Texas or Tejas is a state located in the Southern United States. In both size and population is the second U.S. state, covers 696 200 km ² and has a population of 24.7 million, steadily rising. Bordered on the south by Mexico, and the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Oklahoma to the north, northeast Arkansas, and western New Mexico.
The term "six flags over Texas" comes from the many countries that have claimed the territory.Spain was the first European country in the area of the Mexican viceroyalty, possessed the territory of Texas. France claimed to have established a colony in Texas, that would be most ephemeral. As the successor to the Spanish Crown, Mexico was the rightful owner of the territory until 1836 when a group of immigrants Saxons revolted, proclaiming unilaterally "independent republic." This facilitated subsequent annexation in 1845 by the U.S. as 28th state. " U.S. Intervention in Mexico led to a war between Mexico and the United States in 1846, Mexican defeat. After that, Texas would be another of the states that joined the Confederate States of America, as a member.
In the early 1900s, the discovery of oil wells started an economic boom in the state. Texas has diversified economically. It has a growing base in high technology, biomedical research and higher education. State GDP is the second highest in the United States. The capital of Texas is Austin, but the largest city is Houston. The state flower is the Texas lupine (Lupinus texensis), the state bird is the mockingbird or mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos, Mockingbird in English), the mascot is the armadillo and the typical food is chili of meat.
According to 2008 census data, the Texan state has a population of 24,326,974 inhabitants. This makes it the second most populous state in the nation behind only California. The racial distribution is as follows: 84.14% White, 12.09% black, 3.62% Asian, 0.17% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 1.1% American Indian or Alaska Native. Of these, 35.31% are Hispanic. Texas is one of four U.S. states in which most people are not Anglo-Saxon (the others are California, New Mexico and Hawaii). The population of Latino / Hispanic is the fastest growing. The most numerous ethnic groups of Texas are: Mexico (25.3%), German (10.9%), African American (10.5%), English (7.2%), and Scots-Irish (7.2% .)
Texas has not held any official language, although the most widely spoken language is English, used by 68.8% of the population. In second place is Spanish, because Texas was part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain during most of its history, and Mexico for several decades after independence. The Spanish language is on the rise due to the heavy immigration of Mexicans and Hispanics from other countries. Spanish is spoken Currently 27% of the population. In contrast, the rest of the languages registered by the state's population, a total of 143, speaks less than 1% of the population.
The Indians who once lived within the borders of the current Texas include Apache peoples, Atakapa, Caddo, Comanche, Cherokee, Kiowa, Tonkawa, Wichita, and Karankawa of Galveston. Currently, there are three federally recognized Indian peoples living in Texas: the Alabama-Coushatta, the Kickapoo and the town of Ysleta Del Sur.4 Most of these indigenous groups were exterminated or decimated after the annexation to the United States of America . The Spanish conquistador Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca was the first European to set foot on the territory of Texas November 6, 1528