Oceans PPt. by, Robin D. Seamon
 
 
<ul><li>Ocean Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Salt water/ salinity </li></ul><ul><li>360 million square miles </li></ul><ul><li>3....
<ul><li>Ocean Exploration: </li></ul><ul><li>oceanographer </li></ul><ul><li>electronic devices measure with radar </li></...
<ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Transportati...
 
Ocean Currents Coriolis Effect http://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/(Gh)/guides/mtr/fw/gifs/coriolis.mpg Video explanation
Sunlit Zone www.ngdir.ir/sitelinks/kids/html/en-water.htm
<ul><li>Currents  (trade winds):  underwater rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Warm water moves up, Cool water sinks down  </li></u...
<ul><li>Gyres :  circular patterns the wind moves the currents. </li></ul>N __________ S <ul><li>Wind-driven </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Influences Climate Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Summer Ocean stores heat </li></ul><ul><li>Winter Ocean releases heat...
Ocean Currents Coriolis Effect http://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/(Gh)/guides/mtr/fw/gifs/coriolis.mpg Video explanation
<ul><li>CURRENTS: Highlight on your map: </li></ul><ul><li>N. Equatorial </li></ul><ul><li>S. Equatorial </li></ul><ul><li...
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/coloring/oceanlife.shtml
Sunlit Zone <ul><li>Depth: 400-600 ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Coral reefs </li></ul><ul><li>Plankton/ photosynthesis </li></ul>...
Sunlit Zone Plankton  pics Zooplankton  pics http://ebvgroup4.wikispaces.com/file/view/seagrass_role.jpg/70547843/seagrass...
Ocean Zones http:// www.johnkurtzart.com/i/PlantsAnimals/KurtzOceanZones.jpg
Sunlit Zone
Coral Reefs http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/coral-reef-life.jpg http://www.solcomhouse.com/images/green_Wrasse_web.jpg...
Scuba Gear
Coral Reefs <ul><li>Found in warm ocean water </li></ul><ul><li>“ underwater forests” </li></ul><ul><li>Colorful </li></ul...
Coral Reefs <ul><li>Found on EASTERN coasts of Continents (because of the warm, strong currents) </li></ul><ul><li>Caribbe...
Coral Reefs
Twilight Zone Enchanted learning.com
Twilight Zone <ul><li>200-4,000 feet down </li></ul><ul><li>Sunlight barely gets through the water:  Hard to see, not dark...
Midnight Zone http://www.pbs.org/saf/1207/images07/life2.gif http://www.itsnature.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/giant-cla...
Jimmy Suit http://my.fit.edu/~swood/images/tether10.jpg
Midnight Zone <ul><li>Complete darkness </li></ul><ul><li>Blind/white animals </li></ul><ul><li>Faults/trenches </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Mid-Ocean ridge:   </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5,000 ft above sea floor, some through island to make isla...
<ul><li>Abyssal Plains :  </li></ul><ul><li>Ooze, sediment </li></ul><ul><li>PLATE TECTONICS </li></ul><ul><li>Trenches: <...
Intertidal Zone http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_I_A_unRXfEw/TQGZ6hODDAI/AAAAAAAAAdE/HAJ0a0C3PU4/s1600/lowtide3.jpg
Intertidal Zone <ul><li>On the beaches </li></ul><ul><li>Unstable, saltier, waves disturb it </li></ul><ul><li>Tides : cyc...
<ul><li>High tide zone:   exposed to more air, more low tide </li></ul><ul><li>(sea anemones, barnacles, crabs, mussels, s...
Ocean Tides: High tide Low tide http://blog.lib.umn.edu/lieb0116/architecture/2006/10/the_changing_tides_phenomenon.html
OCEAN
HSW  Surviving the OCEAN  (3min) HSW Surviving a  MAN OVERBOARD  (2 min) HSW Surviving  on a LIFE RAFT  (2 min) HSW Surviv...
Works Cited <ul><li>Photos:  </li></ul><ul><li>CNN.com  </li></ul><ul><li>nature www.lhup.edu/~dsimanek/scenario/tides101....
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Ocean notes: a comprehensive study on different ocean zones including intertidal, euphotic, disphotic, and aphotic zones, mentioning global warming & climate change, currents, energy flows, with video links

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a comprehensive study on different ocean zones including intertidal, euphotic, disphotic, and aphotic zones, mentioning global warming & climate change, currents, energy flows, with video links

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Ocean notes: a comprehensive study on different ocean zones including intertidal, euphotic, disphotic, and aphotic zones, mentioning global warming & climate change, currents, energy flows, with video links

  1. 1. Oceans PPt. by, Robin D. Seamon
  2. 4. <ul><li>Ocean Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Salt water/ salinity </li></ul><ul><li>360 million square miles </li></ul><ul><li>3.5 billion years old </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 + species </li></ul><ul><li>28 degrees to 86 degrees F </li></ul><ul><li>7 miles down in some places </li></ul><ul><li>Mineral composition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sodium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chloride </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>magnesium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>calcium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>potassium </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Ocean Exploration: </li></ul><ul><li>oceanographer </li></ul><ul><li>electronic devices measure with radar </li></ul><ul><li>underwater cameras </li></ul><ul><li>gear: </li></ul><ul><li>Wet suit </li></ul><ul><li>Jimmy suit </li></ul><ul><li>Mooring </li></ul><ul><li>Buoys </li></ul><ul><li>Drills </li></ul><ul><li>Submersibles </li></ul><ul><li>Satellites </li></ul><ul><li>Computers </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Influence Climate </li></ul>Ocean Resources
  5. 8. Ocean Currents Coriolis Effect http://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/(Gh)/guides/mtr/fw/gifs/coriolis.mpg Video explanation
  6. 9. Sunlit Zone www.ngdir.ir/sitelinks/kids/html/en-water.htm
  7. 10. <ul><li>Currents (trade winds): underwater rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Warm water moves up, Cool water sinks down </li></ul><ul><li>in a circular motion. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gyres : circular patterns the wind moves the currents. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Gyres : circular patterns the wind moves the currents. </li></ul>N __________ S <ul><li>Wind-driven </li></ul><ul><li>Thermohaline </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Influences Climate Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Summer Ocean stores heat </li></ul><ul><li>Winter Ocean releases heat </li></ul><ul><li>Currents carry off excess heat from tropical oceans to polar oceans </li></ul><ul><li>Warming polar oceans (GLOBAL WARMING) </li></ul><ul><li>MAJOR source of precipitation </li></ul>
  10. 13. Ocean Currents Coriolis Effect http://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/(Gh)/guides/mtr/fw/gifs/coriolis.mpg Video explanation
  11. 14. <ul><li>CURRENTS: Highlight on your map: </li></ul><ul><li>N. Equatorial </li></ul><ul><li>S. Equatorial </li></ul><ul><li>California Current </li></ul><ul><li>Canary Current </li></ul><ul><li>Gulf Stream </li></ul><ul><li>Japan Current </li></ul><ul><li>Labrador Current </li></ul><ul><li>Peru Current </li></ul><ul><li>El Nino </li></ul><ul><li>Antarctic Circumpolar *Strongest </li></ul>
  12. 15. http://www.enchantedlearning.com/coloring/oceanlife.shtml
  13. 16. Sunlit Zone <ul><li>Depth: 400-600 ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Coral reefs </li></ul><ul><li>Plankton/ photosynthesis </li></ul><ul><li>Currents (trade winds): underwater rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Gyres : circular patterns the wind moves the currents. </li></ul>
  14. 17. Sunlit Zone Plankton pics Zooplankton pics http://ebvgroup4.wikispaces.com/file/view/seagrass_role.jpg/70547843/seagrass_role.jpg http:// i.ehow.com/images/a06/8h/bt/euphotic-zone_-200X200.jpg
  15. 18. Ocean Zones http:// www.johnkurtzart.com/i/PlantsAnimals/KurtzOceanZones.jpg
  16. 19. Sunlit Zone
  17. 20. Coral Reefs http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/coral-reef-life.jpg http://www.solcomhouse.com/images/green_Wrasse_web.jpg http://indosight.host56.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/Coral-reef-fish.jpg http://www.utc.edu/Faculty/Deborah-McAllister/imax/coral_reef.jpg
  18. 21. Scuba Gear
  19. 22. Coral Reefs <ul><li>Found in warm ocean water </li></ul><ul><li>“ underwater forests” </li></ul><ul><li>Colorful </li></ul><ul><li>RELATIONSHIPS: </li></ul><ul><li>Predator/Prey </li></ul><ul><li>Simbiotic </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity: 2 nd most productive habitat (following mangroves & rainforests </li></ul><ul><li>Endangered </li></ul>
  20. 23. Coral Reefs <ul><li>Found on EASTERN coasts of Continents (because of the warm, strong currents) </li></ul><ul><li>Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Great Barrier Reef </li></ul><ul><li>Coral: soft (alive) have polyps </li></ul><ul><li>hard (dead) outer skeleton of limestone </li></ul>
  21. 24. Coral Reefs
  22. 25. Twilight Zone Enchanted learning.com
  23. 26. Twilight Zone <ul><li>200-4,000 feet down </li></ul><ul><li>Sunlight barely gets through the water: Hard to see, not dark, not light (like dawn and dusk above water) </li></ul><ul><li>Large predators: sharks </li></ul><ul><li>Below the continental shelf, at the drop-off zone </li></ul>
  24. 27. Midnight Zone http://www.pbs.org/saf/1207/images07/life2.gif http://www.itsnature.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/giant-clam2.jpg http://www.eyezed.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/angler-fish.jpg http://ldtstudio.coe.uga.edu/mod/glossary/view.php?id=2392 http://www.life.com/static/ugc/022/ugc1001022/watermarkcomp.jpg
  25. 28. Jimmy Suit http://my.fit.edu/~swood/images/tether10.jpg
  26. 29. Midnight Zone <ul><li>Complete darkness </li></ul><ul><li>Blind/white animals </li></ul><ul><li>Faults/trenches </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific trench is deepest (36,198 ft down) </li></ul><ul><li>PLATE TECHTONICS: create underwater mountains, trenches, vents, volcanoes, plains </li></ul>
  27. 30. <ul><li>Mid-Ocean ridge: </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5,000 ft above sea floor, some through island to make islands </li></ul><ul><li>Through 3 oceans </li></ul><ul><li>Along ridges are HOT vents (black smokers) </li></ul><ul><li>-Copper, iron, sulfur, zinc flow out </li></ul><ul><li>-Strange marine life </li></ul><ul><li>-Special bacteria use chemicals & heat to make food </li></ul><ul><li>-1 foot giant clams </li></ul><ul><li>-giant red tube worms, crabs, blind or glowing fish </li></ul>
  28. 31. <ul><li>Abyssal Plains : </li></ul><ul><li>Ooze, sediment </li></ul><ul><li>PLATE TECTONICS </li></ul><ul><li>Trenches: </li></ul><ul><li>Seamounts: volcanic activity with the mountains, </li></ul>
  29. 32. Intertidal Zone http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_I_A_unRXfEw/TQGZ6hODDAI/AAAAAAAAAdE/HAJ0a0C3PU4/s1600/lowtide3.jpg
  30. 33. Intertidal Zone <ul><li>On the beaches </li></ul><ul><li>Unstable, saltier, waves disturb it </li></ul><ul><li>Tides : cycles of rise and fall of ocean’s surface due to moon’s gravitational pull </li></ul><ul><li>The tides pull out leaving tidal pools with organisms still in it, awaiting the next high tide. </li></ul><ul><li>- Low tide : organisms exposed to air </li></ul><ul><li>- High tide : organisms under ocean water </li></ul>
  31. 34. <ul><li>High tide zone: exposed to more air, more low tide </li></ul><ul><li>(sea anemones, barnacles, crabs, mussels, sea stars, snails, whelks…) </li></ul><ul><li>Middle tide zone: exposed to equal amounts of air and water with the tides </li></ul><ul><li>(seaweed, sponges, shrimp, krill, zooplankton…) </li></ul><ul><li>Low tide zone: exposed to more ocean water </li></ul><ul><li>(BIODIVERSITY: hydroids, crabs, abalone, surf grass, tubeworms) </li></ul>
  32. 35. Ocean Tides: High tide Low tide http://blog.lib.umn.edu/lieb0116/architecture/2006/10/the_changing_tides_phenomenon.html
  33. 36. OCEAN
  34. 37. HSW Surviving the OCEAN (3min) HSW Surviving a MAN OVERBOARD (2 min) HSW Surviving on a LIFE RAFT (2 min) HSW Surviving SHARKS (2 min) HSW Phytoplankton & Oceanic Deadzones (2 min)
  35. 38. Works Cited <ul><li>Photos: </li></ul><ul><li>CNN.com </li></ul><ul><li>nature www.lhup.edu/~dsimanek/scenario/tides101.htm </li></ul><ul><li>www.nhptv.org/natureworks/nwep6j.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.princeton.edu/~jhalderm/pics/2000-08= bermuda/chiton.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org </li></ul>http://images.google.com Deep Exploration : Go to the ocean Floor Video Watch divers with Jean Michel Cousteau

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