Civil War SOL US1.9b Viewpoints of the North and South
Essential Knowledge <ul><li>The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states’ rights as a means to self-protection. </li></ul><ul><li>The North believed that the nation was a union and could not be divided. While the Civil War did not begin as a war to abolish slavery, issues surrounding slavery deeply divided the nation. </li></ul>
Key Words <ul><li>Union: all of the states in our nation </li></ul><ul><li>Popular sovereignty: people have the right to self-government and to choose the type of government they want </li></ul><ul><li>Secede: to leave; to break away from a group </li></ul>
Issues that Divided the Nation <ul><li>An important issue separating the country related to the power of the federal government. </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners believed that they had a right to declare any national law illegal. </li></ul><ul><li>Northerners believed that the national governments power was supreme over that of the states, and that slavery should be abolished for moral reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners felt that the abolition of slavery would destroy their region’s economy. </li></ul>
Compromises Attempting to Resolve Differences <ul><li>Missouri Compromise (1820): Missouri entered the union as a slave state; Maine entered the union as a free state. </li></ul>http://faculty.umf.maine.edu/~walters/web%20jacksonian%20277_07/missouri%20compromise%20map%202.jpg Maine Missouri
Compromises Attempting to Resolve Differences <ul><li>Compromise of 1850: California entered the Union as a free state. Southwest territories would decide about slavery. </li></ul>http://www.sandiegohistory.org/education/light8/images/slavery1850.jpg http://ap.grolier.com/images/cache/132/pl502.jpg Discussing the Compromise.
Compromises Attempting to Resolve Differences <ul><li>Kansas-Nebraska Act: People in each state would decide the slavery issue (popular sovereignty). </li></ul>http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0500/media/0502_010001.gif
Southern Secession <ul><li>Following Lincoln’s election, the southern states seceded from the Union. Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter, in South Carolina, marking the beginning of the Civil War. </li></ul>
Southern Secession http://socialstudies.cayennepaper.com/secede.GIF http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c8/Abraham_Lincoln.jpg/482px-Abraham_Lincoln.jpg http://www.scott.k12.va.us/mvermillion/images/Fort%20Sumter.jpg Fort Sumter
Southern Secession <ul><li>Lincoln and many Northerners believed that the United States was one nation that could not be separated or divided. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Southerners believed that states had freely joined the union and could freely leave it. </li></ul>
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