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5b colonial regions


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  • Connect to earlier SOL’s: What other group of people have you studied that relied on the geography (and climate) to meet their basic needs? (The five American Indian tribes relied on geography and climate to meet their basic needs.)
  • Connect to earlier SOL’s: When have you studied the different types of resources? (American Indians-have students provide an example of natural, capital, and human resources.)
  • Connect to earlier SOL’s: Why would New England focus so heavily on the church? Who settled those early colonies? (Massachusetts Bay for example) The separatists and religious reformers settled in these areas searching for religious freedom, creating the importance of the church.
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    • 1. USI.5b: Colonial Regions Social Studies Instructional Specialist Portsmouth Public Schools
    • 2. Essential Knowledge Life in the colonies reflected the geographical features of the settlements. Economic specialization and interdependence existed in the production of goods and services in the colonies.
    • 3. Essential Questions How did climate and geographic features and other available resources distinguish the three regions from each other? How did people use the natural resources of their region to earn a living? What are the benefits of specialization and trade? How did political and social life evolve in each of the three regions?
    • 4. Economic Terms Resources: natural, capital, human Specialization: focusing on one or more products Interdependence: two or more people depending on each other for goods and services. Specialization made the colonies interdependent.
    • 5. Colonial Regions  The three colonial regions are:  New England (New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Connecticut)  Middle/Mid-Atlantic (New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware)  Southern (Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia)
    • 6. New England: Resources Natural resources: timber, fish, deep harbors
    • 7. New England: Resources Human resources: skilled craftsmen, shopkeepers, shipbuilders Candle maker
    • 8. New England: Geography and Climate Appalachian Mountains, Boston Harbor, hilly terrain, rocky soil, jagged coastline. Moderate summers, cold winters
    • 9. New England: Geography and Climate Boston Harbor
    • 10. New England: Geography and Climate
    • 11. New England: Specialization Fishing, shipbuilding, industry, naval supplies What items would be needed to supply ships? (Food, weapons, ammunition, clothing, soap, etc. These items are part of the naval supplies industry.)
    • 12. New England: Specialization
    • 13. New England: Examples of Interdependence New England depended on the Southern colonies for raw materials such as cotton and on the Middle Colonies for grain and livestock.
    • 14. New England: Social/Political and Civic Life Social/Political: Village and church as the center of life. Religious reformers and separatists. Civic Life: Town meetings
    • 15. New England: Social/Political and Civic Life Town hall Church In the New England communities, if you did not belong to the village church, you were excluded from town meetings and votes. Many times the leader of the church led the village.
    • 16. Mid Atlantic: Resources Natural resources: rich farmlands, rivers.
    • 17. Mid Atlantic: Resources Human resources: unskilled and skilled workers, fishermen.
    • 18. Mid Atlantic: Geography and Climate Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands, harbors and bays, wide and deep rivers. Mild winters and moderate climate.
    • 19. Mid Atlantic: Specialization Livestock, grain, fish.
    • 20. Mid Atlantic: Examples of Interdependence The Mid Atlantic colonies traded with both New England and Southern colonies to get the products they did not produce.
    • 21. Mid Atlantic: Social/Political and Civic Life Social/Political: villages and cities varied; diverse lifestyles, diverse religions. Civic Life: Market towns Market town
    • 22. South: Resources Natural resources: fertile land, rivers, harbors.
    • 23. South: Resources Human resources: farmers, enslaved African Americans
    • 24. South: Specialization Tobacco, Indigo cotton, indigo, wood products. Cotton
    • 25. South: Specialization Tobacco Wood products
    • 26. South: Examples of Interdependence The Southern colonies depended on the New England colonies for manufactured goods, including tools and equipment.
    • 27. South: Social/Political and Civic Life Social/Political: Plantations, slavery, mansions, indentured servants, few cities, few schools, Church of England. Civic Life: counties