></ul><ul><li>My invention provided faster river transportation </li></ul><ul><li>I invented the steamboat </li></ul>
  77. 77. I Am… <ul><li>Robert Fulton </li></ul>http://www.ulster.net/~hrmm/diglib/dickinson/fulton1.jpg
  78. 78. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was an outspoken member of the House of Burgesses </li></ul><ul><li>I inspired colonial patriotism with my speeches </li></ul><ul><li>I declared “Give me liberty or give me death!” </li></ul>
  79. 79. I Am… <ul><li>Patrick Henry </li></ul>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/Patrick_henry.JPG/496px-Patrick_henry.JPG
  80. 80. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was the major author of an important document </li></ul><ul><li>My document outlined the grievances of the colonists against the King of England </li></ul><ul><li>I would go on to become the third president of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>During my presidency, I would purchase the Louisiana territory from France </li></ul>
  81. 81. I Am… <ul><li>Thomas Jefferson </li></ul>http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/beacon/fall06images/22-jefferson-bible/jefferson.jpg
  82. 82. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was an inventor </li></ul><ul><li>My invention increased cotton production </li></ul><ul><li>My invention also increased the need for slave labor </li></ul>
  83. 83. I Am… <ul><li>Eli Whitney </li></ul>http://industrialrevolutionresearch.com/images/eli_whitney.jpg
  84. 84. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was involved in the American Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>I opposed the colonies gaining their independence </li></ul><ul><li>I was the King of England </li></ul>
  85. 85. I Am… <ul><li>King George III </li></ul>http://imagecache2.allposters.com/images/pic/BRGPOD/26538~Portrait-of-King-George-III-1738-1820-after-1760-Posters.jpg
  86. 86. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was the leader of an early political party </li></ul><ul><li>I favored strong national government </li></ul><ul><li>I favored a limit on states’ powers </li></ul><ul><li>I favored a national bank </li></ul><ul><li>I favored development of industry on a national scale </li></ul><ul><li>I was the leader of the Federalists </li></ul>
  87. 87. I Am… <ul><li>Alexander Hamilton </li></ul>http://www.earlyamerica.com/portraits/hamilton.html
  88. 88. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was an abolitionist leader </li></ul><ul><li>I printed a newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>I was one of the first white abolitionists </li></ul>
  89. 89. I Am… <ul><li>William Lloyd Garrison </li></ul>http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=24772&rendTypeId=4
  90. 90. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was a Patriot during the American Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>I gave colonists advanced warning of British arrival </li></ul><ul><li>I am often quoted as saying “The British are coming!” on my nighttime ride </li></ul>
  91. 91. I Am… <ul><li>Paul Revere </li></ul>https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/intelligence/photo-14.gif
  92. 92. Who Are We? <ul><li>We set off on a two year trek to explore land recently acquired by the United States </li></ul><ul><li>We explored the territory that doubled the size of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson sent us on our mission </li></ul>
  93. 93. We Are… <ul><li>Meriwether Lewis and William Clark </li></ul>http://students.umf.maine.edu/~suttiele/Computer%20Class/Lewis%20and%20Clark%20Unit%20Webpage/image%203.jpg
  94. 94. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was an abolitionist leader </li></ul><ul><li>I was an escaped slave </li></ul><ul><li>I was a great public speaker </li></ul><ul><li>I printed a newspaper called The North Star </li></ul>
  95. 95. I Am… <ul><li>Frederick Douglass </li></ul>http://www.americaslibrary.gov/assets/aa/douglass/aa_douglass_subj_e.jpg
  96. 96. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was the author of the Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>I was president during the War of 1812, when Europe gained respect for the United States </li></ul><ul><li>I was president number four </li></ul>
  97. 97. I Am… <ul><li>James Madison </li></ul>http://www.constitution.org/img/james_madison_edwin.jpg
  98. 98. Who Are We? <ul><li>We are known for an invention </li></ul><ul><li>One of us was a slave </li></ul><ul><li>Our invention increased the productivity of the American farmer </li></ul><ul><li>Our invention was the reaper </li></ul>
  99. 99. We Are… <ul><li>Cyrus McCormick and Jo Anderson (no picture found) </li></ul>http://www.vahistorical.org/sva2003/mccormick01b.jpg
  100. 100. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was an English philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>I said that people have inherent rights to life, liberty, and property </li></ul><ul><li>I also said the government makes a contract to protect the rights of the people, and governments only have the power people consent to give it </li></ul><ul><li>I was inspiration for Thomas Jefferson when he wrote the Declaration of Independence </li></ul>
  101. 101. I Am… <ul><li>John Locke </li></ul>http://www.victorianweb.org/graphics/kneller1.jpg
  102. 102. Who Are We? <ul><li>We believed women were deprived of their basic rights </li></ul><ul><li>We worked to earn women the right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>We were important leaders of the Suffrage Movement </li></ul>
  103. 103. We Are… <ul><li>Isabel Sojourner Truth, Susan B. Anthony, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton </li></ul>http://z.about.com/d/womenshistory/1/7/x/L/2/stanton_eminent.jpg http://www.knowledgerush.com/wiki_image/2/20/Sojourner_Truth.jpg http://www.elcivics.com/susan-b-anthony.jpg
  104. 104. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was an astronomer </li></ul><ul><li>I was also a surveyor </li></ul><ul><li>I helped complete the design for Washington, D.C. </li></ul>
  105. 105. I Am… <ul><li>Benjamin Banneker </li></ul>http://www.baltimoresun.com/media/photo/2007-02/27895368.jpg
  106. 106. Who Am I? <ul><li>I was a prominent member of the Continental Congress </li></ul><ul><li>I helped frame the Declaration of Independence </li></ul>
  107. 107. I Am… <ul><li>Benjamin Franklin </li></ul>http://www.elcivics.com/images/benjamin-franklin.jpg

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