Lesson 4: Building
The Rough Cut
Apple Pro Training Series
2nd Edition, Final Cut Pro
X
Instructor: Sam Edsall
Building & Crafting
Your Story
• Start with a primary story line
• Takes the viewer from start to finish
Start with a foun...
Creating a Project
• Every story you tell using Final Cut Pro is
contained within a project
• Story is stitched together i...
Create a New Project
Make sure your external
drive is booted and on your
desktop.
Choose File > Open Library
> Lesson 4
If...
Create a New Project
In the Library, select the
Zero to Hero Event under
LESSON 4.
In the Timeline area on the
bottom clic...
Creating a Project
• Asks you to:
• Name the new Project
• Default Event - Where the media will come
from
The Dialogue Box
Customizing a Project
• Format of your project will
match the format of the
media you shot with
• Based on your first clip...
Create a New Project
In the Name field, enter Zero to Hero
From the Default Event pop-up menu, choose the Zero to
Hero Eve...
Screening &
Marking Clips
• Select a Start and End
point and edit straight to the
timeline
• Select a Start and End
point ...
Screening &
Marking Clips
In the Event Library, click the disclosure triangle
next to the Zero to Hero Event.
Select the I...
Set-up for Screening
In the Action pop-up menu,
choose
Group clips by > None
Arrange clips by > Name
> Ascending.
Drag the...
Set-up for Screening
In the Clip Appearance pop-
up menu, deselect Show
Waveforms, and make the
thumbnails as large as
pos...
Screening
Select the first clip, Antron
Brown, by clicking on it.
Move your pointer through
the clip to skim it.
-- White ...
Screening
Skim away from the
playhead, then press the
space key to play the clip.
-- Playhead plays from your
skimmer loca...
Marking your Clip
Press Shift I to move the
playhead and skimmer to the
beginning of the clip.
Play the clip and stop just...
Marking your Clip
• Once you have a range
selected in a clip, it‟s a
good idea to check your
in‟s and out‟s
• Press the / ...
Marking your Clip
Press the forward slash
key / to play your range
from start to finish.
Marking your Clip
• If you find your Start or End
point isn‟t just where you
want it, then tweak it
• Use   keys to nudg...
Marking your Clip
In the Antron Brown clip,
rate this portion as a
Favorite by clicking the
Favorite button, or pressing
F...
Mark ‘Em Up
In the John Force clip set a
range between “There‟s
nothing like....greatest
feeling in the world.”
Press F to...
Mark ‘Em Up
In the Tony Pedregon clip
select a range between “The
breed of the drag racer...has
no fear.”
Press F to save ...
Mark ‘Em Up
In the Tony Schumacher
clip mark the range between
“Nobody wakes up and
thinks...average my whole
life.”
Press...
Mark ‘Em Up
Skim past the first sound
byte and set new in and out
points around “People
dream of that massive...big
monste...
Appending Clips
on a Timeline
• Adds or appends a clip
to the end of the
storyline.
• Always added at the
end. Doesn‟t mat...
Prep for an Edit
To view just the Favorite
selections of the four racers,
in the Event Browser click
the Filters pop-up, a...
In the Event Browser, select the Antron Brown clip.
In the toolbar, click the Append button.
-- The Antron Brown clip is e...
What Are You
Looking At (in the Viewer)?
• Event Browser
• Command 1
• Window > Go To >
Event Browser
• Timeline
• Command...
What Are You
Looking At?
• Command 1
• Clip selection outline is
yellow
• Clip appears in the
Viewer
• Rating buttons are
...
What Are You
Looking At?
• Command 2
• Selected clip in browser
has a white line
• Rating buttons are
dimmed
• The Timelin...
The Append Edit
• It doesn‟t matter where
the playhead is on your
timeline when Append
editing
• The newly edited clip
wil...
Press the Home key (fn 
for laptops) to move the
playhead in the timeline to
the beginning.
Play the Antron clip until he...
In the Event Browser, select
the John Force clip.
Press E or select the
Append button to append
this clip to the timeline....
In the Event Browser, select
the Tony Pedregon clip.
To review it, press the /
(slash) key.
To append the clip to your
pro...
Appending More Than
One Clip at a Time
• Command Click the
clips in the Event
Browser in the order
you want them in
your p...
Change the size of the clips
so you can see both of the
Tony clips together.
In the Event Browser, drag
a selection rectan...
Skim Control
• Skimmer aligns or
snaps to the edit
point and
• Skimmer turns
yellow as a visual
cue
Snapping
Making Things Fit
• Will make
whichever window
you select, fit its
contents to the
window size
Shift Z
Select your Timeline or press Command 2 to make it
active.
Press Shift Z to make the clips within the timeline fit to its
...
With Snapping turned on,
notice how your skimmer
snaps to edit points.
Press N to turn snapping
off, then skim around edit...
Skim Control
• When you skim the timeline
you can also skim the audio
Skimming the timeline
• When you drag the playhead
a...
Make sure Skimming &
Audio Skimming is turned
on, then skim across your
timeline.
-- sound!!
Click the top of the
playhead...
Click the Clip Appearance
button.
Click through the six buttons,
and then click the fifth button
from the left to create l...
Timeline Index
• Master list of clips and
tags (such as
keywords) in the
current project are
listed in their order of
appe...
Timeline Index
• Bluish highlight bar
indicates the clip that is
currently selected in the
Timeline.
• Position is where t...
In the lower-left corner
of the Timeline, next to
the Project Library
button, click the
Timeline Index button.
-- Shortcut...
At the top of the pane, click
Clips, if it‟s not already
selected.
Beneath the list of clips,
select All.
Then select the ...
In the Index, select the
John Force clip.
-- notice that this clip is now
highlighted in the Timeline.
In the Timeline, se...
In the Timeline, drag
the playhead through
multiple clips, and
watch what happens in
the Index.
-- Index playhead moves up...
Close the Timeline
Index by clicking on the
Index button
-- shortcut Command Shift
2
The Index & the
Timeline
Zooming In & Out
on your Timeline
• Below the Timeline
• Drag left and right
Zoom control
• Command – to zoom out
• Comman...
Zooming In & Out
on your Timeline
• When skimming is
activated, you zoom in
and out where your
skimmer is located
• If ski...
Move the skimmer to the middle of the Timeline.
Press Command - (minus) a few times to zoom out
Press Command = (equals) s...
Viewing/Arranging Clips
on the Magnetic
Timeline
• Changing the order of
your clips in the
timeline is simple
• Drag a cli...
In the Timeline, play the
first Tony Schumacher
clip, “Nobody wakes
up...”
-- Nice bite to start this
project.
-- Let‟s mo...
Drag the first Tony
Schumacher clip left to the
head of the project.
-- notice the blue insertion line
where you will plac...
Drag the Tony Pedregon
clip to follow the first clip.
When you see the blue
insertion line and the other
clips scoot aside...
Viewing/Arranging Clips
on the Magnetic
Timeline
• When you drag a clip
in the Timeline, a
numerical value
appears
• Indic...
Close the Timeline Index.
Make all your clips fit your Timeline by pressing Shift Z.
Reduce the size of your clips in the ...
Insert Clips into the
Timeline
• Insert them between
existing clips in the
primary storyline.
• When inserting, a
space fo...
In the Event Library, select
the B-Roll Keyword
Collection.
In the Event Browser, from
the Filter pop-up menu,
choose All ...
In the search field, click the Filter
(magnifying glass) button to open
the Filter window.
-- shortcut Command F
Click the...
Active Searches
• Filters allow you to fine-
tune what you see in
your Browser
• An icon in the Search
field let‟s you kno...
Close the Filter window.
In the Event Browser, skim the
wall low angle clip.
Drag a selection from the head of
the clip to...
Skim through the crowd ots clip.
Press I to set the Start point when
the red racing lights come on, just
before the man wi...
Skim the crowd wide clip.
Mark a Start point before the
heads turn, and press F to rate
the selection from here to the end...
To view the Favorites you
just created, from the
Filters pop-up menu,
choose Favorites.
Press Command 2 to
switch to the T...
In the Event Browser,
select the wall low angle
clip.
In the toolbar, click the
Insert button.
Then play the first few
cli...
In the Timeline, snap the
playhead between the 1st
two clips
In the Event Browser,
select the crowd ots clip,
and click th...
In the Timeline, make sure
the playhead is between
crowd ots & Tony.
In the Event Browser,
select the crowd wide clip,
and...
Drag & Drop
• First, select the clip or
range from the Event
Browser
• Drag it straight to the
Timeline
• Drag it to the e...
In the timeline press
Shift Z to see all your
clips.
In the Event Browser,
from the Filter pop-up
menu, choose All.
Drag &...
Select the smokey
banner clip.
Drag the clip to the end
of the Tony
Schumacher clip.
-- Look for the blue
insertion line b...
Changing Edited Clips
• Sometimes you
have have a clip in
your Timeline that
needs TLC
• Colors are off
• Audio is too sof...
In the Timeline, click
the Clip Appearance
button and click the
third thumbnail button.
Drag the Clip Height
control to ma...
Play the first three clips in
the project and watch the
waveforms as they play.
The waveforms of the
second and third clip...
In the Timeline, move your
pointer into the crowd ots
clip and position it over the
volume line.
When it turns into a vert...
In the crowd wide clip,
drag the volume line
down to match the first
two clips.
Play these clips in the
Timeline.
Changing...
Select the fourth clip, Tony
Schumacher, and play it.
-- Background sounds are
too loud
-- Video has a yellow tint
Leave t...
The Balance Button
• White balancing finds a
balance between the reds
and blues in your shot
• Inside shots tend to look
y...
In the toolbar, click the
Inspector button, and then
click the Video tab at the
top of the window.
In the Color section, s...
If it‟s not already selected,
select the first Tony
Schumacher clip.
In the Inspector, click the
Audio tab.
Make sure the ...
- 2 channels of lav mike
- 2 channels of nat sound
In the Timeline, select Tony
Schumacher clip and press /
to play the cl...
-Adjust the overall
volume of the clip so
the no red shows in the
waveform.
Fix the Audio
Duplicating a Project
• Editing is all about
making changes
• Save a backup of the
current version of the
project from tim...
In the Library, select the Zero to Hero Event
In the Event Browser, right click the Zero to Hero
Project and choose Duplic...
Select the new project and
retitle it, ZTH Backup and
press Return.
Duplicate a Project
The Connect Edit
• Any clip that is attached
to the primary storyline
in the Timeline.
• Connected clips remain
attached w...
In the Event Browser, from the Filter pop-up menu, choose
All if you need to.
Press Command-F or click on the filter icon ...
Change the Media Type
category to Audio Only.
Close the Filter window.
Filter for Audio Only
Take a better look:
In the Event Browser, click
the List View button.
Then play the first part of
the Battle Lines music
c...
To edit the first half of
this clip, mark a Start
point just before the
music begins.
Set an End point after
the first ser...
Make the Timeline window
active by pressing
Command-2.
Press the Up or Down
Arrow key to move the
playhead to the beginnin...
In the toolbar, click the
Connect button.
-- Shortcut Q
In the Timeline, play the
first few clips, and then
look at the th...
The Connect Edit
• When connected, if
you move the clip in
the primary storyline,
the connected clip will
move with it
• I...
Drag the crowd ots clip to
the right and reposition it
after the crowd wide clip.
Play this arrangement, and
then drag the...
Drag the Battle Lines
clip to the right and
snap it to the head of
the first Tony
Schumacher clip.
-- Make sure Snap is on...
Nudging Clips on the
Timeline
• Rather than connect
clips at edit points, you
can nudge them left
and right on the
timelin...
With the Battle Lines clip
selected, press the ,
(comma) and . (period) key
several times to move the
clip left & right 1 ...
Nudging Clips on the
Timeline
• If you need to nudge
the clip more then a
few frames, then just
type in a value
• + values...
With the Battle Lines
clip still selected, enter
– 2 0 0
-- Dashboard number entry
has replaced the time code
location.
Pr...
Shortcuts
• Turns snapping off and onN
• Create a new projectCommand N
• Open the Filter windowCommand F
• Nudge selection...
Shortcuts
• Open the Project LibraryCommand 0
• Go to the Event BrowserCommand 1
• Go to the TimelineCommand 2
• Zoom out ...
Shortcuts
• Go to previous item in the Event
Browser or previous edit point in the
Timeline
Up arrow
• Go to next item in ...
Trim off the beginning of Battle Lines where there is no music. Move
Battle Lines to the beginning of your project.
Adjust...
Click the Show/Share
Destinations button and
choose Apple Devices 720P
Homework
On the Info tab change the name of your clip from Zero to
Hero to „(your name) Week 4‟
-- this is very important. If you d...
On the Settings tab change the Resolution pop-up menu to
the smallest resolution 854 X 480
Change When done: pop-up menu t...
Save your project to the desktop and wait for the render to
complete.
Homework
Open your browser to the
WIU iTunes U page:
http://www.wiu.edu/iTunesU
Log in with your ecom name
and password.
Navigate t...
Lesson 4: Building
The Rough Cut
Apple Pro Training Series
2nd Edition, Final Cut Pro
X
Instructor: Sam Edsall
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Final Cut Pro X Weynand Certification Lesson 4

  1. 1. Lesson 4: Building The Rough Cut Apple Pro Training Series 2nd Edition, Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall
  2. 2. Building & Crafting Your Story • Start with a primary story line • Takes the viewer from start to finish Start with a foundation • Rearrange some clips and trim others • Add complementary B-roll visuals • Add music or narration Refine it
  3. 3. Creating a Project • Every story you tell using Final Cut Pro is contained within a project • Story is stitched together into a Timeline • Project needs the Event(s) that make up the project • If you delete an Event used in a project, you will have missing (offline) clips in your Timeline The Project • Where projects are created, cataloged and stored The Event
  4. 4. Create a New Project Make sure your external drive is booted and on your desktop. Choose File > Open Library > Lesson 4 If you don‟t see LESSON 4 choose Other and then select LESSON 4
  5. 5. Create a New Project In the Library, select the Zero to Hero Event under LESSON 4. In the Timeline area on the bottom click on „Create New Project -- or Right click on the Zero to Hero Event and choose „New Project‟
  6. 6. Creating a Project • Asks you to: • Name the new Project • Default Event - Where the media will come from The Dialogue Box
  7. 7. Customizing a Project • Format of your project will match the format of the media you shot with • Based on your first clip in the timeline Automatic settings • Your can edit in any format needed • Like making a SD version of a production shot in HD Custom settings
  8. 8. Create a New Project In the Name field, enter Zero to Hero From the Default Event pop-up menu, choose the Zero to Hero Event listed. Do not choose „Use Custom Settings‟ Click OK
  9. 9. Screening & Marking Clips • Select a Start and End point and edit straight to the timeline • Select a Start and End point and mark the clip, then edit it to the timeline later Selecting content
  10. 10. Screening & Marking Clips In the Event Library, click the disclosure triangle next to the Zero to Hero Event. Select the Interviews Keyword Collection. Click the Filmstrip View button.
  11. 11. Set-up for Screening In the Action pop-up menu, choose Group clips by > None Arrange clips by > Name > Ascending. Drag the Duration slider to All
  12. 12. Set-up for Screening In the Clip Appearance pop- up menu, deselect Show Waveforms, and make the thumbnails as large as possible. In the Timeline, make sure Skimming, Audio Skimming, and Snapping are on.
  13. 13. Screening Select the first clip, Antron Brown, by clicking on it. Move your pointer through the clip to skim it. -- White playhead stays where you clicked on clip -- Pink skimmer moves with your pointer
  14. 14. Screening Skim away from the playhead, then press the space key to play the clip. -- Playhead plays from your skimmer location (not where you left it) – kind of handy Use some of your other shortcuts to move around your clip like J,K,L and   keys.
  15. 15. Marking your Clip Press Shift I to move the playhead and skimmer to the beginning of the clip. Play the clip and stop just after Antron says, “… didn‟t qualify for a race.” Press O to set an End Point -- (O for Out point)
  16. 16. Marking your Clip • Once you have a range selected in a clip, it‟s a good idea to check your in‟s and out‟s • Press the / key to play your selection from start to finish Check your Mark
  17. 17. Marking your Clip Press the forward slash key / to play your range from start to finish.
  18. 18. Marking your Clip • If you find your Start or End point isn‟t just where you want it, then tweak it • Use   keys to nudge the playhead • Press I for a new Start point • Press O for a new End point • Drag the range handle Tweaking your Marks
  19. 19. Marking your Clip In the Antron Brown clip, rate this portion as a Favorite by clicking the Favorite button, or pressing F. -- Green Favorite line appears in the clip over the selected range. -- Now you can always see or return to the portion of the clip you liked.
  20. 20. Mark ‘Em Up In the John Force clip set a range between “There‟s nothing like....greatest feeling in the world.” Press F to save that portion as a Favorite.
  21. 21. Mark ‘Em Up In the Tony Pedregon clip select a range between “The breed of the drag racer...has no fear.” Press F to save this portion as a Favorite.
  22. 22. Mark ‘Em Up In the Tony Schumacher clip mark the range between “Nobody wakes up and thinks...average my whole life.” Press F to mark as a Favorite
  23. 23. Mark ‘Em Up Skim past the first sound byte and set new in and out points around “People dream of that massive...big monster moment.” Press F to make this a Favorite, too.
  24. 24. Appending Clips on a Timeline • Adds or appends a clip to the end of the storyline. • Always added at the end. Doesn‟t matter where the play head is located. • Appending clips is often the simplest approach to creating your primary storyline Appending
  25. 25. Prep for an Edit To view just the Favorite selections of the four racers, in the Event Browser click the Filters pop-up, and choose Favorites. -- 4 media clips, but 5 displayed in Favorites. -- Two portions of Tony Schumacher were marked as a Favorite.
  26. 26. In the Event Browser, select the Antron Brown clip. In the toolbar, click the Append button. -- The Antron Brown clip is edited into the dark gray area in the middle of the Timeline (the primary storyline). Perform an Append Edit
  27. 27. What Are You Looking At (in the Viewer)? • Event Browser • Command 1 • Window > Go To > Event Browser • Timeline • Command 2 • Window > Go To > Timeline Choosing the active window
  28. 28. What Are You Looking At? • Command 1 • Clip selection outline is yellow • Clip appears in the Viewer • Rating buttons are active. • Browser background lighter gray Event Browser active
  29. 29. What Are You Looking At? • Command 2 • Selected clip in browser has a white line • Rating buttons are dimmed • The Timeline time code is displayed in the Dashboard Timeline active
  30. 30. The Append Edit • It doesn‟t matter where the playhead is on your timeline when Append editing • The newly edited clip will ALWAYS be added after the last clip on the storyline Append no matter what
  31. 31. Press the Home key (fn  for laptops) to move the playhead in the timeline to the beginning. Play the Antron clip until he says, “take the Wally home” and stop. Put Append to the Test
  32. 32. In the Event Browser, select the John Force clip. Press E or select the Append button to append this clip to the timeline. -Notice that the clip went to the end of the Antron clip without cutting into it. Show Some Force
  33. 33. In the Event Browser, select the Tony Pedregon clip. To review it, press the / (slash) key. To append the clip to your project, press E. Perform another Append Edit
  34. 34. Appending More Than One Clip at a Time • Command Click the clips in the Event Browser in the order you want them in your project Picking clips
  35. 35. Change the size of the clips so you can see both of the Tony clips together. In the Event Browser, drag a selection rectangle around the two Tony Schumacher clips to select them. To append these two clips to the storyline, press E. Group Append Clips to the Timeline
  36. 36. Skim Control • Skimmer aligns or snaps to the edit point and • Skimmer turns yellow as a visual cue Snapping
  37. 37. Making Things Fit • Will make whichever window you select, fit its contents to the window size Shift Z
  38. 38. Select your Timeline or press Command 2 to make it active. Press Shift Z to make the clips within the timeline fit to its space. Make Things Fit
  39. 39. With Snapping turned on, notice how your skimmer snaps to edit points. Press N to turn snapping off, then skim around edit points. -- no more snapping When done, press N to turn Snapping back on. Skim Control
  40. 40. Skim Control • When you skim the timeline you can also skim the audio Skimming the timeline • When you drag the playhead across the timeline, you do not hear audio • Play to hear audio – Space bar, J,K,L Dragging the playhead
  41. 41. Make sure Skimming & Audio Skimming is turned on, then skim across your timeline. -- sound!! Click the top of the playhead and drag across the timeline -- no sound!! Press the space bar or J,K,L Skim Control
  42. 42. Click the Clip Appearance button. Click through the six buttons, and then click the fifth button from the left to create larger thumbnails. Drag the Clip Height slider to a middle position. Prep the Timeline
  43. 43. Timeline Index • Master list of clips and tags (such as keywords) in the current project are listed in their order of appearance. • Provides a textual way to navigate your project. Timeline Index
  44. 44. Timeline Index • Bluish highlight bar indicates the clip that is currently selected in the Timeline. • Position is where the clip is located in time code in your Timeline Timeline Index
  45. 45. In the lower-left corner of the Timeline, next to the Project Library button, click the Timeline Index button. -- Shortcut Command-Shift- 2. Check out the Index
  46. 46. At the top of the pane, click Clips, if it‟s not already selected. Beneath the list of clips, select All. Then select the Antron Brown clip at the top of the list. -- notice that the Antron clip in your project is now selected The Index & the Timeline
  47. 47. In the Index, select the John Force clip. -- notice that this clip is now highlighted in the Timeline. In the Timeline, select the Tony Pedregon clip. -- notice that this clip is now highlighted in the Index. The Index & the Timeline
  48. 48. In the Timeline, drag the playhead through multiple clips, and watch what happens in the Index. -- Index playhead moves up and down following your actions in the Timeline. The Index & the Timeline
  49. 49. Close the Timeline Index by clicking on the Index button -- shortcut Command Shift 2 The Index & the Timeline
  50. 50. Zooming In & Out on your Timeline • Below the Timeline • Drag left and right Zoom control • Command – to zoom out • Command = (+) to zoom in • Shift Z – fit all the timeline in the window Use Shortcuts
  51. 51. Zooming In & Out on your Timeline • When skimming is activated, you zoom in and out where your skimmer is located • If skimming is deactivated, you zoom in an your where your playhead is located Playhead or Skimmer?
  52. 52. Move the skimmer to the middle of the Timeline. Press Command - (minus) a few times to zoom out Press Command = (equals) several times to zoom in to the clips. Drag the Zoom slider to @1/3 so there‟s space for more clips. Practice Zooming In & Out
  53. 53. Viewing/Arranging Clips on the Magnetic Timeline • Changing the order of your clips in the timeline is simple • Drag a clip to a different location and Final Cut Pro automatically creates a space for the clip by shifting the other clips. Magnetic what?
  54. 54. In the Timeline, play the first Tony Schumacher clip, “Nobody wakes up...” -- Nice bite to start this project. -- Let‟s move it to the beginning of the sequence of clips. Arrange Clips in the Magnetic Timeline
  55. 55. Drag the first Tony Schumacher clip left to the head of the project. -- notice the blue insertion line where you will place the clip. When you see the remaining clips reposition themselves, release the mouse button to place the clip at this location. -- Play your new arrangement. Arrange Clips in the Magnetic Timeline
  56. 56. Drag the Tony Pedregon clip to follow the first clip. When you see the blue insertion line and the other clips scoot aside, release the mouse button. Play the first two clips. Arrange Clips in the Magnetic Timeline
  57. 57. Viewing/Arranging Clips on the Magnetic Timeline • When you drag a clip in the Timeline, a numerical value appears • Indicates the length of time and in which direction you are repositioning the clip. The readout The Tony clip is being moved backwards @16 seconds.
  58. 58. Close the Timeline Index. Make all your clips fit your Timeline by pressing Shift Z. Reduce the size of your clips in the Timeline so there is room for B-roll clips on top of the main storyline. Prep for Some B-Roll
  59. 59. Insert Clips into the Timeline • Insert them between existing clips in the primary storyline. • When inserting, a space for the new clip opens up in the storyline • Like repositioning them using the Magnetic Timeline In-between edits
  60. 60. In the Event Library, select the B-Roll Keyword Collection. In the Event Browser, from the Filter pop-up menu, choose All Clips. Change the thumbnail view so all clips are visible in the Event Browser. Find Some B-Roll
  61. 61. In the search field, click the Filter (magnifying glass) button to open the Filter window. -- shortcut Command F Click the Add Rule (+) pop-up menu, choose Media Type. From the Type pop-up menu, choose Video With Audio. Close the Filter window. -- no need to make a smart collection. Hide the Audio
  62. 62. Active Searches • Filters allow you to fine- tune what you see in your Browser • An icon in the Search field let‟s you know filtering is active Filtering your content
  63. 63. Close the Filter window. In the Event Browser, skim the wall low angle clip. Drag a selection from the head of the clip to the point where both cars are out of frame. Mark it as a Favorite - F Mark a Clip
  64. 64. Skim through the crowd ots clip. Press I to set the Start point when the red racing lights come on, just before the man with a camera turns. Press F to rate this selection as a Favorite. Mark a Clip
  65. 65. Skim the crowd wide clip. Mark a Start point before the heads turn, and press F to rate the selection from here to the end as a Favorite. Mark a Clip
  66. 66. To view the Favorites you just created, from the Filters pop-up menu, choose Favorites. Press Command 2 to switch to the Timeline. Press the Home key (fn ) to move the playhead to the beginning of the project. Prep for an Insert Edit
  67. 67. In the Event Browser, select the wall low angle clip. In the toolbar, click the Insert button. Then play the first few clips. -- wall low angle clip now appears before the Tony Schumacher clip. Perform an Insert Edit
  68. 68. In the Timeline, snap the playhead between the 1st two clips In the Event Browser, select the crowd ots clip, and click the Insert button. -- Shortcut W Perform an Insert Edit
  69. 69. In the Timeline, make sure the playhead is between crowd ots & Tony. In the Event Browser, select the crowd wide clip, and click the Insert button. -- Shortcut - W Perform an Insert Edit
  70. 70. Drag & Drop • First, select the clip or range from the Event Browser • Drag it straight to the Timeline • Drag it to the end for an Append edit • Drag it between clips for an Insert edit No line, no waiting
  71. 71. In the timeline press Shift Z to see all your clips. In the Event Browser, from the Filter pop-up menu, choose All. Drag & Drop
  72. 72. Select the smokey banner clip. Drag the clip to the end of the Tony Schumacher clip. -- Look for the blue insertion line before releasing the mouse button. Drag & Drop
  73. 73. Changing Edited Clips • Sometimes you have have a clip in your Timeline that needs TLC • Colors are off • Audio is too soft or too loud • Use the Inspector to tweak your clip Something need fixing?
  74. 74. In the Timeline, click the Clip Appearance button and click the third thumbnail button. Drag the Clip Height control to make the clips taller. Changing Edited Clips
  75. 75. Play the first three clips in the project and watch the waveforms as they play. The waveforms of the second and third clips are too loud. -- Yellow indicates audio levels approaching peak levels -- Red indicates peaked audio Changing Edited Clips
  76. 76. In the Timeline, move your pointer into the crowd ots clip and position it over the volume line. When it turns into a vertical resize pointer, drag down until the waveform is at a similar level to the first clip. Changing Edited Clips The „flat-top‟ of this audio means it was clipped when it was recorded
  77. 77. In the crowd wide clip, drag the volume line down to match the first two clips. Play these clips in the Timeline. Changing Edited Clips
  78. 78. Select the fourth clip, Tony Schumacher, and play it. -- Background sounds are too loud -- Video has a yellow tint Leave the playhead over the clip so you can see it in the Viewer. Changing Edited Clips
  79. 79. The Balance Button • White balancing finds a balance between the reds and blues in your shot • Inside shots tend to look yellowish-red • Outside shots tend to look bluish Red vs. Blue • FCP automatically balances the shot for you Balance button
  80. 80. In the toolbar, click the Inspector button, and then click the Video tab at the top of the window. In the Color section, select the checkbox next to Balance, and notice how the clip changes in the Viewer. Balance the Color
  81. 81. If it‟s not already selected, select the first Tony Schumacher clip. In the Inspector, click the Audio tab. Make sure the Channel Configuration area displays four mono channels. -- Click the disclosure triangle if it doesn‟t. Fix the Audio
  82. 82. - 2 channels of lav mike - 2 channels of nat sound In the Timeline, select Tony Schumacher clip and press / to play the clip. As it plays, deselect the third and fourth mono audio channels in the Inspector window. Fix the Audio
  83. 83. -Adjust the overall volume of the clip so the no red shows in the waveform. Fix the Audio
  84. 84. Duplicating a Project • Editing is all about making changes • Save a backup of the current version of the project from time to time. • If you don‟t like the new changes, you can go back to the previous version and start again. Backing up
  85. 85. In the Library, select the Zero to Hero Event In the Event Browser, right click the Zero to Hero Project and choose Duplicate Project (or select the press Command D) Duplicate a Project
  86. 86. Select the new project and retitle it, ZTH Backup and press Return. Duplicate a Project
  87. 87. The Connect Edit • Any clip that is attached to the primary storyline in the Timeline. • Connected clips remain attached where you edit them until you move or remove them. Added outside the primary storyline
  88. 88. In the Event Browser, from the Filter pop-up menu, choose All if you need to. Press Command-F or click on the filter icon to open the Filter window Filter for Audio Only
  89. 89. Change the Media Type category to Audio Only. Close the Filter window. Filter for Audio Only
  90. 90. Take a better look: In the Event Browser, click the List View button. Then play the first part of the Battle Lines music clip. -- Viewing this clip in list view provides an expanded view of the waveform. Filter for Audio Only
  91. 91. To edit the first half of this clip, mark a Start point just before the music begins. Set an End point after the first series of waveform peaks. Set a Range
  92. 92. Make the Timeline window active by pressing Command-2. Press the Up or Down Arrow key to move the playhead to the beginning of the crowd ots clip Prep for the Connect Edit
  93. 93. In the toolbar, click the Connect button. -- Shortcut Q In the Timeline, play the first few clips, and then look at the thin vertical line connecting the Battle Lines music to the crowd ots clip. Make a Connect Edit
  94. 94. The Connect Edit • When connected, if you move the clip in the primary storyline, the connected clip will move with it • If you move the connected clip, the primary clip stays put We belong together
  95. 95. Drag the crowd ots clip to the right and reposition it after the crowd wide clip. Play this arrangement, and then drag the clip back to its original position. Give the Connected Clip a Ride Audio clip not moving? Undo the edit, cue the play head to the beginning of the clip, then nudge 1 frame forward and try again.
  96. 96. Drag the Battle Lines clip to the right and snap it to the head of the first Tony Schumacher clip. -- Make sure Snap is on -- Notice the playhead turns thick and yellow = re- linking with a new clip. Give the Connected Clip a Ride
  97. 97. Nudging Clips on the Timeline • Rather than connect clips at edit points, you can nudge them left and right on the timeline Go here, go there • , and . (or <>) • 1 frame left or right • Shift , and Shift . • 10 frames left or right Shortcuts It may be easier to remember the nudge keys by the < and > symbols.
  98. 98. With the Battle Lines clip selected, press the , (comma) and . (period) key several times to move the clip left & right 1 frame at time. Try it with the Shift key to move 10 frames at a time. Give the Connected Clip a Ride
  99. 99. Nudging Clips on the Timeline • If you need to nudge the clip more then a few frames, then just type in a value • + values nudge the clip forward • - Values nudge the clip backwards • H:M:S:F Type in a value -200 = back up 2 seconds
  100. 100. With the Battle Lines clip still selected, enter – 2 0 0 -- Dashboard number entry has replaced the time code location. Press Return. Give the Connected Clip a Ride
  101. 101. Shortcuts • Turns snapping off and onN • Create a new projectCommand N • Open the Filter windowCommand F • Nudge selection back and forth 1 frame, and . • Nudge selection back and forth 10 frames Shift , and .
  102. 102. Shortcuts • Open the Project LibraryCommand 0 • Go to the Event BrowserCommand 1 • Go to the TimelineCommand 2 • Zoom out and in on the Timeline, Event Browser or Viewer Command – and + • Zoom the contents to fit the size of the Event Browser, the Viewer, or Timeline Shift Z
  103. 103. Shortcuts • Go to previous item in the Event Browser or previous edit point in the Timeline Up arrow • Go to next item in the Event Browser or next edit point in the Timeline Down arrow • Connect editQ • Insert editW • Append editE • Play selection/
  104. 104. Trim off the beginning of Battle Lines where there is no music. Move Battle Lines to the beginning of your project. Adjust the audio levels of all the clips in the primary storyline and the connected music clip so you have a good audio balance. Trim the end of the music clip so its duration matches the video of your project. Homework
  105. 105. Click the Show/Share Destinations button and choose Apple Devices 720P Homework
  106. 106. On the Info tab change the name of your clip from Zero to Hero to „(your name) Week 4‟ -- this is very important. If you don‟t change the title of this project, the original name will revert when you post on iTunes U Homework
  107. 107. On the Settings tab change the Resolution pop-up menu to the smallest resolution 854 X 480 Change When done: pop-up menu to Do Nothing Press Next Homework
  108. 108. Save your project to the desktop and wait for the render to complete. Homework
  109. 109. Open your browser to the WIU iTunes U page: http://www.wiu.edu/iTunesU Log in with your ecom name and password. Navigate to the BC 142 folder. Select the Homework folder and upload your homework. Homework
  110. 110. Lesson 4: Building The Rough Cut Apple Pro Training Series 2nd Edition, Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall
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