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Open is the New Norm
Sega Cheng (程世嘉)
iKala CEO
Today we are gonna talk
about “Open”
Let’s start with some stories
1960s: Era of Huge, Complex OS

Source: http://www.multicians.org/mulimg/multics-nc-plate.jpg
Source: http://finance.sina....
Different fates of OS/360 and Multics
• Multics is a disaster
• OS/360 is a huge success (largely due to Fred Brooks)
Doesn’t matter. Bell Labs
then picked up what
Multics left behind
1974: Unix Announced

Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/51/Unix_history.sv
Bell Labs released Unix
source code to universities,
suddenly boosting Unix
adoption
1991: Linux Kernel Posted

Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/35/Tux.svg
2003: Andy Rubin founded Android Inc.
2003: Andy Rubin founded Android Inc.
2003: Andy Rubin founded Android Inc.
2013: MySQL → MariaDB Exodus

Source: http://www.vps.net/blog/2013/02/07/will-mariadb-be-the-ultimate-savior-from-mysql/
“Open” is a common theme
in these historical stories
4 Stages to Openness
1

Occasional (1970 - 1990)
•
•
•

Ken Thompson & Dennis Ritchie creates UNIX
No one knows what open source is except Rich...
2

Contagious (1990 - 2000)
•
•
•
•
•

Now we have internet and we use it
Linus Torvalds creates Linux kernel
Businesses s...
3

Strategic (2000 - 2010)
•
•
•
•

Comingled code in IT infrastructure & service
Social media (blogs & social network)
Bu...
4

Universal (2010 ~)
•
•
•
•
•

Customers become aware of “openness”
Open is a necessity, not an option for corporations
...
Occasional

Contagious

Strategic

Universal
Implications to Business
Source: http://blog.programmableweb.com/2012/01/04/over-2000-apis-added-in-2011-social-telephony-open-government/
9000 APIs
April 30, 2013

Source: http://blog.programmableweb.com/2013/04/30/9000-apis-mobile-gets-serious/
Source: http://cloudtimes.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Clouds.cloudtimes.png
Source: http://cloudtimes.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Clouds.cloudtimes.png
It’s not just about Modularized Internet …

Source: http://www.leiphone.com/api.html
Business Model: Burgeoning Business-toDeveloper (B2D) Relationship

Source: http://asanka.abeysinghe.org/2012/02/apis-crea...
Startup Methodology has changed

Business Plan
Stealth Mode
NDA
…

Lean
MVP
Customer Development
Analytics
Fast iteration
Source: http://www.candocareersolutions.ca/business-plan-writer.jpg
Implications to Business
• Developers/Programmers have never been more important
• Any advantage you may have is transient...
Implications to Individual
Public Self
Be Your Own Curator

2013 bandwave: https://livehouse.in/channel/2013bandwave
Privacy
2013/10/12: Google to Sell Users’ Endorsements
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/12/technology/google-sets-plan-to-se...
Public Self and Private Self

Source: http://www.nataliedarbeloff.com/oct03blog.html
Implications to Individual
• Be your own curator

• Be vigilant about your privacy and your data

• Find your own balance ...
Implications to Organization
(especially government)
Open Data

Source http://g0v.tw
Source https://github.com/blog/1657-introducing-government-github-com
A Classic Example
Open Leadership

Top-down
Source: http://www.dinf.ne.jp/doc/english/global/david/

Collaboration
Implications to Organization
• Open is a necessity, both internal and external,

not an option
Imagine an even more Open
World
Monopolies
Appleborg

Source: http://searchengineland.com/meet-the-new-borg-google-facebook-apple-54969

Borgle

faceborg
What makes them so
successful?
Because they are doing the same thing,
and they do it perfectly
• Google creates links between human and information

• Ap...
So “Open” is all about
"Establishing Links”
Then what’s next?
Internet of things:
links between all objects!

Source: http://venitism.blogspot.tw/2013/05/the-internet-of-things.html
What would this world
become?
This is Borg …

A dumb race, a dumb world
Source: http://awsomeborgcubes.webs.com/
Our internet today …

Source: http://mountpeaks.wordpress.com/2012/03/06/what-has-the-internet-evolved-into-nowadays/
Putting them together …

Can you feel/see the differences?
Our world is a lot more
versatile, organic, and
meaningful
With more links established,
not only there will be more
innovations, but every one
of us is entitled to explore
his/her o...
Connect your voice to the world.
Open is the New Norm - MOPCON 2013 Keynote
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Open is the New Norm - MOPCON 2013 Keynote

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MOPCON 2013 Keynote speech: Open is the New Norm

Open is a common theme in this connected world. As we are facing a more and more open world. What's our strategy? What are the implications to business, individuals, and organizations?

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Transcript of "Open is the New Norm - MOPCON 2013 Keynote"

  1. 1. Open is the New Norm Sega Cheng (程世嘉) iKala CEO
  2. 2. Today we are gonna talk about “Open”
  3. 3. Let’s start with some stories
  4. 4. 1960s: Era of Huge, Complex OS Source: http://www.multicians.org/mulimg/multics-nc-plate.jpg Source: http://finance.sina.com/bg/tech/sinacn/20110407/0150259511.html
  5. 5. Different fates of OS/360 and Multics • Multics is a disaster • OS/360 is a huge success (largely due to Fred Brooks)
  6. 6. Doesn’t matter. Bell Labs then picked up what Multics left behind
  7. 7. 1974: Unix Announced Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/51/Unix_history.sv
  8. 8. Bell Labs released Unix source code to universities, suddenly boosting Unix adoption
  9. 9. 1991: Linux Kernel Posted Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/35/Tux.svg
  10. 10. 2003: Andy Rubin founded Android Inc.
  11. 11. 2003: Andy Rubin founded Android Inc.
  12. 12. 2003: Andy Rubin founded Android Inc.
  13. 13. 2013: MySQL → MariaDB Exodus Source: http://www.vps.net/blog/2013/02/07/will-mariadb-be-the-ultimate-savior-from-mysql/
  14. 14. “Open” is a common theme in these historical stories
  15. 15. 4 Stages to Openness
  16. 16. 1 Occasional (1970 - 1990) • • • Ken Thompson & Dennis Ritchie creates UNIX No one knows what open source is except Richard Stallman What the hell is “internet”?
  17. 17. 2 Contagious (1990 - 2000) • • • • • Now we have internet and we use it Linus Torvalds creates Linux kernel Businesses start to understand “open source” Freeware, shareware Blogs rise in popularity
  18. 18. 3 Strategic (2000 - 2010) • • • • Comingled code in IT infrastructure & service Social media (blogs & social network) Businesses solve problems by crowdsourcing Google Android, facebook, Apple iPhone, Twitter
  19. 19. 4 Universal (2010 ~) • • • • • Customers become aware of “openness” Open is a necessity, not an option for corporations People quantify themselves and share publicly Government open up their data (though reluctantly) People raise funds through crowdfunding
  20. 20. Occasional Contagious Strategic Universal
  21. 21. Implications to Business
  22. 22. Source: http://blog.programmableweb.com/2012/01/04/over-2000-apis-added-in-2011-social-telephony-open-government/
  23. 23. 9000 APIs April 30, 2013 Source: http://blog.programmableweb.com/2013/04/30/9000-apis-mobile-gets-serious/
  24. 24. Source: http://cloudtimes.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Clouds.cloudtimes.png
  25. 25. Source: http://cloudtimes.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Clouds.cloudtimes.png
  26. 26. It’s not just about Modularized Internet … Source: http://www.leiphone.com/api.html
  27. 27. Business Model: Burgeoning Business-toDeveloper (B2D) Relationship Source: http://asanka.abeysinghe.org/2012/02/apis-create-new-relationship-b2d.html
  28. 28. Startup Methodology has changed Business Plan Stealth Mode NDA … Lean MVP Customer Development Analytics Fast iteration
  29. 29. Source: http://www.candocareersolutions.ca/business-plan-writer.jpg
  30. 30. Implications to Business • Developers/Programmers have never been more important • Any advantage you may have is transient: speed matters • Bonding with customers from Day 1
  31. 31. Implications to Individual
  32. 32. Public Self
  33. 33. Be Your Own Curator 2013 bandwave: https://livehouse.in/channel/2013bandwave
  34. 34. Privacy 2013/10/12: Google to Sell Users’ Endorsements http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/12/technology/google-sets-plan-to-sell-usersendorsements.html 2013/10/11: Facebook kills search privacy setting http://money.cnn.com/2013/10/11/technology/social/facebook-search-privacy/ Source: http://static.techspot.com/articles-info/281/images/privacy-cookies.jpg Source: http://theinspirationroom.com/daily/print/2012/8/3m_privacy_hoodie.jpg
  35. 35. Public Self and Private Self Source: http://www.nataliedarbeloff.com/oct03blog.html
  36. 36. Implications to Individual • Be your own curator • Be vigilant about your privacy and your data • Find your own balance and strategy
  37. 37. Implications to Organization (especially government)
  38. 38. Open Data Source http://g0v.tw
  39. 39. Source https://github.com/blog/1657-introducing-government-github-com
  40. 40. A Classic Example
  41. 41. Open Leadership Top-down Source: http://www.dinf.ne.jp/doc/english/global/david/ Collaboration
  42. 42. Implications to Organization • Open is a necessity, both internal and external, not an option
  43. 43. Imagine an even more Open World
  44. 44. Monopolies Appleborg Source: http://searchengineland.com/meet-the-new-borg-google-facebook-apple-54969 Borgle faceborg
  45. 45. What makes them so successful?
  46. 46. Because they are doing the same thing, and they do it perfectly • Google creates links between human and information • Apple creates links between human and device • Facebook creates links between human and human
  47. 47. So “Open” is all about "Establishing Links”
  48. 48. Then what’s next?
  49. 49. Internet of things: links between all objects! Source: http://venitism.blogspot.tw/2013/05/the-internet-of-things.html
  50. 50. What would this world become?
  51. 51. This is Borg … A dumb race, a dumb world Source: http://awsomeborgcubes.webs.com/
  52. 52. Our internet today … Source: http://mountpeaks.wordpress.com/2012/03/06/what-has-the-internet-evolved-into-nowadays/
  53. 53. Putting them together … Can you feel/see the differences?
  54. 54. Our world is a lot more versatile, organic, and meaningful
  55. 55. With more links established, not only there will be more innovations, but every one of us is entitled to explore his/her own purpose in a unique way. Don’t worry about the Borg.
  56. 56. Connect your voice to the world.
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