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Gary Landrio - Streetcars
 

Gary Landrio - Streetcars

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    Gary Landrio - Streetcars Gary Landrio - Streetcars Presentation Transcript

    • Presented by TranSystems Seaside Institute Streetcar 101 What is a Streetcar?
    • What is a streetcar?
      • A fixed guideway vehicle using steel wheels on steel rails
      • It is non polluting being electrically operated
      • They have been in continuous use since 1888 with the technology mature by 1925
      • They can look state of art or reflect any look the community desires
    • Historic, Art Deco and Modern Car Style can match a community’s vision
    • Little Rock Main Street New Heritage looking cars made by Gomaco
    • Streetcar Significance
      • Communities used the streetcar to encourage inner city residents to move outward
        • Employment
        • Housing
        • Recreation and Entertainment
      • Streetcars were the bridge from walking to expanded communities
      • The original Streetcar companies were organized by the community leaders:
        • The banker, factory owner, CofC, Mayor
    • Streetcar Significance
      • Streetcars shaped the growth of American cities
        • The city leaders financed the new streetcar lines
        • They were the real estate developer, the bank who gave the mortgage, the contractor who built the houses, the factory owner who needed the employees
    • In 1946, St. Louis Public Service bought new PCC style streetcars
    • Why did they go away ?
      • Private companies could not compete with the auto
      • In many major cities including St. Louis the streetcar company was bought out by National Cities Lines
        • They were financed by GM, Firestone and Standard Oil to sell buses
    • Do other cities use streetcars?
      • Philadelphia
      • San Francisco
      • Seattle
      • Portland, OR
      • Memphis, TN
      • Dallas, TX
      • New Orleans, LA
      • San Pedro, CA
      • Tucson, AZ
      • Lowell, MA
      • Kenosha, WI
      • Charlotte, NC
      • Tampa, FL
      • Little Rock, AK
      • Under construction
      • Savannah, GA
      • Proposed
      • Birmingham
      • Lancaster, PA
      • Cleveland
      • Madison, WI
      • St. Louis - Delmar
      • Council Bluffs, IA
    • Do other cities use streetcars?
      • Philadelphia
      • San Francisco
      • New Orleans
      • Seattle
      • Portland, OR
      • Memphis, TN
      • Dallas, TX
      • San Pedro, CA
      • Tucson, AZ
      • Lowell, MA
      • Kenosha, WI
      • Charlotte, NC
      • Tampa, FL
      • Little Rock, AK
      • Under construction
      • Savannah, GA
      • Proposed
      • Birmingham
      • Lancaster, PA
      • Cleveland
      • Madison, WI
      • St. Louis - Delmar
      • Council Bluffs, IA
    • Why Do they use Streetcars?
      • For Economic Development
        • Portland + $1,000,000,000 in development
        • Tampa = $1,000,000,000
        • Little Rock = $350,000,000
        • Kenoska = $150,000,000
      • To improve mobility
        • Park once and circulate
      • To enhance tourism
    • Why is this man smiling ? Because he has seen over a Billion dollars of development since streetcars entered Memphis
    • Why is Little Rock excited ? Because developers are being challenged to keep up with the demand
    • What Little Rock’s Leaders Say
      • I concluded that if I had to force my employees to live in the city, that we already lost
      • The key is not how many live in your city, but what is the quality of life of those that do?
      • A lot DT sold for $5k 5 years ago just sold for $25k “Buddy” Patrick Hays Mayor North Little Rock
    • What Little Rock’s Leaders Say
      • The trolley brought additional pieces of critical mass to help the development
      • Without a doubt the trolley contributed to the success of downtown development County Judge Executive Bryan Day
      • A total of $1.34 Billion of development
      • It’s the vision stupid, you have to get it across to the people who are not visionary Sharon Priest former Mayor Little Rock Exec Dir DT LR Partnership
    • Because Streetcars will benefit an area by. . .
      • Aiding visitor mobility between outlying points and within the downtown areas
      • Enhancing a downtown’s visibility as a tourist destination
      • Attracting further economic development including restoration and redevelopment investments
    • Because Streetcars will benefit an area by. . .
      • Increasing the feasibility of perimeter parking
      • Providing seamless inter-modal connections
      • Establishing a viable transit service for the residents and for other uses
    • Why do they use streetcars? Kenosha is an example of a community and transit coming together
    • From dreams
    • To reality
    • Kenosha Low cost and a catalyst
      • Low cost = 2 miles, 5 cars, less than $6 million
      • A Catalyst = over $150 million in development occurring since 2000
    • If we build it, will it affect our community?
      • Developers across the country have proven that they will invest their money when they see permanence
        • Bus improvements do not get the same impacts
        • Rail transit promotes public/private partnerships
      • I can not get developers to commit along a bus line, but I do along the streetcar line John M. Antaramian Mayor Kenosha
    • If we build it, will they ride?
      • I have a problem getting the 98% of our citizens who do not ride a bus into a bus. I do not have a problem getting them to ride a streetcar Len Bandrup Kenosha transit
      • Studies show that visitors especially will choose a streetcar
        • Seattle lost 40% of riders with replica
        • Riders came back when streetcar was restored
    • People ride for the fun of it!
    • Streetcar VS Light Rail ? The smaller magnitude of scale does not overwhelm the pedestrian
    • Streetcar stops can be icons – as in Seattle Stations versus stops?
    • and as in Memphis
    • Or as simple as bus stops as in Little Rock
    • Are streetcars accessible for everyone? Ramps and wheelchair areas in Seattle
    • Are streetcars accessible for everyone? Wheelchair lifts in Kenosha and Little Rock
    • Will the streetcar add to congestion ?
      • Streetcars travel with traffic in the same lane
      • Streetcars travel at the speed of traffic
      • Parking will remain, except for streetcar stops which will take less than 3 parking spaces per stop
      • Streetcars obey traffic signals
    • Street running was common as here in Philadelphia where it still works
    • And here in San Francisco
    • And here in Toronto
    • Why St. Charles?
    • Connectivity!
    • What does it cost to build?
      • Typical cost of $3.5-5.5M per mile includes
        • Track
        • Streetcars
        • Car barn
        • Electrification
        • Stations (stops)
        • Engineering design and contingencies
    • Don’t Overdesign
      • Simple construction is only 25% the cost of Charlotte or other major light rail or streetcars
      • Rebuilt used equipment cuts vehicle costs by half
      • Combining streetwork with track construction and/or overhead with lighting saves significant dollars
    • How will we pay for it?
      • Federal and state funds for streetcar project construction
        • SAFE-TEA (Federal Surface Transportation funding)
          • Transportation Enhancement
          • CMAQ
        • Federal Transit Administration (FTA) grants
        • Multi-modal project grants (transit centers)
        • Special legislative earmark appropriations
        • State economic development funds
      • Local investment strategies
        • Taxing District (Tax Increment Financing)
        • Construction bond
        • State Infrastructure Bank
    • What will it cost to operate?
      • Sponsorships =
        • form a 501c3 and get sponsors from:
        • Banks
        • Health care organizations
        • Auto dealers
      • Typically less than a bus
        • $ 65 per vehicle hour
        • $ 7.40 per vehicle mile
      How will we pay for it?
    • Where will operating costs come from?
      • Farebox revenue
      • Local investments
        • Advertising and promotions
        • Sponsorships
        • Trademarked branding
        • Special district taxes for the area served
    • There is a cost of not providing this service?
      • Increase in congestion
      • more parking problems in the historic district causing
        • Increased pressure for more parking
        • Thereby Limiting redevelopment efforts and
        • Construction of additional downtown parking garages rather than peripheral lots
    • How long would it take?
      • Funding is the biggest question
      • Design can be done in six months
      • Actual construction would take six to nine months
      • A community could have a streetcar operating in under two years
    • If the Project Proceeds . . .
      • Redevelopment of urban cores will move ahead with vigor
      • Congestion in downtown areas will be reduced
      • Developers will be attracted to the community
      • Property values will rise
      • Tax base will be increased
    • What is the next step?
      • Agree that the streetcar will be a positive addition to the community
      • Develop a funding package
      • Begin the next level of details
        • Reach out to regional agencies (MPO, State DOT, County…..)
        • Ridership verification
        • Preliminary engineering
    • What is your community Vision?