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# CFC Day 18

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Lesson Guide of Day 18 for the Construction Foundation Course

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### CFC Day 18

1. 1. LEARN – DAY 18 Construction Foundation Course
2. 2. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) Content for the day • Hour 1: Communications in construction • Hour 2: Construction math • Hour 3: Safety/PPE • Hour 4: Safety/PPE
3. 3. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) Materials for the day - 1 • Resource 4.10 – Communications in Construction: Listening and Speaking AO • Chart paper: Clean up after this speaker! 1. The boss called and said to bring the tools over there to the side of the building. 2. Cut a couple of feet off those boards and lean them up on the door. 3. Bring me a few of those nails over there, and I need a hammer, and make that a couple dozen nails. • Chart paper: Watch what you say! 1. East makes a call to West and West answers. 2. East makes a call to West and gets West‘s voicemail; East leaves a message. 3. East, the foreman, makes a call to West at home and West answers. 4. East, the foreman, makes a call to West at home and gets West‘s voicemail; the foreman hears the following message: 5. Reverse the roles; West becomes East and East becomes West (continued on next slide)
4. 4. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) Materials for the day - 2 (continued from previous slide) • Resource 4.11 – Preventing Falls • Body safety harness and lanyard • Chart paper: Extension ladder setup 1. Working length = 97.5‖ What is the distance of the ladder to the structure it‘s leaning on? 2. Working length = 9‘41/2‖. What is the distance of the ladder to the structure it‘s leaning on? 3. The distance of the ladder to the structure it‘s leaning on is 26 7/8‖, and it is correctly positioned. What is the working length of the ladder? 4. The distance of the ladder to the structure it‘s leaning on is 22.4‖, and it is correctly positioned. What is the working length of the ladder? 5. A 30‘ measuring tape capable of measuring down to 1/16 in. for each student • Resource 4.12 - Reading a Tape Measure (Print and distribute answers separately)
5. 5. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 1 • Check-in: Shake hands. Remind students: binders, seating. Start class. • Review the day: Review the day‘s activities from the list on the board or chart paper. • Binder check: This can be done at any time during the day.
6. 6. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 2 Pass out Resource 4.10 – Communications in Construction: Listening and Speaking AO. Explain to students that we have spent a lot of time in the first three weeks listening to speakers carefully to capture their information in good notes and to ask questions. In the next few days, we‘ll be working on listening in an interpersonal context, that is, listening to someone one-on-one or in a small group. Communications in the Construction Industry: Listening and Speaking
7. 7. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 3 10 min. Give a mini-lecture on active listening. Communication in construction requires active listening. Active listening is when you are totally tuned into the speaker. You and the speaker can tell when you‘re actively listening because you will demonstrate STARDOM: (Explain each element as students take notes.) • Show positive body language (e.g., nod head in agreement) • Take notes for complex instructions • Ask appropriate questions • Repeat/summarize what you heard, especially for instructions • Distractions are eliminated (no texting, move away from noise, etc.) • Open-mind • Maintain eye contact In your pair-share, take 4 minutes to learn the elements of active listening.
8. 8. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 4 10 min. Give students instructions for the practice. Tell them ―Turn in your text to p. 338-9. In your Team, read the section on Plywood basics, stopping before ―How plywood is manufactured.‖ Then choose one pair-share to demonstrate their active listening skills. In no more than 1 minute, East will explain the content while West demonstrates active listening. The rest of the Team will use scratch paper to rate West on the 7 elements of active listening. Then have West explain the content while East demonstrates active listening. The rest of the Team provides feedback when the pair-share has finished. Have the remaining pair-share(s) and the Team do the same. You will have 10 minutes.
9. 9. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 5 Now, I just gave a multi-step direction to everyone while you were, hopefully, using active listening. Please take a piece of scratch paper and write down the steps in this exercise. Review what students have written; emphasize that active listening is essential on the construction site, as no journeyman, foreman, or supervisor is going to excuse an apprentice for not paying attention. 10 min. Teams conduct the practice. 10 min. Communication also involves speaking. We know how hard it is to take notes when a speaker is not well organized— and how easy it is when the organization is clear and you have sufficient information to make sense out of the content.
10. 10. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 6 Put up the chart paper for ―Clean up after this speaker!‖ Tell students that you‘ll work together on the first one. Ask what additional information is needed to ensure that the apprentice can do what is requested correctly. Items may include something like this: • Identify ―the boss‖ because there are a lot of people who can boss an apprentice! ―The foreman called….‖ • Identify ―the tools‖ because there are a lot of tools at a work site. ―The foreman called and said to bring the two sawsalls….‖ • Identify where the tools are because ―over there‖ is too vague. ―The foreman called and said to bring the two sawsalls that are in the blue company truck….‖ • Identify which side of the building. ―The foreman called and said to bring the two sawsalls that are in the blue company truck to the side of the building where they are pouring cement.‖
11. 11. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 7 Then have students work in their Teams for 2 minutes to re-write the last 2 sentences so they are clear and contain sufficient information to do the task correctly. Compare answers which may be very different, making sure there is sufficient detail so an apprentice would be able to act correctly, e.g., Use the circular saw to cut off 23 ½‖ from each of the 2x4‘s stacked behind you; then lean them against the door on your right.‖ 10 min. Give a mini-lecture on business phone calls. Cover the following steps for making a business call: • Identify yourself and your company • State the purpose of your call • Ask who you are speaking to and if s/he is the correct person to discuss your issue • Re-state your purpose and provide the details • Take notes of the conversation for future reference.
13. 13. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 9 And the same is true for your voicemail. ‗This is Joe. You know what to do‘ isn‘t acceptable once you‘re working in construction. You need a more professional voicemail prompt, even something this simple: ‗This is Joe Jones. Please leave a message, and I‘ll call you back as soon as possible.‘‖ 10 min. Tell students to take 5 minutes to practice their phone skills in their pair-share. Put up the chart paper: Watch what you say!! Circulate among the pair-shares choosing a couple to demonstrate. Call on the ―volunteer‖ pair-shares to demonstrate all or part of the exercise, and ask the rest of the class to do thumbs up, down, sideways with explanations. Ask students to complete the ―summary‖ part of their AO. Select one for model notes. Stretch Break
14. 14. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 10 15 min. Distribute a tape measure to each student.Draw the following diagram on the white board: Construction Math
15. 15. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 11 Ask students how this diagram is different from the one you drew yesterday. [16 vs. 8 divisions.] Shade the bottom two sections in, and ask what fraction of the whole is represented [2/16, reduced as 1/8]. (Wait time) Then shade one of the next two sections up as well, and ask for the fraction [3/16, can‘t be reduced]. (Wait time) Shade two more sections and record the fraction [5/16]. Ask if 5/16th is more or less than ½ [less]. (Wait time) Explain that in construction, the tape measure uses both the common 8ths measurements we discussed yesterday as well as the 16ths. Today you will understand how both 1/8th and 1/16th measurements fit in among the more common measures of ¼, ½, and ¾ on a tape rule. Have students turn to p 43. Walk students through Figure 2- 7, explaining the relationship of the fractions. Explain that the divisions on the chart are the same divisions found on a tape measure. Have them compare the chart to a one-inch section of the tape measure. Ask if anyone can tell you what they see on the chart but not on the tape measure.(Wait Time)
16. 16. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 12 Explain the difference is that the chart shows the whole numbers and fractions of an inch. I can point to a line on the chart and you can tell me that this is 13/16ths or 3/8ths. The tape measure only gives you the whole number for each inch and each foot on the tape measure and uses different length lines to mark the ½, ¼, 1/8th, and 1/16th divisions. So in order to read a fraction of an inch on a tape measure, you need to know what the lines mean and how to read them quickly and accurately. Note that it‘s essential for apprentices in virtually any construction trade to be able to read measurements quickly and accurately. No foreman would have patience to wait for a measurement while you count up the number of 1/16 marks to determine that the measurement is 13/16. You have to be able to do that ―at a glance‖ and always accurately. So…starting next week, we‘ll be practicing this skill. .
17. 17. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 13 45 min. In pairs, ask them to choose two items in the classroom to measure. They need to write down the measurements and be ready to share with the class. Give students about 5 minutes, and then ask them to return to their seats. Solicit examples of measurements, noting the different aspects they needed to measure (e.g., length, width, depth, etc). Note that in measurement, it‘s not enough to be able to read the tape measure; they also need to know what to do with the data. Tell students that the first place to start, though, is to be sure the data (measurements) are accurate, and that means knowing how to read a tape measure.
18. 18. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 14 Give students another minute or two to re-examine the tape measure. Explain that reading a tape measure is simple once you know what the size and placement of a set of lines means. Knowing what the big, medium and small lines between the numbers is critical – there‘s no time to stop and count like you did with the shaded boxes on the board in the previous activity. Acknowledge that, at first, they may need to do some mental conversion to remember that ¾ is the same as 12/16th for example. After awhile, though, they will automatically make the conversion and know what the line represents. .
19. 19. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 15 Ask students to look at their tape measures and find the 1 inch mark. Ask, ―How many tall lines are between the 1 and the 2?‖ [1] ―What do you think that line represents?‖ [1/2] ―Why do you think that?‖ [Because it is halfway between the 1 and the 2]. Next ask, ―How many ‗medium size‘ lines are there between the 1 and the 2?‖ [There are four, but they are two different sizes]. Focus them on the line that is halfway between the 1 and the ½, and ask what they think that line is [1/4] and why [because it‘s halfway between, or half of ½, which is ¼]. Next have them find that other ―shorter medium line‖ between the 1 and ¼. Ask, ―What does that line represent?‖ [1/8] ―Why do you think that?‖ [It‘s halfway between, or half of ¼]. Using that logic, ask them to figure out what that small line would represent that is located right next to the 1 [1/16] and why [It‘s halfway between, and half of 1/18 is 1/16]. .
20. 20. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 16 Ask them to count ALL the lines between the 1 and the 2 – they should get 15, and the ―2 inch‖ line makes 16 [write the number on the whiteboard]. Explain that all their measurements COULD have a denominator of 16, but saying 8/16th instead of ½ sounds odd so they need to know the reductions as well. Once they know the sequence and the names of each line, they will always be able to accurately read and use a tape measure. Application. Distribute Resource 4.12 - Reading a Tape Measure task sheet. (Keep the answer page separate and hold for now.) Review the pictures at the top that show the various line names. On the drawing at the bottom of the first page, ask students to mark each line with the appropriate fraction(s), using an arrow if needed above or below it. Complete the two math problems at the bottom of page 1.
21. 21. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 17 Direct the students to page 2 and work through the information about reading a tape measure to the 1/8th. Use the Standard Measure wall chart to point out the ―1, 3, 5, 7‖ pattern that may help students identify the 1/8th and 1/16th lines. There are only four 1/8th measures between each inch: 1/8th, 3/8th, 5/8th and 7/8th . Have students chant 1/8th , 3/8th, ….as you point to each 8th measure. The ―1, 3, 5, 7‖ pattern continues for 16th measures and adds ―9, 11, 13, and 15‖ to the pattern: 1/16th, 3/16th, 5/16th, 7/16th, 9/16th, 11/16, 13/16th and 15/16th. Repeat the same chant for the 16th measure. Continue to page 3, where they will practice on reading a tape measure to the 1/16th. Encourage them to label the lines, but to always reduce to the lowest fraction where possible (1/4, ½, etc) so they get used to the combination of names on the line.
22. 22. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) First and Second Hours (7:30 – 9:30) - 18 Pair students up to do the 20 measurement activities in Resource 4.12 (based on pre-assessment of TABE scores and student abilities, you may want to split up the problems and give only 5 or 10 per pair). Encourage students to work together, talk over their answers, and help their partners if they are struggling. The goal is not to finish first, but to take their time, be precise, and double-check their work. Give them about 15 minutes, and then combine the pairs into work teams of four. Ask them to check their work, and talk through any answers that they don‘t all have correct. Give out the answer sheets after about 5 minutes for a final check, and ask them to make the corrections on their worksheets so they will have them to study from. Snack Break (9:30-9:40) .
23. 23. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) Third and Fourth Hours (9:40 – 11:30) - 1 Give students in pair-shares 2 minutes to set up the formula to determine length of lanyard, given what they know from your example. (You subtract LL from both sides to produce the formula: SA+SF+YH = MH-LL.) Try it with the numbers you used in the example to demonstrate that it works. Have students make out vocabulary cards for • PFAS • Body safety harness • D-ring • Lanyard • Formula for safe height using PFAS
24. 24. Week Four: Day 18 (Wednesday) Third and Fourth Hours (9:40 – 11:30) - 2 Ask for a volunteer to ―don‖ the body safety harness. Have the student position the harness so the D-ring is in the back between the shoulders. Then have the student attach the lanyard. Take a picture you can post in the classroom. 5 min. Explain to students that many falls from elevations occur due to incorrect use of ladders and scaffolding. Explain what scaffolding is. Ask students what mistakes they think construction workers might make with ladders or scaffolding that could cause accidents.