Effective Science-Based Land-Use Policy


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Christopher Galik discusses the nuances of creating effective land-use policies.

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Effective Science-Based Land-Use Policy

  1. 1. Effective Science-Based Policy: balancing land conservation, biofuels, and climate mitigation objectives <br />Christopher Galik<br />February 16, 2010<br />Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />Duke University<br />
  2. 2. Where I Work<br />The Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />The Climate Change Policy Partnership (CCPP) was established at Duke University in October 2005 through a gift from founding partner Duke Energy. The CCPP takes a systems approach to researching carbon-mitigating technology, infrastructure and institutions. Our goal is to inform lawmakers and business leaders as they lay the foundation of a low-carbon economy. By identifying barriers and offering policy options for overcoming those barriers, we help determine practical strategies to respond to the pressing challenges of global climate change.<br />Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  3. 3. The Central Role of Climate Policy<br />Affects energy production:<br /><ul><li>Provides incentives to transition to low-carbon fuels and technologies</li></ul>Affects energy use:<br /><ul><li>Provides incentives for increased efficiency</li></ul>Affects land use and management:<br /><ul><li>Opportunities for carbon offsets, low-carbon energy, and adaptation initiatives</li></ul>Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  4. 4. Key Climate Policies<br />Cap-and-Trade or Carbon Tax – Both would essentially add a surcharge to the cost of a fuel relative to the fuel’s assumed or documented GHG content<br />Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  5. 5. Cap-and-Trade Overview<br /><ul><li> Sets cap, or limit, on GHG emissions; and
  6. 6. Allows trade/transfer between regulated entities.</li></ul>Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  7. 7. Cap-and-Trade Overview<br /><ul><li> Putting a price on GHG (“carbon”) raises prices of emitting:
  8. 8. Carbon-intensive => less carbon-intensive
  9. 9. Global nature of problem means that contributions can come from anyone, anywhere.</li></ul>Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  10. 10. Issue 1: Offsets Policy<br />A complex issue that, like others, must balance environmental integrity with economic feasibility…<br />Despite significant work in recent years, some issues remain:<br /><ul><li> Oversight agency;
  11. 11. Liability;
  12. 12. Program rules and eligibility;
  13. 13. Early actors</li></ul>Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  14. 14. Issue 2: Biofuels<br />Already impacted by Farm, Energy, and other legislation. Promoted for multiple reasons, and can help or hinder climate change mitigation objectives.<br />Specifically:<br /><ul><li> Accounting matters;
  15. 15. Carbon price may not be enough;
  16. 16. Complexity and expanse of program necessitates coordination</li></ul>Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  17. 17. Issue 3: Land Conservation Programs<br />Existing non-carbon, non-climate programs may have climate implications that cut both ways. <br />Specifically, important to evaluate:<br /><ul><li> Role of conservation programs in emerging markets;
  18. 18. Impact of climate programs on conservation programs and objectives;</li></ul>Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  19. 19. Science in Policy: Uncertainty<br /><ul><li> Multiple uncertainties remain. For example:
  20. 20. Indirect Land-Use;
  21. 21. Sequestration potential and measurement;
  22. 22. Impact of changing climate;</li></ul>Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  23. 23. Science in Policy: Uncertainty<br /><ul><li> In light of uncertainty, policy must be flexible:
  24. 24. set boundaries/guidelines; but
  25. 25. allow for revision/adjustment.
  26. 26. A balancing act…</li></ul>Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  27. 27. Participating in the Policy Discussion<br /><ul><li> A balancing act…must meet multiple objectives;
  28. 28. Communication is important;
  29. 29. Process is important;
  30. 30. Approach is important (originality and familiarity both advantageous).</li></ul>Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  31. 31. What You Should Expect<br /><ul><li> Don’t assume that people understand scientific process, but don’t assume they don’t, either;
  32. 32. Don’t underestimate the importance of good information, but don’t assume that good information is enough to address a problem;
  33. 33. Communication and process understanding is key.</li></ul>Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />
  34. 34. Questions…?<br />christopher.galik@duke.edu; 919.681.7193<br />Climate Change Policy Partnership<br />