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SEA Virtual Seminar - David Guston: Nov. 30. 7:00 PM ET.

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  • 1. Anticipatory Governance of Emerging Technologies
    Scientists and Engineers for America
    Virtual Seminar
    30 November 2010
    David H. GustonProfessor of Politics and Global StudiesCo-Director, Consortium for Science, Policy and OutcomesDirector, Center for Nanotechnology in SocietyArizona State UniversityUSA
    1
  • 2. Center for Nanotechnology in Society at ASU
    • Funded by US National Science Foundation
    • 3. One of ~ 18 Nano-scale Science and Engineering Centers (NSECs)
    • 4. Inspired by 21st Century Nanotechnology R&D Act of 2003 (PL 108-153)
    • 5. Initial award $6.2 million (Oct 2005 – Sept 2010)
    • 6. Renewed ($6.5M Oct 2010-Sept 2015)
    • 7. Partner institutions across USA
    • 8. Dozens of international contacts
    2
  • 9. CNS-ASU Mission
    • Research the societal implications of nanotechnologies
    • 10. Train a community of scholars with new insight into the societal dimensions of nanoscale science & engineering (NSE)
    • 11. Engage the public, policy makers, business leaders, and NSE researchers in dialogues about the goals and implications of NSE
    • 12. Partner with NSE laboratories to introduce greater reflexiveness in the R&D process
  • Emerging Technologies
    NBIC: Nano, Bio, Info, Cogno
    GRINN: Genetics, Robotics, Information, Neuro, Nano
    But also: Railroads, Electricity, Nuclear Energy
    Key elements:
    Knowledge-based
    Politics of Novelty
  • 13. NSEC/CNS-ASU Research Programs
    Real-Time Technology Assessment
    Provides methodological orientation
    Research and Innovation Systems Analysis
    Public Opinion and Values
    Anticipation and Deliberation
    Reflexivity and Integration
    Thematic Research Clusters
    Provides thematic focus
    Equity, Equality and Responsibility
    Urban Design, Materials & the Built Environment (Nano & the City)
    5
    Anticipatory Governance
    Provides strategic vision
    Foresight
    All governance requires a disposition toward future
    Engagement
    Crucial normatively, strategically, pragmatically
    Integration
    Scientists know things we don’t, and vice versa
    4. Ensemble-ization
    Because none of these works in isolation
  • 14. Anticipatory Governance as Strategic Vision
    A broad-based capacity extended through society that can act on a variety of inputs to manage emerging knowledge-based technologies while such management is still possible.
    6
    Anticipate: from ante- and capere, “to take [into possession]” “beforehand”; related to capable and capacity and not a synonym for “expect,” “predict,” or “foresee”
    The pumpkin or the tiger? If science is puzzle-solving, when do we begin to pay attention?
  • 15. Anticipatory Governance – Genealogy
    Detlev Bronk
    Pres., JHU
    Pres., NAS
    Pres., Rockefeller U
    7
    “Competent social scientists should work hand-in-hand with natural scientists, so that problems may be solved as they arise, and so that many of them may not arise in the first instance.”
    “anticipatory democracy”
  • 16. Anticipatory Governance – Not Government
    8
    • Not “do” or “ban”
    • 17. “Science finds, genius invents, industry applies, man adapts”
    • 18. Moratoriums proposed by ETC Group and Friends of the Earth
    • 19. Wide array of mechanisms
    • 20. Regulation
    • 21. Licensing/restrictions
    • 22. Liability/indemnification
    • 23. Intellectual property
    • 24. R&D funding & tax credits
    • 25. Testing
    • 26. Treaties
    • 27. Public Understanding of Science
    • 28. Informal Science Education
    • 29. Public engagement
    • 30. Public action
    • 31. Codes of conduct
    • 32. Standards
    • 33. Laboratory decisions
  • Foresight
    • http://cns.asu.edu/nanofutures/
    • 34. Literature-based
    • 35. Vetted
    • 36. Web-disseminated
    • 37. Scenario development workshops
    • 38. Product design
    • 39. Plausibility Project
    9
  • 40. Engagement
    • National Citizens’ Technology Forum
    • 41. 2008 Nano and Human Enhancement
    • 42. Science Cafes
    • 43. NISE Net
    • 44. Informal Science Education
    • 45. Forums
    10
  • 46. Integration
    11
  • 53. 12
    Strategic & Evaluative Guidance: Another Asilomar?
    • Foresight: What vision of future did scientists at Asilomar have?
    • 54. Determinist (“these things are coming, like it or not”)
    • 55. Distancing (“we don’t have the ability to do this now so we don’t have to consider this stuff”)
    • 56. Engagement: To what extent was the public involved in the discussions?
    • 57. Not at all (by invitation GRC)
    • 58. Contrast: Cambridge city council hearings
    • 59. Integration: To what extent were social science and humanistic expertise represented in collaboration with natural science and engineering expertise?
    • 60. Attorneys and journalists played crucial role
    • 61. Ad hoc decision-making processes
    12
  • 62. 13
    Important Resources for Anticipatory Governance a la CNS
    • R. Karinen and D. H. Guston. 2010. “Toward Anticipatory Governance: The Experience with Nanotechnology.” Pp. 217-232 in M. Kaiser, M. Kurath, S. Maasen, and C. Rehmann-Sutter, eds. Governing Future Technologies: Nanotechnology and the Rise of an Assessment Regime. Dordrecht: Springer.
    • 63. D. Barben, E. Fisher, C. Selin, and D. H. Guston. 2008. “Anticipatory Governance of Nanotechnology: Foresight, Engagement, and Integration.” Pp. 979-1000 in E. J. Hackett, O. Amsterdamska, M. E. Lynch, and J. Wajcman, eds., The New Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    • 64. D. H. Guston. 2008. “Innovation Policy: Not Just a Jumbo Shrimp.” Nature 454:940-41.
    • 65. D. H. Guston and D. Sarewitz. 2002. “Real-Time Technology Assessment.” Technology in Society 24:93-109.
    13
  • 66. 14
    CNS-ASU Updates
    Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Society (Guston, ed.) published by Sage (August, 2010).
    Yearbook of Nanotechnology in Society (Cozzens and Wetmore, eds.) Nanotechnology and the Challenges of Equity, Equality and Development (November, 2010).
    S.NET 2011: co-hosted by CNS-ASU and CNS-UCSB; to be held in Tempe, AZ November 2011
    CNS-ASU Winter School in Anticipatory Governance of Emerging Technologies: Winter, 2011/12
    14
  • 67. Thanks!
    • Scientists and Engineers for America
    • 68. National Science Foundation cooperative agreement #0531194 and #0937591. Any opinions, findings and conclusions are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
    15