Anxiety as an Individual Differences

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1. anxiety as and individual difference …

1. anxiety as and individual difference
2. language anxiety
3. causes, solutions

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  • specifically associated with second language contexts, including speaking, listening and learning.Macintyre & Gardner(1994:284)specifically associated with second language contexts, including speaking, listening and learning.Macintyre & Gardner(1994:284)
  • A student has no anxiety in their classes mayonly have anxiety in your secondlanguage classroom.


  • 1. ANXIETY ‘’an individual difference’’
  • 2. What is anxiety ?
  • 3. Scovel (1978:134) stage of apprehension II. a vague fear III. arousal of the limbic system I.
  • 4. Limbic system Interconnected deep brain structures II. Olfaction III. Emotion IV. Motivation V. Behavior I.
  • 5. Gliksman Negative predicator of achievement is anxiety.
  • 6. Macintyre & Gardner(1994:284) Language anxiety is the feeling of tension and apprehension.
  • 7. directly related to
  • 8. • Many people who are good learners in othe subject areas can experience anxiety when learning a second language Math  Monday English  Tuesday
  • 9. Communicative Language Teaching and Suggestopedia are explicitly directed at reducing learner anxiety. or
  • 10. Anxiety and speech communication appear to have a strong bond with each other.
  • 11. Suitable lexis II. Appropriate syntactic structure III. Comprehensible accent IV. Thinking and organizing ideas I.
  • 12. Sypmtoms Become Forgetful Trouble Concentrating Sweat
  • 13. Classification
  • 14. Anxiety Facet 1 Trait Anxiety State Anxiety Facet 2 Situation Specified Anxiety Facilitating Anxiety Debilitating Anxiety
  • 15. • 1.Trait Anxiety a more permanent predisposition to be anxious. It is related to learner’s personality. (Scovel, p. 137).
  • 16. • 2.State Anxiety apprehension that is experienced at a particular moment in time as a response to a definite situation. • (Spielberger 1983) What if the teacher calls on me?I always get the answer wrong!
  • 17. 3.Situation Specific Anxiety the anxiety which is aroused by a specific type of situation or event such as public speaking,examination or class participation.
  • 18. Facilitating vs debilitating anxiety Facilitating anxiety motivates the learner to ‘fight’ the new learning task; it gears the learner emotionally for approval behavior. Example: Student works hard and passes the exam. Debilitatiing anxiety motivates the learner to ‘flee’ the new learning task; it stimulates the individual emotionally to adopt avoidance behavior. (Scovel, T. ,1978) Example: run away from exams.
  • 19. Sources of Anxiety
  • 20. • Horwitz & Cope (1986) developed a foreign language anxiety scale based on conversation with beginner learners who identified themselves as anxious. This questionnaire consists of 33 items relating to the 3 general sources of anxiety. Communication apprehension Tests Fear of Negative Evaluation
  • 21. Teacher’s Role in Class-Room Anxiety 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. State of equilibrium in Class. Positive Thinking towards Students Encouragement Overlook Student’s mistakes Stress free environment.