N. Kroo, On the changing world of science

389 views
329 views

Published on

Balkan Workshop BW2013
Beyond the Standard Models
25 – 29 April, 2013, Vrnjačka Banja, Serbia

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
389
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
126
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

N. Kroo, On the changing world of science

  1. 1. On the changing world ofscienceNorbert KrooHungarian Academy of SciencesVRNJACKA BANJA 28.04.2013
  2. 2.  Rapid technological, political, social und cultural changes Financial, economic, political, social, cultural crises Decline of the old industries (with their value system) Increasing of the knowledge added value of products andservices Increasing competition combined with decreasing socialsafeguarding Increasing need for making use of the full range of humancapacities Increasing need for „creative“ labour forces Increasing heterogenity of national populations Increasing unproductivity of national education systems
  3. 3.  Economy: + 500%* Population: + 50%* Energy Consumption: + 300%* Manufacturing Activity: +300%* Planets: +0%* – World Resources Institute, The Weight of Nations, 2000OUR PLANET IS GETTING SMALL
  4. 4. AND SCIENCE IS ALSO CHANGINGTHE COMPLEXITY OF KNOWLEDGE INCREASES DEEPERKNOWLEDGE IN NARROWER FIELDS* INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH EXPANDS.(COMPLEX PROBLEMS)* THE COST OF RESEARCH (INFRASTRUCTURE) SKYROCKETS.GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT NEEDED.* INCREASING CRITICAL SIZE IN RESEARCH. NETWORKING.(BOTH FINANCIALLY AND IN HUMAN POTENTIAL)* STRONGER INFLUENCE ON THE PERFORMANCE OF THE ECONOMY* NEW WAYS OF DOING SCIENCE: „KNOWLEDGE BORN IN CYBER-SPACE” THROUGH THE INTERACTION OF DISLOCATED SCIENTISTSAND INFRASTRUCTURE* DEVELOPMENT COSTS BEYOND THE POSSIBILITIES OFCOMPANIES REQUEST FOR STATE INTERVENTION, COMPANYCONSORTIA (JTI!)* SCIENCE HAS BECOME FULLY INTERNATIONAL. GLOBALIZATION.
  5. 5. (HIGH)EDUCATION IS ALSO CHANGING-SOCIETY STRUCTURE IS CHANGING SO DOES EDUCATION TOO-THE CHANGE OF SCIENCE ALSO FORCES UNIVERSITIES TOCHANGE-THE TRANSFORM OF UNIVERSITIES IS THE TRANSFORM OFTEACHING PRACTICES-IN ADDITION TO KNOWLEDGE, UNIVERSITIES HAVE TO GIVECHANCES TO YOUNG PEOPLE TO BECOME RESPONSIBLE LEADERS INTHE SOCIETY-TO GIVE INTELLECTUAL STRENGTH TO SURVIVE COMPETITION ANDTO MAKE THE SOCIETY STRONGER-THE SUCCES OF UNIVERSITIES IS THE SUCCESS OF THEIR ALOMNIBUT THE TRANSFORMATION IS NOT EQUAL TO GETTING RID OF THEOLD STRUCTURES COMPLETELY5
  6. 6. THE MAIN ELEMENTS OF THESE CHANGES-INTERNATIONALIZATION: CURRICULA; MOBILITY; GRANTAPPLICATIONS-MULTIDISCIPLINARITY: FACULTY STRUCTURE; SOCIALSCIENCE INVOLVEMENT; OKINAWA MODEL-COLLABORATION: IN COMPETITION; UNIVERSITY-RPO ANDACADEMIA-INDUSTRY COOPERATION; OPEN ACCESS.-DEMOCRATIZATION: LEARNING PROCESS AROUND THESTUDENT, NOT THE PROFESSOR (making mistakes is part of thelearning process); UNIVERSITIES FOR HIGH SCHOOLS (teachthem to better understand science); THE IMPACT OF THEDEVELOPMENT OF ICT ON EDUCATION
  7. 7. GLOBALIZATION ALSO IN EDUCATIONAND TRAINING (also changing)INCREASING NUMBER OF FOREIGN STUDENTSNEW REGIONS INVOLVED IN TRAININGTRAINING IN (GLOBALIZED) RESEARCHSTRONGER NEED TO SPEAK FOREIGN LANGUAGESTO EXPLOIT INTERNET FOR LEARNINGTHE SIGNIFICANCE OF DATABASES ACCESSIBLE VIAINTERNETINCREASING COMPETITION AMONG UNIVERSITIESCAREER PATHS ALSO CHANGE
  8. 8. MOTIVATIONS FOR COOPERATIVE ACTIONSTO BUILD ON MUTUAL EXPERIENCEINCREASING CRITICAL SIZETRUST,BASED ON LONG TIME (TRADITIONAL )CONTACTS (more significant, than e.g. the big difference inpopulation, like US310M vs. Hungary10M)DIFFERENT APPROACHES (based partly on the languagedifferences)KEY SIGNIFICANCE IN EDUCATION AND RESEARCH
  9. 9. THE FUTURE CAN NOT BE PREDICTED...BUT MAY BE INFLUENCED
  10. 10. “Perhrps five computers will beneeded on the world market.”Thomas Watson, President, IBM, 1943“The future computer will not be heavierthan 1.5 tonnes. ”Popular Mechanics, 1949“Noone should wish to have acomputer at home”. ”Ken Olsen, DEC founder, 1977“640K should be enough foreverybody. ”Bill Gates, 1981“Forecast is difficult,especially about the future.”Niels Bohr,Yogi Berra,Mark TwainAND ABOUTFORECASTS?SHAKY GROUND!
  11. 11. THE PROBLEMS WE ARE FACING TODAY CANNOT BE SOLVED WITH THE SAME WAY OFTHINKING BY WHICH WE CREATED THEMALBERT EINSTEINTHE STATE OF UNSTABLE (METASTABLE) SYSTEMSCAN BE INFLUENCED WITH RELATIVELY SMALLFORCES TO PROPAGATE INTO THE REQUIREDDIRECTION
  12. 12. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

×