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  1. 1. RFID<br />Radio Frequency Identification<br />Team Delta Force <br />
  2. 2. What is RFID<br />
  3. 3. EZ Pass<br />
  4. 4. History <br />
  5. 5. RFID History<br /> Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses radio waves to exchange data between a reader and an attachment to an object. The first version of the technology was created in 1945 by Leon Theremin. Originally, it was designed as an espionage tool for the soviet union. Used as a covert listening device, the sound waves were directed through a diaphragm. This altered the shape of the diaphragm, which modifies the reflected radio frequency. This early predecessor did not have an identification tag. <br />
  6. 6. RFID History (Con’t) <br />1945 - Leon Theremin develops 1st version of RFID technology, an<br />espionage tool for the soviet union. It was a covert listening device<br />that used sound waves to manipulate a diaphragm to modify a<br />reflected radio frequency. This early device did not use identification<br />tags.<br /> 1945-1948 - IFF Transponder developed by the UK during WWII for<br />use among the Allies. It was used by aircrafts to Identify targets as<br />Friend or Foe, thus the acronym IFF. This device is still used today.<br />1948 - Harry Stockman publishes “Communication by Means<br />of Reflected Power”, which set the pace for RFID research and<br />development.<br />1973 - RFID as it exists today was developed by Mario Cardullo, and<br />demonstrated by Steven Depp, Alfred Koelle, and Robert Freyman.<br />The original patent used radio frequency, sound and light waves as<br />transmission media. This device was used by the NY Port Authority<br />as a toll device.<br />The original device developed by Mario Cardullo was designed for<br />use in the transportation, banking, security, and medical industries<br />1983 - First patent with the abbreviation RFID granted to Charles<br />Walton.<br />Currently, RFID is a major part of daily life, and used by the likes of<br />the US Department of Defense, and Wal-Mart corporation<br />
  7. 7. End History /Uses <br />Finally, in 1973, RFID as it exists today was created. Mario Cardullo created a passive radio transponder with memory that was originally used by the New York Port authority as a toll device. The original patent used radio frequency, sound and light as transmission media.<br />Automotive vehicle identification<br />
  8. 8. Uses (con’t)<br />Automatic toll system<br />Electronic license plate<br />Electronic manifest<br />Vehicle routing<br />Vehicle performance monitoring<br />Banking: Electronic check book<br />Electronic credit card<br />Security: Personnel identification<br />Automatic gates<br />Surveillance<br />
  9. 9. Uses <br />
  10. 10. Large use of RFID<br />Today, the largest use of active RFID is the US Department of Defense. Over 1 million shipping containers that travel outside the continental states are tracked with active tags produced by Savi Technologies. The largest use of passive RFID is by Wal-Mart. With over 2,800 retail stores, the corporation employs over 25,000 reader systems.  <br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. The end <br />
  13. 13. Sources <br />Cardullo, M. W., & Parks, III, W. L. (n.d.). TRANSPONDER APPARATUS AND SYSTEM - Google Patent Search. Google. Retrieved April 26, 2011, from http://www.google.com/patents?id=UtI0AAAAEBAJ<br />Clarinox Technologies Pty Ltd. (2009, November). Real Time Location Systems.Clarinox.com. Retrieved April 26, 2011, from http://www.clarinox.com/docs/whitepapers/RealTime_main.pdf<br />Hatch, B. (2008). Hacking exposed Linux: Linux ... Google Books. Retrieved April 26, 2011, from http://books.google.com/books?id=f5Vz08spzw8C<br />Landt, J. (2001, October 1). Shrouds of Time The history of RFID. Transcore.com. Retrieved April 26, 2011, from http://www.transcore.com/pdf/AIM%20shrouds_of_time.pdf<br />RFID Journal. (n.d.). Genesis of the Versatile RFID Tag - RFID Journal. RFID Journal - RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Technology News & Features. Retrieved April 26, 2011, from http://www.rfidjournal.com/article/view/392/1/2<br />Savi Technology. (n.d.). RFID Hardware | Savi. Supply Chain & Manufacturing Solutions | RFID Readers, Tags & Software | Savi. Retrieved April 26, 2011, from http://www.savi.com/products/rfid/rfid-tags.php<br />Walton, C. A. (n.d.). Portable radio frequency emitting ... - Google Patent Search. Google. Retrieved April 26, 2011, from http://www.google.com/patents?id=HIU0AAAAEBAJ<br />"SUMLUNG TECH." SUMLUNG TECH Cost-effective Bluetooth Wireless Barcode Scanner and Mobile Barcode Reader Products Supplier. Web. 26 Apr. 2011. <http://www.sumlung.com/en/index.php?option=com_content>.<br />"Top 15 Weirdest, Funniest, and Scariest Uses of RFID." RFID Gazette. Web. 28 Apr. 2011. <http://www.rfidgazette.org/2007/04/top_15_weirdest.html>.<br />http://www.chuckswrath.com/pics/delta2.jpg<br />https://ezpassmaineturnpike.com/EZPass/<br />http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://yourjewishnews.com/images/ezpass.jpg&imgrefurl=http://dphc.in/ezpass-maine%26page%3D7&usg=__RC6g0Ny7BwYcMe-1UtyoIMDH2g4=&h=352&w=420&sz=75&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=fwUPTHK8WjdZwM:&tbnh=132&tbnw=158&ei=KoDATZntN8uRgQf-p8yABg&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dezpass%2Bmaine%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1920%26bih%3D971%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=687&vpy=82&dur=1435&hovh=205&hovw=245&tx=112&ty=102&page=1&ndsp=64&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0<br />http://www.ritba.org/images/ezpass_map.jpg<br />
  14. 14. Sources (cont) <br />http://www.readnrock.com/images/HistoryOfWomen_08.jpg<br />http://foamcasualty.com/gallery/P51_Away.JPG<br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/61/F-22_Raptor_afterburner.jpg<br />