HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 6)Every employer shall take all practicable steps to ensure the safety of employees while at work HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 7)Every employer shall ensure that there are inplace effective methods for identifyingexisting hazards, and (if possible before theyarise) new hazards to employees at work.
Stress is the feeling that’s createdwhen we react to particularevents, its usually the bodiesway of rising to a challenge andpreparing to meet a situationwith focus, strength, stamina andheightened alertness.The human body responds tostressors by activating thenervous system and specifichormones. The hypothalamussignals the adrenal glands toproduce more of the hormonesadrenaline and cortisol andrelease them into thebloodstream.
There are many types of stressors (which are events that provoke stress)witch range from being in outright danger to getting somewhere on timeTypes of stressors are: Environmental: Death of a loved one, loneliness, and racism.-Educational: illiteracy, poor academic environment, and lack of skills tobe employed.-Occupational: unemployment, redundancy, job changes-shifts and officespace.-Housing: homelessness, unsafe neighbourhood, problems with landlordsor neighbours.-Financial: poverty, problems with credit, bankruptcy.-Public care: lack of services, and lack transport.-Legal: victim of a crime, litigation, indictment, arrest, divorce andcustody battles.-Other: natural disasters, war, and industrial downfalls.
Also known as distress Negative stress comes froman overload of stressors usually over-bearing theindividual to the point of breaking. Negative stressusually wears out a persons body causing fatigue andover-tiredness .This can also lead to depression,anxiety, lower self esteem and other mental healthissues.
Also known as eustress. This type of stress is felt bypeople when they are confronted by a demandingsituation, which they think they can handle. The stressresponse also known as the ‘fight or flight response’ thisfills them with thrill and excitement response gives youthe energy to throw yourself into something where youwant to make some contribution or entering an examenhancing a students concentration and learningcapability.
Most common symptoms are; Aches and pains Diarrhoea or constipation Nausea, dizziness Chest pain, rapid heartbeat Loss of sex drive Frequent colds Chest pains
Most common symptoms are;Memory problemsInability to concentratePoor judgmentSeeing only the negativeAnxious or racing thoughtsConstant worrying
Eating more or lessSleeping too much or too littleIsolating yourself from othersProcrastinating or neglectingresponsibilitiesUsing alcohol, cigarettes, or drugsto relaxNervous habits (e.g. nail biting,pacing)
MoodinessIrritability or short temperAgitation, inability to relaxFeeling overwhelmedSense of loneliness and isolationDepression or general unhappiness
Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as; -High blood pressure -Heart problems -Cancer -Ulcers
Preventable job stress is draining A$730million a year from the Australian economy, areport has found.An estimated 1.5 million workers have beendiagnosed with depression from excessive jobstress, costing businesses more than A$8000per person every year, says the report. Anannual A$730 million figure on job strainincludes the cost of government-subsidisedmental health services and medications fordepression.
Workplace stress is the Pressure from investors, who canharmful physical and quickly withdraw their money fromemotional response that company stocks.occurs when there is a The lack of trade and professionalpoor match between job unions in the workplace.demands and the Inter-company rivalries caused by thecapabilities, resources, or efforts of companies to competeneeds of the worker. globally The willingness of companies to swiftly lay off workers to cope with changing business environments. Bullying in the workplace can also contribute to stress.
Sometimes people may suffer from stress that isnt causedby work-related issues but instead has an external cause.Common external causes of stress include:. relationship difficulties or a divorce. serious illness in the family. caring for dependants such as children or elderlyrelatives. bereavement. moving house. debt problems
Stress can also be self-generated. Internalcauses of stress include pessimistic attitude,low self-esteem, excessive or unexpressedanger, lack of assertiveness, unrealisticexpectations from others and Self-criticism.
Breathing exercises Relax regularly Regular exercises Eat healthy Keep a positive attitude Socialize with positive people
Change your circumstances Change your hobbies Change your thoughts
Stress is a basic part of life. The way in which we deal with stress will make our lives pleasant and comfortable or leave us stressed and incapable of performing our obligations to the best of our abilities. Just have to deal with it.