Open practice is more than just creating open educational resourcesOpen educational resources, and open education more generally, are considered to have huge potential to increase participation and educational opportunities at large and to promote widening participation and lifelong learning. At the same time, the past decade has shown that openness in itself is not enough to unfold this potential. It is important to shift the focus more to the actual open practice of using, reusing, or creating open educational opportunities: open educational practice.
Activity from Lindsay Jordan SEDA OER workshop.Using the cards where would you put the various activities on a scale of closed or open practice.
OERs are really useful when you are teaching a subject for the first time, or when you are looking for a new way of teaching something that perhaps you feel isn’t useful. They can save you time and effort from creating activities yourself.OERs are not simply about taking someone else’s powerpoint and using it exactly as it was. Adapting resources is usually an important part of the process – so adding your own examples, adding context specific information.If I take slides from another university, I will inevitably need to change them to add LSE context and relevant terminology.
Many benefits to sharing – what are the risks?Might someone take your material and not give you credit for it?Well there is always this risk, but you can choose how you want to share, whether its for commercial or non commercial. Whether you want to allow people to adapt your material or not. And the material is always yours and you should get credit fro it.
MIT and MOOCsOER Commons usability is particularly good – Browse by subject area, e.g. Social Sciences
Use form for this activity.
This might be necessary if you are converting a resource and cannot find a suitable CC alternative.
Creative Commons: A Shared Culturehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1DKm96Ftfko
Open educational resources:sharing your teaching materials Jane Secker and Natalia Madjarevic This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 License.
Session overview• Introduction to open educational resources (OERs)• Creating and reusing OERs in your teaching• Finding and identifying OERs• Sharing and depositing OERs
What is open practice?• Why share?• Why not share?• What do you currently share?
Activity 1:Open practice vs. Closed practiceWorking in groups, place the examples on acontinuum from ‘closed’ to ‘open’ practiceClosed Open
What are OERs?• Open Educational Resources (OERs) are teaching, learning or research materials that are in the public domain or released with an intellectual property license that allows for free use, adaptation, and distribution. UNESCO
The value of OERs• Breaking down barriers to learning• Not reinventing the wheel• Sharing good practice• Capacity building• Networking between teaching practitioners• Cross fertilisation of ideas between disciplines
Benefits and pitfalls of sharing• Altruism• Enhancing your own reputation and your intuitions / Online visibility• Networking and collaboration• Piracy / plagiarism• Loss of income• Negative feedback• Time
Discuss in pairs: What are the benefits and risksassociated with sharing your own material as OER?
OER initiatives• MIT’s Open Courseware – ocw.mit.edu• OpenLearn – openlearn.open.ac.uk• Jorum – jorum.ac.uk• OER Commons – oercommons.org/oer• OER Africa – oerafrica.org• LSE Learning Resources Online – learningresources.lse.ac.uk• OERs and MOOCs – what is the difference?
Reusing OERs in your own teaching• Use existing OERs for teaching inspiration• Ensure you follow the license conditions• Remixing OERs – fundamental principle• Reuse, recycle!
Activity 2: Finding OERs in Jorum and elsewhere• Visit the Jorum (jorum.ac.uk) and search for an OER related to your subject area• Consider how you might use this resource in your teaching and evaluate its quality• If time explore one other OER collection listed on earlier slide (and linked in Moodle)
Creating OERs: what do you need to consider?• Using copyright cleared images: – Flickr – Google Image CC search• Intellectual Property Rights• Creative Commons Licenses• Screenshots and placeholders• Keeping materials up to date
Converting an existing resource• Inserting placeholders• Replacing with relevant alternatives Image Placeholder Image: Historic painting of a clash between soldiers while surrounding buildings are on fire. Subscription resource: No Edited: No This image was removed due to copyright being held by another party.
Activity 3: Choosing a CC license and finding CC images• http://creativecommons.org/choose/• Flickr and Google Creative Commons image search
How to share and deposit OERs?• Share your learning resources in Jorum• LSE Learning Resources Online• Email: firstname.lastname@example.org• Copyright and licensing advice
Open discussion: Sharing OERs• What are the key barriers and challenges of: – Reusing OERs from others? – Creating OERs yourself?• When do OERs succeed? – What would motivate you to reuse an OER? – What would motivate you for release your own teaching materials?
Questions?Jane Seckerj.email@example.comNatalia Madjarevicn.firstname.lastname@example.orgFurther readingGuidelines for Open Educational Resources (OER) in HigherEducation, COL/UNESCO:http://www.col.org/resources/publications/Pages/detail.aspx?PID=364
Image and Video Credits• OER Global Logo by Jonathas Mello licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Unported 3.0 License (http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to- knowledge/open-educational-resources/global-oer-logo/)• School by Forezt on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/forezt/532033594/• Sharing by BenGrey on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ben_grey/4582294721/• Sharing Music – Roman Style by Ed Yourdon on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/yourdon/3088582622/• A Shared Culture by Jesse Dylan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- Noncommercial-Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA) license. (http://creativecommons.org/videos/a-shared-culture)• With thanks to Lindsay Jordan at the University of Arts, London for sharing her open practice activity with us