Cubitt Internetfactory


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for the conference The Internet as Playground and Factory at the New School, NYC, November 2009

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Cubitt Internetfactory

  1. 1. after tolerance Post-cartesian politics, post-kantian cosmopolitanism Sean Cubitt, University of Melbourne, Paper prepared for The Internet as Labor and Playground, A Conference on Digital Labor, Eugene Lang College, The New School, New York, Nov 12-14 2009
  2. 2. } AXIOMS PROBLEM METHOD (ontology) stuff polis consideration (matter-energy/space-time) mediation physis wonder (flux) order techne hope (negentropy)
  3. 3. 1. political economy
  4. 4. Internet Governance IGF Internet Governance Forum UNHCR United Nations High Commission for ITU International Telecommunications Union Human Rights OSI International Standards Organisation UNESCOUnited Nations Education, Social and WIPO World Intellectual Property Rights Organi- Cultural Organisation sation UN-ODC United Nations Office on Drugs and WTO The World Trade Organisation Crime TRIPS Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of EU/CoE European Union and Council of Europe Intellectual Property Rights OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation GATS General Agreement on the Trade in Services and Development ICANN Internet Corporation for Assigned Names APEC/ASEAN and Numbers Hague Conference Hague Conference on Pri- ISC, CENTR, APTLD + ccTLDs Country- vate International Law (now focused on B2B con- code Top Level Domain registers and their regional tract law) associations ICC International Chambers of Commerce RIRs Regional Internet Registries EBU European Broadcasting Union ISOC Internet Society IFPI International Federation of Phonogram and IESG Internet Engineering Steering Group Videogram Industries IETF Internet Engineering Task Force MPAA Motion Picture Association of America IAB Internet Architecture Board BSA Business Software Alliance W3C World Wide Web Consortium UNCITRAL United Nations Commission on In- . . . . etcetera . . . . ternational Trade Law
  5. 5. . . . either the rights of man are the rights This is what the democratic process of the citizen, that is to say the rights of implies: the action of subjects who, by those who have rights, which is a tautol- working the interval between identities, ogy; or the rights of the citizen are the reconfigure the distributions of the pub- rights of man. But as bare humanity has lic and the private, the universal and the no rights, then they are the rights of particular. Democracy can never be iden- those who have no rights, which is an ab- tified with the simple domination of the surdity (Rancière 2006: 61) universal (Rancière 2006: 61-2)
  6. 6. Resistance is futile
  7. 7. You can have it good You can have it quick You can have it cheap Pick one (film industry adage) first law of thermodynamics
  8. 8. What is a photograph? “It is an image created and distributed automati- cally by programmed apparatuses in the course of a game necessarily based on chance, an image of a magic state of things whose symbols inform its receivers how to act in an improbable fashion” (Flusser 2000: 76).
  9. 9. Information is 'any difference which makes a difference in some later event' (Bateson 1973: 351)
  10. 10. "Not only is there no contradiction in principle between evil and politics, but evil, as such, is from a certain point of view always political" (Esposito, 1993: 183).
  11. 11. if I know, for example, what the causes and effects of what I am doing are, what the program is for what I am doing, then there is no decision; it is a question, at the moment of judge- ment, of applying a particular causal- ity. . . . If I know what is to be done . . . . then there is no moment of decision, simply the application of a body of knowledge, or at the very least a rule or a norm. For there to be a decision, the decision must be heterogeneous to knowledge as such (Derrida 2001: 231-2)
  12. 12. The reciprocal interpersonal relations that are established through the speaker-hearer perspectives make possible a relation-to-self that by no means presupposes the lonely re- flection of the knowing and acting subject upon itself. as an antecedent consciousness. Rather, the self-relation arises out of an inter- active context (Habermas 1992: 24). In order to consolidate its field of influence, capital demands a constant emergence of subjective and territorialized identities that, at the end of the day, require no more than an equality of exposure according to the uniform prerogatives of the market. Thus we have the capitalist logic of general equiva- lences and the cultural logic of community and minority identities coming together in an articulated whole (Badiou 1997: 11).
  13. 13. 2. post- cartesian politics
  14. 14. What if the refugee, the politi- cal prisoner, the disappeared, the victim of torture, the dis- possessed are not only con- stitutive of modernity but its emblematic subjects?' Anthony Downey (2009)
  15. 15. First Thesis All of a creature’s natural capacities are destined to develop completely and in conformity with their end Second Thesis In man (as the sole rational creature on earth) those natural capacities directed towards the use of his reason are to be completely developed only in the species, not in the individual Fifth Thesis The greatest problem for the human species, whose solution nature compels it to seek, is to achieve a universal civil society administered in accord with the right Kant, Imanuel (1784 [1983]), ‘Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Intent’ in Perpetual Peace and Other Essays on Politics, History and Morals, trans Ted Humphrey, Hackett Publishing, Indianapolis IN., 29-40.
  16. 16. Auschwitz begins wherever someone looks at a slaughterhouse and thinks: they’re only animals. (Adorno)
  17. 17. the characteristic feature of markets is their essential incompleteness of being, which is transposed into a continuous knowledge project for participants. From a theoretical point of view, the defining characteristic of the market as an ob- ject is its lack of 'object-ivity' and completeness of being, its non-identity with itself. Markets are always in the process of being materially redefined, they continually acquire new properties and change the ones they have. (Knorr Cetina and Bruegger 2002)
  19. 19. Renewal of The Economic (needed because of normativity [eg arithmetic enumera- tion {commodity}, actuarial averaging {biopolitics}] and falling rate of profit) premised on Politico-Legal including rights to property and to secrecy renewal of (two expressions of PRIVATION) through Objects recognition of (opposite of COMMUNICATION, required for RECOGNITION) deprived of role as of government as subjects of politics: non-human non-living Subjects dead PROBLEMS OF ORDER
  20. 20. QUESTIONS OF ETHICS if admitting new subjects creates a new polity . . . what kind of subjects do we wish to become? what is the Good which we wish a renewed polity to achieve? Mediation subjected to Order (primordial connectivity) produces Privation or Communication