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# Applied static ch2

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R.C. Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics Statics

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### Applied static ch2

1. 1. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 7 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–1. If u = 30° and T = 6 kN, determine the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the eyebolt and its direction measured clockwise from the positive x axis. y T u x 45Њ 8 kN 7
2. 2. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 8 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–2. If u = 60° and T = 5 kN, determine the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the eyebolt and its direction measured clockwise from the positive x axis. y T u x 45Њ 8 kN 8
3. 3. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 9 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–3. If the magnitude of the resultant force is to be 9 kN directed along the positive x axis, determine the magnitude of force T acting on the eyebolt and its angle u. y T u x 45Њ 8 kN 9
4. 4. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 10 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–4. Determine the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the bracket and its direction measured counterclockwise from the positive u axis. F2 ϭ 150 lb v 30Њ u 30Њ 45Њ F1 ϭ 200 lb 10
5. 5. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 11 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–5. Resolve F1 into components along the u and v axes, and determine the magnitudes of these components. F2 ϭ 150 lb v 30Њ u 30Њ 45Њ F1 ϭ 200 lb 11
6. 6. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 12 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–6. Resolve F2 into components along the u and v axes, and determine the magnitudes of these components. F2 ϭ 150 lb v 30Њ u 30Њ 45Њ F1 ϭ 200 lb 12
7. 7. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 13 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–7. If FB = 2 kN and the resultant force acts along the positive u axis, determine the magnitude of the resultant force and the angle u. y FA ϭ 3 kN u 30Њ B u FB 13 x A
8. 8. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 14 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–8. If the resultant force is required to act along the positive u axis and have a magnitude of 5 kN, determine the required magnitude of FB and its direction u. y FA ϭ 3 kN u 30Њ B u FB 14 x A
9. 9. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 15 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–9. The plate is subjected to the two forces at A and B as shown. If u = 60°, determine the magnitude of the resultant of these two forces and its direction measured clockwise from the horizontal. FA ϭ 8 kN u A 40Њ B FB ϭ 6 kN 15
10. 10. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 16 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. FA ϭ 8 kN 2–10. Determine the angle of u for connecting member A to the plate so that the resultant force of FA and FB is directed horizontally to the right.Also, what is the magnitude of the resultant force? u A 40Њ B FB ϭ 6 kN 2–11. If the tension in the cable is 400 N, determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant force acting on the pulley. This angle is the same angle u of line AB on the tailboard block. y 400 N 30Њ u B x 400 N A 16
11. 11. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 17 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–12. The device is used for surgical replacement of the knee joint. If the force acting along the leg is 360 N, determine its components along the x and y ¿ axes. y¿ y 10Њ x¿ x 60Њ 360 N 17
12. 12. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 18 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–13. The device is used for surgical replacement of the knee joint. If the force acting along the leg is 360 N, determine its components along the x ¿ and y axes. y¿ y 10Њ x¿ x 60Њ 360 N 18
13. 13. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 19 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–14. Determine the design angle u (0° … u … 90°) for strut AB so that the 400-lb horizontal force has a component of 500 lb directed from A towards C. What is the component of force acting along member AB? Take f = 40°. 400 lb A u f B C 2–15. Determine the design angle f (0° … f … 90°) between struts AB and AC so that the 400-lb horizontal force has a component of 600 lb which acts up to the left, in the same direction as from B towards A. Take u = 30°. 400 lb A u f B C 19
14. 14. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 20 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. v *2–16. Resolve F1 into components along the u and v axes and determine the magnitudes of these components. F1 ϭ 250 N F2 ϭ 150 N 30Њ u 30Њ 105Њ v •2–17. Resolve F2 into components along the u and v axes and determine the magnitudes of these components. F1 ϭ 250 N F2 ϭ 150 N 30Њ 30Њ 105Њ 20 u
15. 15. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 21 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–18. The truck is to be towed using two ropes. Determine the magnitudes of forces FA and FB acting on each rope in order to develop a resultant force of 950 N directed along the positive x axis. Set u = 50°. y A B FA 20° x u FB 2–19. The truck is to be towed using two ropes. If the resultant force is to be 950 N, directed along the positive x axis, determine the magnitudes of forces FA and FB acting on each rope and the angle u of FB so that the magnitude of FB is a minimum. FA acts at 20° from the x axis as shown. y A B FA 20° x u FB 21
16. 16. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 22 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–20. If f = 45°, F1 = 5 kN, and the resultant force is 6 kN directed along the positive y axis, determine the required magnitude of F2 and its direction u. F1 y f u F2 60Њ 22 x
17. 17. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 23 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–21. If f = 30° and the resultant force is to be 6 kN directed along the positive y axis, determine the magnitudes of F1 and F2 and the angle u if F2 is required to be a minimum. F1 y f u F2 60Њ 23 x
18. 18. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 24 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–22. If f = 30°, F1 = 5 kN, and the resultant force is to be directed along the positive y axis, determine the magnitude of the resultant force if F2 is to be a minimum. Also, what is F2 and the angle u? F1 y f u F2 60Њ 24 x
19. 19. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 25 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–23. If u = 30° and F2 = 6 kN, determine the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the plate and its direction measured clockwise from the positive x axis. y F3 ϭ 5 kN F2 u F1 ϭ 4 kN 25 x
20. 20. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 26 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. y *2–24. If the resultant force FR is directed along a line measured 75° clockwise from the positive x axis and the magnitude of F2 is to be a minimum, determine the magnitudes of FR and F2 and the angle u … 90°. F3 ϭ 5 kN F2 u F1 ϭ 4 kN 26 x
21. 21. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 27 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–25. Two forces F1 and F2 act on the screw eye. If their lines of action are at an angle u apart and the magnitude of each force is F1 = F2 = F, determine the magnitude of the resultant force FR and the angle between FR and F1. F1 u F2 27
22. 22. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 28 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–26. The log is being towed by two tractors A and B. Determine the magnitudes of the two towing forces FA and FB if it is required that the resultant force have a magnitude FR = 10 kN and be directed along the x axis. Set u = 15°. y FA 30Њ A x u FB B 2–27. The resultant FR of the two forces acting on the log is to be directed along the positive x axis and have a magnitude of 10 kN, determine the angle u of the cable, attached to B such that the magnitude of force FB in this cable is a minimum. What is the magnitude of the force in each cable for this situation? y FA 30Њ A x u FB B 28
23. 23. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 29 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–28. The beam is to be hoisted using two chains. Determine the magnitudes of forces FA and FB acting on each chain in order to develop a resultant force of 600 N directed along the positive y axis. Set u = 45°. y FB FA u 30Њ x 29
24. 24. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 30 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–29. The beam is to be hoisted using two chains. If the resultant force is to be 600 N directed along the positive y axis, determine the magnitudes of forces FA and FB acting on each chain and the angle u of FB so that the magnitude of FB is a minimum. FA acts at 30° from the y axis, as shown. y FB FA u 30Њ x 30
25. 25. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 31 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–30. Three chains act on the bracket such that they create a resultant force having a magnitude of 500 lb. If two of the chains are subjected to known forces, as shown, determine the angle u of the third chain measured clockwise from the positive x axis, so that the magnitude of force F in this chain is a minimum. All forces lie in the x–y plane. What is the magnitude of F? Hint: First find the resultant of the two known forces. Force F acts in this direction. y 300 lb 30Њ x u F 200 lb 31
26. 26. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 32 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–31. Three cables pull on the pipe such that they create a resultant force having a magnitude of 900 lb. If two of the cables are subjected to known forces, as shown in the figure, determine the angle u of the third cable so that the magnitude of force F in this cable is a minimum. All forces lie in the x–y plane. What is the magnitude of F? Hint: First find the resultant of the two known forces. y 600 lb 45Њ F u x 30Њ 400 lb 32
27. 27. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 33 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–32. Determine the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the pin and its direction measured clockwise from the positive x axis. y F1 ϭ 30 lb 45Њ 15Њ x F2 ϭ 40 lb 15Њ F3 ϭ 25 lb 33
28. 28. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 34 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. y •2–33. If F1 = 600 N and f = 30°, determine the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the eyebolt and its direction measured clockwise from the positive x axis. F1 f x 60Њ 5 4 3 F3 ϭ 450 N 34 F2 ϭ 500 N
29. 29. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 35 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–34. If the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the eyebolt is 600 N and its direction measured clockwise from the positive x axis is u = 30°, determine the magnitude of F and the angle f. 1 y F1 f x 60Њ 5 4 3 F3 ϭ 450 N 35 F2 ϭ 500 N
30. 30. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 36 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–35. The contact point between the femur and tibia bones of the leg is at A. If a vertical force of 175 lb is applied at this point, determine the components along the x and y axes. Note that the y component represents the normal force on the load-bearing region of the bones. Both the x and y components of this force cause synovial fluid to be squeezed out of the bearing space. y 175 lb A 12 13 36 5 x
31. 31. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 37 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. y *2–36. If f = 30° and F2 = 3 kN, determine the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the plate and its direction u measured clockwise from the positive x axis. F1 ϭ 4 kN 30Њ F2 f x 5 3 4 37 F3 ϭ 5 kN
32. 32. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 38 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–37. If the magnitude for the resultant force acting on the plate is required to be 6 kN and its direction measured clockwise from the positive x axis is u = 30°, determine the magnitude of F2 and its direction f. y F1 ϭ 4 kN 30Њ F2 f x 5 3 4 38 F3 ϭ 5 kN
33. 33. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 39 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. y 2–38. If f = 30° and the resultant force acting on the gusset plate is directed along the positive x axis, determine the magnitudes of F2 and the resultant force. F1 ϭ 4 kN 30Њ F2 f x 5 3 4 39 F3 ϭ 5 kN
34. 34. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 40 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–39. Determine the magnitude of F1 and its direction u so that the resultant force is directed vertically upward and has a magnitude of 800 N. y u 600 N 3 F1 400 N 5 4 30Њ x A 40
35. 35. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 41 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–40. Determine the magnitude and direction measured counterclockwise from the positive x axis of the resultant force of the three forces acting on the ring A. Take F1 = 500 N and u = 20°. y u 600 N 3 F1 400 N 5 4 30Њ x A 41
36. 36. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 42 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–41. Determine the magnitude and direction u of FB so that the resultant force is directed along the positive y axis and has a magnitude of 1500 N. y FB FA ϭ 700 N 30Њ A B u x 42
37. 37. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 43 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–42. Determine the magnitude and angle measured counterclockwise from the positive y axis of the resultant force acting on the bracket if FB = 600 N and u = 20°. y FB FA ϭ 700 N 30Њ A B u x 43
38. 38. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 44 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–43. If f = 30° and F1 = 250 lb, determine the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the bracket and its direction measured clockwise from the positive x axis. y F1 f x 5 3 4 13 12 5 F3 ϭ 260 lb 44 F2 ϭ 300 lb
39. 39. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 45 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–44. If the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the bracket is 400 lb directed along the positive x axis, determine the magnitude of F1 and its direction f. y F1 f x 5 3 4 13 12 5 F3 ϭ 260 lb 45 F2 ϭ 300 lb
40. 40. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 46 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–45. If the resultant force acting on the bracket is to be directed along the positive x axis and the magnitude of F1 is required to be a minimum, determine the magnitudes of the resultant force and F1. y F1 f x 5 3 4 13 12 5 F3 ϭ 260 lb 46 F2 ϭ 300 lb
41. 41. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 47 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–46. The three concurrent forces acting on the screw eye produce a resultant force FR = 0. If F2 = 2 F1 and F1 is to 3 be 90° from F2 as shown, determine the required magnitude of F3 expressed in terms of F1 and the angle u. y F1 60Њ x 30Њ u F2 F3 2–47. Determine the magnitude of FA and its direction u so that the resultant force is directed along the positive x axis and has a magnitude of 1250 N. y FA A u x O 30Њ B FB ϭ 800 N 47
42. 42. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 48 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–48. Determine the magnitude and direction measured counterclockwise from the positive x axis of the resultant force acting on the ring at O if FA = 750 N and u = 45°. y FA A u x 30Њ O B FB ϭ 800 N •2–49. Determine the magnitude of the resultant force and its direction measured counterclockwise from the positive x axis. y F1 = 60 lb 2 1 1 x 60Њ 45Њ F2 ϭ 70 lb F3 ϭ 50 lb 48
43. 43. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 49 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–50. The three forces are applied to the bracket. Determine the range of values for the magnitude of force P so that the resultant of the three forces does not exceed 2400 N. 800 N 3000 N 90Њ 60Њ P 49
44. 44. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 50 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–51. If F1 = 150 N and f = 30°, determine the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the bracket and its direction measured clockwise from the positive x axis. y F1 u f 30Њ x F2 ϭ 200 N 13 12 5 F3 ϭ 260 N 50
45. 45. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 51 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–52. If the magnitude of the resultant force acting on the bracket is to be 450 N directed along the positive u axis, determine the magnitude of F1 and its direction f. y F1 u f 30Њ x F2 ϭ 200 N 13 12 5 F3 ϭ 260 N 51
46. 46. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 52 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–53. If the resultant force acting on the bracket is required to be a minimum, determine the magnitudes of F1 and the resultant force. Set f = 30°. y F1 u f 30Њ x F2 ϭ 200 N 13 12 5 F3 ϭ 260 N 52
47. 47. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 53 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–54. Three forces act on the bracket. Determine the magnitude and direction u of F2 so that the resultant force is directed along the positive u axis and has a magnitude of 50 lb. y F3 ϭ 52 lb 13 12 5 F1 ϭ 80 lb x 25Њ u F2 53 u
48. 48. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 54 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–55. If F2 = 150 lb and u = 55°, determine the magnitude and direction measured clockwise from the positive x axis of the resultant force of the three forces acting on the bracket. y F3 ϭ 52 lb 13 12 5 F1 ϭ 80 lb x 25Њ u u F2 *2–56. The three concurrent forces acting on the post produce a resultant force FR = 0. If F2 = 1 F1, and F1 is to 2 be 90° from F2 as shown, determine the required magnitude of F3 expressed in terms of F1 and the angle u. y F2 F1 54 u F3 x
49. 49. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 55 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–57. Determine the magnitude of force F so that the resultant force of the three forces is as small as possible. What is the magnitude of this smallest resultant force? F 14 kN 30Њ 45Њ 8 kN 55
50. 50. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 56 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–58. Express each of the three forces acting on the bracket in Cartesian vector form with respect to the x and y axes. Determine the magnitude and direction u of F1 so that the resultant force is directed along the positive x¿ axis and has a magnitude of FR = 600 N. y F1 x¿ u 30Њ x F2 ϭ 350 N F3 ϭ 100 N 30Њ 56
51. 51. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 57 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–59. Determine the coordinate angle g for F2 and then express each force acting on the bracket as a Cartesian vector. F1 ϭ 450 N 45Њ 30Њ 45Њ 60Њ x F2 ϭ 600 N 57 y
52. 52. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 58 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–60. Determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force acting on the bracket. F1 ϭ 450 N 45Њ 30Њ 45Њ 60Њ x F2 ϭ 600 N 58 y
53. 53. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 59 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–61. Express each force acting on the pipe assembly in Cartesian vector form. z F1 ϭ 600 lb 5 3 120Њ 4 y 60Њ x F2 ϭ 400 lb 59
54. 54. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 60 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–62. Determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant force acting on the pipe assembly. z F1 ϭ 600 lb 5 3 120Њ 4 y 60Њ x F2 ϭ 400 lb 60
55. 55. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 61 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–63. The force F acts on the bracket within the octant shown. If F = 400 N, b = 60°, and g = 45°, determine the x, y, z components of F. g F b a x y 61
56. 56. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 62 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–64. The force F acts on the bracket within the octant shown. If the magnitudes of the x and z components of F are Fx = 300 N and Fz = 600 N, respectively, and b = 60°, determine the magnitude of F and its y component. Also, find the coordinate direction angles a and g. g F b a x y 62
57. 57. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 63 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–65. The two forces F1 and F2 acting at A have a resultant force of FR = 5-100k6 lb. Determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of F2. B 30Њ y A x F2 63 50Њ F1 ϭ 60 lb
58. 58. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 64 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–66. Determine the coordinate direction angles of the force F1 and indicate them on the figure. B 30Њ y 50Њ A x F1 ϭ 60 lb F2 z 2–67. The spur gear is subjected to the two forces caused by contact with other gears. Express each force as a Cartesian vector. F2 ϭ 180 lb 60Њ 135Њ 60Њ y x 25 24 7 F1 ϭ 50 lb z *2–68. The spur gear is subjected to the two forces caused by contact with other gears. Determine the resultant of the two forces and express the result as a Cartesian vector. F2 ϭ 180 lb 60Њ 135Њ 60Њ y x 25 24 7 F1 ϭ 50 lb 64
59. 59. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 65 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–69. If the resultant force acting on the bracket is FR = 5 -300i + 650j + 250k6 N, determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of F. g F a b y x 30Њ 45Њ F1 ϭ 750 N 65
60. 60. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 66 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–70. If the resultant force acting on the bracket is to be FR = 5800j6 N, determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of F. g F a b y x 30Њ 45Њ F1 ϭ 750 N 66
61. 61. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 67 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–71. If a = 120°, b 6 90°, g = 60°, and F = 400 lb, determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force acting on the hook. F g a b 30Њ x y F1 ϭ 600 lb 4 5 67 3
62. 62. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 68 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–72. If the resultant force acting on the hook is FR = 5 -200i + 800j + 150k6 lb, determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of F. F g a b 30Њ x y F1 ϭ 600 lb 4 5 68 3
63. 63. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 69 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–73. The shaft S exerts three force components on the die D. Find the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force. Force F2 acts within the octant shown. F3 ϭ 200 N g2 ϭ 60Њ F2 ϭ 300 N 5 3 4 S a2 ϭ 60Њ y D F1 ϭ 400 N x 2–74. The mast is subjected to the three forces shown. Determine the coordinate direction angles a1, b 1, g1 of F1 so that the resultant force acting on the mast is FR = 5350i6 N. z F1 g1 a1 b1 F3 ϭ 300 N y x 69 F2 ϭ 200 N
64. 64. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 70 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–75. The mast is subjected to the three forces shown. Determine the coordinate direction angles a1, b 1, g1 of F1 so that the resultant force acting on the mast is zero. z F1 g1 a1 b1 F3 ϭ 300 N y F2 ϭ 200 N x z *2–76. Determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of F2 so that the resultant of the two forces acts along the positive x axis and has a magnitude of 500 N. F2 g2 b2 a2 y 60Њ 15Њ x F1 ϭ 180 N 70
65. 65. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 71 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–77. Determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of F2 so that the resultant of the two forces is zero. F2 g2 b2 a2 y 60Њ 15Њ x F1 ϭ 180 N 71
66. 66. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 72 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–78. If the resultant force acting on the bracket is directed along the positive y axis, determine the magnitude of the resultant force and the coordinate direction angles of F so that b 6 90°. g F ϭ 500 N b a 30Њ y x 30Њ F1 ϭ 600 N 72
67. 67. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 73 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–79. Specify the magnitude of F3 and its coordinate direction angles a3, b 3, g3 so that the resultant force FR = 59j6 kN. F2 ϭ 10 kN F3 g3 5 13 b3 12 a3 y 30Њ F1 ϭ 12 kN x 73
68. 68. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 74 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–80. If F3 = 9 kN, u = 30°, and f = 45°, determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force acting on the ball-and-socket joint. F1 ϭ 10 kN F2 ϭ 8 kN 5 4 3 F3 60Њ f 30Њ u x 74 y
69. 69. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 75 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–81. The pole is subjected to the force F, which has components acting along the x, y, z axes as shown. If the magnitude of F is 3 kN, b = 30°, and g = 75°, determine the magnitudes of its three components. Fz F g b Fy y a Fx x z 2–82. The pole is subjected to the force F which has components Fx = 1.5 kN and Fz = 1.25 kN. If b = 75°, determine the magnitudes of F and Fy. Fz F g b a Fx x 75 Fy y
70. 70. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 76 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–83. Three forces act on the ring. If the resultant force FR has a magnitude and direction as shown, determine the magnitude and the coordinate direction angles of force F3. F3 FR ϭ 120 N F2 ϭ 110 N F1 ϭ 80 N 45Њ 5 3 4 y 30Њ x z *2–84. Determine the coordinate direction angles of F1 and FR. F3 FR ϭ 120 N F2 ϭ 110 N F1 ϭ 80 N 5 3 x 76 4 45Њ 30Њ y
71. 71. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 77 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–85. Two forces F1 and F2 act on the bolt. If the resultant force FR has a magnitude of 50 lb and coordinate direction angles a = 110° and b = 80°, as shown, determine the magnitude of F2 and its coordinate direction angles. g y 80Њ 110Њ x F2 F1 ϭ 20 lb FR ϭ 50 lb z 2–86. Determine the position vector r directed from point A to point B and the length of cord AB. Take z = 4 m. 6m 3m B z A y 2m x 77
72. 72. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 78 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–87. If the cord AB is 7.5 m long, determine the coordinate position +z of point B 6m 3m B z A y 2m x z *2–88. Determine the distance between the end points A and B on the wire by first formulating a position vector from A to B and then determining its magnitude. 3 in. A 1 in. 30Њ y 60Њ 8 in. 2 in. x B 78
73. 73. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 79 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–89. Determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force acting at A. 4 ft 3 ft B A FB ϭ 600 lb FC ϭ 750 lb 2.5 ft 3 ft 4 ft x 79 C 2 ft
74. 74. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 80 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–90. Determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force. 2m A 600 N 500 N 4m B y 4m 8m x 80 C
75. 75. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 81 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–91. Determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force acting at A. FB ϭ 900 N A FC ϭ 600 N C 6m 3m 45Њ 4.5 m B 6m x 81 y
76. 76. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:01 PM Page 82 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–92. Determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force. C F2 ϭ 81 lb F1 ϭ 100 lb 4 ft B 3 ft A 40Њ 7 ft 4 ft y x z •2–93. The chandelier is supported by three chains which are concurrent at point O. If the force in each chain has a magnitude of 60 lb, express each force as a Cartesian vector and determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force. O FB FC FA 6 ft B 120Њ A 120Њ 120Њ x 82 4 ft C y
77. 77. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 83 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–94. The chandelier is supported by three chains which are concurrent at point O. If the resultant force at O has a magnitude of 130 lb and is directed along the negative z axis, determine the force in each chain. O FB FC FA 6 ft B 120Њ A 120Њ 4 ft C y 120Њ x z 2–95. Express force F as a Cartesian vector; then determine its coordinate direction angles. F ϭ 135 lb A 10 ft 70Њ 30Њ y 5 ft B 7 ft x 83
78. 78. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 84 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–96. The tower is held in place by three cables. If the force of each cable acting on the tower is shown, determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles a, b, g of the resultant force. Take x = 20 m, y = 15 m. D 600 N 400 N 800 N 24 m 16 m O C 18 m 6m x y A x 84 4m B y
79. 79. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 85 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–97. The door is held opened by means of two chains. If the tension in AB and CD is FA = 300 N and FC = 250 N, respectively, express each of these forces in Cartesian vector form. C 1.5 m 2.5 m FC ϭ 250 N A FA ϭ 300 N D 30Њ 0.5 m 1m B y x z 2–98. The guy wires are used to support the telephone pole. Represent the force in each wire in Cartesian vector form. Neglect the diameter of the pole. B FB ϭ 175 N 2m 1.5 m A FA ϭ 250 N 4m D 4m C 3m x 85 1m y
80. 80. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 86 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–99. Two cables are used to secure the overhang boom in position and support the 1500-N load. If the resultant force is directed along the boom from point A towards O, determine the magnitudes of the resultant force and forces FB and FC. Set x = 3 m and z = 2 m. x 2m B 3m C z x FB 6 m FC A y 1500 N 86
81. 81. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 87 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–100. Two cables are used to secure the overhang boom in position and support the 1500-N load. If the resultant force is directed along the boom from point A towards O, determine the values of x and z for the coordinates of point C and the magnitude of the resultant force. Set FB = 1610 N and FC = 2400 N. x 2m B 3m C z x FB 6 m FC A y 1500 N 87
82. 82. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 88 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–101. The cable AO exerts a force on the top of the pole of F = 5-120i - 90j - 80k6 lb. If the cable has a length of 34 ft, determine the height z of the pole and the location (x, y) of its base. A F z O y x y x 88
83. 83. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 89 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–102. If the force in each chain has a magnitude of 450 lb, determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force. D FC FB FA 7 ft B 120Њ 120Њ C x 89 120Њ 3 ft A y
84. 84. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 90 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–103. If the resultant of the three forces is FR = 5 -900k6 lb, determine the magnitude of the force in each chain. D FC FB FA 7 ft B 120Њ 120Њ C x 90 120Њ 3 ft A y
85. 85. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 91 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–104. The antenna tower is supported by three cables. If the forces of these cables acting on the antenna are FB = 520 N, FC = 680 N, and FD = 560 N, determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force acting at A. A FB FD FC 24 m 8m B D 10 m O y 16 m x 91 18 m 12 m C
86. 86. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 92 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–105. If the force in each cable tied to the bin is 70 lb, determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force. E FC FA FB 6 ft FD D A x 2 ft 2 ft C B 3 ft y 3 ft 92
87. 87. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 93 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–106. If the resultant of the four forces is FR = 5 -360k6 lb, determine the tension developed in each cable. Due to symmetry, the tension in the four cables is the same. E FC FA FB 6 ft FD D A x 2 ft 2 ft C B 3 ft y 3 ft 93
88. 88. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 94 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–107. The pipe is supported at its end by a cord AB. If the cord exerts a force of F = 12 lb on the pipe at A, express this force as a Cartesian vector. B 6 ft F ϭ 12 lb x 5 ft y 3 ft A 20Њ z *2–108. The load at A creates a force of 200 N in wire AB. Express this force as a Cartesian vector, acting on A and directed towards B. 120Њ y 30Њ 1m B 120Њ 2m x F ϭ 200 N A 94
89. 89. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 95 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–109. The cylindrical plate is subjected to the three cable forces which are concurrent at point D. Express each force which the cables exert on the plate as a Cartesian vector, and determine the magnitude and coordinate direction angles of the resultant force. D FC ϭ 5 kN 3m FB ϭ 8 kN C B 45Њ 30Њ y A x 95 FA ϭ 6 kN 0.75 m
90. 90. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 96 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–110. The cable attached to the shear-leg derrick exerts a force on the derrick of F = 350 lb. Express this force as a Cartesian vector. A 35 ft F ϭ 350 lb 30Њ 50 ft x y B 2–111. Given the three vectors A, B, and D, show that A # (B + D) = (A # B) + (A # D). 96
91. 91. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 97 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–112. Determine the projected component of the force FAB = 560 N acting along cable AC. Express the result as a Cartesian vector. 1.5 m C 1.5 m B 1m FAB ϭ 560 N 3m A x 97 y 3m
92. 92. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 98 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z •2–113. Determine the magnitudes of the components of force F = 56 N acting along and perpendicular to line AO. D F ϭ 56 N 1m C 1m O x A B 3m 1.5 m y 98
93. 93. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 99 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–114. Determine the length of side BC of the triangular plate. Solve the problem by finding the magnitude of rBC; then check the result by first finding q , rAB, and rAC and then using the cosine law. 3m B 4m A 1m u y 1m 5m x 99 3m C
94. 94. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 100 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–115. Determine the magnitudes of the components of F = 600 N acting along and perpendicular to segment DE of the pipe assembly. A 2m B 2m x y 2m 2m C F ϭ 600 N D 3m E 100
95. 95. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 101 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–116. Two forces act on the hook. Determine the angle u between them. Also, what are the projections of F1 and F2 along the y axis? F1 ϭ 600 N 45Њ 60Њ 120Њ u y x F2 ϭ {120i + 90j – 80k}N z •2–117. Two forces act on the hook. Determine the magnitude of the projection of F2 along F1. F1 ϭ 600 N 45Њ 60Њ 120Њ u y x 101 F2 ϭ {120i + 90j – 80k}N
96. 96. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 102 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–118. Determine the projection of force F = 80 N along line BC. Express the result as a Cartesian vector. A F ϭ 80 N D 1.5 m x C B F 1.5 m 2m 2m 2m 102 E 2m y
97. 97. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 103 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–119. The clamp is used on a jig. If the vertical force acting on the bolt is F = {-500k} N, determine the magnitudes of its components F1 and F2 which act along the OA axis and perpendicular to it. A 40 mm O y 20 mm x 40 mm F ϭ {Ϫ500 k} N 103
98. 98. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 104 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–120. Determine the magnitude of the projected component of force FAB acting along the z axis. z FAC ϭ 600 lb A 36 ft FAB ϭ 700 lb D 18 ft O 12 ft B 12 ft x 104 12 ft C 30Њ y
99. 99. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 105 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–121. Determine the magnitude of the projected component of force FAC acting along the z axis. z FAC ϭ 600 lb A 36 ft FAB ϭ 700 lb D 18 ft O 12 ft B 12 ft x 105 12 ft C 30Њ y
100. 100. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 106 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–122. Determine the projection of force F = 400 N acting along line AC of the pipe assembly. Express the result as a Cartesian vector. F ϭ 400 N B 45Њ C 30Њ A 3m x 4m y 106
101. 101. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 107 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–123. Determine the magnitudes of the components of force F = 400 N acting parallel and perpendicular to segment BC of the pipe assembly. F ϭ 400 N B 45Њ C 30Њ A 3m x 4m y 107
102. 102. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 108 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–124. Cable OA is used to support column OB. Determine the angle u it makes with beam OC. D 30Њ O f C y 4m u 8m x 8m B A z •2–125. Cable OA is used to support column OB. Determine the angle f it makes with beam OD. D 30Њ O f C 4m u 8m x 8m B 108 A y
103. 103. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 109 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–126. The cables each exert a force of 400 N on the post. Determine the magnitude of the projected component of F1 along the line of action of F2. F1 ϭ 400 N 35Њ 120Њ 20Њ u 45Њ y 60Њ x F2 ϭ 400 N z 2–127. Determine the angle u between the two cables attached to the post. F1 ϭ 400 N 35Њ 120Њ 20Њ x 109 u 45Њ y 60Њ F2 ϭ 400 N
104. 104. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 110 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–128. A force of F = 80 N is applied to the handle of the wrench. Determine the angle u between the tail of the force and the handle AB. F ϭ 80 N u B 30Њ 45Њ A 300 mm x y 500 mm z •2–129. Determine the angle u between cables AB and AC. 8 ft 3 ft C B 12 ft 8 ft y u F 15 ft A x 110
105. 105. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 111 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–130. If F has a magnitude of 55 lb, determine the magnitude of its projected components acting along the x axis and along cable AC. 3 ft 8 ft C B 12 ft 8 ft y u F 15 ft A x 2–131. Determine the magnitudes of the projected components of the force F = 300 N acting along the x and y axes. z 30Њ F ϭ 300 N A 30Њ 300 mm O 300 mm x 111 300 mm y
106. 106. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 112 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. *2–132. Determine the magnitude of the projected component of the force F = 300 N acting along line OA. 30Њ F ϭ 300 N z A 30Њ 300 mm O 300 mm x 112 300 mm y
107. 107. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 113 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–133. Two cables exert forces on the pipe. Determine the magnitude of the projected component of F1 along the line of action of F2. z F2 ϭ 25 lb 60Њ u 60Њ x 30Њ 30Њ y F1 ϭ 30 lb z 2–134. Determine the angle u between the two cables attached to the pipe. F2 ϭ 25 lb 60Њ u 60Њ x 30Њ 30Њ F1 ϭ 30 lb 113 y
108. 108. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 114 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–135. force. Determine the x and y components of the 700-lb 700 lb y 60Њ 30Њ x 114
109. 109. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 115 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z *2–136. Determine the magnitude of the projected component of the 100-lb force acting along the axis BC of the pipe. A B 3 ft u 8 ft x 6 ft 4 ft 2 ft D F ϭ 100 lb C y z •2–137. Determine the angle u between pipe segments BA and BC. A B 3 ft u 8 ft x 2 ft 115 6 ft 4 ft C F ϭ 100 lb D y
110. 110. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 116 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–138. Determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant FR = F1 + F2 + F3 of the three forces by first finding the resultant F¿ = F1 + F3 and then forming FR = F¿ + F2. Specify its direction measured counterclockwise from the positive x axis. y F2 ϭ 75 N F1 ϭ 80 N F3 ϭ 50 N 30Њ 30Њ 45Њ x 116
111. 111. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 117 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2–139. Determine the design angle u (u < 90°) between the two struts so that the 500-lb horizontal force has a component of 600 lb directed from A toward C. What is the component of force acting along member BA? B C 20Њ u 500 lb A 117
112. 112. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 118 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. F2 ϭ 10 lb *2–140. Determine the magnitude and direction of the smallest force F3 so that the resultant force of all three forces has a magnitude of 20 lb. 5 4 F3 3 u F1 ϭ 5 lb 118
113. 113. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 119 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. •2–141. Resolve the 250-N force into components acting along the u and v axes and determine the magnitudes of these components. u 20Њ 250 N 40Њ v z 2–142. Cable AB exerts a force of 80 N on the end of the 3-m-long boom OA. Determine the magnitude of the projection of this force along the boom. B 4m O y 60Њ 80 N 3m A x 119
114. 114. 2 Solutions 44918 1/21/09 12:02 PM Page 120 © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. z 2–143. The three supporting cables exert the forces shown on the sign. Represent each force as a Cartesian vector. C 2m E 2m B FE ϭ 350 N FC ϭ 400 N FB ϭ 400 N D A x 120 3m 2m 3m y