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Final Cut Pro X Certification Lesson 6

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This is lesson 6 for Final Cut Pro X from the Weyland certification book. Very helpful for individual and class purposes.

This is lesson 6 for Final Cut Pro X from the Weyland certification book. Very helpful for individual and class purposes.

Published in Education , Technology , Art & Photos
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  • 1. Lesson 6: Fine-Tuning the Rough Cut Apple Pro Training Series Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall
  • 2. Preparing the ProjectStart up the FCP ExternalDrive:Find your APTS FCP Xdrive and double click tostart it up.
  • 3. Preparing the ProjectLoad ‘em up:In the Project Library drag theLesson 6 folder onto APTS FCPX.Open the folder and close all theother lessons.
  • 4. Renaming ClipsRefining• Before making lots of changes to your project think about: • Making a back-up copy of your work • Do you need a shorter or longer version? • Do you need a ‘before and after’ version?
  • 5. Duplicating the ProjectMake a copy:Two-finger click the „Zero toHero‟ project, and from theshortcut menu choose „DuplicateProject‟Do you need to duplicate themedia, too? No.Select „Duplicate Project Only‟and deselect „Include RenderFiles‟
  • 6. Duplicating the ProjectName the copy:Select the duplicate project andrename the project „Zero toHero_V2‟Open this project into theTimeline.Press Shift Z to fit all the projectclips into the timeline.
  • 7. Removing Clip Selections & Adding GapsPrimary StoryLine• Get the pacing right here first before tweaking connect edit content like cut- aways and audio• Get the pacing right first, then worry about B-roll
  • 8. Removing Clip Selections & Adding GapsSetting the pace• Remove a range or ranges of material from a clip or clips• Dividing a clip• Adding gaps (to be filled later)
  • 9. Remove a Range from a ClipSkim to the first red marker andzoom into that area.With the skimmer on the first redmarker, press I to set an In point.FCP assumes you want the Outpoint at the end of the clip. Inthis case, that is correct.Press Delete to perform a rippledelete.
  • 10. Removing Clip Selections & Adding GapsThe Range Tool• Allows you to select not just content from one clip, but content from neighboring clips as well• A whole ‘range’ of content can be selected.Shortcut• Press R
  • 11. Remove a Rangefrom More than One ClipFrom the Tools pop-up menuselect the Range tool or press R.Play the first part of TonySchumacher clip and set amarker (press M) just before hebegins his line, “Nobody wakesup”Snap the Range pointer to thered marker and drag to your bluemarker.Press Delete.
  • 12. Lifting ContentDelete by Lifting• When you lift material, the project length doesn’t change• A gap is left in the place where the material wasWhen lifting is betterthan ripple deleting• The pacing is right, but the content is not right• Leaves you spots to place new content later
  • 13. Lifting ContentSet the view to show the audio.Play the first part of the TonyPedregon clip.-- he stalls before making his point.Skim to just after he says, „thebreed.‟Press B for the blade tool and cutthe clip at this location.Skim to just after he says, „dragracer is‟ and click again at this spot.
  • 14. Lifting ContentPress A for the selection tool.Click the middle Tony click to select and press Shift-Delete.-- the middle clip is replaced with a gap
  • 15. GapsA gap as aclip• You can delete a gap clip or trim it like a regular clip• You can overwrite it by repositioning another clip over it
  • 16. Selection Tool vs. Position ToolThe Position Tool• Manually places a clip at a specific location without involving other clips• No magnetic timeline• If you drag on top of another clip, it will overwrite that clipShortcut• Press P
  • 17. Lifting ContentIn the Tools pop-up menu select the Position tool or press P.Drag the second Tony clip to the left about halfway though thegap clip and release.Play the clips in this configuration.
  • 18. Making a Point with a PauseMaking a Pause• Another way to refine a project’s pace is to create a dramatic pause• To accentuate a point you can insert a gap clip.
  • 19. Dramatic PauseSelect the Selection tool – APlay the Antron Brown clip.Position the play head after hesays, „take the Wally home‟Choose Edit > Insert Gap-- shortcut Option W-- the remaining storyline opens toallow for a new clip-- 3-second gap is placed at theplay head location.
  • 20. TrimmingFinessing a Clip• Deciding whether the original Start and End points are the best selection of content of placement.What you see &don’t see• What plays is what you selected, but all the clip content is still there if you need it
  • 21. TrimmingTrimming with theSelection tool• Easy and fastThe Ripple Effect• When you trim an edit point, FCP adjusts the rest of the timeline automatically • Make an edit point longer, FCP pushes content right to make room • Make an edit point shorter, FCP closes the gap
  • 22. TrimmingIn the Project Library open theDelicious Peace_rough projectand duplicate.Rename the project „DeliciousPeace Done‟ and load the project.Play though the VO7 point.-- the VO finishes before 60seconds, but the clips run past thispoint.-- we will trim some clips to get thisspot closer to 60 seconds.
  • 23. Have a Look AroundWith the skimmer a little bit pastthe VO7 clip, press Command +to zoom in a few times to find the„workers relaxing‟ clip.2-finger click on the clip andchoose Open in Timeline fromthe shortcut menu.-- the marked portion of the projectclip is highlighted in milky white-- media handles are darkened oneither side.
  • 24. Make a TrimTo return to the project, click theleft History arrow-- shortcut Command [Find the „woman picks beans‟ clipabove VO_09 and zoom in.--notice how the woman looks upat the end.Move the pointer to the end ofthat clip and select the End editpoint.Drag left until the numericaltimecode field reads about -2:00
  • 25. Make a TrimClean up the edit:Select the end of VO_09and trim it left just enoughto fit VO_08 back up withthe others.Check your audio edit with„play around‟ (Shift ?)
  • 26. Creating a StorylineStoryline• Combines a group of clips into one• Any spaces between the clips will remainHow it’s used• Great for locking in audio to a set duration • In this example the VOs will be locked together into one clip
  • 27. Create a StorylineShift Z so you can see the whole project.Draw a rectangle to select all of the VO clips.2-finger click (CTRL click) one of the VO clips and choose„Create Storyline‟ from the shortcut menu.
  • 28. Nudging an Edit PointNudging• Once you have the edit point selected you can nudge the edit point left or right with the , & . Keys • (< or > keys)Visual cue• Viewer will update with the latest nudge
  • 29. Nudge an Edit PointSelect the end of the„Woman picks beans‟ andpress the , and . Keys tonudge the clip to just beforeshe looks up from theViewer.
  • 30. Checking Your EditPlay Around• After changing your edit point, press Shift / (Shift ?) to play around the current play head position• The amount of pre-roll and post-roll is set in Preferences
  • 31. Play Around the Edit PointSelect FCP > Preferencesand change the Pre-roll andPost-roll settings to 3.0seconds.Press Shift / to play aroundthe edit point.
  • 32. Set up for Detailed TrimmingIn Preferences select theEditing tab.Make sure „Show detailedtrimming feedback‟ is turnedon.-- allows you to see bothclips at the edit point you aretrimming
  • 33. Trimming IndicatorsMove your pointer to thenext clip „man picks beans‟and click on the Start editpoint.Drag the edit point left andright. Notice the indicationsabout the changes youmake.Press Command Z to undo.
  • 34. Trimming IndicatorsTimeline• Amount of change indicated in the pop- up window• Red bracket with out of mediaViewer• Trimmed clip updates in the Viewer
  • 35. Using the Play head as a Trim MarkerFind the spot• Use the play head to find a spot where you can trim a start or end point of a clipTrim to the play head• Drag the start or end point to the play head• With snapping turned on, your cursor will snap to the play head
  • 36. Using the Play head as a Trim MarkerSkim though the „man picksbeans‟ clip and find wherethe man starts to lower thebeans into the bucket.Click just before this actionto set the play head.Drag the Start point to theright and snap it to the playhead.
  • 37. Trimming ShortcutsOption ]• Option & right bracket• Trims an End point to the skimmer locationOption [• Option & left bracket• Trims a Start point to the skimmer locationOption • Press I and O to set a range in a clip• Press Option to trim the head and tail material outside the selection
  • 38. Practice Some Trim ShortcutsSkim the „dark beansground‟ clip.Press Command = (+) tozoom in on the clip.Move the skimmer inside theStart point and press Option[Press Command Z to undo.
  • 39. Practice Some Trim ShortcutsMove the skimmer inside theEnd point to just before thezoom outPress Option ] to trim theEnd point.Press Command Z to undo.
  • 40. Practice Some Trim ShortcutsMove the skimmer inside theStart point to just before thezoom out and set an In point.Skim to just before the fastzoom out and set an Outpoint.((can also use the range tool))Press Option to trim thehead and tail material of theclip.Press Command Z to undo.
  • 41. Extend EditWhat it does• Takes an edit point and extends it left or right to the skimmer locationShortcut• Shift X
  • 42. Extend EditSkim to the end of the„xylophone music‟ clip andclick its End point.Skim to the end of the VO_07clip.To shorten the music clip tothis location, press Shift X
  • 43. The Trim ToolAt the Start or End point• Trims the clipIn the middle of the clip• Slips the clipOption key & middle of theclip• Slides the clipBetween two clips• Rolls the edit
  • 44. Trim Edit with the Trim ToolZoom in to the first 2 clips ofthe map.Select the Trim tool from thetools pop-up toolbar or selectT.Select the End point of the„map of Africa‟ clip and trimright 1½ seconds. Filmstrip = media start point on Map of incoming Uganda clip
  • 45.  MWF
  • 46. Roll Edit with the Trim ToolClick on the editpoint• Both the end point of the outgoing clip and the start point of the incoming clip are selected• Moving (rolling) the edit point does not change the duration of the project
  • 47. Roll Edit with the Trim ToolSelect the edit point betweenthe two map clips with thetrim tool.Drag the edit right 15 framesthen back 15 frames.Notice the changes in theViewer when you do this. End point of Start point of outgoing clip incoming clip
  • 48. Roll Edit with the Trim ToolPlay the „grind stone‟ and„woman sweeps coffee‟ clipsand zoom into that area.Roll the edit point left untileach clip shows the woman‟shand on the grinding stone-- about -22 frames
  • 49. Slip Edit with the Trim ToolChange thecontent• Changes what you see or hear in the clip without changing where it is in the timeline• Does not change the project duration
  • 50. Slip Edit with the Trim ToolZoom into the 3rd to the lastclip „workers relaxing‟-- we will slip the contents sowe can see that woman inredMove the trim tool over themiddle of the clip so you seethe slip icon.Drag left until you first see the New start New end pointred shirted arm. Then drag point of clip of clipleft another 2 seconds andrelease.
  • 51. Slip Edit with the Trim ToolShift Z to zoom out, then zoominto the „man picks beans‟ clip.Move the trim tool right as faras possible on the clip.-- bring the man‟s smile into theshot.When you see the red startpoint, you‟ve reached themedia start point and can‟t gofurther.
  • 52. Slide Edit with the Trim ToolChange theclip position• Slides a clip left or right between the two clips on either side of it• Doesn’t change the project duration
  • 53. Slide Edit with the Trim ToolSkim to the „making coffee‟ clip.Press Shift / to play around thatarea.-- we will move this slide this clipleft until the woman sweeps thebeans 3 times.Using the Viewer as aguide, press option and slip theclip left until the womansweeping beans has completedthree sweeps.
  • 54. Trimming with PrecisionPrecisionEditor• Look IN the edit with the precision editor for more precise editing• Allows you to consider and execute your trims quickly and easily
  • 55. Trimming with PrecisionIn the project library folderopen the „Fairly Legal_rough‟project, make a duplicateand load that into thetimeline.Audio is important to seewhen trimming so increasethe size of the audiowaveforms in the clips withthe Clip appearance button.
  • 56. Trimming with PrecisionDouble-click the edit pointbetween the 1st two clips 4A-1_110(A) and 4B-3_110(A) clipsto open the precision editor--shortcut – select the edit point andpress Control E
  • 57. Trimming with PrecisionWhat you see• Outgoing clip on the top• Incoming clip on the bottom• Play head at current edit point• Available media handles of each clip appear darker • You know what you have to work with
  • 58. Trimming with Precision3 things toconsider• The end point of the outgoing clip• The start point of the incoming clip• The combined timing between them
  • 59. Selecting what to ViewPlay the edit point• Put pointer over the gray area between the upper and lower clip• Skim or press the spacebar• Pointer iconPlay the outgoingclip & handles• Move the point over that clip• Skim or press the spacebar• Hand icon
  • 60. Trimming with PrecisionZoom in and play throughthe edit.The judge says „detritus ofjustice‟ twice. We will keepthe line on Kate‟scamera, but trim it off on thewide shot.On the outgoing clip find thespot right after „other‟ butbefore „detritus of justice‟
  • 61. Trimming with PrecisionSelect the outgoing clip atthis point and drag it right tothe edit point.On the incoming clip movethe hand to the spot justafter „other‟ but before„detritus of justice‟Click with the hand tool. Theedit updates at the handposition.
  • 62. Rolling with PrecisionRolling with theprecision editor• Click on the edit line handle• Both edit points are selected
  • 63. Rolling with PrecisionClick on the edit line handle Rolling with thetoprecision editor prepare to roll. • Click on the edit line handleDrag the edit line handle left • Both edit points areabout 15 frames so the selectedViewer shows Kate holdingthe book in her arm.Play the new edit.
  • 64. Rolling with PrecisionRolling only thevideo or theaudio• Sometimes rolling the edit will throw off the video or audio timing between the two clips• Expand the clip, then roll only the video will fix the problem
  • 65. Rolling with PrecisionTwo-finger click the thesecond clip 4B-3_110(A)and choose „ExpandAudio/Video‟-- shortcut – Control SSelect the first clip and dothe same thing.
  • 66. Rolling with PrecisionSelect the trim tool (T) andselect the edit point betweenthese two clips.Drag right until in the Vieweryou see a good matchbetween Kate‟s actions soshe‟s holding the bookclosed in each frame.Press Shift to play aroundthe edit.
  • 67. Shortcuts: Control S • Expand Audio/Video Option W • Insert a gap clip • Trim the End point and remove all frames Option ] to the right of the skimmer location • Trim the Start point and remove all frames Option [ to the left of the skimmer location • Lift an item or section from the TimelineShift Delete and leave a gap Shift / • Play around an edit
  • 68. Homework Assignment:Your job is to fix the rest of this scene using the trim, rolland precision editor so the dialogue flows smoothly.Share as an Apple iPhone and save as (your name)Lesson 6.m4v to iTunes U.
  • 69. Lesson 6: Fine-Tuning the Rough Cut Apple Pro Training Series Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall