Lesson 7: Applying Transitions Apple Pro Training Series Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall
Transitions to Refine EditsEdit to edit• Changes the look of your video• Changes the sound of your audioWhen• Smooth an abrupt audio or video edit• Convey a passage of time• Create a certain visual style
Transitions to Refine EditsWhat kind• Dissolves have move a story seamlessly from one clip to the next• If the project’s style needs something bolder, then color, shapes and animation would be appropriate
Preparing the ProjectStart up the FCP ExternalDrive:Find your APTS FCP Xdrive and double click tostart it up.
Preparing the ProjectLoad up Lesson 7:From the APTS FCP Xdrive open the lesson 7folder.If you like you can movethe folder to the root folderfor easier access likelesson 6.Put lesson 6 back into thelesson folder.
Cuts vs. DissolvesLoad up a project:Open ‘DeliciousPeace_CUTS’ project.Play the project-- no transitions yet forvideo or audio.Now open ‘DeliciousPeace_Trans’ and see howit looks with transitions.
Duplicating a ProjectMake a copy:Open ‘Delicious Peace_CUTS’project.2-finger (CTRL) click the projectand duplicate it.Save the copy to your hard driverather than the external.Rename the duplicate ‘DeliciousPeace_Backup’ and open thisproject.
Applying TransitionsA couple of ways• Drag the transition to the edit point• Select the edit point, then apply the transition with a few mouse clicks• Select the edit point and use the shortcut Command T
Applying TransitionsAdd a cross dissolve:In the timeline zoom into andplay the first 2 clips‘Bumper_delicious’ and ‘map ofafrica’Select the edit point between thetwo clips.Choose Edit > Add CrossDissolvePlay the new dissolve transition.
Transition IconThe Transition Icon• Gray transition icon between the the two clips• Faint diagonal line appears over the edit point• The project may be shortened by one second depending on settings• Transition icon is the same for all transitions regardless of type
Transition MechanicsHow it works• Default transition is one secondTwo ways• FCP will use available media beyond the edit point (handles) to do the transition • No change to project duration• FCP will overlap the clips for the duration of the transition • Project duration shortened by the length of the duration
Transition MechanicsThe orange bar• Indicated the need to render the transition so it can play in real time• FCP automatically begins a background render as you continue to work• A render clip is added to the Events / Render Files folder
Applying TransitionsUse a keyboard shortcut:Select the edit pointbetween ‘coffee plant’ and‘coffee buds’Press Command TPlay the transition.
Transition PreferencesDon’t change duration• Sometimes you want to use transitions, but don’t want the project duration to change • Like a commercialAdjust with Preferences• Change the transition setting so it uses media handles rather than content in the main storyline
Transition without Duration ChangeUndo the last edit cross dissolveby pressing Commend Z.Select Final Cut Pro >Preferences (Command ,)In the Transitions section fromthe ‘Apply transitions using’ pop-up menu, change the settingfrom ‘Full Overlap’ to ‘AvailableMedia’
Transition without Duration ChangeSelect the edit pointbetween ‘coffee plant’ and‘coffee buds’ again.Press Command TPlay the transition.This time the projectduration did not change.
Transition without Duration ChangeWhen thisdoesn’t work• If the clips do not have enough media outside the edit point (handles) then Overlap is the only option
When Transition without Duration Change doesn’t WorkPlay the clips between‘woman picks beans’ and‘man picks beans’Click the left edit betweenthem, then click the rightedge.-- left bracket = media handles-- red bracket = no media handles
When Transition without Duration Change doesn’t WorkPress Command TDialogue box appears informingyou you don’t have enoughmedia handles and offered thealternative ‘Full Overlap’transition.Note where the project currentlyends, then click ‘Create FullOverlap’Notice that the project shortenedby one second.
A Word of CautionFull Overlap Transitions• If you add a full overlap transition, your project will be shortened by the default transition length • 1 second by default• If you delete the transition, the project will STILL be as short• If you decide you don’t want the transition, then Command Z to undo it or after you delete the transition, trim the edit points to their original length
Adding a Transition to Both Ends of a ClipAdd twotransitions atonce• Instead of selecting an edit point, select the clip• When you press Command T, both ends of the clip will get the default transition
Double WhammiesIn the timeline find the‘man roasts beans’ clip andselect it.Press Command TThe default transition isadded to both sides of theclip.
What About the Audio?Audio in atransition• When two video clips are combined with a transition, the audio automatically does a cross fade
The Transitions BrowserTransitions library• A gallery of effects• Many made in Motion• Thumbnails allow you to preview the effect before you use it • Skim over the transition to see how it works
Prepare a Project for TransitionsFrom the project libraryopen the Zero to Heroproject and duplicate it.Save it to your hard driveand load into the timeline.
Transitions Browser Transitions Browser • Transition categories are on the left • Thumbnails of the transitions in that category are on the rightIn the toolbar, click theTransitions Browserbutton.
Transitions BrowserIn the Category pane, clickDissolves.Move your pointer over theCross Dissolve thumbnailto skim thetransition, which appearsin the Viewer.Then try out the Fade ToColor transition.
Transitions BrowserHide:Click the All category again.In the lower-left corner click theShow/hide button to hide thecategories pane.Search:In the search field, type ‘comicbook’, clear the search and type‘pan’ to see all the transitionsthat match your search criteria.Clear the search field.
Applying a TransitionA couple of ways• Drag the transition to an edit point• Select the edit point and double-click on the transition
Applying a TransitionIn the Zero to Heroproject, select the edit pointbetween Tony Schumacher andarmy start (@47 seconds).In the Wipe category, skim overthe Letter X transition to previewit.To apply this transition, doubleclick it in the TransitionsBrowser.Play it in the Timeline.
Applying a TransitionNavigate the the 2nd edit pointin the project, between‘crowd ots’ and ‘crowd wide’and select the edit point.From the Lightscategory, skim Lens Flarethen double-click to apply it tothat edit point.Play the clip.
Applying a TransitionSelect the edit pointbetween the 6th and 7th clip‘Tony Pedregon’ and‘crash’In the Replicator/Clonescategory, skim over VideoWall then double click toadd it to the selected editpoint.
Replacing a TransitionA couple of ways• Drag the new transition from the browser onto the timeline transition you wish to replace• Select the old transition, then double-click the new one in the transition browser
Replacing a TransitionIn the Lights category dragthe Bloom transition intothe timeline and over theold Lens Flare transitionbetween ‘crowd ots’ and‘crowd wide’When the pointer changesto a green circle with a plusat its center, release themouse.
Replacing a TransitionSwitch it back:Select the Bloom transitionin the Timeline and double-click the Lens Flaretransition in the browser torestore it.
Modifying a TransitionA different look• Most transitions can be modified beyond just their duration• Done though controls in the Timeline or onscreen controls directly in the Viewer
Modifying a TransitionRe-open the ‘DeliciousPeace’ duplicate projectwe were working on intothe Timeline.--clicking back on the history buttonin the timeline may work if you havenot shut down FCP since you lastworked on this project.
Modifying a TransitionIn the timeline select the1st cross dissolve andhover the pointer over thedark gray area on eitherside of the cross dissolveicon.When the Trim iconappears, drag thetransition edge away fromthe center as far aspossible.
Modifying a TransitionIndicators• The amount of duration change is indicated in the pop- up box • In this case +6 frames (not much)• If you see a red bracket you have reached the limit of the clip’s media and can’t go any further
Modifying a TransitionSet a specificduration• Two-finger click or CTRL click the transition and choose Change Duration• Select the transition and press Control D
Modifying a Transition2-finger click this transitionand choose ‘ChangeDuration’When the Dashboard ishighlighted in blue, type 45and press Return-- 45 = 45 frames 1:15 = 1½ seconds
Modifying a TransitionReload the ‘Zero to Hero’project we were lastworking on.-- again, the history arrow will bringyou back if you haven’t shut downFCP since you last had it up.Turn on the Timeline Indexand in the search field type‘letter X’ to select the thewipe transition used in thisproject.
Modifying a TransitionViewer onscreencontrols• Once you have the transition selected in the Timeline with your play head over the transition, controls for that effect are available in the Viewer
Modifying a TransitionIn the Viewer move yourpointer to the circle anddrag to the center of the Xso it’s over Tony’s nose.Play the transition.
Modifying a TransitionIn the Viewer move yourpointer to the square at theend of the control line.Drag outward to the edgesof the X more diffuse.Drag inward to reduce theblur and sharpen thetransition and leave it atthis setting.
Yellow Timeline PinsWhere did thesecome from?• Controls that help you change the frames associated with the transition• Moving the frames will change what you see in the transition
Modifying a TransitionIn the Timeline Indexsearch field, type ‘vid’ tosearch for the Video Walltransition.Select it in the list, thenselect the transition.--notice the two yellow circlesnumbered 1 and 2.
Modifying a TransitionDrag pin 1 to the left andonto the ‘crowd ots’ clipand find the frame wherethe man with thebinoculars has turned toface left.Drag pin 2 anywhere in the‘crowd wide’ clip.Play the transition.
Modifying a TransitionUsing theInspector• Some parameters for a transition can only be changed in the Inspector
Modifying a TransitionFind the Letter X transition again in the project and select it.Click the Inspector button or press Command 4
Modifying a TransitionClick the edge of thetransition in the timelineand pull out so the durationin the Inspector indicates1;00
Modifying a TransitionClick the disclosure trianglenext to Edge Treatment.From the Edge Type pop-up menu choose SolidColor.Drag the Border slider tochoose an edge thickness.Play the transition.
Modifying a TransitionSelect the edit point betweenJohn Force and army prep, at@42 seconds.In the transitionsbrowser, click the Movementscategory, then double-click toapply the Multi-flip transition.Skim to the midpoint in thistransition and press M to set amarker.
Modifying a TransitionIn the Inspector’s colorsection, click the black colorwell to open the Colorswindow.Click each color interface tosee the various methods ofmaking color choices.Choose the color wheel andselect the magnifying glassand click on the green color inone of the John Forcethumbnails.
Modifying a TransitionClose the Colors window, andin the TransitionInspector, select Use ImageWell.Click once in the Image Well.The Select Source Clipwindow appears. Click aframe in the ‘crowd wide’ clipon the timeline and then clickApply Clip.Check out your new transition.
Transitions and Connected ClipsMust be astoryline• Transitions can only be added to clips if they are on a story lineWhat aboutconnected clips?• Not until the connected clips are turned into its own storyline
Adding Transitions to New StorylinesIn the Project libraryduplicate the MobilevizMinutes project to yourhard drive and open it inthe timeline.
Adding Transitions to New StorylinesSelect the 4 adjacent clips in the middle of the project from‘alex at monitor’ though ‘robot composite’.2-finger click the selection and choose Create Storyline orpress Command G
Adding Transitions to New StorylinesSelect the 1st edit pointbetween ‘alex at monitor’and ‘actress leaves car’and add the default crossdissolve by pressingCommand T.2-finger click the transition(CTRL click) and changethe duration to 20 frames.
Copying TransitionsA couple ofways• Select a transition and copy, then select a new edit point and paste• Option drag the transition to a new edit point
Copying TransitionsWith the same transitionselected, Option drag thetransition to the next editpoint between ‘actressleaves car’ and ‘composite’-- same transition, sameduration in another spot
Adding TransitionsDrag it:From the Lightscategory, drag the Flashtransition directly to thenext edit point between‘composite’ and ‘robotcomposite’
Grouping Connected ClipsGrouping fortransitions• Connected clips cannot have transitions• Group connected clips into a compound clip so they occupy the same space, then create a storyline from the compound clip.
Combining Tracks into One StoryboardSelect the three stackedtracks to the left of thestoryline ‘mocap robot med’and the other two mocapclips on top.2-finger click (CTRL click)and choose NewCompound Clip.
Combining Tracks into One StoryboardClick the compound clipand Command click thesecondary storyline’s shelfnext to it-- not the Alex clip, but theblack part (the shelf)2-finger click the compoundclip and choose CreateStoryline
Adding TransitionsSelect the edit pointbetween the compound clipand ‘alex at monitor’From the Lights categorydouble-click the Statictransition.Play the new transition.
Audio TransitionsAudio in a videotransition• Automatically does a cross-fade from outgoing to to the incoming clipAudio clip toaudio clip• To add a transition, the clips need a storyline
Audio TransitionsOpen the Zero to Heroproject we have beenworking on.Listen to the music at thelast part of the project.-- the cut is pretty rough-- a cross fade shouldsmooth this out
Audio TransitionsZoom way in on the edit pointbetween these two audiotracks.There is a slight gap that mayprevent us from making astoryline out of these audiotracks.Select ‘Discipline’ and dragleft so it connects with theother audio clip.
Audio TransitionsSelect these two audiotracks, then 2-finger click andchoose ‘Create Storyline’--shortcut Command GDeselect the clips, then selectthe edit point between thesetwo audio clips and pressCommand TIncrease the transitionduration as long as possibleby pulling on the edge of thetransition.
Audio TransitionsFade the music out at theend of the project bydragging the fade control tothe beginning of the lastvideo transition in theproject.
Shortcuts: Command T • Apply default cross dissolveCommand , (comma) • Open Preferences window Control R • Render selection Command Z • Undo Shift ? • Play around edit point Command 4 • Open/close the Inspector Command G • Create storyline Option G • New compound clip
Homework Assignment:Your job is to tweak out this project with transitions to suityour taste.Share as an Apple iPhone and save as (your name)Lesson 7.m4v to iTunes U.
Lesson 7: Applying Transitions Apple Pro Training Series Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall