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D01L10 G Ristic - Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) at the Faculty of Electronic Engineering at University of Nis as a Potential Centre of Excellence

D01L10 G Ristic - Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) at the Faculty of Electronic Engineering at University of Nis as a Potential Centre of Excellence






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    D01L10 G Ristic - Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) at the Faculty of Electronic Engineering at University of Nis as a Potential Centre of Excellence D01L10 G Ristic - Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) at the Faculty of Electronic Engineering at University of Nis as a Potential Centre of Excellence Presentation Transcript

    • Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) at the Faculty of Electronic Engineering at University of Nis as a potential centre of excellence Goran S. Ristic www.elfak.ni.ac.rs/apl/
    • Who are we
      • Research in applied physics at the Faculty of Electronic Engineering started more than 35 years ago in the investigation of the processes in ionized gases at low pressure.
      • The firstly formed laboratory was a Laboratory of Ionized Gases.
      • Later, at the beginning of 90’s the research was extended in the radiation effects on metal-oxide-semiconductor field effects transistors (MOSFETs), in the aim of their radiation hardening and radiation softening.
      • APL research includes the different fields:
      • Semiconductor physics,
      • Solid state physics,
      • Physics of ionized gases,
      • Radiation physics,
      • Physics in medical diagnostics, and so on
      • In 2007, the name was changed in Applied Physics Laboratory (APL).
      • APL has valuable collaboration with many institutions and laboratories from our country and world-wide countries.
      • The laboratory contains seven people, three professors:
      • Prof. Goran Ristic, Ph.D.
      • Prof. Momcilo Pejovic, Ph.D.
      • Prof. Jugoslav Karamarkovic, Ph.D.
      • and four research & teaching assistants:
      • Milic Pejovic, Ph.D.
      • Sanja Aleksic, M.Sc.
      • Nikola Nesic, M.Sc.
      • Emilija Zivanovic, M.Sc.
      • and their research includes several different areas of applied physics:
      • the reliability of metal-oxide-semiconductor ( MOS ) transistors , including the dosimetric p -channel MOS transistors (the second name is RADFETs) ,
      • the electrical discharge and recombination processes in the afterglow periods in gases,
      • digital X-ray imaging (in collaboration with Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto)
      • physical optics ray tracing modelling of terahertz waves (in collaboration with German Aerospace Center )
      • Many investigation areas, relatively small people number!
      • One of our characteristics is just our possibi lity to simultaneously work in various, often very different fields of applied physics
      • T w o main research field s:
      • 1. R eliability of MOS Devices
      • - the effects of ionising radiation and post-irradiation annealing on commercial MOS transistors in the aim of their radiation hardness improvement,
      • - radiation and post-irradiation effects on specially designed pMOS dosimetric transistors ( RADFETs ), in the aim of the obtaining of very sensitive devices to ionising radiation that could be used as radiation dosimeters,
      • - the effects of high field electric stress and post-electrical stress on commercial MOS devices in the aim of their resistance to electric stress improvement.
      • 2 . Gas Discharges at Low Pressures
      • The investigations of non-equilibrium in low temperature plasma, considering the processes which occur during the pre-breakdown, breakdown and afterglow periods,
      • Developing of the qualitative method for the separation of individual particles responsible for the electrical breakdown,
      • as well as the method for the breakdown voltage statistical estimation.
      • The investigation of possibility of using electrical breakdown mechanisms in gas tube radiation detector
      • During the past 35 years more than 100 papers have been published in peer-reviewed international journals from SCI list ( www.elfak.ni.ac.rs/apl/research.php ) in more research areas:
      • gas discharge at low pressures (61 papers),
      • radiation and post-radiation effects on MOS transistors (32 papers, but 9 of them are relating to pMOS dosimeters),
      • high electrical field stress and post-stress effects on MOS transistors (6 papers),
      • digital X-ray imaging (2 papers quoted even 37 times),
      • 1 papers in terahertz optics, and so on.
    • 2.104 2.427 1.518 1.447 1.422 1.140 1.205 3.726 1.738 1.576 1.309 2.201 1.449 3.871 1.724 24 7 5 5 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics Physics of Plasmas IEEE Trans. Nuclear Science IEEE Transaction of Plasma Science Solid-State Electronics Electronic Letters Physica Status Solidi (a) Applied Physics Letters Review of Scientific Instruments Applied Surface Science Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Journal of Applied Physics Journal of Non-Crystalline Solid Medical Physics Sensors and Actuators: A. Physical Impact factor Number of articles Journal
      • The paper qualities have been very important, and only a few papers have been published in the journals with impact factor less than 1.
      • Even 77 papers have been published in the international journals in the last 15 years with the average impact factor of 1.86.
      • The papers published in APL are quoted more than 200 times. All these research areas are current today.
      • APL`s staff is relatively small, but pretty productive
      • Laboratory researchers currently perform national fundamental research projects supported by the Ministry of Science of the Republic of Serbia
      • 2006-2010  Processes in pre-breakdown and afterglow periods of electrical breakdown in gases at low pressures and defects in semiconductor materials induces by ionizing radiation and electrical field
      • 2002-2005 Electrical breakdown in gases at low pressures and some characteristics of semiconductor materials
      • 1996-2000 Physical processes in ionized gases and materials in condensate state
      • 1995-1997 Semiconductor micro-dosimeters for gamma and X-ray radiations
      • 1993-1995 Development of radiation sensor
      • In the middle of 2008, the FP7 – REGPOT-2007-3 projects, entitled “Joint research on various types of radiation dosimeters (RADDOS)“ funded by European Commission, started.
      • The idea was to continue the research in pMOS dosimeters, together with our partners from Tyndall Institute, Cork, Republic of Ireland, and Josef Stefan Institute (JSI), Ljubljana, Slovenia.
      • European Commission warded us by RADDOS grant since they recognized APL as a potential center of excellence that is, with some financial support, capable to be included in the future EU projects in radiation dosimeters.
    • One of purpose of pMOS dosimeters is in the radiotherapy
      • The main pMOS dosimeter advantages , in comparison with other dosimetric systems:
      • immediate, non-destructive read out of dosimetric information,
      • extremely small size of the sensor element,
      • the ability to permanently store the absorbed dose,
      • wide dose range,
      • very low power consumption,
      • compatibility with microprocessors,
      • competitive price (especially if cost of the read out system is taken into account).
      • The disadvantages are:
      • need for calibration in different radiation fields,
      • relatively low resolution (starting from about 1 rad) and
      • nonreusability.
      • Tyndall Institute has a small line for MOS device productions, and it is one of the most famous world places for pMOS dosimetric transistor productions.
      • JSI is involved in ATLAS experiment at CERN incorporating the pMOS transistors in the damage monitoring in electronics and detectors .
      Our FP-7 partners
    • JOEL 6000F3 e-beam equipment in use in the clean room state-of-the-art equipment in use in the clean room
    • ATLAS experiment
      • LHC Probing the physics at 1 TeV scale
      • (search for Higgs, supersymetry ...)
      • Colliding p beams with 7 TeV
      • Bunches colliding every 25 ns (23 pp collisions/bunch)
      • LHC collider put into the LEP tunnel
      • ATLAS collaboration
        • ~2400 scientists
        • 169 institutions
        • 34 countries
      • 20 years development
      • Investment ~550 M EUR
      • START of collision: autum 2008
      • Within RADDOS, APL has been investigating the other types of radiation dosimeters, as radioluminescent (RL), thermoluminescent (TL), and optically stimulated luminescent (OSL) dosimeters.
      • In addition, APL has been developing and designing the pMOS, RL, TL and OSL dosimeter readers, and they will be realized in our laboratory.
      • The budget of RADDOS project for APL of 371 611 EUR [1] for 3 years seems modestly, since requested budget could be up to 1 000 000 EUR, but we have a problem with the number of people.
      • Namely, only a few people in APL are working on pMOS dosimeters, but a lot of activities within RADDOS have to be performed.
      • [1] A budget of 529 971 EUR for all participants was asked and approved.
      • For instance, 31 months in total should be spent in partner institutions (total budget of 82 000 EUR) and 4 months in various centre of EU (16 000 EUR), as well as to participate in 10 international conferences (17 500 EUR).
      • The largest fund of 115 000 EUR is for the equipment, and 80 000 EUR for the recruitment of two young researchers for the period of three years (gross salary of 900 EUR per researcher).
      • The value of equipment is more than 100 000 EUR
      • Most of equipment has been bought through the RADDOS project
    • Keithley Semiconductor Characterization System with Flat Panel Display (65 000 EUR)
    • Ultra Low Current, 8 x 12 High Speed Switching Matrix (16 000 EUR)
    • Dual-channel Low Current Source Meters (15 000 EUR)
    • Current Source Meters (5 000 EUR each)
    • Tektronix Digital Oscilloscope 350 MHz, 2.5 GS/s (5 000 EUR)
    • Hewlett Packard Pulse/Function Generator 50 MHz (5 000 EUR)
    • Vacuumbrand Vacuum Pumping System (10 000 EUR)
    • Spectrometer for 200 – 1100 nm (5 000 EUR)
      • 50 000 EUR for equipment purchasing left
      • We have planed to buy the equipment for RL, TL and OSL dosimeters
      • We hope these dosimeters will be producing in our lab, since they do not need a strictly controlled conditions (e.g. small lab of a few people in Vinca had produced TL dosimeters – they are small tablets) ,
      • as well as to develop the cheap readers for those TL and OSL dosimeters
    • THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR ATTENTION! www.elfak.ni.ac.rs/apl/
      • 3 professors, 1 PhD assistant, 3 research assistants, and 2 young researchers funded by RADDOS, are working in APL
      • the research assistants are in the same time the teaching assistants
      • Many investigation areas, small people number
      • APL has valuably collaboration with many institutions and laboratories from our country and world-wide countries.
      APL staff