D02L06 D Pavlovic - Educational Outcomes and Policies in Serbia: From Present Achievement to Goals
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D02L06 D Pavlovic - Educational Outcomes and Policies in Serbia: From Present Achievement to Goals

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  • Упркос традицији обавезног и бесплатног основног образовања од 1958 И бесплатног основног и средњег образовања . [1] Na Popisu se nepismenost meri izjašnjavanjem ispitanika. Funkcionalna pismenost koja se meri u savremenim ekonomijama se kod nas ne meri. Obrazovni deficit je najizraženiji kod romske populacije koji kasnije ostaje jedan od uzroka trensgeneracijskog prenošenja siromaštva. Prema podacima sa Popisa iz 2002. godine 61.9% Roma je bez završene osnovne škole, 29% sa završenom osnovnom školom, sa završenom srednjom 7,8%, a svega 0,3% ima višu školu ili fakultet . [2] Anketa o životnom standardu 2007. Republički zavod za statistiku Srbije , The World Bank , Department for International Development
  • Istra ž ivanje vi š estrukih pokazatelja, MICS 3-Serbia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS 3, 2005), radio Republicki zavod za statistiku I Strategic Marketing, UNICEF-ovo istrazivanje, institucionalizovano kao deo zvanicne statistike-DevInfo baza

D02L06 D Pavlovic - Educational Outcomes and Policies in Serbia: From Present Achievement to Goals D02L06 D Pavlovic - Educational Outcomes and Policies in Serbia: From Present Achievement to Goals Presentation Transcript

  • EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES IN SERBIA: FROM PRESENT ACHIEVEMENT TO THE GOALS
    • Dragica Pavlović Babić
    • Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Philosoph y
    • Belgrade
    • Niš, EBES 2010
  • LOW EDUCATIONAL LEVEL OF POPULATION
      • 23,9% older than 1 5 years have only a primary school
      • 21,9% older than 1 5 years have not completed primary school
      • 4,6% have completed high education
      • Even worse in vulnerable groups
    • R esult
      • Untapped human capital ,
      • Heavy employability and
      • Huge spendings for social programs
  • THE FIRST ISSUE: EFFICACY
    • Financing education – how much and how to spend?
    • About 4% or less of GDP , and new members of EU about 5%
      • Teachers’ salaries in primary education: Serbia about 96% of the budget, EU -15 about 73% of the budget
    • School network – obsolete, do not follow demographic trends
    • Number of students is reducing (6%) and number
    • of teacher is growing (5%)
    • Rising number of private lessons
    View slide
  • THE SECOND ISSUE: EQUITY
    • Drop out from all levels of education
    • Preschool education’ coverage - less than 40% of children
    • Primary school, at the end: 95% of pupils finish the primary school
    • Secondary school coverage (at age 15-18 years) approximately 76.42%
    View slide
  • WHAT IS MOST WORTH IT?
  • THE THIRD ISSUE: QUALITY
    • In recent years the quality of education declines
    • International testing
    • Lower achievement for 60-70 points in math and science literacy in relation to the OECD average, 100 points for reading literacy
    • According to EU criteria, 40-50% of our students would be rated as functionally illiterate
    • Our education system fails to prepare half of the children for life in the EU.
  • Graphic 1: SCIENCE LITERACY: achievement levels Level Student can tipically do: 6 707.9
    • identify the scientific components of many complex life situations
    • Compare, select and evaluate appropriate scientific evidence
    • use well-developed inquiry abilities, bring critical insights to situations
    Evaluation 5 633.3 4 558.7
    • select and intgrate explanations from different disciplines of science and technology
    • can select facts and knowledge to expalain phenomena
    • interpret and use scientific concepts frpm different disciplines and can apply them directly
    Integration 3 484.1 2 409.5
    • are capable of direct reasoning and making literal interpretations of the results
    • have a limited scientific knowledge that it can only be applied to a few, familiar situations
    Reproduction 1 334.9 % of students by achievement levels 1 <1 2 3 1 2 3 4 <1 4 5 5 i 6 6
  • Graphic 2: SCIENCE LITERACY: average achievement
  • LISBON AGENDA – EU 2020.
    • Common goals at the level of EU member states by 2020 :
    New goals for education and training until 2020: Less than 15% of fifteen years old students have low achievement in reading, mathematics and science (goal is changed from 20% to 15% and besides reading, achievements are measured in science and mathematics) At least 95% of children aged 4 years should be included in the pre-school education At least 15% of adults should participate in lifelong learning (previously formulated goal is 12.5%) At least 40% of persons 30-34 years of age should have higher education Percentage of those who drop out of school should be less than 10%.