Laden Yurttaguler - Discourse of volunteerism in a changing world

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Workshop on Participation of Young People in Civil Society
15-16 November 2013
http://www.sebeke.org.tr/en/?page_id=179

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Laden Yurttaguler - Discourse of volunteerism in a changing world

  1. 1. Laden Yurttagüler Network Project 15.11.2013
  2. 2. Content of the Presentation    Why or how , after the 1980s, the number and the impact of the CSOs have increased globally? How is volunteering defined in different periods since the 1980s? What are the opportunities and obstacles for and/or due to the volunteering for the disadventegous groups – young people - ?
  3. 3.  1980s have witnessed two important developments: ◦ Changes in the social welfare states ◦ Changes in the regimes ◦ Minimizing the «social welfare state» «Thatcher and Reagan policies» f.e. Health, education, accommodation/housing If not state then the market if not the market then NGOs? In 1970: 52 International NGOs In 1994 419 in USA (USAID, 1995) In 1980 1600 northern international aid CSO In 1990 more than 2500 including OXFAM, CARE, Medecins San Frontieres (OECD, 1993)
  4. 4. ◦ Democratization around the world 1989 collapse of the Soviet Union 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall Democratization in Latin America countries after military coups Citizens «call on duty» for the transparency, control, monitor of the (representative) democracy Re-considering the social contract / citizenship
  5. 5.  Citizenship as a concept ◦ Citizenship and rights ◦ T.H. Marshall : «status» - equal and full membership  civil, political and social rights : holistic  Who is providing social rights? Citizenship and rights ◦ Citizenship and «activity» ◦ Kymlicka and Norman : «status + belonging + activity»  Equality and social contract  Activity : representative and/or participatory democracy VOLUNTEERING for service or advocacy?
  6. 6. • • • • • • 1980 military coup in Turkey : limited/restricted civil activities 1982 constitution banned/limited civil initiatives 23.700 association to be closed down Union members: 5.721.074 in 1980 to 1.711.254 in 1985 1983 law: association under police control At the end of the 1980s and beginning with the 1990s: Human Rights Association in 1986, Purple Roof Woman Shelter Foundation in 1990, History Foundation in 1991, TEMA 1992, Helsinki Citizens Association in 1992 and AÇEV in 1993.
  7. 7.   Change in the constitution, article 33 – freedom of association During 1990s – formation of the terminology ◦ History Foundation – Civil Society Symposiums from 1994 – 2004; CSO or Third Sector Organization? ◦ Habitat-II - concept of governance ◦ 1999 earthquake – language + volunteering
  8. 8.  Who is volunteer – who is not? ◦ Legal status – diversification ◦ Member or not? ◦ What about money? ◦ The CSOs need a space to discuss and need technical support  Bilgi NGO (2003) + CSDC (STGM) (2002)
  9. 9. ◦ Service Providing CSOs and Volunteering:  Meeting with the «other» (service providing or advocacy CSOs)  Model development : empowerment of the target group  Sustainability of the service providing CSOs  Relation between the service providing CSOs and target group  Is there a hierarchical relation between the service provider and the target group?  Working with the disadvantageous groups: is it «good» for volunteers or target group?  Volunteers yet not experts ...
  10. 10. ◦ Volunteering for advocacy  Being a volunteer or an activist?  Coordination of volunteers – borrowin a term from the Management literature «management of the volunteers»... Acceptable???  Are the volunteers only «unpaid» labor or decision makers in the CSOs?  Who has the right to decide for the CSO?  In-organization democracy – possible?
  11. 11.  After the 2000s: Volunteering as a citizenship duty or not? ◦ Corporate social responsibility ◦ Social responsibility projects/courses and young people: Does volunteering become a compulsory activity? For cv or for grade? ◦ Is volunteering empowering for young people? ◦ Can young people decide in the CSOs? ◦ “Activism vs. volunteering” artificial or not?

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