0
Prof. Aslı Tunç
February 7, 2014
Social Media, A New Public
Sphere?
Some Numbers
Some Numbers
 With 14 million Twitter users and 40 % Twitter
penetration among internet users (~36 million) .
 The numbe...
Before Gezi Park Protests
 The research conducted by KONDA
between May 4-5 May in 34 cities
 A face to face survey
 258...
Internet is harmful rather than useful
2.5
2.6
2.8
3.1
3.2
3.2
3.4
3.4
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.1
3.0
2.6
3.2
2.9
2.4
3.0
3.2
3.3
2.8...
State should guarantee freedom of
expression
 Absolutely wrong: 2,2 %
 Wrong: 8,5 %
 Neutral: 19,6 %
 Right: 52,7 %
 ...
State should block access to certain
sites if necessary
 Absolutely wrong: 6,6 %
 Wrong: 15 %
 Neutral: 12,6 %
 Right:...
State should block access to certain
sites on the Internet
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.6
3.7
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.7
3.8...
I can find news on Twitter that Newspapers and Television
Channels Ignore
2
2
3
4
5
6
13.2
23.7
33.6
64.5
58.4
49.3
16.7
1...
Participation in Political Discussions
Online
47
53
17
18
18
17
13
9
6
3
0 50 100
2013
2011
Hiçbir zaman Nadiren Bazen Sık...
GEZİ PARKI 6-7 HAZİRAN 2013
Gezi Park Research
June 6-7 2013
Interview with 4411 people in the Park
Total 30 interview hou...
GEZİ PARKI 6-7 HAZİRAN 2013
Gezi Parkı Araştırması
İlk haberi nereden aldılar?
26:
Sosyal medyadan
duyanların yaş
ortalama...
GEZİ PARKI 6-7 HAZİRAN 2013
Gezi Park Research
How did they use social media?
84.6 8.0 7.5
% 0 % 50 % 100
Evet, paylaştım ...
GEZİ PARKI 6-7 HAZİRAN 2013
Gezi Park Research
Age / Gender
Demographics
0%
1%
2%
3%
4%
5%
6%
7%
8%
17-
18
19
20
21
22
23
...
Final Thoughts
 During Gezi Park, young people took on valued
roles, addressing issues that were relevant to
them, and in...
The challenges
 As the local election approaches, it is important to
realize how young people, especially youth from
diff...
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Prof Aslı Tunç - Social Media, A New Public Sphare?

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Workshop on Alternative Ways of Participation.
7th and 8th of February 2014 in Istanbul
http://www.sebeke.org.tr/

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Transcript of "Prof Aslı Tunç - Social Media, A New Public Sphare?"

  1. 1. Prof. Aslı Tunç February 7, 2014 Social Media, A New Public Sphere?
  2. 2. Some Numbers
  3. 3. Some Numbers  With 14 million Twitter users and 40 % Twitter penetration among internet users (~36 million) .  The number of Facebook members in Turkey is 35million.  Turkey has the biggest proportion of young internet users (aged 15-24) in Europe, whilst Germany has the largest share of older users (aged 55+).  Turkey is the 13th largest global online population and 6th largest in Europe. 60 percent of the Turkish online population goes online every day.
  4. 4. Before Gezi Park Protests  The research conducted by KONDA between May 4-5 May in 34 cities  A face to face survey  2585 participants as sample
  5. 5. Internet is harmful rather than useful 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.6 3.2 2.9 2.4 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.8 3.2 3.5 3.2 1 3 5 Sürekli açık zaten Günde 3 saatten fazla Günde 2-3 saat Günde 1 saat veya daha az 2-3 günde bir Haftada bir Daha nadir Hiçbir zaman 3001 TL'den fazla 2001 - 3000 TL 1201 - 2000 TL 701 - 1200 TL 301 - 700 TL 300 TL'den az Lise altı Lise Üniversite 18 - 28 yaş 29 - 43 yaş 44+ yaş Modern Geleneksel muhafazakâr Dindar muhafazakâr Türkiye İnternetegirmesıklığıGelirEğitimYaşHayattarzı
  6. 6. State should guarantee freedom of expression  Absolutely wrong: 2,2 %  Wrong: 8,5 %  Neutral: 19,6 %  Right: 52,7 %  Absolutely right: 16,9 %
  7. 7. State should block access to certain sites if necessary  Absolutely wrong: 6,6 %  Wrong: 15 %  Neutral: 12,6 %  Right: 52,9 %  Absolutely right: 12,9 %
  8. 8. State should block access to certain sites on the Internet 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 1 3 5 Sürekli açık zaten Günde 3 saatten fazla Günde 2-3 saat Günde 1 saat veya daha az 2-3 günde bir Haftada bir Daha nadir Hiçbir zaman 3001 TL'den fazla 2001 - 3000 TL 1201 - 2000 TL 701 - 1200 TL 301 - 700 TL 300 TL'den az Lise altı Lise Üniversite 18 - 28 yaş 29 - 43 yaş 44+ yaş Modern Geleneksel muhafazakâr Dindar muhafazakâr Türkiye İnternetegirmesıklığıGelirEğitimYaşHayattarzı
  9. 9. I can find news on Twitter that Newspapers and Television Channels Ignore 2 2 3 4 5 6 13.2 23.7 33.6 64.5 58.4 49.3 16.7 10.8 8.6 % 0 % 50 % 100 Twitter kullanıcıları İnternet kullanıcıları Türkiye Kesinlikle yanlış Yanlış Ne doğru ne yanlış Doğru Kesinlikle doğru
  10. 10. Participation in Political Discussions Online 47 53 17 18 18 17 13 9 6 3 0 50 100 2013 2011 Hiçbir zaman Nadiren Bazen Sık sık Her zaman
  11. 11. GEZİ PARKI 6-7 HAZİRAN 2013 Gezi Park Research June 6-7 2013 Interview with 4411 people in the Park Total 30 interview hours Research
  12. 12. GEZİ PARKI 6-7 HAZİRAN 2013 Gezi Parkı Araştırması İlk haberi nereden aldılar? 26: Sosyal medyadan duyanların yaş ortalaması 40: Televizyondan duyanların yaş ortalaması 15.4 69.0 8.6 7.0 % 0 % 50 % 100 Arkadaş, tanıdık Sosyal medya İnternet haber siteleri Televizyon NEDEN PARKTALAR ?
  13. 13. GEZİ PARKI 6-7 HAZİRAN 2013 Gezi Park Research How did they use social media? 84.6 8.0 7.5 % 0 % 50 % 100 Evet, paylaştım Hayır, üyeyim ama paylaşmadım Hayır, hiçbirine üye değilim. The earlier they come, the more social use. Why are they in Park?
  14. 14. GEZİ PARKI 6-7 HAZİRAN 2013 Gezi Park Research Age / Gender Demographics 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 17- 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71+ Age Distribution in the Park Gezi Parkı'ndakiler İstanbul'da yaşayanlar Kadın, 50.8 Erkek, 49.2 28: Average Age
  15. 15. Final Thoughts  During Gezi Park, young people took on valued roles, addressing issues that were relevant to them, and influencing real outcomes.  After Gezi and the recent corruption cases, young people have doubts about their engagement’s influencing real outcomes.  The use of social media should be one engagement tool to complement others such as face to face.
  16. 16. The challenges  As the local election approaches, it is important to realize how young people, especially youth from different ideological backgrounds, are using new media to amplify their voices in the political realm.  Especially Twitter became a new outlet for young people in terms of participatory politics spreading information, mobilizing for action and raising their voices during Gezi.  However, with the government’s attempts to muzzle the opposition on the Internet, what will be the next steps to create a new public sphere?
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