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  • 1. 2959100-889635-1080135-890270WORLD HOLIDAYSWORLD HOLIDAYSSEBASTIÁN DECASTRO POSADA8248651481455824865757555-1080135405129WORLD HOLIDAYSWORLD HOLIDAYS<br />-110299539370<br />ANALIDA CARVAJAL7010406623054853940395605264414024130<br />343471559055<br />WORLD HOLIDAYS <br />80581556515<br />RECOGNIZE CHRISTMAS AS A CELEBRATION OF HIGH GLOBAL RECOGNITION AND IMPORTANT. <br />6915155715<br />INTERPRETATIVE: RECOGNIZE THE HOLIDAY AS A MAYOR GLOBAL.PROPOSITIONAL: PROPOSE SUGGESTIONS FOR THE PRESERVATION OF THIS CULTURAL CELEBRETION. <br />69151591440<br />IDENTIFY CHRISTMAS AS A CULTURAL CELEBRATION OF GREAT HISTORICAL SIGNICANCE. 17145008115300<br />710565300990 INTRUCCION TOPIC THROUGH WEB PAGES AND EDUCATION MATERIALS TO GIVE EXPLANATION TO THE ISSUE  17526001104900017145008115300171450081153001714500811530017145008115300171450081153001714500811530017145008115300171450081153001714500811530017145008115300<br />701040212090<br />THROUGH WORKSHOPS AND VARIOUS PROCESSES THE ACTIVITY EVALUATED. <br />71056556515<br />HE DIDACTIC MATERIAL USED WILL BE WEB PAGES WHERE PICTURES ARE THROUGH THE WEBSITES WILL MAKE IT MORE INTERESTING AND INNOVATE. <br />3234690-842645-1080135-937895<br />-102918884012<br />-10820401197610Christmas or Christmas Day is a HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holiday"holiday generally observed on December 25 (with alternative days of January 7 for many Orthodox churches, January 6 for the HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Apostolic_Church"Armenian Apostolic Church and January 19 for the Armenians of HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem"Jerusalem and the HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Land"Holy Land) to commemorate HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nativity_of_Jesus"the birth of HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus"Jesus, the central figure of HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christianity"Christianity.The actual birthday of Jesus is not known, and the events of his birth are only recorded in two of the Canonical gospels. Christmas may have initially been chosen to correspond with either the day exactly nine months after Christians believe Jesus to have been conceived, the date of the Roman winter solstice, or one of various ancient winter festivals. Christmas is central to the Christmas and holiday season, and in Christianity marks the beginning of the wolrd larger season of Christmastide, which lasts twelve. days.. 245364054533803394710610108041967151043305948690128905<br />3246997-890270-1080135-937895<br />-102918773379<br />824865109855<br />-1022985125730<br />The first specifically Christmas hymns that we know of appear in 4th century HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rome"Rome. Latin hymns such as Veni redemptor gentium, written by HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambrose"Ambrose, Archbishop of Milan, were austere statements of the theological doctrine of the Incarnation in opposition to HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arianism"Arianism. Corde natus ex Parentis (Of the Father's love begotten) by the Spanish poet HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prudentius"Prudentius (d. 413) is still sung in some churches today.In the 9th and 10th centuries, the Christmas "Sequence" or "Prose" was introduced in North European monasteries, developing under HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_of_Clairvaux"Bernard of Clairvaux into a sequence of rhymed HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanza"stanzas. In the 12th century the Parisian monk Adam of St. Victor began to derive music from popular songs, introducing something closer to the traditional HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_carol"Christmas carol.  4234815125730<br />-108013590805<br />87249066040By the 13th century, in France, Germany, and particularly, Italy, under the influence of HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_of_Asissi"Francis of Asissi, a strong tradition of popular Christmas songs in the native language developed. Christmas carols in English first appear in a 1426 work of HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Audelay"John Awdlay, a HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shropshire"Shropshire chaplain, who lists twenty-five "caroles of Cristemas", probably sung by groups of HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wassailing"wassailers, who went from house to house.<br />-121348550165<br />1216660113665<br />3844290139065<br />-77533591440<br />The songs we know specifically as carols were originally communal folk songs sung during celebrations such as "harvest tide" as well as Christmas. It was only later that carols began to be sung in church. Traditionally, carols have often been based on medieval chord patterns, and it is this that gives them their uniquely characteristic musical sound. Some carols like "Personent hodie", "Good King Wenceslas", and "The Holly and the Ivy" can be traced directly back to the Middle Ages. They are among the oldest musical compositions still regularly sung. HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adeste_Fidelis"Adeste Fidelis (O Come all ye faithful) appears in its current form in the mid-18th century, although the words may have originated in the 13th century.<br />3244215-861695-1080135-909320<br />-108235073379<br />100584087630<br />-108013524130<br />416496597155The practice of putting up special decorations at Christmas has a long history. From pre-Christian times, people in the Roman Empire brought branches from evergreen plants indoors in the winter. Decorating with greenery was also part of Jewish tradition : "Now on the first day you shall take for yourselves the foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days. " (Leviticus 23:40)Christians incorporated such customs in their developing practices. In the 15th century, it was recorded that in London it was the custom at Christmas for every house and all the parish churches to be "decked with HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quercus_ilex"holm, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivy"ivy, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bay_leaves"bays, and whatsoever the season of the year afforded to be green". Nativity scenes are known from 10th-century Rome. They were popularised by Saint HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_of_Asissi"Francis of Asissi from 1223, quickly spreading across Europe. Different types of decorations developed across the Christian world, dependent on local tradition and available resources. The first commercially produced decorations appeared in Germany in the 1860s, inspired by paper chains made by children. In countries where a representation of the HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nativity_Scene"Nativity Scene is very popular, people are encouraged to compete and create the most original or realistic ones. Within some families, the pieces used to make the representation are considered a valuable family HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heirloom"heirloom.<br />-108013553340<br />405701575565<br />-11214109461568198915240<br />03505200<br />434340129540<br />3244215-823595-1122665-857265-1101090-899795<br />884555126365-1050452105277<br />-102298533655<br />A special Christmas family meal is traditionally an important part of the holiday's celebration, and the food that is served varies greatly from country to country. Some regions, such as Sicily, have special meals for Christmas Eve, when 12 kinds of fish are served. In England and countries influenced by its traditions, a standard Christmas meal includes turkey or goose, meat, gravy, potatoes, vegetables, sometimes bread and cider. Special desserts are also prepared, such as Christmas pudding, mince pies and fruit cake. In Poland and other parts of eastern Europe and Scandinavia, fish often is used for the traditional main course, but richer meat such as lamb is increasingly served. <br />958215128905<br />-109283593980<br />In Germany, France and Austria, goose and pork are favored. Beef, ham and chicken in various recipes are popular throughout the world. The Maltese traditionally serve Imbuljuta tal-Qastan, a chocolate and chestnuts beverage, after Midnight Mass and throughout the Christmas season. Slovaks prepare the traditional Christmas bread HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potica"potica, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%BBche_de_No%C3%ABl"bûche de Noël in France, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panettone"panettone in Italy, and elaborate tarts and cakes. The eating of sweets and chocolates has become popular worldwide, and sweeter Christmas delicacies include the German HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stollen"stollen, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marzipan"marzipan cake or candy, and Jamaican rum fruit cake. As one of the few fruits traditionally available to northern countries in winter, oranges have been long associated with special Christmas foods.<br />360616515240<br />383476518415<br />-101346075565<br />In Germany, France and Austria, goose and pork are favored. Beef, ham and chicken in various recipes are popular throughout the world. The Maltese traditionally serve Imbuljuta tal-Qastan, a chocolate and chestnuts beverage, after Midnight Mass and throughout the Christmas season. Slovaks prepare the traditional Christmas bread HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potica"potica, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%BBche_de_No%C3%ABl"bûche de Noël in France, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panettone"panettone in Italy, and elaborate tarts and cakes. The eating of sweets and chocolates has become popular worldwide, and sweeter Christmas delicacies include the German HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stollen"stollen, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marzipan"marzipan cake or candy, and Jamaican rum fruit cake. As one of the few fruits traditionally available to northern countries in winter, oranges have been long associated with special Christmas foods.<br />46101006667500<br />`<br />265366559690<br />-1156335139065<br />82486546990467296546990<br />3203575-899795-1082040-8997953709670620268037020506702425A Christmas card is generally commercially designed and purchased for the occasion. The content of the design might relate directly to the HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nativity_of_Jesus"Christmas narrative with HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nativity_of_Jesus_in_art"depictions of the Nativity of Jesus, or have HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_symbols"Christian symbols such as the HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_of_Bethlehem"Star of Bethlehem or a white HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dove"dove representing both the HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Spirit"Holy Spirit and HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace"Peace. Many Christmas cards are HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secular"secular and show HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_tradition"Christmas traditions, such as seasonal figures (e.g., HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Claus"Santa Claus, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snowman"snowmen, and HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Claus%27s_reindeer"reindeer), objects associated with Christmas such as candles, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holly"holly, baubles, and HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_tree"Christmas trees, and Christmastime activities such as HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_shopping" l "Shopping"shopping, HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caroling"caroling, and partying.8204205383530A Christmas card is a greeting card sent as part of the traditional celebration of the Christmas in order to convey between people a range of sentiments related to the Christmas and holiday season. Christmas cards are usually exchanged during the weeks preceding HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_Day"Christmas Day by many people (including non-Christians) in Western society and in Asia. The traditional greeting reads "wishing you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year". There are innumerable variations on this greeting, many cards expressing more religious sentiment, or containing a poem, prayer or Biblical verse; others stay away from religion with an all-inclusive "Season's greetings".897255239585555629991630754727401461172-1082350397377<br />982345121920<br />-108204010160<br />-171767599695<br />-7620007543800<br />-7620007543800<br />-1082350124223<br />1054735135890<br />3195320-899795-1082350-899795<br />2794635104775-108234952114<br />89725522860<br />-99758568580<br />89725585725<br />89471551435<br />-99149954669<br />894715100330<br />1447800119380<br />010820400<br />16383007962900<br />-1032510121920<br />17291058458200<br />1075690-1905<br />013944600<br />3188970-909955-1082350-910428<br />-10823505211446911295211427879015211489725552070<br />-784860105410<br />48293521009264628675571009305589117110093055-107948510092646-912495526542013972516169232372554551803304180205191579570104003733800<br />