Key

473 views
414 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
473
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Key

  1. 1. KEY & TERMINATION
  2. 2. DIMENSIONS OF ORAL COMMUNICATION <ul><li>Cauldwell and Allan (1998) </li></ul>Articulatory Acoustic Auditory Vibration of vocal folds Fundamental frequency Pitch Physical effort Amplitude (intensity) Loudness Timing of movements Time duration Length
  3. 3. <ul><li>Relative pitch level and pitch movement </li></ul><ul><li>Factors affecting the pitch </li></ul><ul><li>1- Idiosincratic (physical conditions, sex, age) </li></ul><ul><li>2- Socio-cultural (social or cultural constraints) </li></ul><ul><li>3- Emotional (feelings and moods) </li></ul>
  4. 4. SYSTEM OF PITCH MOVEMENT Tone Symbol Shape Falling p Rising r + Rise-fall p+ Fall-rise r Level o
  5. 5. <ul><li>The pitch level on the onset syllable determines the KEY of the tonic segment. </li></ul><ul><li>The pitch level of the tonic syllable represents a independently meaningful system: TERMINATION. </li></ul><ul><li>KEY TERMINATION </li></ul><ul><li>High </li></ul><ul><li>Mid // p it’s JUST starting to RAIN // </li></ul><ul><li>Low </li></ul>
  6. 6. THE KEY SYSTEM PITCH LEVEL MEANING EXAMPLE High Key Contrastive ( A not B) LOST // p he GAM bled // p and // Mid Key Additive (A + B) // p he GAM bled// p and LOST // Low Key Equative (A = B) // p he GAM bled// p and // LOST
  7. 7. <ul><li>KEY TERMINATION </li></ul><ul><li>High </li></ul><ul><li>Mid // p it’s JUST starting to RAIN // </li></ul><ul><li>Low </li></ul><ul><li>High JUST RAIN </li></ul><ul><li>Mid // p it’s starting to // </li></ul><ul><li>Low </li></ul><ul><li>High </li></ul><ul><li>Mid // p it’s starting to // </li></ul><ul><li>Low JUST RAIN </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>(this is the best technique that could be used) </li></ul><ul><li>1. // r to en TICE people// r to en COUR age// </li></ul><ul><li>p to COME along and pre SENT themselves// </li></ul><ul><li>2. // r to en TICE people// r to en age// </li></ul><ul><li>COUR </li></ul><ul><li>p to COME along and pre SENT themselves// </li></ul><ul><li> COUR </li></ul><ul><li>3. // r to en TICE people// r to en age// </li></ul><ul><li>p to COME along and pre SENT themselves// </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>A. // r I should think // p its time to STOP // </li></ul><ul><li>B. // p YES // p you’re RIGHT// p its JUST FIVE // </li></ul><ul><li>B. // p YES // r+ well if THAT’S what you THINK // p we WILL // </li></ul><ul><li>B. // p YES // p i a GREE // r its NO use OVER doing it// </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE TERMINATION SYSTEM Key Termination Meaning Example High High Expectation on the part of the speaker of a contrastive answer: yes/no. THINK LAR A: // p do you this one ger// YES B: // p // High Mid Pressure from the speaker for a favourable response by the other interlocutor. THINK A: // p do you this ones LARG er// P: // p YES //
  11. 11. Mid High Expectation on the part of the speaker of a contrastive answer: yes/no. LAR A: // p do you THINK this ones ger// YES B: // p // Mid Mid Pressure from the speaker for a favourable response by the other interlocutor. A: // p do you THINK this ones LARG er// B: // p YES // Mid Low The speaker imposes little or no constraint on the next turn taker . // r + and the QUEStion i want to PUT to you is //p DO we NEED // p an INcome icy// POL
  12. 12. Low Mid Pressure from the speaker for a favourable response by the other interlocutor. A: // p do you this ones LARGer// THINK B // p YES // Low Low The speaker imposes little or no constraint on the next turn taker // r+ and the QUEStion i want to PUT to you is //p DO we NEED //p an come icy// IN POL

×