The Areas Of Our Expertise

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The Areas Of Our Expertise

  1. 1. The Areas of Our Expertise Science Policy, Values, and Communication Andrew Plemmons Pratt, managing editor, Science Progress <scienceprogress.org> Center for American Progress
  2. 2. What is Science Progress?
  3. 3. Points of intersection 1. More scientific information does not equal good policy outcomes. 2. Science and values are not separate. 3. Neither science nor ethics alone can answer many policy questions.
  4. 4. More information about a scientific issue doesn't lead to positive policy outcomes. "This model of scientific engagement with the public obviously isn’t working." Rick Borchelt and Kathy Hudson, "Engaging the Scientific Community With the Public," ScienceProgress.org
  5. 5. More information about a scientific issue doesn't lead to positive policy outcomes.
  6. 6. The "deficit" model: What does this say?...
  7. 7. ...vs. this?
  8. 8. Sources or or
  9. 9. Different authorities
  10. 10. Framing "[F]rames simplify complex issues by lending greater weight to certain considerations and arguments over others. Framing is an unavoidable reality of the science communication process." Bubela et al., "Science Communication Reconsidered," Nature Biotechnology 27, 514 - 518 (2009)
  11. 11. A few frames for climate change human health agriculture food security ocean health & fisheries flooding & sea level rise water scarcity severe storms fires & drought sustainability creation stewardship moral responsibility pollution jobs international competitiveness energy security
  12. 12. Framing Climate & Energy Legislation, 111th Congress 2009: Senate: Clean Energy Jobs and American Power Act (S. 1733) House: American Clean Energy and Security Act (H.R.2454) 2010: ?
  13. 13. Science and values are not separate. A stem cell example: Former NIH Director President G.W. Bush Stem cell cultures, Elias Zerhouni U. Wisconsin, Madison
  14. 14. Science and values are not separate. A stem cell example: “If human embryonic stem cell research does not make you at least a little bit uncomfortable, you have not thought about it enough,” he said. “I thought long and hard about whether I would do it.” The New York Times, Nov. 2007 James A. Thomson
  15. 15. Scientists make ethical decisions all the time. Why did you go into an area of research? How do you select and present experimental data transparently? How is your work funded and does that present conflicts of interest? How does oversight protect people who are the subjects of your research?
  16. 16. Science and values are not separate. Who is speaking here? "It’s very hard for me to have a conversation about these issues, because ? people adopt incredibly defensive postures…The scientists on one side and civil-society organizations on the other. And, to be fair to those groups, science has often proceeded by skipping the dialogue."
  17. 17. Science and values are not separate. Who is speaking here? "It’s very hard for me to have a conversation about these issues, because people adopt incredibly defensive postures…The scientists on one side and civil-society organizations on the other. And, to be fair to those groups, science has often proceeded by Drew Endy skipping the dialogue." The New Yorker, "A Life of Its Own" Sept. 2009
  18. 18. Synbio & anti-malarial artemisinin Artemisinin (via Wikipedia)
  19. 19. Synbio & anti-malarial artemisinin Source: malaria.com
  20. 20. iGEM 2009 @ MIT
  21. 21. Neither science nor ethics alone can answer many policy questions. Stephen Jay Gould
  22. 22. non-overlapping magisteria science religion/ ethics
  23. 23. policy & bioethics science religion/ ethics
  24. 24. Ethical, legal, and social issues in the human genome project Craig Venter, President Clinton, Francis Collins (AP/ Ron Edmonds)
  25. 25. Cloning Cloned sheep (AP/ Claire Arron)
  26. 26. Points of intersection @ 1. Start with data & evidence. 2. Combine science and ethics. 3. Science policy @ the intersection of science, ethics, and effective communication.
  27. 27. The Areas of Our Expertise Science Policy, Values, and Communication Andrew Plemmons Pratt, managing editor, Science Progress <scienceprogress.org> Center for American Progress

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