Lesson 1:Editing in Final Cut Pro Apple Pro Training Series Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall
Using the DVD Book FilesAPTS FCP X.sparse image file• Actually an external drive when turned on• When you click on it an external drive appears on your desktop• Eject or drag to trash when done • Original file is not trashed; just ejecting the external driveCopy from DVD to your computer• Make a folder for your sparseimage file in documents and copy it there
Apple Pro CertificationBecome an AppleCertified Pro• Complete the course material from the book • 1st half in BC 142, 2nd half in BC 361• Take the certification exam online • More info on the DVD and in the text
How to Use These Lessons Information boxes • These boxes contain information about a certain topicAction boxes:If you see a yellow border box, youwill need to do something in FinalCut Pro. The illustration areaFollow every step to keep up in the showing what the functionlesson. Homework assignments or action looks like in Final Cut.are normally based on the lesson.
How to Use These Lessons Homework with each lesson • Each lesson has a homework assignment • Assignments are posted on iTunes U as your name • Sam Week 1.m4vMark and Drop into a Sequence• Page 68 Example of homework• Create a new sequence assignment for each• Mark all the clips listed on the page• Drop them onto the timeline in that orderlesson at the end of the• Export your sequence slideshow. • Export using QuickTime Conversion • Format - iPod • Save as (your name) Week 1.m4v• Post in Homework folder on iTunes U
Starting up Final Cut Pro3 ways• From the Application folder• Icon in the dock• If using Lion, from the Launchpad
Starting up Final Cut ProIf it isn‟t there already, dragthe Final Cut Pro icon toyour dock.In the dock, click the FinalCut Pro icon.
Workflow Import your Create a Organize media into Project & Add Your MediaFinal Cut Pro Clips Rearrange & Share your Add Effects & Edit your Movie Transitions Clips
WorkflowImport your media into FinalCut Pro• Transfer your media (video, audio, and still images) from your recording device to your computer or an external disk.• You can import media from many kinds of cameras and other devices, or from other applications such as iMovie.
WorkflowOrganize your media• Reorganize your clips by creating Events and moving clips between Events.• Rate clips as Favorite or Rejected. • Makes it easier to focus on your best footage. • Other useful organizing tools, such as Keyword Collections and Smart Collections.
WorkflowCreate a projectand add clips to it• Your project is the movie you create using clips from your Events• Start creating your movie by adding clips to the Timeline.
WorkflowArrange and edit yourclips• The Rough cut - Rearrange and trim clips in the Timeline. • Try out different clips using auditions. • Use connected clips and storylines to add cutaway shots, titles, background music, and sound effects to your project.
WorkflowAdd effects andtransitions• Add special effects from the media browsers.• Give your movie titles and credits• Add video or audio transitions.• Adjust clip speed settings• Keyframe video and audio effects, correct color, and composite motion graphics.
WorkflowShare your movie• Publish your movie right from Final Cut Pro to the web, or send it to iTunes, iPhone, iPad, iPod, or Apple TV.• You can also burn a disc to give to others.
The Elements of Final Cut ProMedia Files Clips• Media that is captured from • Objects that reference to the your camera to the hard drive media file• Imported from internal or • Sort, trim, arrange on your external drive timeline• Non-volatile • Video, audio, graphics
The Elements of Final Cut ProTimeline Project• Series of clips arranged • What you are working on together • Contains all the elements• Forms a storyline you use: • QuickTime clips, music, sound effects, narration, graphics
Understanding the Final Cut Pro InterfaceEvent Browser Viewer Toolbar Timelin e
The Event LibraryEvent Library• Every editing workflow begins with gathering and organizing your source media files.An Event• Container that organizes imported source clips• Available Events are displayed in the Event Library
Event Library Icons Show/Hide • Allows you to see all the events saved • You can hide this column once you have selected the event you are usingClick on the icon to reveal theEvent Library if necessary
Select an EventTo view the source contentinthe_DeliciousPeace_Event,click its icon.-- Selecting an Eventdisplays its clips to the rightin the Event Browser.Close the Event Library byclicking on the open/closeicon on the bottom.
Event BrowserEvent Browser• Screen clips• Select which chip or portions of clips to use or not use for your project • Set start and end points (in & out point) • Favorite or reject• Sort clips
Open the Project LibraryIn the lower-left corner ofthe Timeline window, clickthe Show/Hide ProjectLibrary button to view theProject Library.-- view available projects,sorted by connected harddisk
Content-Sensitive PointerThe Pointer• Final Cut Pro also has a context-sensitive pointer.• As you move the pointer over the interface, it may change to allow you to perform a specific function
Content-Sensitive PointerPosition the pointer overthe border between theEvent Browser and Viewer.When the pointer changesto the vertical resizepointer, drag right toincrease the size of theEvent Browser window.
TooltipTooltip• Placing your pointer over an icon will reveal what the tool does• The letter following the description is the shortcut to use this function
Try out the TooltipPosition the pointer overthe green star icon at theleft end of the toolbar.A tooltip explains that thistool marks a clip as one ofyour favorites.The keyboard shortcut toaccess this function is F.
Pop-up MenusPop-up Menus• Allows you to access more than one option• Click on the pop-up menu to see the options available
Try out a Pop-up MenuIn the toolbar, click theTools pop-up menu.Move the pointer over thefirst tool in the Tool palette.-- Select tool AIf it‟s not already the activetool, click to select it.
MenusMenus• The Final Cut Pro menu bar organizes topics by categories such as View, Mark, Modify, Share, and so on.• Within each menu, specific functions that share a similar purpose are grouped together.
Menu Keyboard ShortcutsMenu Shortcuts• Many menu items can be chosen by pressing a keyboard shortcut• Single letter or combination of letter and Shift, Control, Option or Command• These keyboard shortcuts are often displayed next to the item in its menu.
Menu Keyboard ShortcutsChoose Window > MediaBrowser. Move the pointerinto the submenu andchoose Effects.-- Notice that the keyboardshortcut for this option isCommand-5
Menu Keyboard Shortcuts2 Things Happen• In the lower right of the Timeline, the Media Browser window displays Final Cut Pro effects.• In the toolbar above the Browser, the Effects icon is highlighted in blue.
Control-ClickingCTRL Click• Brings up a shortcut list of things that can be done to the selected itemThree ways• CTRL Click• Right click• Two-finger click with track pad on your laptop
Control-clickingClick the close button (X) inthe upper left corner toclose the Effects Browser-- or click the highlightedmedia icon.Move the pointer into theEvent Browser and Control-click (or right-click) anythumbnail image.
Viewing & Sorting EventsIn the Final Cut Pro workflow, you import media filesinto Events, which are displayed in the Event LibraryCan be grouped and viewed by date, disk, mostrecent, and so on.Once you create an Event and import source mediainto it, it will be listed in the Event Library as long asthe drive containing the original media is accessiblefrom your computer
Viewing & Sorting EventsOpen the Event LibraryIn the Event Library, selectthe_DeliciousPeace_Event,if necessary.
Event Library Action ButtonAction Pop-up• The upper part: • Different ways of grouping events in the Event Library• The bottom part: • Different ways of grouping clips in the Event Browser
Viewing & Sorting EventsFrom the Action pop-up menu, choose Group Events byDate, and from the submenu, choose Don‟t Group Eventsby Date.From the Action pop-up menu, make sure Group Events byDisk is selected.
Viewing Clips in the Event BrowserTo Skim or toPlay?• Often it‟s more productive to quickly skim through clips to search for a particular person or action.• Other times, you may want to play the clip in real time to get a sense of timing or content in a scene.
Viewing Clips in the Event BrowserMake surethe_DeliciousPeace_Eventto display those clips in theEvent Browser.To see all the clips in thisevent, choose „All Clips‟ inthe Browser Filter Pop-upmenu.
Viewing Clips in the Event BrowserFrom the Action pop-upmenu, choose ArrangeClips By > Name.-- all the clips appearalphabetically in the EventBrowser.
Event Browser Duration SliderDuration Slider• Adjusts how much of the clip is shown as a filmstrip• The shorter the duration, the longer the filmstrip• Can be set to „All‟ so each clip is only a thumbnail
Viewing Clips in the Event BrowserBeneath the Event Browserin the lower-right corner,drag the Duration slider tothe far right until theduration amount reads „All.‟
Viewing Clips in the Event BrowserClick the first clip, beans beinghulled.To skim its content, move yourpointer (now a Hand icon) fromone side of the clip thumbnail tothe other.-- notice that the skimmer (thinpink vertical line) travels with youas you skim through thethumbnail, and a large view ofthe clip appears in the Viewer.
Skimmer vs. PlayheadSkimmer• Pink line that travels along as you move your pointerPlayhead• A white vertical line that appears when you click in a clip.• Stays in place when you click, like placing a bookmark at a specific frame or action to which you may want to return.
Skimmer vs. PlayheadIn the beans being hulledclip, click a frame in whicha bean is coming out of thechute in mid-flight.Now move the pointer toanother frame to find adifferent flying bean, andthen skim back to theplayhead.
Change the Duration SliderDrag the Duration slider tothe left until the durationreads 2s, representing twoseconds.Now scroll up and down tosee the new display of clipthumbnails.-- one thumbnail appears forevery two seconds of media ineach clip
Selecting & Playing a ClipSelect the grind stone clipPress the Spacebar to playthe clip then press it againto stop playing the clip.As you start and stop,watch the toolbar above theTimeline to see thenumbers change in theDashboard.
Playing a ClipPlay Shortcuts• L – Play forward• K – Pause• J – Play backwardsFast & Slow• LL – Shuttle forward• JJ – Shuttle backwards• KL – Slow motion forward• KJ – Slow motion backward
Using J, K, LPress „L‟ to play the clip forward.Listen to find the point at whichthe woman says, “It has a nicesmell.”Then press K to stop playback.Press the JJ key to shuttlebackward to a point before thewoman‟s statementPress L to play through the clipagain.
Clip Appearance OptionsClip AppearanceButton• If you prefer to see more clips in the Event Browser, you can reduce the size of the clip thumbnails.• You can also choose whether or not to display an audio waveform on the clip.
Clip Appearance OptionsClick the Clip Appearancebutton.From the Clip Appearance pop-up menu, deselect ShowWaveforms.Then drag the Clip Heightslider to the left to reduce thesize of the thumbnails anddisplay more clips in the EventBrowser.
Event Browser OptionsTo the right of the Action pop-up menu, click the List Viewbutton.In the Event Browser, click theName column to sort the clipsby name.Then scroll through the list andclick the map of Africa clip.Skim through the filmstrip atthe top of the window.
Clip Cues in the Viewer Sprocket Holes • Let‟s you know when you are at the very beginning or end of a clip • Seen in the ViewerSkim though the Map of Africaclip to see the overlays in theViewer.
Working in the Project LibraryThe EditingProcess• Combine selected video and audio clips, or portions of clips, into a project that tells your story.• You add music and sometimes narration, photos, titles, and anything else that brings your story to life.
Working in the Project LibraryOpen the Project Library, inthe lower-left corner of thetimeline:-- Click the Project Librarybutton-- Shortcut - Command-0
Working in the Project LibraryDrag the Lesson 1 folderfrom the Lesson Projectsfolder to the APTS FCP Xicon.Then click the disclosuretriangle of the LessonProjects folder to hide theother lesson projects.Open Lesson 1 folder
Working in the Project LibraryProjects• Beneath each project name is information about the project • Length • Frame rate • Date it was last changed or edited• You can also skim a project in the Project Library like a clip in the Event Browser
Working in the Project Library Track Colors • Video = blue tracks • Audio = green tracksOpen the Delicious Peaceproject in the Timeline --- Double-click its projecticon-- Select it then press Return
Viewing Projects in the LibraryGetting Around• You view projects as a list in the Project Library, but play and edit those projects in the Timeline.• In the Timeline window, you can view and edit one project at a time.• View a project in the Timeline using the same navigation techniques used to preview a clip in the Event Browser.
Viewing Projects in the LibraryPlay the project in theTimeline by pressing theSpacebar.As you play to the end of theproject, the white playheadmoves through the clips.Pause the playhead and tryskimming though the project
Viewing Projects in the LibraryGetting Around• Home & End key • Go to start, go to end of project • Laptops = fn & fn • JKL • Backwards, pause, forwards • JJ, LL = shuttle backwards, shuttle forwards • KJ & KL = slow motion
Viewing Projects in the LibraryGetting Around• & keys • Move backward or forward one frame• Shift & Shift keys • Move backward or forward 10 frames at a time• Up & Down arrow keys • Previous & next edit point
Viewing Projects in the LibraryPress fn to move theplayhead to the beginning ofthe project.Press the Down Arrow a fewtimes until you see thebrown close-up Ugandamap in the Viewer.
Viewer Overlays L Overlay • An L-shaped symbol in the lower-left corner of the Viewer indicates that the playhead is positioned on the first frame of the edited clip.Press the once to move theplayhead to the last frame of theprevious clip to see the „end ofclip‟ overlay in the viewer.
Getting AroundTry out some keyboardshortcuts to move around inyour project:- Spacebar- J, K, L keys- combining J & K, K & Ltogether- JJ & LL- up and down arrow keys- left and right arrow keys
Viewer Transport ControlsGetting Around• Buttons to play & pause, go to previous or next edit point, previous or next frame, loop or full screen.
Getting AroundTry out the Viewer controlsto move around in yourproject.Try out the full screenplayback.-- press Esc key when done
Zooming in & Out of your ProjectA Better Look• Zoom into an area for a closer look to see a clip name or view more thumbnails representing the clip.• Shortcuts: • Command = (+) zoom in • Command – zoom out • Shift Z to see whole project
Zooming in & Out of your ProjectClick the Timeline to make it theactive window, and pressCommand-= (equals) two times tozoom into the skimmer orplayhead location.To scroll forward through theproject, drag the scroll bar at thebottom of the Timeline to the right.You can also use the scroll featureon your mouse or trackpad.-- 2 fingers left and right
Zooming in & Out of your ProjectA Better Look• You can also zoom in and out by dragging the Zoom control in the lower right of the Timeline.
Changing Clip AppearanceClip Appearance• Thumbnail size• Clip height• Show connected clips• Show pop-up menuHandy• When sweetening audio• When you have several tracks
Changing Clip AppearanceClick on the ClipAppearance button andchange the thumbnail size ofyour clips.Change the track height.Notice the change to theconnected audio clips whenyou turn „Show Connections‟on and off.
Saving, Duplicating, Hiding, ClosingSaving• FCP saves your project automatically in the backgroundDuplicating• You can duplicate a project to save a version of your work before you make more changes• Select your project in the Project Library and File > Duplicate (Command D)
Saving, Duplicating, Hiding, ClosingHiding• You can hide FCP to work on other things like any other Mac program • FCP > Hide FCP or Command H • Click on the icon in the dock to bring it backClosing• If you are finished working, quit the program by choosing Final Cut Pro > Quit Final Cut Pro, or by pressing Command-Q
Putting Lessons Back in PlaceTo keep the lessonsorganized in the externaldrive, when you are donewith the lesson, drag it backinto the Lessons folder.Select the Lesson 1 folderand drag it back into theLesson Projects folder.
Shortcuts in Lesson 1 F • Clip selection becomes a favorite A • Choose the Select tool S • Turn skimming on/off Shift S • Turn audio skimming on/off • Play/pause a clip in event browser or inSpacebar the timeline
Shortcuts in Lesson 1 JKL • Play backwards, pause, play forwards JK & KL • Slomo backwards & slowmo forwards • Move playhead back 1 frame & move K tap J & K tap L playhead forward 1 frame Shift Spacebar • Play clip or project in reverse • Position playhead to beginning or endHome/End or fn of project
Shortcuts in Lesson 1 • Event Browser – select previous or next clip Up & Down Arrow • Timeline – go to previous or next edit • Move the playhead backward or forward 1 Left & Right Arrow frame • Move the playhead backward or forward 10Shift Left & Right Arrow frames Command H • Hide FCP Command Q • Quit FCP
Homework This Week No homework this week! Well, do practice those shortcuts and learn what thebuttons do in the Event Browser, Viewer and Timeline.
Lesson 1:Editing in Final Cut Pro Apple Pro Training Series Final Cut Pro X Instructor: Sam Edsall